@inproceedings{bb227100,
        AUTHOR = "Ma, L.L. and Delaye, A. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Special Radical Detection by Statistical Classification for On-line
Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "501-506",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222073"}

@article{bb227101,
        AUTHOR = "Du, J. and Huo, Q.",
        TITLE = "An irrelevant variability normalization approach to discriminative
training of multi-prototype based classifiers and its applications
for online handwritten Chinese character recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "47",
        YEAR = "2014",
        NUMBER = "12",
        PAGES = "3959-3966",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222074"}

@inproceedings{bb227102,
        AUTHOR = "Du, J. and Huo, Q.",
        TITLE = "An Irrelevant Variability Normalization Based Discriminative Training
Approach for Online Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "69-73",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222075"}

@inproceedings{bb227103,
        AUTHOR = "Zhang, J. and Zhu, Y. and Du, J. and Dai, L.",
        TITLE = "Trajectory-based Radical Analysis Network for Online Handwritten
Chinese Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR18,
        YEAR = "2018",
        PAGES = "3681-3686",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222076"}

@article{bb227104,
        AUTHOR = "Du, J. and Zhai, J.F. and Hu, J.S.",
        TITLE = "Writer adaptation via deeply learned features for online Chinese
handwriting recognition",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "20",
        YEAR = "2017",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "69-78",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222077"}

@article{bb227105,
        AUTHOR = "Zhang, X.Y. and Yin, F. and Zhang, Y.M. and Liu, C.L. and Bengio, Y.",
        TITLE = "Drawing and Recognizing Chinese Characters with Recurrent Neural
Network",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "40",
        YEAR = "2018",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "849-862",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222078"}

@article{bb227106,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, Z.R. and Du, J. and Wang, W.C. and Zhai, J.F. and Hu, J.S.",
        TITLE = "A comprehensive study of hybrid neural network hidden Markov model for
offline handwritten Chinese text recognition",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "21",
        YEAR = "2018",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "241-251",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222079"}

@inproceedings{bb227107,
        AUTHOR = "Du, J. and Wang, Z.R. and Zhai, J.F. and Hu, J.S.",
        TITLE = "Deep neural network based hidden Markov model for offline handwritten
Chinese text recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "3428-3433",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222080"}

@inproceedings{bb227108,
        AUTHOR = "Du, J. and Zhai, J.F. and Hu, J.S. and Zhu, B. and Wei, S. and Dai, L.R.",
        TITLE = "Writer adaptive feature extraction based on convolutional neural
networks for online handwritten Chinese character recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "841-845",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222081"}

@inproceedings{bb227109,
        AUTHOR = "Du, J. and Hu, J.S. and Zhu, B. and Wei, S. and Dai, L.R.",
        TITLE = "A Study of Designing Compact Classifiers Using Deep Neural Networks
for Online Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR14,
        YEAR = "2014",
        PAGES = "2950-2955",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222082"}

@article{bb227110,
        AUTHOR = "Ren, H.Q. and Wang, W.Q. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Recognizing online handwritten Chinese characters using RNNs with new
computing architectures",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "93",
        YEAR = "2019",
        PAGES = "179-192",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222083"}

@inproceedings{bb227111,
        AUTHOR = "Gao, Y. and Jin, L.W. and Yang, W.X.",
        TITLE = "An Empirical Comparative Study of Online Handwriting Chinese
Character Recognition: Simplified vs. Traditional",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "862-866",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222084"}

@inproceedings{bb227112,
        AUTHOR = "Lv, Y.F. and Huang, L.L. and Wang, D.H. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Learning-Based Candidate Segmentation Scoring for Real-Time
Recognition of Online Overlaid Chinese Handwriting",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "74-78",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222085"}

@inproceedings{bb227113,
        AUTHOR = "Xia, Y. and Wang, K. and Li, M.W.",
        TITLE = "Chinese Keyword Spotting Using Knowledge-Based Clustering",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "789-793",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222086"}

@inproceedings{bb227114,
        AUTHOR = "Wan, X. and Liu, C.S. and Zou, Y.M.",
        TITLE = "On-line Chinese Character Recognition System for Overlapping Samples",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "799-803",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222087"}

@inproceedings{bb227115,
        AUTHOR = "Tonouchi, Y.",
        TITLE = "Path Evaluation and Character Classifier Training on Integrated
Segmentation and Recognition of Online Handwritten Japanese Character
String",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "513-517",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222088"}

@inproceedings{bb227116,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, Y.Q. and Huo, Q.A. and Shi, Y.",
        TITLE = "A Study of Discriminative Training for HMM-Based Online Handwritten
Chinese/Japanese Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "518-523",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222089"}

@inproceedings{bb227117,
        AUTHOR = "Ma, L. and Huo, Q.A. and Shi, Y.",
        TITLE = "A Study of Feature Design for Online Handwritten Chinese Character
Recognition Based on Continuous-Density Hidden Markov Models",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "526-530",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222090"}

@inproceedings{bb227118,
        AUTHOR = "Ma, L.L. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "A new radical-based approach to online handwritten Chinese character
recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222091"}

@inproceedings{bb227119,
        AUTHOR = "Delaye, A. and Mace, S. and Anquetil, E.",
        TITLE = "Hybrid statistical-structural on-line Chinese character recognition
with fuzzy inference system",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222092"}

@inproceedings{bb227120,
        AUTHOR = "Su, T.H. and Zhang, T.W. and Huang, H.J. and Liu, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Segmentation-free recognizer based on enhanced four plane feature for
realistic Chinese handwriting",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222093"}

@inproceedings{bb227121,
        AUTHOR = "Han, S. and Chang, M. and Zou, Y. and Chen, X.J. and Zhang, D.M.",
        TITLE = "Systematic Multi-Path HMM Topology Design for Online Handwriting
Recognition of East Asian Characters",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "604-608",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222094"}

@inproceedings{bb227122,
        AUTHOR = "Tokuno, J. and Yang, Y.P. and da Silva, G.P. and Kitadai, A. and Nakagawa, M.",
        TITLE = "Pen-Coordinate Information Modeling by SCPR-based HMM for On-line
Japanese Handwriting Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "III: 348-351",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222095"}

@inproceedings{bb227123,
        AUTHOR = "Bai, Z.L. and Huo, Q.A.",
        TITLE = "A Study of Nonlinear Shape Normalization for Online Handwritten Chinese
Character Recognition: Dot Density vs. Line Density Equalization",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "II: 921-924",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222096"}

@inproceedings{bb227124,
        AUTHOR = "Katayama, Y. and Uchida, S. and Sakoe, H.",
        TITLE = "Stochastic Model of Stroke Order Variation",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "803-807",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222097"}

@inproceedings{bb227125,
        AUTHOR = "Katayama, Y. and Uchida, S. and Sakoe, H.",
        TITLE = "A new HMM for on-line character recognition using pen-direction and
pen-coordinate features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222098"}

@inproceedings{bb227126,
        AUTHOR = "Cai, W.J. and Uchida, S. and Sakoe, H.",
        TITLE = "An Efficient Radical-Based Algorithm for Stroke-Order-Free Online Kanji
Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "II: 986-989",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222099"}

@inproceedings{bb227127,
        AUTHOR = "Nakamura, Y. and Kidode, M.",
        TITLE = "Individuality analysis of online Kanji handwriting",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 620-624",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222100"}

@inproceedings{bb227128,
        AUTHOR = "Gao, X. and Lallican, P.M. and Viard Gaudin, C.",
        TITLE = "A two-stage online handwritten Chinese character segmentation algorithm
based on dynamic programming",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 735-739",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222101"}

@inproceedings{bb227129,
        AUTHOR = "Zhu, X.Y. and Ge, Y. and Guo, F.J. and Zhen, L.X.",
        TITLE = "A Probabilistic Framework for Soft Target Learning in Online Cursive
Handwriting Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "1246-1250",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222102"}

@inproceedings{bb227130,
        AUTHOR = "Guo, F.J. and Zhen, L.X. and Ge, Y. and Zhang, Y.",
        TITLE = "An Efficient Candidate Set Size Reduction Method for
Coarse-Classification in Chinese Handwriting Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = SACH06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222103"}

@inproceedings{bb227131,
        AUTHOR = "Ge, Y. and Guo, F.J. and Zhen, L.X. and Chen, Q.S.",
        TITLE = "Online Chinese character recognition system with handwritten Pinyin
input",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 1265-1269",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222104"}

@inproceedings{bb227132,
        AUTHOR = "Lai, Y.B. and Lan, L.S. and Tsai, M.Y. and Chin, C.C.",
        TITLE = "On-line handwritten chinese character recognition using a radical-based
affine transformation",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "V: 2881-2884",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222105"}

@inproceedings{bb227133,
        AUTHOR = "Ding, Y. and Okada, M. and Kimura, F. and Miyake, Y.",
        TITLE = "Application of slant correction to handwritten Japanese address
recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "670-674",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222106"}

@inproceedings{bb227134,
        AUTHOR = "Ezaki, N. and Hikichi, T. and Kiyota, K. and Yamamoto, S.",
        TITLE = "A Pen-based Japanese Character Input System for the Blind Person",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR00,
        YEAR = "2000",
        PAGES = "Vol IV: 372-375",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222107"}

@inproceedings{bb227135,
        AUTHOR = "Stockton, R. and Sukthankar, R.",
        TITLE = "JKanji: Wavelet-based Interactive Kanji Completion",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR00,
        YEAR = "2000",
        PAGES = "Vol IV: 442-446",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222108"}

@inproceedings{bb227136,
        AUTHOR = "Kiyota, K. and Yanai, T. and Ezaki, N. and Yamamoto, S.J.",
        TITLE = "An Improvement of On-Line Japanese Character Recognition System for
Visually Disabled Persons",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1752-1754",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222109"}

@inproceedings{bb227137,
        AUTHOR = "Kiyota, K. and Yamamoto, S. and Ezaki, N. and Sakurai, T.",
        TITLE = "On-Line Japanese Character Recognition System for
Visually Disabled Persons",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 210-214",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222110"}

@inproceedings{bb227138,
        AUTHOR = "Nambu, H. and Maruyama, F. and Kawamata, T. and Yoda, F.",
        TITLE = "On-Line Handwriting Chinese Character Recognition:
Comparison and Improvement to Japanese Kanji Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1145-1149",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222111"}

@inproceedings{bb227139,
        AUTHOR = "Yamasaki, K.",
        TITLE = "Automatic Allograph Categorization Based on Stroke Clustering for
On-Line Handwritten Japanese Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1150-1152",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222112"}

@inproceedings{bb227140,
        AUTHOR = "Tonouchi, Y. and Kawamura, A.",
        TITLE = "An On-Line Japanese Character Recognition Method Using
Length-Based Stroke Correspondence Algorithm",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "633-636",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222113"}

@inproceedings{bb227141,
        AUTHOR = "Kawamura, A. and Yura, K. and Hayama, T. and Hidai, Y. and Minamikawa, T. and Tanaka, A. and Masuda, S.",
        TITLE = "Online recognition of freely handwritten Japanese characters using
directional feature densities",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR92,
        YEAR = "1992",
        PAGES = "II:183-186",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222114"}

@inproceedings{bb227142,
        AUTHOR = "Zheng, J. and Ding, X. and Wu, Y.",
        TITLE = "Recognizing On-Line Handwritten Chinese Character via FARG Matching",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "621-624",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222115"}

@inproceedings{bb227143,
        AUTHOR = "Nakagawa, M. and Akiyama, K. and Tu, L.V. and Homma, A. and Higashiyama, T.",
        TITLE = "Robust and Highly Customizable Recognition of On-Line
Handwritten Japanese Characters",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 269-273",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222116"}

@inproceedings{bb227144,
        AUTHOR = "Jin, L. and Xu, B. and Chan, K.",
        TITLE = "Directional Cellular Feature Extraction with Elastic Meshing for
Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "C73.12",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222117"}

@inproceedings{bb227145,
        AUTHOR = "Shioyama, T. and Wu, H.Y. and Nojima, T.",
        TITLE = "Recognition Algorithm Based on Wavelet Transform
for Handprinted Chinese Characters",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol I: 229-232",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222118"}

@inproceedings{bb227146,
        AUTHOR = "Shioyama, T. and Hamanaka, J.",
        TITLE = "Recognition Algorithm for Handprinted Chinese Characters by 2D-FFT",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 225-229",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222119"}

@inproceedings{bb227147,
        AUTHOR = "Chen, X.P. and Qiao, Y.Z.",
        TITLE = "On-line recognition of Renqun's handwritten shorthand",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "941-944",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222120"}

@inproceedings{bb227148,
        AUTHOR = "Chen, J.W. and Lee, S.Y.",
        TITLE = "On-Line Handwriting Recognition of Chinese Characters via a
Rule-Based Approach",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 220-224",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222121"}

@inproceedings{bb227149,
        AUTHOR = "Chiang, C.C. and Yu, S.",
        TITLE = "A Method for Improving the Machine Recognition of
Confusing Chinese Characters",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 79-83",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222122"}

@inproceedings{bb227150,
        AUTHOR = "Chou, K. and Fan, K. and Fan, T.",
        TITLE = "Radical-Based Neighboring Segment Matching Method for
On-Line Chinese Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 84-88",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222123"}

@inproceedings{bb227151,
        AUTHOR = "Chen, Z. and Lee, C. and Cheng, R.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Chinese Character Analysis and Preclassification
Using Stroke Structural Sequence",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 89-93",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222124"}

@inproceedings{bb227152,
        AUTHOR = "Lu, S.W. and Ren, Y. and Suen, C.Y.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of handwritten Chinese characters by searching the multiway
heterogeneous tree",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR92,
        YEAR = "1992",
        PAGES = "II:430-433",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222125"}

@inproceedings{bb227153,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, Y.J. and Tai, J.W.",
        TITLE = "A Structural Approach to Online Chinese Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR88,
        YEAR = "1988",
        PAGES = "II: 808-810",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222126"}

@inproceedings{bb227154,
        AUTHOR = "Murase, H.",
        TITLE = "Online Recognition of Free-Format Japanese Handwritings",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR88,
        YEAR = "1988",
        PAGES = "II: 1143-1147",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222127"}

@inproceedings{bb227155,
        AUTHOR = "Nakagawa, M. and Aizawa, T. and Komoda, C. and Ikeda, Y. and Takahashi, N.",
        TITLE = "Syntactic Pattern Recognition with Stochastic Dissimilarity in
Japanese On-Line Input System (JOLIS)-1/1.5",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR86,
        YEAR = "1986",
        PAGES = "1059-1062",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222128"}

@inproceedings{bb227156,
        AUTHOR = "Yamasaki, T. and Inokuchi, S. and Sakurai, Y.",
        TITLE = "Training System for Well-Writing Based on On-Line
Character Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR84,
        YEAR = "1984",
        PAGES = "1039-1041",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222129"}

@inproceedings{bb227157,
        AUTHOR = "Ye, P.J. and Hugli, H. and Pellandini, F.",
        TITLE = "Techniques for On-Line Chinese Character Recognition with
Reduced Writing Constraints",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR84,
        YEAR = "1984",
        PAGES = "1043-1045",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1009.html#TT222130"}

@article{bb227158,
        AUTHOR = "Fan, T.J. and Tsai, W.H.",
        TITLE = "Automatic Chinese Seal Identification",
        JOURNAL = CVGIP,
        VOLUME = "25",
        YEAR = "1984",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "311-330",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222131"}

@article{bb227159,
        AUTHOR = "Lee, S.W. and Kim, J.H.",
        TITLE = "Unconstrained seal imprint verification using attributed stroke graph
matching",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "22",
        YEAR = "1989",
        NUMBER = "6",
        PAGES = "653-664",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222132"}

@article{bb227160,
        AUTHOR = "Hu, Q. and Yang, J.Y. and Zhang, Q. and Liu, K. and Shen, X.J.",
        TITLE = "An Automatic Seal Imprint Verification Approach",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "28",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "8",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "1251-1266",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222133"}

@article{bb227161,
        AUTHOR = "Horiuchi, T. and Rioux, M. and Haruki, R. and Yamamoto, K. and Yamada, H. and Toraichi, K.",
        TITLE = "3-Dimensional Approach to Thresholding Seal Impressions",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "29",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "719-724",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222134"}

@inproceedings{bb227162,
        AUTHOR = "Haruki, R. and Horiuchi, T. and Yamada, H. and Yamamoto, K.",
        TITLE = "Automatic Seal Verification Using Three-Dimensional Reference Seals",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 199-203",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222135"}

@article{bb227163,
        AUTHOR = "Chen, Y.S.",
        TITLE = "Automatic Identification for a Chinese Seal Image",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "29",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "11",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "1807-1820",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222136"}

@article{bb227164,
        AUTHOR = "Li, F. and Zhang, L. and Bao, W.L. and Woo, P.Y.",
        TITLE = "Chinese signature verification: The topological approach and the
waveform matching approach",
        JOURNAL = IJIST,
        VOLUME = "10",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "4",
        PAGES = "355-362",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222137"}

@article{bb227165,
        AUTHOR = "Lv, H.R. and Wang, W.Y. and Wang, C. and Zhuo, Q.",
        TITLE = "Off-line Chinese signature verification based on support vector
machines",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "26",
        YEAR = "2005",
        NUMBER = "15",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "2390-2399",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222138"}

@article{bb227166,
        AUTHOR = "Soria Frisch, A.",
        TITLE = "Color Seal Extraction from Documents:
Robustness through Soft Data Fusion",
        JOURNAL = JASP,
        VOLUME = "2005",
        YEAR = "2005",
        NUMBER = "13",
        PAGES = "2146-2152",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222139"}

@inproceedings{bb227167,
        AUTHOR = "Soria Frisch, A.",
        TITLE = "The fuzzy integral for color seal segmentation on document images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "I: 157-160",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222140"}

@inproceedings{bb227168,
        AUTHOR = "Soria Frisch, A.",
        TITLE = "Intelligent Localized Fusion Operators for Color Edge Detection",
        BOOKTITLE = SCIA01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "O-Tu1",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222141"}

@inproceedings{bb227169,
        AUTHOR = "Ren, C. and Chen, Y.B.",
        TITLE = "Chinese Payee Name Recognition Based on Seal Information of Chinese
Bank Checks",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "538-541",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222142"}

@inproceedings{bb227170,
        AUTHOR = "Ren, C. and Liu, D. and Chen, Y.B.",
        TITLE = "A New Method on the Segmentation and Recognition of Chinese Characters
for Automatic Chinese Seal Imprint Retrieval",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "972-976",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222143"}

@inproceedings{bb227171,
        AUTHOR = "Wang, X.Y. and Chen, Y.B.",
        TITLE = "Seal Image Registration Based on Shape and Layout Characteristics",
        BOOKTITLE = CISP09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "1-5",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222144"}

@inproceedings{bb227172,
        AUTHOR = "Roy, P.P. and Pal, U. and Llados, J.",
        TITLE = "Seal Detection and Recognition: An Approach for Document Indexing",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "101-105",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222145"}

@inproceedings{bb227173,
        AUTHOR = "Ueda, K.",
        TITLE = "Investigation of off-line Japanese signature verification using a
pattern matching",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "951-955",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222146"}

@inproceedings{bb227174,
        AUTHOR = "Horiuchi, T. and Yamaguchi, N.",
        TITLE = "Automatic Seal Verification by Calculating Distance 
Between 2D and 3D Patterns",
        BOOKTITLE = MVA98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222147"}

@inproceedings{bb227175,
        AUTHOR = "Ueda, K. and Matsuo, K.",
        TITLE = "Multi-expert Seal Imprint Verification System for Bankcheck Processing",
        BOOKTITLE = DAS02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "62 ff.",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222148"}

@inproceedings{bb227176,
        AUTHOR = "Ueda, K. and Mutoh, T. and Matsuo, K.",
        TITLE = "Automatic Verification System for Seal Imprints on Japanese Bankchecks",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol I: 629-632",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222149"}

@inproceedings{bb227177,
        AUTHOR = "Ueda, K. and Nakamura, Y.",
        TITLE = "Automatic Verification of Seal-Impression Pattern",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR84,
        YEAR = "1984",
        PAGES = "1019-1021",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222150"}

@inproceedings{bb227178,
        AUTHOR = "Horiuchi, T.",
        TITLE = "Automatic seal verification by evaluating positive cost",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "572-576",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1010.html#TT222151"}

@article{bb227179,
        AUTHOR = "Agui, T. and Nakajima, M. and Kim, T.K. and Takahashi, E.T.",
        TITLE = "A Method of Recognition of Korean Characters by Tree Grammars",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "1",
        YEAR = "1979",
        PAGES = "245-251",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222152"}

@article{bb227180,
        AUTHOR = "Huh, Y.H. and Beus, H.L.",
        TITLE = "On-Line Recognition of Hand-Printed Korean Characters",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "15",
        YEAR = "1982",
        NUMBER = "6",
        PAGES = "445-453",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222153"}

@article{bb227181,
        AUTHOR = "Cho, S.B. and Kim, J.H.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of large-set printed Hangul (Korean script) by two-stage
backpropagation neural classifier",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "25",
        YEAR = "1992",
        NUMBER = "11",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "1353-1360",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222154"}

@article{bb227182,
        AUTHOR = "Sim, D.G. and Ham, Y.K. and Park, R.H.",
        TITLE = "Online Recognition of Cursive Korean Characters Using DP Matching and
Fuzzy Concept",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "1994",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "1605-1620",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222155"}

@article{bb227183,
        AUTHOR = "Sim, D.G. and Ham, Y.K. and Kim, I.K. and Park, R.H.",
        TITLE = "Analysis of Mixed Korean Documents Using the
Branch and Bound Algorithm Based on DP Matching",
        JOURNAL = CVIU,
        VOLUME = "71",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "373-384",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222156"}

@article{bb227184,
        AUTHOR = "Lee, S.W. and Kim, E.S.",
        TITLE = "Efficient Postprocessing Algorithms for Error-Correction in
Handwritten Hangul Address and Human Name Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "1994",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "1631-1640",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222157"}

@article{bb227185,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, P.K. and Kim, H.J.",
        TITLE = "Off-Line Handwritten Korean Character-Recognition Based on
Stroke Extraction and Representation",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "15",
        YEAR = "1994",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "1245-1253",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222158"}

@article{bb227186,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, H.J. and Kim, P.K.",
        TITLE = "Online Recognition Of Cursive Korean Characters Using A Set Of Extended Primitive Strokes And Fuzzy Functions",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "17",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "19-28",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222159"}

@article{bb227187,
        AUTHOR = "Jung, K.C. and Kim, H.J.",
        TITLE = "On-line recognition of cursive Korean characters using graph
representation",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "33",
        YEAR = "2000",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "399-412",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222160"}

@article{bb227188,
        AUTHOR = "Jung, K.C. and Yoon, S.M. and Kim, H.J.",
        TITLE = "Continuous HMM applied to quantization of on-line Korean character
spaces",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "21",
        YEAR = "2000",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "303-310",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222161"}

@article{bb227189,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, H.J. and Kim, P.K.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Off-Line Handwritten Korean Characters",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "29",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "245-254",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222162"}

@article{bb227190,
        AUTHOR = "Kim, W. and Park, R.H.",
        TITLE = "Off-Line Recognition of Handwritten Korean and
Alphanumeric Characters Using Hidden Markov-Models",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "29",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "845-858",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222163"}

@article{bb227191,
        AUTHOR = "Lee, G. and Lee, J.H. and Yoo, J.",
        TITLE = "Multilevel Post-Processing for Korean Character-Recognition Using
Morphological Analysis and Linguistic Evaluation",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "30",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "8",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "1347-1360",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222164"}

@article{bb227192,
        AUTHOR = "Kwon, J.O. and Sin, B. and Kim, J.H.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Online Cursive Korean Characters Combining
Statistical and Structural Methods",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "30",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "8",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "1255-1263",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222165"}

@article{bb227193,
        AUTHOR = "Lee, D.H. and Cho, H.G.",
        TITLE = "A New Synthesizing Method For Handwriting Korean Scripts",
        JOURNAL = PRAI,
        VOLUME = "12",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "45-61",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222166"}

@article{bb227194,
        AUTHOR = "Seo, K. and Kim, J. and Yoon, J. and Chung, K.S.",
        TITLE = "Comparison of Feature Performance and Its Application to
Feature Combination in Off-Line Handwritten Korean Alphabet Recognition",
        JOURNAL = PRAI,
        VOLUME = "12",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "251-261",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222167"}

@article{bb227195,
        AUTHOR = "Sin, B.K. and Kim, J.H.",
        TITLE = "Network-Based Approach To Korean Handwriting Analysis",
        JOURNAL = PRAI,
        VOLUME = "12",
        YEAR = "1998",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "233-249",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222168"}

@article{bb227196,
        AUTHOR = "Jung, K.C. and Kim, H.J.",
        TITLE = "Korean character recognition using a TDNN and an HMM",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "20",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "6. June 1999",
        MONTH = "June",
        PAGES = "551-563",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222169"}

@article{bb227197,
        AUTHOR = "Lee, J.S. and Kwon, O.J. and Bang, S.Y.",
        TITLE = "Highly accurate recognition of printed Korean characters through an
improved two-stage classification method",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "32",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "1935-1945",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222170"}

@inproceedings{bb227198,
        AUTHOR = "Lee, J.S. and Kwon, O.J. and Bang, S.Y.",
        TITLE = "Highly Accurate Recognition of Printed Korean Characters Through an
Improved Grapheme Recognition Method",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "IV: 447-451",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222171"}

@inproceedings{bb227199,
        AUTHOR = "Bang, S.Y.",
        TITLE = "Constraints on Handwriting Korean Characters to
Improve the Machine Readability",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "195-199",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1011.html#TT222172"}

Last update:Oct 1, 2019 at 15:23:24