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@inproceedings{bb213307,
        AUTHOR = "Song, J.Q. and Cai, M. and Lyu, M.R. and Cai, S.J.",
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transform",
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@article{bb213308,
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Constraint Histograms: A New Descriptor",
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@article{bb213309,
        AUTHOR = "Jiang, H. and Ngo, C.W. and Tan, H.K.",
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@article{bb213310,
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@article{bb213313,
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        TITLE = "Special issue on graphics recognition",
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@article{bb213314,
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        TITLE = "A Practical Approach for Writer-Dependent Symbol Recognition Using a
Writer-Independent Symbol Recognizer",
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@inproceedings{bb213315,
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        TITLE = "Online recognition of handwritten mathematical expressions with support
for matrices",
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@article{bb213316,
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According to the Gestalt Psychology",
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@inproceedings{bb213322,
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@inproceedings{bb213323,
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@inproceedings{bb213324,
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        TITLE = "Symbol recognition using graphs",
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@article{bb213326,
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@inproceedings{bb213328,
        AUTHOR = "Escalera, S. and Fornes, A. and Pujol, O. and Llados, J. and Radeva, P.I.",
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@inproceedings{bb213329,
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@inproceedings{bb213330,
        AUTHOR = "Escalera, S. and Fornes, A. and Pujol, O. and Radeva, P.I.",
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Models",
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@inproceedings{bb213331,
        AUTHOR = "Fornes, A. and Escalera, S. and LLados, J. and Sanchez, G. and Radeva, P.I. and Pujol, O.",
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Error Correction",
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@article{bb213332,
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line-drawing images",
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@article{bb213333,
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208427"}

@article{bb213334,
        AUTHOR = "Golubitsky, O. and Watt, S.M.",
        TITLE = "Distance-based classification of handwritten symbols",
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@inproceedings{bb213335,
        AUTHOR = "Golubitsky, O. and Watt, S.M.",
        TITLE = "Online Recognition of Multi-Stroke Symbols with Orthogonal Series",
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        YEAR = "2009",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208429"}

@book{bb213336,
        AUTHOR = "Rusinol, M. and Llados, J.",
        TITLE = "Symbol Spotting in Digital Libraries:
Focused Retrieval over Graphic-rich Document Collections",
        PUBLISHER = "Springer",
        YEAR = "2010",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208430"}

@article{bb213337,
        AUTHOR = "Fornes, A. and Llados, J. and Sanchez, G. and Karatzas, D.",
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time warping model",
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@inproceedings{bb213338,
        AUTHOR = "Cirera, N. and Fornes, A. and Llados, J.",
        TITLE = "Hidden Markov model topology optimization for handwriting recognition",
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@article{bb213339,
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        TITLE = "Generation of synthetic documents for performance evaluation of symbol
recognition and spotting systems",
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@article{bb213340,
        AUTHOR = "Roy, P.P. and Pal, U. and Llados, J.",
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@article{bb213341,
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208435"}

@inproceedings{bb213342,
        AUTHOR = "Roman Rangel, E. and Pallan, C. and Odobez, J.M. and Gatica Perez, D.",
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@article{bb213343,
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@inproceedings{bb213344,
        AUTHOR = "Roman Rangel, E. and Marchand Maillet, S.",
        TITLE = "HOOSC128: A More Robust Local Shape Descriptor",
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@inproceedings{bb213345,
        AUTHOR = "Roman Rangel, E. and Marchand Maillet, S.",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208439"}

@inproceedings{bb213346,
        AUTHOR = "Roman Rangel, E. and Marchand Maillet, S.",
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The Case of Retrieving Maya Hieroglyphs",
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@inproceedings{bb213347,
        AUTHOR = "Roman Rangel, E. and Marchand Maillet, S.",
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@article{bb213348,
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@inproceedings{bb213352,
        AUTHOR = "Wendling, L. and Rendek, J.",
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@article{bb213353,
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@inproceedings{bb213354,
        AUTHOR = "Hassan, E. and Chaudhury, S. and Gopal, M.",
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@inproceedings{bb213355,
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@inproceedings{bb213356,
        AUTHOR = "Hassan, E. and Chaudhury, S. and Gopal, M.",
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@inproceedings{bb213357,
        AUTHOR = "Hassan, E. and Chaudhury, S. and Gopal, M.",
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@inproceedings{bb213358,
        AUTHOR = "Gaur, V. and Hassan, E. and Chaudhury, S.",
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@article{bb213359,
        AUTHOR = "Hassan, E. and Chaudhury, S. and Gopal, M.",
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@article{bb213360,
        AUTHOR = "Nigam, A. and Indoria, A. and Tripathi, R.C.",
        TITLE = "Fuzzy Clustering of Image Trademark Database and Preprocessing Using
Adaptive Filter and Karhunen-Love Transform",
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@article{bb213361,
        AUTHOR = "Deufemia, V. and Risi, M. and Tortora, G.",
        TITLE = "Sketched symbol recognition using Latent-Dynamic Conditional Random
Fields and distance-based clustering",
        JOURNAL = PR,
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        YEAR = "2014",
        NUMBER = "3",
        PAGES = "1159-1171",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208455"}

@inproceedings{bb213362,
        AUTHOR = "Deufemia, V. and Risi, M. and Tortora, G.",
        TITLE = "Sketched Symbol Recognition with a Latent-Dynamic Conditional Model",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "1100-1103",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208456"}

@article{bb213363,
        AUTHOR = "Li, J.P. and Mouchere, H. and Viard Gaudin, C.",
        TITLE = "An annotation assistance system using an unsupervised codebook
composed of handwritten graphical multi-stroke symbols",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "35",
        YEAR = "2014",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "46-57",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208457"}

@article{bb213364,
        AUTHOR = "Yang, S.",
        TITLE = "Spectra of shape contexts: An application to symbol recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
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        YEAR = "2014",
        NUMBER = "5",
        PAGES = "1891-1903",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208458"}

@article{bb213365,
        AUTHOR = "Jia, Q. and Fan, X. and Luo, Z.X. and Liu, Y. and Guo, H.",
        TITLE = "A new geometric descriptor for symbols with affine deformations",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
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        NUMBER = "1",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208459"}

@article{bb213366,
        AUTHOR = "Hu, R. and Can, G. and Gayol, C.P. and Krempel, G. and Spotak, J. and Vail, G. and Marchand Maillet, S. and Odobez, J. and Gatica Perez, D.",
        TITLE = "Multimedia Analysis and Access of Ancient Maya Epigraphy:
Tools to support scholars on Maya hieroglyphics",
        JOURNAL = SPMag,
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        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "75-84",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208460"}

@article{bb213367,
        AUTHOR = "Harbert, T.",
        TITLE = "FBI wants better automated image analysis for tattoos",
        JOURNAL = Spectrum,
        VOLUME = "52",
        YEAR = "2015",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "13-16",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208461"}

@article{bb213368,
        AUTHOR = "Guo, J. and Wang, C. and Roman Rangel, E. and Chao, H. and Rui, Y.",
        TITLE = "Building Hierarchical Representations for Oracle Character and Sketch
Recognition",
        JOURNAL = IP,
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208462"}

@article{bb213369,
        AUTHOR = "Anuar, F.M. and Setchi, R. and Lai, Y.",
        TITLE = "Semantic Retrieval of Trademarks Based on Conceptual Similarity",
        JOURNAL = SMCS,
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        YEAR = "2016",
        NUMBER = "2",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208463"}

@article{bb213370,
        AUTHOR = "Riedl, C. and Zanibbi, R. and Hearst, M.A. and Zhu, S. and Menietti, M. and Crusan, J. and Metelsky, I. and Lakhani, K.R.",
        TITLE = "Detecting figures and part labels in patents: competition-based
development of graphics recognition algorithms",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "19",
        YEAR = "2016",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "June",
        PAGES = "155-172",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208464"}

@article{bb213371,
        AUTHOR = "Bianchi, A. and Oakley, I. and Kim, H.",
        TITLE = "PassBYOP: Bring Your Own Picture for Securing Graphical Passwords",
        JOURNAL = HMS,
        VOLUME = "46",
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        NUMBER = "3",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208465"}

@article{bb213372,
        AUTHOR = "Martinez Diaz, M. and Fierrez, J. and Galbally, J.",
        TITLE = "Graphical Password-Based User Authentication With Free-Form Doodles",
        JOURNAL = HMS,
        VOLUME = "46",
        YEAR = "2016",
        NUMBER = "4",
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        PAGES = "607-614",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208466"}

@inproceedings{bb213373,
        AUTHOR = "Martinez Diaz, M. and Fierrez, J. and Martin Diaz, C. and Ortega Garcia, J.",
        TITLE = "DooDB: A Graphical Password Database Containing Doodles and
Pseudo-Signatures",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "339-344",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208467"}

@inproceedings{bb213374,
        AUTHOR = "Martinez Diaz, M. and Martin Diaz, C. and Galbally, J. and Fierrez, J.",
        TITLE = "A Comparative Evaluation of Finger-Drawn Graphical Password
Verification Methods",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "375-380",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208468"}

@inproceedings{bb213375,
        AUTHOR = "Laubrock, J. and Dubray, D.",
        TITLE = "CNN-Based Classification of Illustrator Style in Graphic Novels:
Which Features Contribute Most?",
        BOOKTITLE = MANPU19,
        YEAR = "2019",
        PAGES = "684-695",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208469"}

@inproceedings{bb213376,
        AUTHOR = "Park, B. and Matsushita, M.",
        TITLE = "Estimating Comic Content from the Book Cover Information Using
Fine-Tuned VGG Model for Comic Search",
        BOOKTITLE = MANPU19,
        YEAR = "2019",
        PAGES = "650-661",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208470"}

@inproceedings{bb213377,
        AUTHOR = "Pinilla Buitrago, L.A. and Carrasco Ochoa, J.A. and Martinez Trinidad, J.F.",
        TITLE = "Including Foreground and Background Information in Maya Hieroglyph
Representation",
        BOOKTITLE = MCPR18,
        YEAR = "2018",
        PAGES = "238-247",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208471"}

@inproceedings{bb213378,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, F. and Wang, B. and Zeng, F.",
        TITLE = "Trademark image retrieval using hierarchical region feature
description",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP17,
        YEAR = "2017",
        PAGES = "3620-3624",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208472"}

@inproceedings{bb213379,
        AUTHOR = "Roman Rangel, E. and Marchand Maillet, S.",
        TITLE = "Indexing Mayan hieroglyphs with neural codes",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "253-258",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208473"}

@inproceedings{bb213380,
        AUTHOR = "Ogawa, T. and Matsui, Y. and Yamasaki, T. and Aizawa, K.",
        TITLE = "Sketch simplification by classifying strokes",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "1065-1070",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208474"}

@inproceedings{bb213381,
        AUTHOR = "Sun, Z.H. and Baumes, J. and Tunison, P. and Turek, M. and Hoogs, A.",
        TITLE = "Tattoo detection and localization using region-based deep learning",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "3055-3060",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208475"}

@inproceedings{bb213382,
        AUTHOR = "Xu, X. and Kong, A.W.K.",
        TITLE = "A geometric-based tattoo retrieval system",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "3019-3024",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208476"}

@inproceedings{bb213383,
        AUTHOR = "Di, X. and Patel, V.M.",
        TITLE = "Deep Tattoo Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = Biometrics16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "119-126",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208477"}

@inproceedings{bb213384,
        AUTHOR = "Roman Rangel, E. and Can, G. and Marchand Maillet, S. and Hu, R. and Gayol, C.P. and Krempel, G. and Spotak, J. and Odobez, J.M. and Gatica Perez, D.",
        TITLE = "Transferring Neural Representations for Low-Dimensional Indexing of
Maya Hieroglyphic Art",
        BOOKTITLE = CVAA16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "I: 842-855",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208478"}

@inproceedings{bb213385,
        AUTHOR = "Siegel, N. and Horvitz, Z. and Levin, R. and Divvala, S. and Farhadi, A.",
        TITLE = "FigureSeer: Parsing Result-Figures in Research Papers",
        BOOKTITLE = ECCV16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "VII: 664-680",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208479"}

@inproceedings{bb213386,
        AUTHOR = "Tan, X. and Wu, X. and Yang, C. and Shen, Y.H.",
        TITLE = "Chinese traditional Visual Cultural Symbols recognition based on SPM
muti-feature extraction",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIVC16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "57-62",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208480"}

@inproceedings{bb213387,
        AUTHOR = "Benezeth, Y. and Bertaux, A. and Manceau, A.",
        TITLE = "Bag-of-word based brand recognition using Markov clustering algorithm
for codebook generation",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "3315-3318",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208481"}

@inproceedings{bb213388,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, J.S. and Parra, A. and Yue, J. and Li, H. and Delp, E.J.",
        TITLE = "Robust local and global shape context for tattoo image matching",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "2194-2198",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208482"}

@inproceedings{bb213389,
        AUTHOR = "Nair, R.R. and Sankaran, N. and Nwogu, I. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Automated analysis of line plots in documents",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "796-800",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208483"}

@inproceedings{bb213390,
        AUTHOR = "Lu, X.Q. and Liu, L. and Tang, Z. and Ling, H.B.",
        TITLE = "Overlapped-triangle analysis with hierarchical ranking of dominance",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "791-795",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208484"}

@inproceedings{bb213391,
        AUTHOR = "Mehri, M. and Gomez Kramer, P. and Heroux, P. and Coustaty, M. and Lerouge, J. and Mullot, R.",
        TITLE = "A bottom-up method using texture features and a graph-based
representation for lettrine recognition and classification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "226-230",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208485"}

@inproceedings{bb213392,
        AUTHOR = "Coustaty, M. and Ogier, J.M.",
        TITLE = "Graph matching versus bag of graph:
A comparative study for lettrines recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "356-360",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208486"}

@inproceedings{bb213393,
        AUTHOR = "Mori, M. and Wu, X.M. and Kashino, K.",
        TITLE = "Trademark Image Retrieval Using Inverse Total Feature Frequency and
Multiple Detectors",
        BOOKTITLE = CAIP15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "I:778-789",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208487"}

@inproceedings{bb213394,
        AUTHOR = "Guo, J. and Shi, C. and Azzopardi, G. and Petkov, N.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Architectural and Electrical Symbols by COSFIRE Filters
with Inhibition",
        BOOKTITLE = CAIP15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "II:348-358",
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@inproceedings{bb213395,
        AUTHOR = "Tursun, O. and Kalkan, S.",
        TITLE = "METU dataset: A big dataset for benchmarking trademark retrieval",
        BOOKTITLE = MVA15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "514-517",
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@inproceedings{bb213396,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, Y. and Li, S. and Kot, A.C.",
        TITLE = "Complementary feature extraction for branded handbag recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP14,
        YEAR = "2014",
        PAGES = "5896-5900",
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@inproceedings{bb213397,
        AUTHOR = "Salmon, J.P. and Wendling, L.",
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        YEAR = "2014",
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@inproceedings{bb213398,
        AUTHOR = "Ahmed, S. and Shafait, F. and Liwicki, M. and Dengel, A.R.",
        TITLE = "A Generic Method for Stamp Segmentation Using Part-Based Features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "708-712",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char978.html#TT208492"}

@inproceedings{bb213399,
        AUTHOR = "Cheng, B.B. and Stanley, R.J. and Antani, S. and Thoma, G.R.",
        TITLE = "Graphical Figure Classification Using Data Fusion for Integrating
Text and Image Features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
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