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@inproceedings{bb271001,
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@inproceedings{bb271002,
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@inproceedings{bb271003,
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@inproceedings{bb271004,
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@inproceedings{bb271005,
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        TITLE = "ICPR2016 contest on Arabic Text detection and Recognition in video
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@inproceedings{bb271006,
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@inproceedings{bb271007,
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@inproceedings{bb271008,
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@inproceedings{bb271009,
        AUTHOR = "Yousfi, S. and Berrani, S.A. and Garcia, C.",
        TITLE = "ALIF: A dataset for Arabic embedded text recognition in TV broadcast",
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@inproceedings{bb271010,
        AUTHOR = "Pavlov, V.A. and Shalymov, D.S.",
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@inproceedings{bb271011,
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@inproceedings{bb271012,
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@inproceedings{bb271013,
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@inproceedings{bb271014,
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@inproceedings{bb271015,
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@inproceedings{bb271016,
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@inproceedings{bb271017,
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@inproceedings{bb271018,
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@inproceedings{bb271019,
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@inproceedings{bb271020,
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@inproceedings{bb271021,
        AUTHOR = "Dinges, L. and Al Hamadi, A. and Elzobi, M.",
        TITLE = "A Locale Group Based Line Segmentation Approach for Non Uniform
Skewed and Curved Arabic Handwritings",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR13,
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@inproceedings{bb271022,
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for Off-Line Arabic Handwriting Recognition",
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@inproceedings{bb271023,
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@inproceedings{bb271024,
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@inproceedings{bb271025,
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@inproceedings{bb271026,
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        TITLE = "Database for Arabic Printed Text Recognition Research",
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@inproceedings{bb271027,
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@inproceedings{bb271028,
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        TITLE = "Combination of global and local baseline-independent features for
offline Arabic handwriting recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR12,
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@inproceedings{bb271029,
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documents",
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        YEAR = "2012",
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@inproceedings{bb271030,
        AUTHOR = "Porwal, U. and Zhou, Y. and Govindaraju, V.",
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@inproceedings{bb271031,
        AUTHOR = "Slimane, F. and Zayene, O. and Kanoun, S. and Alimi, A.M. and Hennebert, J. and Ingold, R.",
        TITLE = "New features for complex Arabic fonts in cascading recognition system",
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        YEAR = "2012",
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@inproceedings{bb271032,
        AUTHOR = "Samoud, F.B. and Maddouri, S.S. and Amiri, H.",
        TITLE = "Three Evaluation Criteria's towards a Comparison of Two Characters
Segmentation Methods for Handwritten Arabic Script",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
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@inproceedings{bb271033,
        AUTHOR = "Hassaine, A. and Maadeed, S.A.",
        TITLE = "ICFHR 2012 Competition on Writer Identification Challenge 2: Arabic
Scripts",
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@inproceedings{bb271034,
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@inproceedings{bb271035,
        AUTHOR = "Kacem, A. and Aouiti, N. and Belaid, A.",
        TITLE = "Structural Features Extraction for Handwritten Arabic Personal Names
Recognition",
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        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "268-273",
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@inproceedings{bb271036,
        AUTHOR = "Mezghani, A. and Kanoun, S. and Khemakhem, M. and El Abed, H.",
        TITLE = "A Database for Arabic Handwritten Text Image Recognition and Writer
Identification",
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@inproceedings{bb271037,
        AUTHOR = "Al Maadeed, S. and Ayouby, W. and Hassaine, A. and Aljaam, J.M.",
        TITLE = "QUWI: An Arabic and English Handwriting Dataset for Offline Writer
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@inproceedings{bb271038,
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@inproceedings{bb271039,
        AUTHOR = "Eraqi, H.M. and Abdel Azeem, S.",
        TITLE = "A New Efficient Graphemes Segmentation Technique for Offline Arabic
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@inproceedings{bb271040,
        AUTHOR = "Eraqi, H.M. and Abdel Azeem, S.",
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@inproceedings{bb271041,
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@inproceedings{bb271042,
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@inproceedings{bb271043,
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@inproceedings{bb271044,
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@inproceedings{bb271045,
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@inproceedings{bb271046,
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@inproceedings{bb271050,
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@inproceedings{bb271059,
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@inproceedings{bb271060,
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@inproceedings{bb271061,
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@inproceedings{bb271062,
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@inproceedings{bb271063,
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@inproceedings{bb271064,
        AUTHOR = "Daifallah, K. and Zarka, N. and Jamous, H.",
        TITLE = "Recognition-Based Segmentation Algorithm for On-Line Arabic Handwriting",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "886-890",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265707"}

@inproceedings{bb271065,
        AUTHOR = "Shi, Z.X. and Setlur, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Image Enhancement for Degraded Binary Document Images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "895-899",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265708"}

@inproceedings{bb271066,
        AUTHOR = "Shi, Z.X. and Setlur, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Removing Rule-Lines from Binary Handwritten Arabic Document Images
Using Directional Local Profile",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "1916-1919",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265709"}

@inproceedings{bb271067,
        AUTHOR = "Shi, Z.X. and Setlur, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "A Steerable Directional Local Profile Technique for Extraction of
Handwritten Arabic Text Lines",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "176-180",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265710"}

@inproceedings{bb271068,
        AUTHOR = "Shi, Z.X. and Setlur, S. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Text extraction from gray scale historical document images using
adaptive local connectivity map",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR05,
        YEAR = "2005",
        PAGES = "II: 794-798",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265711"}

@inproceedings{bb271069,
        AUTHOR = "Shi, Z.X. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Historical document image enhancement using background light intensity
normalization",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR04,
        YEAR = "2004",
        PAGES = "I: 473-476",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265712"}

@inproceedings{bb271070,
        AUTHOR = "Wshah, S. and Shi, Z.X. and Govindaraju, V.",
        TITLE = "Segmentation of Arabic Handwriting Based on both Contour and Skeleton
Segmentation",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "793-797",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265713"}

@inproceedings{bb271071,
        AUTHOR = "Kumar, J. and Doermann, D.S.",
        TITLE = "Fast Rule-Line Removal Using Integral Images and Support Vector
Machines",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "584-588",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265714"}

@inproceedings{bb271072,
        AUTHOR = "Abd Almageed, W. and Kumar, J. and Doermann, D.S.",
        TITLE = "Page Rule-Line Removal Using Linear Subspaces in Monochromatic
Handwritten Arabic Documents",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "768-772",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265715"}

@inproceedings{bb271073,
        AUTHOR = "Slimane, F. and Ingold, R. and Kanoun, S. and Alimi, A.M. and Hennebert, J.",
        TITLE = "A New Arabic Printed Text Image Database and Evaluation Protocols",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "946-950",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265716"}

@inproceedings{bb271074,
        AUTHOR = "Boussellaa, W. and Zahour, A. and Elabed, H. and Benabdelhafid, A. and Alimi, A.M.",
        TITLE = "Unsupervised Block Covering Analysis for Text-Line Segmentation of
Arabic Ancient Handwritten Document Images",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "1929-1932",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265717"}

@inproceedings{bb271075,
        AUTHOR = "Chaabouni, A. and Boubaker, H. and Kherallah, M. and Alimi, A.M. and El Abed, H.",
        TITLE = "Combining of Off-line and On-line Feature Extraction Approaches for
Writer Identification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "1299-1303",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265718"}

@inproceedings{bb271076,
        AUTHOR = "Chaabouni, A. and Boubaker, H. and Kherallah, M. and Alimi, A.M. and El Abed, H.",
        TITLE = "Multi-fractal Modeling for On-line Text-Independent Writer
Identification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR11,
        YEAR = "2011",
        PAGES = "623-627",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265719"}

@inproceedings{bb271077,
        AUTHOR = "Chaabouni, A. and Boubaker, H. and Kherallah, M. and Alimi, A.M. and El Abed, H.",
        TITLE = "Fractal and Multi-fractal for Arabic Offline Writer Identification",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "3793-3796",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265720"}

@inproceedings{bb271078,
        AUTHOR = "Elbaati, A. and Kherallah, M. and Ennaji, A. and Alimi, A.M.",
        TITLE = "Temporal Order Recovery of the Scanned Handwriting",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "1116-1120",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265721"}

@inproceedings{bb271079,
        AUTHOR = "Elbaati, A. and Boubaker, H. and Kherallah, M. and Ennaji, A. and El Abed, H. and Alimi, A.M.",
        TITLE = "Arabic Handwriting Recognition Using Restored Stroke Chronology",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "411-415",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265722"}

@inproceedings{bb271080,
        AUTHOR = "Boubaker, H. and Kherallah, M. and Alimi, A.M.",
        TITLE = "New Algorithm of Straight or Curved Baseline Detection for Short Arabic
Handwritten Writing",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "778-782",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265723"}

@inproceedings{bb271081,
        AUTHOR = "Hamdani, M. and El Abed, H. and Kherallah, M. and Alimi, A.M.",
        TITLE = "Combining Multiple HMMs Using On-line and Off-line Features for
Off-line Arabic Handwriting Recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "201-205",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265724"}

@inproceedings{bb271082,
        AUTHOR = "El Abed, H. and Margner, V.",
        TITLE = "A Framework for the Combination of Different Arabic Handwritten Word
Recognition Systems",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR10,
        YEAR = "2010",
        PAGES = "1904-1907",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265725"}

@inproceedings{bb271083,
        AUTHOR = "Boussellaa, W. and Bougacha, A. and Zahour, A. and El Abed, H. and Alimi, A.M.",
        TITLE = "Enhanced Text Extraction from Arabic Degraded Document Images Using EM
Algorithm",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "743-747",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265726"}

@inproceedings{bb271084,
        AUTHOR = "Haboubi, S. and Maddouri, S. and Ellouze, N. and El Abed, H.",
        TITLE = "Invariant Primitives for Handwritten Arabic Script:
A Contrastive Study of Four Feature Sets",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "691-697",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265727"}

@inproceedings{bb271085,
        AUTHOR = "Dreuw, P. and Jonas, S. and Ney, H.",
        TITLE = "White-space models for offline Arabic handwriting recognition",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265728"}

@inproceedings{bb271086,
        AUTHOR = "Prasad, R. and Saleem, S. and Kamali, M. and Meermeier, R. and Natarajan, P.",
        TITLE = "Improvements in hidden Markov model based Arabic OCR",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265729"}

@inproceedings{bb271087,
        AUTHOR = "Ben Cheikh, I. and Belaid, A. and Kacem, A.",
        TITLE = "A novel approach for the recognition of a wide Arabic handwritten word
lexicon",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265730"}

@inproceedings{bb271088,
        AUTHOR = "Ben Cheikh, I. and Kacem, A.",
        TITLE = "Neural Network for the Recognition of Handwritten Tunisian City Names",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "1108-1112",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265731"}

@inproceedings{bb271089,
        AUTHOR = "Ali, M.A.",
        TITLE = "Arabic Handwritten Characters Classification Using Learning Vector
Quantization Algorithm",
        BOOKTITLE = ICISP08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "463-470",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265732"}

@inproceedings{bb271090,
        AUTHOR = "Amrouch, M. and Elyassa, M. and Rachidi, A. and Mammass, D.",
        TITLE = "Off-Line Arabic Handwritten Characters Recognition Based on a Hidden
Markov Models",
        BOOKTITLE = ICISP08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "447-454",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265733"}

@inproceedings{bb271091,
        AUTHOR = "Srihari, S.N. and Ball, G.R. and Srinivasan, H.",
        TITLE = "Versatile Search of Scanned Arabic Handwriting",
        BOOKTITLE = SACH06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265734"}

@inproceedings{bb271092,
        AUTHOR = "Abdul Kader, A.",
        TITLE = "A Two-Tier Arabic Offline Handwriting Recognition Based on Conditional
Joining Rules",
        BOOKTITLE = SACH06,
        YEAR = "2006",
        PAGES = "xx-yy",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265735"}

@inproceedings{bb271093,
        AUTHOR = "Lopresti, D.P. and Nagy, G. and Seth, S.C. and Zhang, X.L.",
        TITLE = "Multi-character Field Recognition for Arabic and Chinese Handwriting",
        BOOKTITLE = SACH06,
        YEAR = "2006",
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        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265736"}

@inproceedings{bb271094,
        AUTHOR = "Ben Amor, N. and Ben Amara, N.E.",
        TITLE = "An Approach for Multifont Arabic Characters Features Extraction Based
on Contourlet Transform",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "1048-1052",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265737"}

@inproceedings{bb271095,
        AUTHOR = "Boussellaa, W. and Zahour, A. and Taconet, B. and Alimi, A.M. and Benabdelhafid, A.",
        TITLE = "PRAAD: Preprocessing and Analysis Tool for Arabic Ancient Documents",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "1058-1062",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265738"}

@inproceedings{bb271096,
        AUTHOR = "Khelifi, B. and Zaghden, N. and Alimi, M.A. and Mullot, R.",
        TITLE = "Unsupervised categorization of heterogeneous text images based on
fractals",
        BOOKTITLE = ICPR08,
        YEAR = "2008",
        PAGES = "1-4",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265739"}

@inproceedings{bb271097,
        AUTHOR = "Benjelil, M. and Mullot, R. and Alimi, A.M.",
        TITLE = "Language and Script Identification Based on Steerable Pyramid Features",
        BOOKTITLE = FHR12,
        YEAR = "2012",
        PAGES = "716-721",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265740"}

@inproceedings{bb271098,
        AUTHOR = "Benjelil, M. and Kanoun, S. and Mullot, R. and Alimi, A.M.",
        TITLE = "Arabic and Latin Script Identification in Printed and Handwritten Types
Based on Steerable Pyramid Features",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR09,
        YEAR = "2009",
        PAGES = "591-595",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265741"}

@inproceedings{bb271099,
        AUTHOR = "Jlaiel, M.B. and Kanoun, S. and Alimi, A.M. and Mullot, R.",
        TITLE = "Three decision levels strategy for Arabic and Latin texts
differentiation in printed and handwritten natures",
        BOOKTITLE = ICDAR07,
        YEAR = "2007",
        PAGES = "1103-1107",
        BIBSOURCE = "http://www.visionbib.com/bibliography/char1032.html#TT265742"}

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