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@inproceedings{bb240302,
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@inproceedings{bb240303,
        AUTHOR = "Zhang, Z.K. and Wang, W.Q. and Lu, K.",
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Log-Gabor Filter",
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@inproceedings{bb240304,
        AUTHOR = "Nguyen, P.X. and Wang, K. and Belongie, S.J.",
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        BOOKTITLE = WACV14,
        YEAR = "2014",
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@inproceedings{bb240305,
        AUTHOR = "Phan, T.Q. and Shivakumara, P. and Lu, T. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Recognition of Video Text through Temporal Integration",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
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@inproceedings{bb240306,
        AUTHOR = "Shivakumara, P. and Basavaraju, H.T. and Guru, D.S. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Detection of Curved Text in Video: Quad Tree Based Method",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
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@inproceedings{bb240307,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, Y. and Song, Y.H. and Zhang, Y.L. and Meng, Q.",
        TITLE = "A Novel Multi-oriented Chinese Text Extraction Approach from Videos",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "1355-1359",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT235164"}

@inproceedings{bb240308,
        AUTHOR = "Liang, G. and Shivakumara, P. and Lu, T. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "A new wavelet-Laplacian method for arbitrarily-oriented character
segmentation in video text lines",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR15,
        YEAR = "2015",
        PAGES = "926-930",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT235165"}

@inproceedings{bb240309,
        AUTHOR = "Sharma, N. and Shivakumara, P. and Pal, U. and Blumenstein, M. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "A New Method for Character Segmentation from Multi-oriented Video
Words",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT235166"}

@inproceedings{bb240310,
        AUTHOR = "Sharma, N. and Shivakumara, P. and Pal, U. and Blumenstein, M. and Tan, C.L.",
        TITLE = "A New Method for Word Segmentation from Arbitrarily-Oriented Video Text
Lines",
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        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "1-8",
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@inproceedings{bb240311,
        AUTHOR = "Chattopadhyay, T. and Jain, R. and Chaudhuri, B.B.",
        TITLE = "A novel low complexity TV video OCR system",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
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@inproceedings{bb240312,
        AUTHOR = "Elagouni, K. and Garcia, C. and Sebillot, P.",
        TITLE = "A comprehensive neural-based approach for text recognition in videos
using natural language processing",
        BOOKTITLE = ICMR11,
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@inproceedings{bb240313,
        AUTHOR = "Zhao, Y. and Lu, T. and Liao, W.J.",
        TITLE = "A Robust Color-Independent Text Detection Method from Complex Videos",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
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@inproceedings{bb240314,
        AUTHOR = "Peng, X.J. and Cao, H. and Prasad, R. and Natarajan, P.",
        TITLE = "Text Extraction from Video Using Conditional Random Fields",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
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@inproceedings{bb240315,
        AUTHOR = "Ntirogiannis, K. and Gatos, B. and Pratikakis, I.",
        TITLE = "Binarization of Textual Content in Video Frames",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
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@inproceedings{bb240316,
        AUTHOR = "Huang, X.D. and Ma, H.D.",
        TITLE = "Automatic Detection and Localization of Natural Scene Text in Video",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "3216-3219",
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        AUTHOR = "Yi, J. and Peng, Y.X. and Xiao, J.G.",
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        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
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        AUTHOR = "Zhou, J.C. and Xu, L. and Xiao, B.H. and Dai, R.W. and Si, S.",
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        BOOKTITLE = ICMV07,
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@inproceedings{bb240319,
        AUTHOR = "Papavassiliou, V. and Stafylakis, T. and Katsouros, V. and Carayannis, G.",
        TITLE = "A Parametric Spectral-Based Method for Verification of Text in Videos",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
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@inproceedings{bb240320,
        AUTHOR = "Bouaziz, B. and Mahdi, W. and Ben Hamadou, A.",
        TITLE = "A New Video Images Text Localization Approach Based on a Fast Hough
Transform",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIAR06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "I: 414-425",
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@inproceedings{bb240321,
        AUTHOR = "Palma, D. and Ascenso, J. and Pereira, F.",
        TITLE = "Automatic Text Extraction in Digital Video Based on Motion Analysis",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIAR04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "I: 588-596",
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@inproceedings{bb240322,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, Y. and Lu, H. and Xue, X.Y. and Tan, Y.P.",
        TITLE = "Effective video text detection using line features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICARCV04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "II: 1528-1532",
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@inproceedings{bb240323,
        AUTHOR = "Umai, C. and Kassim, A. and Yue, C.L.",
        TITLE = "Detection and Interpretation of Text Information in Noisy Video
Sequences",
        BOOKTITLE = ICARCV06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "1-4",
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@inproceedings{bb240324,
        AUTHOR = "Tang, L.J. and Kender, J.R.",
        TITLE = "A Unified Text Extraction Method for Instructional Videos",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "III: 1216-1219",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT235181"}

@inproceedings{bb240325,
        AUTHOR = "Tang, L.J. and Kender, J.R.",
        TITLE = "Educational video understanding:
Mapping handwritten text to textbook chapters",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 919-923",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT235182"}

@inproceedings{bb240326,
        AUTHOR = "Sun, J. and Katsuyama, Y. and Naoi, S.",
        TITLE = "Video Degradation Model and Its Application to Character Recognition in
e-Learning Videos",
        BOOKTITLE = DAS04,
        YEAR = "2004",
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@inproceedings{bb240327,
        AUTHOR = "Tekinalp, S. and Alatan, A.A.",
        TITLE = "Utilization of texture, contrast and color homogeneity for detecting
and recognizing text from video frames",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP03,
        YEAR = "2003",
        PAGES = "III: 505-508",
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@inproceedings{bb240328,
        AUTHOR = "Mariano, V.Y. and Kasturi, R.",
        TITLE = "Detection of text marks on moving vehicles",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR03,
        YEAR = "2003",
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@inproceedings{bb240329,
        AUTHOR = "Du, E.Y. and Chang, C.I.",
        TITLE = "Thresholding video images for text detection",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "III: 919-922",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT235186"}

@inproceedings{bb240330,
        AUTHOR = "Mao, W. and Chung, F.L. and Lam, K.K.M. and Sin, W.C.",
        TITLE = "Hybrid Chinese/English text detection in images and video frames",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR02,
        YEAR = "2002",
        PAGES = "III: 1015-1018",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966v1.html#TT235187"}

@article{bb240331,
        AUTHOR = "Liu, Y.X. and Goto, S. and Ikenaga, T.",
        TITLE = "A Contour-Based Robust Algorithm for Text Detection in Color Images",
        JOURNAL = IEICE,
        VOLUME = "E89-D",
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        PAGES = "1221-1230",
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        AUTHOR = "Liu, Y.X. and Goto, S. and Ikenaga, T.",
        TITLE = "A robust algorithm for text detection in color images",
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        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "I: 399-403",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235189"}

@article{bb240333,
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        TITLE = "A stroke filter and its application to text localization",
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        NUMBER = "2",
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        PAGES = "114-122",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235190"}

@article{bb240334,
        AUTHOR = "Jung, C.K. and Liu, Q.F. and Kim, J.K.",
        TITLE = "Accurate text localization in images based on SVM output scores",
        JOURNAL = IVC,
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        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "August",
        PAGES = "1295-1301",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235191"}

@article{bb240335,
        AUTHOR = "Yi, C.C. and Tian, Y.L.",
        TITLE = "Text String Detection From Natural Scenes by Structure-Based Partition
and Grouping",
        JOURNAL = IP,
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        NUMBER = "9",
        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "2594-2605",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235192"}

@article{bb240336,
        AUTHOR = "Yi, C.C. and Tian, Y.L.",
        TITLE = "Localizing Text in Scene Images by Boundary Clustering, Stroke
Segmentation, and String Fragment Classification",
        JOURNAL = IP,
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        MONTH = "September",
        PAGES = "4256-4268",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235193"}

@inproceedings{bb240337,
        AUTHOR = "Yi, C.C. and Tian, Y.L.",
        TITLE = "Text Detection in Natural Scene Images by Stroke Gabor Words",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "177-181",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235194"}

@article{bb240338,
        AUTHOR = "Yi, C.C. and Tian, Y.L.",
        TITLE = "Scene Text Recognition in Mobile Applications by Character Descriptor
and Structure Configuration",
        JOURNAL = IP,
        VOLUME = "23",
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        NUMBER = "7",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "2972-2982",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235195"}

@inproceedings{bb240339,
        AUTHOR = "Yi, C.C. and Yang, X.D. and Tian, Y.L.",
        TITLE = "Feature Representations for Scene Text Character Recognition:
A Comparative Study",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
        YEAR = "2013",
        PAGES = "907-911",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235196"}

@article{bb240340,
        AUTHOR = "Mosleh, A. and Bouguila, N. and Ben Hamza, A.",
        TITLE = "Automatic Inpainting Scheme for Video Text Detection and Removal",
        JOURNAL = IP,
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        YEAR = "2013",
        NUMBER = "11",
        PAGES = "4460-4472",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235197"}

@inproceedings{bb240341,
        AUTHOR = "Mosleh, A. and Bouguila, N. and Ben Hamza, A.",
        TITLE = "Image Text Detection Using a Bandlet-Based Edge Detector and Stroke
Width Transform",
        BOOKTITLE = BMVC12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "63",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235198"}

@article{bb240342,
        AUTHOR = "Gao, S. and Wang, C.H. and Xiao, B.H. and Shi, C.Z. and Zhou, W. and Zhang, Z.",
        TITLE = "Learning Co-occurrence of Local Spatial Strokes for Robust Character
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        JOURNAL = IEICE,
        VOLUME = "E97-D",
        YEAR = "2014",
        NUMBER = "7",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "1937-1941",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235199"}

@article{bb240343,
        AUTHOR = "Gao, S. and Wang, C.H. and Xiao, B.H. and Shi, C.Z. and Zhou, W. and Zhang, Z.",
        TITLE = "Scene Text Character Recognition Using Spatiality Embedded Dictionary",
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        YEAR = "2014",
        NUMBER = "7",
        MONTH = "July",
        PAGES = "1942-1946",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235200"}

@article{bb240344,
        AUTHOR = "Gao, S. and Wang, C.H. and Xiao, B.H. and Shi, C.Z. and Zhou, W. and Zhang, Z.",
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        JOURNAL = IET-CV,
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        NUMBER = "1",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235201"}

@inproceedings{bb240345,
        AUTHOR = "Gao, S. and Wang, C.H. and Xiao, B.H. and Shi, C.Z. and Zhou, W. and Zhang, Z.",
        TITLE = "Learning co-occurrence strokes for scene character recognition based
on spatiality embedded dictionary",
        BOOKTITLE = ICIP14,
        YEAR = "2014",
        PAGES = "5956-5960",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235202"}

@inproceedings{bb240346,
        AUTHOR = "Gao, S. and Wang, C.H. and Xiao, B.H. and Shi, C.Z. and Zhang, Z.",
        TITLE = "Stroke Bank: A High-Level Representation for Scene Character
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        YEAR = "2014",
        PAGES = "2909-2913",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235203"}

@article{bb240347,
        AUTHOR = "Wu, Y. and Shivakumara, P. and Lu, T. and Tan, C.L. and Blumenstein, M. and Kumar, G.H.",
        TITLE = "Contour Restoration of Text Components for Recognition in Video/Scene
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        YEAR = "2016",
        NUMBER = "12",
        MONTH = "December",
        PAGES = "5622-5634",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235204"}

@article{bb240348,
        AUTHOR = "Ren, X. and Zhou, Y. and He, J. and Chen, K. and Yang, X. and Sun, J.",
        TITLE = "A Convolutional Neural Network-Based Chinese Text Detection Algorithm
via Text Structure Modeling",
        JOURNAL = MultMed,
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        YEAR = "2017",
        NUMBER = "3",
        MONTH = "March",
        PAGES = "506-518",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235205"}

@inproceedings{bb240349,
        AUTHOR = "Ren, X. and Chen, K. and Yang, X. and Zhou, Y. and He, J. and Sun, J.",
        TITLE = "A novel text structure feature extractor for Chinese scene text
detection and recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "3380-3385",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235206"}

@inproceedings{bb240350,
        AUTHOR = "Ren, X. and Chen, K. and Yang, X. and Zhou, Y. and He, J. and Sun, J.",
        TITLE = "A novel scene text detection algorithm based on convolutional neural
network",
        BOOKTITLE = VCIP16,
        YEAR = "2016",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235207"}

@article{bb240351,
        AUTHOR = "Zhang, Z. and Wang, H. and Liu, S. and Zheng, L.",
        TITLE = "Scene Character Recognition Using Coupled Spatial Learning",
        JOURNAL = IEICE,
        VOLUME = "E100-D",
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        NUMBER = "7",
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        PAGES = "1546-1549",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235208"}

@article{bb240352,
        AUTHOR = "Zhang, Z. and Wang, H. and Liu, S. and Durrani, T.S.",
        TITLE = "Bilateral Convolutional Activations Encoded with Fisher Vectors for
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        AUTHOR = "Shi, C.Z. and Wang, C.H. and Xiao, B.H. and Gao, S. and Hu, J.L.",
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        NUMBER = "9",
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@inproceedings{bb240354,
        AUTHOR = "Shi, C.Z. and Wang, C.H. and Xiao, B.H. and Zhang, Y. and Gao, S. and Zhang, Z.",
        TITLE = "Scene Text Recognition Using Part-Based Tree-Structured Character
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        YEAR = "2013",
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@article{bb240355,
        AUTHOR = "Shi, C.Z. and Wang, C.H. and Xiao, B.H. and Gao, S. and Hu, J.",
        TITLE = "Scene Text Recognition Using Structure-Guided Character Detection and
Linguistic Knowledge",
        JOURNAL = CirSysVideo,
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@article{bb240356,
        AUTHOR = "Yao, C. and Bai, X. and Liu, W.Y.",
        TITLE = "A Unified Framework for Multioriented Text Detection and Recognition",
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@article{bb240357,
        AUTHOR = "Li, Y. and Jia, W.J. and Shen, C.H. and van den Hengel, A.J.",
        TITLE = "Characterness: An Indicator of Text in the Wild",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char966str1.html#TT235214"}

@inproceedings{bb240358,
        AUTHOR = "Li, Y. and Shen, C.H. and Jia, W.J. and van den Hengel, A.J.",
        TITLE = "Leveraging surrounding context for scene text detection",
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@article{bb240359,
        AUTHOR = "Bai, X. and Yao, C. and Liu, W.Y.",
        TITLE = "Strokelets: A Learned Multi-Scale Mid-Level Representation for Scene
Text Recognition",
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