@inproceedings{bb228000,
        AUTHOR = "Huang, K. and Yan, H.",
        TITLE = "Signature Verification Using Fractal Transformation",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR00,
        YEAR = "2000",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 851-854",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222960"}

@inproceedings{bb228001,
        AUTHOR = "Morita, H. and Sakamoto, D. and Ohishi, T. and Komiya, Y. and Matsumoto, T.",
        TITLE = "On-Line Signature Verifier Incorporating Pen Position, Pen Pressure,
and Pen Inclination Trajectories",
        BOOKTITLE = AVBPA01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "318",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222961"}

@inproceedings{bb228002,
        AUTHOR = "Lejtman, D.Z. and George, S.E.",
        TITLE = "On-line handwritten signature verification using wavelets and
back-propagation neural networks",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "992-996",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222962"}

@inproceedings{bb228003,
        AUTHOR = "Rhee, T.H. and Cho, S.J. and Kim, J.H.",
        TITLE = "On-line signature verification using model-guided segmentation and
discriminative feature selection for skilled forgeries",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "645-649",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222963"}

@inproceedings{bb228004,
        AUTHOR = "Brakensiek, A. and Kosmala, A. and Rigoll, G.",
        TITLE = "Evaluation of Confidence Measures for On-Line Handwriting Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = DAGM02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "507 ff.",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222964"}

@inproceedings{bb228005,
        AUTHOR = "Brakensiek, A. and Kosmala, A. and Rigoll, G.",
        TITLE = "Comparing normalization and adaptation techniques for on-line
handwriting recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "III: 73-76",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222965"}

@inproceedings{bb228006,
        AUTHOR = "Brakensiek, A. and Kosmala, A. and Rigoll, G.",
        TITLE = "Comparing adaptation techniques for on-line handwriting recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "486-490",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222966"}

@inproceedings{bb228007,
        AUTHOR = "Brakensiek, A. and Rigoll, G.",
        TITLE = "A comparison of character n-grams and dictionaries used for script
recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "241-245",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222967"}

@inproceedings{bb228008,
        AUTHOR = "Kosmala, A. and Rigoll, G.",
        TITLE = "A New Hybrid Approach to Large Vocabulary
Cursive Handwriting Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1512-1514",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222968"}

@inproceedings{bb228009,
        AUTHOR = "Kosmala, A. and Rigoll, G.",
        TITLE = "Tree-Based State Clustering Using Self-Organizing Principles
for Large Vocabulary On-Line Handwriting Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1313-1315",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222969"}

@inproceedings{bb228010,
        AUTHOR = "Kosmala, A. and Rigoll, G.",
        TITLE = "A Systematic Comparison Between On-Line and Off-Line Methods
for Signature Verification with Hidden Markov Models",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1755-1757",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222970"}

@inproceedings{bb228011,
        AUTHOR = "Rigoll, G. and Kosmala, A. and Rottland, J. and Neukirchen, C.",
        TITLE = "A Comparison Between Continuous and Discrete Density
Hidden Markov Models for Cursive Handwriting Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "II: 205-209",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222971"}

@inproceedings{bb228012,
        AUTHOR = "Kosmala, A. and Rottland, J. and Rigoll, G.",
        TITLE = "Improved On-Line Handwriting Recognition Using
Context Dependent Hidden Markov Models",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "641-644",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222972"}

@inproceedings{bb228013,
        AUTHOR = "Muramatsu, D. and Matsumoto, T.",
        TITLE = "Effectiveness of Pen Pressure, Azimuth, and Altitude Features for
Online Signature Verification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICB07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "503-512",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222973"}

@inproceedings{bb228014,
        AUTHOR = "Ohishi, T. and Komiya, Y. and Matsumoto, T.",
        TITLE = "On-line Signature Verification Using Pen-position, Pen-pressure and
Pen-inclination Trajectories",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR00,
        YEAR = "2000",
        PAGES = "Vol IV: 547-550",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222974"}

@inproceedings{bb228015,
        AUTHOR = "Zhang, B.L. and Fu, M.Y. and Yan, H.",
        TITLE = "Handwritten Signature Verification Based on Neural 'Gas' Based
Vector Quantization",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1862-1864",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222975"}

@inproceedings{bb228016,
        AUTHOR = "Bouletreau, V. and Vincent, N. and Sabourin, R. and Emptoz, H.",
        TITLE = "Handwriting and Signature: One or Two Personality Identifiers?",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1758-1760",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222976"}

@inproceedings{bb228017,
        AUTHOR = "Bouletreau, V. and Vincent, N. and Sabourin, R. and Emptoz, H.",
        TITLE = "Synthetic Parameters for Handwriting Classification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "102-106",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222977"}

@inproceedings{bb228018,
        AUTHOR = "van Oosterhout, J.J. and Dolfing, H. and Aarts, E.",
        TITLE = "On-Line Signature Verification with Hidden Markov Models",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR98,
        YEAR = "1998",
        PAGES = "Vol II: 1309-1312",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222978"}

@inproceedings{bb228019,
        AUTHOR = "He, Y. and Chen, M.Y. and Kunda, A.",
        TITLE = "Efficient Utilization of Variable Duration Information in
HMM Based HWR Systems",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "III: 304-307",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222979"}

@inproceedings{bb228020,
        AUTHOR = "Schmidt, C. and Kraiss, K.F.",
        TITLE = "Establishment of Personalized Templates for
Automatic Signature Verification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "263-267",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222980"}

@inproceedings{bb228021,
        AUTHOR = "Wirtz, B.",
        TITLE = "Average Prototypes for Stroke-Based Signature Verification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "268-272",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222981"}

@inproceedings{bb228022,
        AUTHOR = "Martens, R. and Claesen, L.",
        TITLE = "Dynamic Programming Optimisation for On-Line Signature Verification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "653-656",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222982"}

@inproceedings{bb228023,
        AUTHOR = "Martens, R. and Claesen, L.",
        TITLE = "On-Line Signature Verification: Discrimination Emphasised",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "657-660",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222983"}

@inproceedings{bb228024,
        AUTHOR = "Martens, R. and Claesen, L.",
        TITLE = "On-Line Signature Verification by Dynamic Time-Warping",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 38-42",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222984"}

@inproceedings{bb228025,
        AUTHOR = "Nassery, P. and Faez, K.",
        TITLE = "Signature Pattern Recognition Using Pseudo Zernike Moments and a
Fuzzy Logic Classifier",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "II: 197-200",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222985"}

@inproceedings{bb228026,
        AUTHOR = "Kishon, E. and Hastie, T. and Clark, M. and Fan, J.",
        TITLE = "A Statistical Model for Signature Verification",
        BOOKTITLE = SMC-C91,
        YEAR = "1991",
        PAGES = "xx",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222986"}

@inproceedings{bb228027,
        AUTHOR = "Sato, Y. and Kogure, K.",
        TITLE = "On-Line Signature Verification Based on Shape, Motion,
and Writing Pressure",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR82,
        YEAR = "1982",
        PAGES = "823-826",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222987"}

@inproceedings{bb228028,
        AUTHOR = "Brault, J.J. and Plamondon, R.",
        TITLE = "Histogram Classifier for Characterization of
Handwritten Signature Dynamic",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR84,
        YEAR = "1984",
        PAGES = "619-622",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222988"}

@inproceedings{bb228029,
        AUTHOR = "Lamarche, F. and Plamondon, R.",
        TITLE = "Segmentation and Feature Extraction of Handwritten Signature Patterns",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR84,
        YEAR = "1984",
        PAGES = "756-759",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1021.html#TT222989"}

@article{bb228030,
        AUTHOR = "Lam, C.F. and Kamins, D.",
        TITLE = "Signature recognition through spectral analysis",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "22",
        YEAR = "1989",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "39-44",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT222990"}

@article{bb228031,
        AUTHOR = "Ammar, M. and Yoshida, Y. and Fukumura, T.",
        TITLE = "Structural description and classification of signature images",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "23",
        YEAR = "1990",
        NUMBER = "7",
        PAGES = "697-710",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT222991"}

@inproceedings{bb228032,
        AUTHOR = "Ammar, M. and Yoshida, Y. and Fukumura, T.",
        TITLE = "Description of Signature Images and Its Application to
Their Classification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR88,
        YEAR = "1988",
        PAGES = "I: 23-26",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT222992"}

@inproceedings{bb228033,
        AUTHOR = "Ammar, M. and Yoshida, Y. and Fukumura, T.",
        TITLE = "A New Effective Approach for Off-Line Verification of Signatures by
Using Pressure Features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR86,
        YEAR = "1986",
        PAGES = "566-569",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT222993"}

@inproceedings{bb228034,
        AUTHOR = "Ammar, M.",
        TITLE = "Performance of parametric and reference pattern based features in
static signature verification: a comparative study",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR90,
        YEAR = "1990",
        PAGES = "I: 646-648",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT222994"}

@article{bb228035,
        AUTHOR = "Lee, S. and Pan, J.C.",
        TITLE = "Offline Tracing and Representation of Signatures",
        JOURNAL = SMC,
        VOLUME = "22",
        YEAR = "1992",
        NUMBER = "4",
        PAGES = "755-771",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT222995"}

@inproceedings{bb228036,
        AUTHOR = "Pan, J.C. and Lee, S.",
        TITLE = "Offline Tracing and Representation of Signatures",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR91,
        YEAR = "1991",
        PAGES = "679-680",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT222995"}

@article{bb228037,
        AUTHOR = "Drouhard, J.P. and Sabourin, R. and Godbout, M.",
        TITLE = "A Neural-Network Approach to Off-Line Signature Verification
Using Directional PDF",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "29",
        YEAR = "1996",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "415-424",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT222996"}

@inproceedings{bb228038,
        AUTHOR = "Sabourin, R. and Drouhard, J.P.",
        TITLE = "Off-line signature verification using directional PDF and neural
networks",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR92,
        YEAR = "1992",
        PAGES = "II:321-325",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT222997"}

@inproceedings{bb228039,
        AUTHOR = "Sabourin, R. and Drouhard, J.P. and Wah, E.S.",
        TITLE = "Shape Matrices as a Mixed Shape Factor for
Off-Line Signature Verification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR97,
        YEAR = "1997",
        PAGES = "661-665",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT222998"}

@article{bb228040,
        AUTHOR = "Hafemann, L.G. and Sabourin, R. and Oliveira, L.S.",
        TITLE = "Learning features for offline handwritten signature verification
using deep convolutional neural networks",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "70",
        YEAR = "2017",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "163-176",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT222999"}

@inproceedings{bb228041,
        AUTHOR = "Hafemann, L.G. and Sabourin, R. and Oliveira, L.S.",
        TITLE = "Offline handwritten signature verification- Literature review",
        BOOKTITLE = IPTA17,
        YEAR = "2017",
        PAGES = "1-8",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223000"}

@inproceedings{bb228042,
        AUTHOR = "Hafemann, L.G. and Sabourin, R. and Oliveira, L.S.",
        TITLE = "Analyzing features learned for Offline Signature Verification using
Deep CNNs",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "2989-2994",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223001"}

@article{bb228043,
        AUTHOR = "Sabourin, R. and Genest, G. and Preteux, F.J.",
        TITLE = "Off-Line Signature Verification by
Local Granulometric Size Distributions",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "19",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "976-988",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223002"}

@inproceedings{bb228044,
        AUTHOR = "Sabourin, R. and Genest, G. and Preteux, F.J.",
        TITLE = "Pattern Spectrum as a Local Shape Factor for
Off-Line Signature Verification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR96,
        YEAR = "1996",
        PAGES = "III: 43-48",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223003"}

@inproceedings{bb228045,
        AUTHOR = "Sabourin, R. and Genest, G.",
        TITLE = "An extended-shadow-code based approach for off-line signature
verification. I. Evaluation of the bar mask definition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR94,
        YEAR = "1994",
        PAGES = "B:450-453",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223004"}

@inproceedings{bb228046,
        AUTHOR = "Sabourin, R. and Plamondon, R.",
        TITLE = "Segmentation of Handwritten Signature Images Using the Statistics of
Directional Data",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR88,
        YEAR = "1988",
        PAGES = "I: 282-285",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223005"}

@inproceedings{bb228047,
        AUTHOR = "Sabourin, R. and Plamondon, R.",
        TITLE = "Preprocessing of Handwritten Signatures from Image Gradient Analysis",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR86,
        YEAR = "1986",
        PAGES = "576-579",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223006"}

@article{bb228048,
        AUTHOR = "Qi, Y.Y. and Hunt, B.R.",
        TITLE = "Signature Verification Using Global and Grid Features",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "1994",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "1621-1629",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223007"}

@article{bb228049,
        AUTHOR = "Qi, Y.Y. and Hunt, B.R.",
        TITLE = "A Multiresolution Approach to Computer Verification of
Handwritten Signatures",
        JOURNAL = IP,
        VOLUME = "4",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "6",
        MONTH = "June",
        PAGES = "870-874",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223008"}

@article{bb228050,
        AUTHOR = "Yang, L. and Widjaja, B.K. and Prasad, R.",
        TITLE = "Application of Hidden Markov-Models for Signature Verification",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "28",
        YEAR = "1995",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "161-170",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223009"}

@article{bb228051,
        AUTHOR = "Bajaj, R. and Chaudhury, S.",
        TITLE = "Signature Verification Using Multiple Neural Classifiers",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "30",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "1-7",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223010"}

@article{bb228052,
        AUTHOR = "Kai, H. and Yan, H.",
        TITLE = "Off-Line Signature Verification Based on Geometric
Feature-Extraction and Neural-Network Classification",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "30",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "9-17",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223011"}

@article{bb228053,
        AUTHOR = "Huang, K. and Wu, J. and Yan, H.",
        TITLE = "Off-Line Writer Verification Utilizing Multiple Neural Networks",
        JOURNAL = OptEng,
        VOLUME = "36",
        YEAR = "1997",
        NUMBER = "11",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "3127-3133",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223012"}

@article{bb228054,
        AUTHOR = "Ramesh, V.E. and Murty, M.N.",
        TITLE = "Off-line signature verification using genetically optimized weighted
features",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "32",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "217-233",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223013"}

@article{bb228055,
        AUTHOR = "Deng, P.S.H. and Liao, H.Y.M. and Ho, C.W. and Tyan, H.R.",
        TITLE = "Wavelet-Based Off-Line Handwritten Signature Verification",
        JOURNAL = CVIU,
        VOLUME = "76",
        YEAR = "1999",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "173-190",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223014"}

@article{bb228056,
        AUTHOR = "Franke, K. and Koppen, M.",
        TITLE = "A computer-based system to support forensic studies on handwritten
documents",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "3",
        YEAR = "2001",
        NUMBER = "4",
        PAGES = "218-231",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223015"}

@inproceedings{bb228057,
        AUTHOR = "Franke, K.",
        TITLE = "Capturing Reliable Data for Computer-Based Forensic Handwriting
Analysis II: Pen-position Activations",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "1310-1314",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223016"}

@article{bb228058,
        AUTHOR = "Xiao, X.H. and Leedham, G.",
        TITLE = "Signature verification using a modified Bayesian network",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "35",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "983-995",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223017"}

@article{bb228059,
        AUTHOR = "Quek, C. and Zhou, R.W.",
        TITLE = "Antiforgery: a novel pseudo-outer product based fuzzy neural network
driven signature verification system",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "23",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "14",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "1795-1816",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223018"}

@article{bb228060,
        AUTHOR = "Mizukami, Y. and Yoshimura, M. and Miike, H. and Yoshimura, I.",
        TITLE = "An off-line signature verification system using an extracted
displacement function",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "23",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "13",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "1569-1577",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223019"}

@article{bb228061,
        AUTHOR = "Huang, K. and Yan, H.",
        TITLE = "Off-line signature verification using structural feature correspondence",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "35",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "11",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "2467-2477",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223020"}

@article{bb228062,
        AUTHOR = "Fang, B. and Leung, C.H. and Tang, Y.Y. and Kwok, P.C.K. and Tse, K.W. and Wong, Y.K.",
        TITLE = "Offline signature verification with generated training samples",
        JOURNAL = VISP,
        VOLUME = "149",
        YEAR = "2002",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "85-90",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223021"}

@article{bb228063,
        AUTHOR = "Fang, B. and Leung, C.H. and Tang, Y.Y. and Tse, K.W. and Kwok, P.C.K. and Wong, Y.K.",
        TITLE = "Off-line signature verification by the tracking of feature and stroke
positions",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "36",
        YEAR = "2003",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "91-101",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223022"}

@inproceedings{bb228064,
        AUTHOR = "Fang, B.",
        TITLE = "Tracking of feature and stroke positions for off-line signature
verification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "III: 965-968",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223023"}

@article{bb228065,
        AUTHOR = "Fasquel, J.B. and Bruynooghe, M.",
        TITLE = "A hybrid opto-electronic method for fast off-line handwritten signature
verification",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "7",
        YEAR = "2004",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "56-68",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223024"}

@article{bb228066,
        AUTHOR = "Hanmandlu, M. and Yusof, M.H.M. and Madasu, V.K.",
        TITLE = "Off-line signature verification and forgery detection using fuzzy
modeling",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "38",
        YEAR = "2005",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "341-356",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223025"}

@inproceedings{bb228067,
        AUTHOR = "Hanmandlu, M. and Murali Mohan, K.R. and Chakraborty, S. and Garg, G.",
        TITLE = "Fuzzy modeling based signature verification system",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR01,
        YEAR = "2001",
        PAGES = "110-114",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223026"}

@article{bb228068,
        AUTHOR = "Ferrer, M.A. and Alonso, J.B. and Travieso, C.M.",
        TITLE = "Offline geometric parameters for automatic signature verification using
fixed-point arithmetic",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "27",
        YEAR = "2005",
        NUMBER = "6",
        MONTH = "June",
        PAGES = "993-997",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223027"}

@article{bb228069,
        AUTHOR = "Vargas, J.F. and Ferrer, M.A. and Travieso, C.M. and Alonso, J.B.",
        TITLE = "Off-line signature verification based on grey level information using
texture features",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "44",
        YEAR = "2011",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "375-385",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223028"}

@inproceedings{bb228070,
        AUTHOR = "Vargas, J.F. and Travieso, C.M. and Alonso, J.B. and Ferrer, M.A.",
        TITLE = "Off-line Signature Verification Based on Gray Level Information Using
Wavelet Transform and Texture Features",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "587-592",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223029"}

@inproceedings{bb228071,
        AUTHOR = "Vargas Bonilla, J.F. and Ferrer Ballester, M.A. and Travieso Gonzalez, C.M. and Alonso Hernandez, J.B.",
        TITLE = "Offline Signature Verification Based on Pseudo-Cepstral Coefficients",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "126-130",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223030"}

@inproceedings{bb228072,
        AUTHOR = "Vargas, J.F. and Ferrer, M.A. and Travieso, C.M. and Alonso, J.B.",
        TITLE = "Off-line Handwritten Signature GPDS-960 Corpus",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "764-768",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223031"}

@inproceedings{bb228073,
        AUTHOR = "Vargas, J.F. and Ferrer, M.A. and Travieso, C.M. and Alonso, J.B.",
        TITLE = "Off-line Signature Verification System Performance against Image
Acquisition Resolution",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "834-838",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223032"}

@article{bb228074,
        AUTHOR = "Bertolini, D. and Oliveira, L.S. and Justino, E. and Sabourin, R.",
        TITLE = "Reducing forgeries in writer-independent off-line signature
verification through ensemble of classifiers",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "43",
        YEAR = "2010",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "January",
        PAGES = "387-396",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223033"}

@article{bb228075,
        AUTHOR = "Diaz, M. and Ferrer, M.A. and Eskander, G.S. and Sabourin, R.",
        TITLE = "Generation of Duplicated Off-Line Signature Images for Verification
Systems",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "39",
        YEAR = "2017",
        NUMBER = "5",
        MONTH = "May",
        PAGES = "951-964",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223034"}

@inproceedings{bb228076,
        AUTHOR = "Coetzer, H. and Sabourin, R.",
        TITLE = "A Human-Centric Off-Line Signature Verification System",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "153-157",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223035"}

@article{bb228077,
        AUTHOR = "Eskander, G.S. and Sabourin, R. and Granger, E.",
        TITLE = "Hybrid writer-independent writer-dependent offline signature
verification system",
        JOURNAL = IET-Bio,
        VOLUME = "2",
        YEAR = "2013",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "169-181",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223036"}

@inproceedings{bb228078,
        AUTHOR = "Eskander, G.S. and Sabourin, R. and Granger, E.",
        TITLE = "Adaptation of Writer-Independent Systems for Offline Signature
Verification",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "434-439",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223037"}

@article{bb228079,
        AUTHOR = "Fang, B. and Tang, Y.Y.",
        TITLE = "Improved class statistics estimation for sparse data problems in
offline signature verification",
        JOURNAL = SMC-C,
        VOLUME = "35",
        YEAR = "2005",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "276-286",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223038"}

@article{bb228080,
        AUTHOR = "Wen, J. and Fang, B. and Tang, Y.Y. and Zhang, T.P.",
        TITLE = "Model-based signature verification with rotation invariant features",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "42",
        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "7",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "1458-1466",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223039"}

@article{bb228081,
        AUTHOR = "Igarza, J.J. and Hernaez, I. and Goirizelaia, I.",
        TITLE = "Static signature recognition based on left-to-right
Hidden Markov Models",
        JOURNAL = JEI,
        VOLUME = "14",
        YEAR = "2005",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223040"}

@article{bb228082,
        AUTHOR = "Igarza, J.J. and Hernaez, I. and Goirizelaia, I. and Espinosa, K. and Escolar, J.",
        TITLE = "Off-line signature recognition based on dynamic methods",
        JOURNAL = SPIE,
        VOLUME = "5779",
        YEAR = "2005",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "336-343",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223041"}

@article{bb228083,
        AUTHOR = "Igarza, J.J. and Hernaez, I. and Goirizelaia, I. and Espinosa, K.",
        TITLE = "Biometric Technology for Human Identification",
        JOURNAL = SPIE,
        VOLUME = "5404",
        YEAR = "2004",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "418-424",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223042"}

@article{bb228084,
        AUTHOR = "Kulkarni, V.B.",
        TITLE = "A Colour Code Algorithm For Signature Recognition",
        JOURNAL = ELCVIA,
        VOLUME = "6",
        YEAR = "2007",
        NUMBER = "1",
        PAGES = "1-12",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223043"}

@article{bb228085,
        AUTHOR = "Shanker, A.P. and Rajagopalan, A.N.",
        TITLE = "Off-line signature verification using DTW",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "28",
        YEAR = "2007",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "1407-1414",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223044"}

@article{bb228086,
        AUTHOR = "Zhu, G.Y. and Zheng, Y.F. and Doermann, D.S. and Jaeger, S.",
        TITLE = "Signature Detection and Matching for Document Image Retrieval",
        JOURNAL = PAMI,
        VOLUME = "31",
        YEAR = "2009",
        NUMBER = "11",
        MONTH = "November",
        PAGES = "2015-2031",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223045"}

@inproceedings{bb228087,
        AUTHOR = "Zhu, G.Y. and Zheng, Y.F. and Doermann, D.S. and Jaeger, S.",
        TITLE = "Multi-scale Structural Saliency for Signature Detection",
        BOOKTITLE = CVPR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "1-8",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223046"}

@inproceedings{bb228088,
        AUTHOR = "Eskander, G.S. and Sabourin, R. and Granger, E.",
        TITLE = "A Dissimilarity-Based Approach for Biometric Fuzzy Vaults-Application
to Handwritten Signature Images",
        BOOKTITLE = EAHSP13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "95-102",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223047"}

@article{bb228089,
        AUTHOR = "Batista, L. and Granger, E. and Sabourin, R.",
        TITLE = "Improving performance of HMM-based off-line signature verification
systems through a multi-hypothesis approach",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "13",
        YEAR = "2010",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223048"}

@inproceedings{bb228090,
        AUTHOR = "Batista, L. and Granger, E. and Sabourin, R.",
        TITLE = "Applying Dissimilarity Representation to Off-Line Signature
Verification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "1293-1297",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223049"}

@inproceedings{bb228091,
        AUTHOR = "Batista, L. and Granger, E. and Sabourin, R.",
        TITLE = "A Multi-Hypothesis Approach for Off-Line Signature Verification with
HMMs",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "1315-1319",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223050"}

@article{bb228092,
        AUTHOR = "Batista, L. and Granger, E. and Sabourin, R.",
        TITLE = "Dynamic selection of generative-discriminative ensembles for off-line
signature verification",
        JOURNAL = PR,
        VOLUME = "45",
        YEAR = "2012",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "April",
        PAGES = "1326-1340",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223051"}

@article{bb228093,
        AUTHOR = "Kumar, R. and Sharma, J.D. and Chanda, B.",
        TITLE = "Writer-independent off-line signature verification using surroundedness
feature",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "33",
        YEAR = "2012",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "301-308",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223052"}

@article{bb228094,
        AUTHOR = "Esteban, J.L. and Velez, J.F. and Sanchez, A.",
        TITLE = "Off-line handwritten signature detection by analysis of evidence
accumulation",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "15",
        YEAR = "2012",
        NUMBER = "4",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "359-368",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223053"}

@article{bb228095,
        AUTHOR = "Kovari, B. and Charaf, H.",
        TITLE = "A study on the consistency and significance of local features in
off-line signature verification",
        JOURNAL = PRL,
        VOLUME = "34",
        YEAR = "2013",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "February",
        PAGES = "247-255",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223054"}

@article{bb228096,
        AUTHOR = "Rivard, D. and Granger, E. and Sabourin, R.",
        TITLE = "Multi-feature extraction and selection in writer-independent off-line
signature verification",
        JOURNAL = IJDAR,
        VOLUME = "16",
        YEAR = "2013",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "83-103",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223055"}

@article{bb228097,
        AUTHOR = "Tselios, K. and Zois, E.N. and Siores, E. and Nassiopoulos, A. and Economou, G.",
        TITLE = "Grid-based feature distributions for off-line signature verification",
        JOURNAL = IET-Bio,
        VOLUME = "1",
        YEAR = "2012",
        NUMBER = "1",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "72-81",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223056"}

@inproceedings{bb228098,
        AUTHOR = "Barkoula, K. and Zois, E.N. and Zervas, E. and Economou, G.",
        TITLE = "Event Based Offline Signature Modeling Using Grid Source Probabilistic
Coding",
        BOOKTITLE = EAHSP13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "77-85",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223057"}

@article{bb228099,
        AUTHOR = "Pirlo, G. and Impedovo, D. and Erbilek, M. and Fairhurst, M.",
        TITLE = "Framework for managing ageing effects in signature biometrics",
        JOURNAL = IET-Bio,
        VOLUME = "1",
        YEAR = "2012",
        NUMBER = "2",
        MONTH = "June",
        PAGES = "136-147",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1022.html#TT223058"}

Last update:Sep 9, 2019 at 16:26:55