Do not forget See also Machine Perception of 3-D Solids. And See also Object Enhancement and Extraction. And See also Visual Perception by a Computer.

*Wertheimer, M.*,

**Untersuchungen zur Lehre der Gestalt, II**,

*Psychologische Forschung(4)*, 1923, pp. 301-350.
The basis for using edges -- perception depends on differences not absolute
gray values.
BibRef
**2300**

*Julez, B.*,

**A Method of Coding TV Signals Based on Edge Detection**,

*Bell System Tech.(38)*, No. 4, July 1959, pp. 1001-1020.
*Compression, Video*.
*Television*.
BibRef
**5907**

*Hodes, L.*,

**Machine Processing of Line Drawings**,

*Lincoln Labs*Report 54G-0028, March 1961.
Reference by Roberts as a working line detector.
BibRef
**6103**

*Sakai, T.*,
*Nagao, M.*, and
*Fujibayashi, S.*,

**Line Extraction and Pattern Detection in a Photograph**,

*PR(1)*, No. 3, March 1969, pp. 233-236.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**6903**

*Kirsch, R.A.*,

**Computer Determination of the Constituent Structure
of Biological Images**,

*Comp. Biomed. Res.(4)*, No. 3, June 1971, pp. 315-328.
Kirsch operator edge detector.
BibRef
**7106**

*Montanari, U.*,

**On the Optimal Detection of Curves in Noisy Pictures**,

*CACM(14)*, No. 5, May 1971, pp. 335-345.
Uses optimization to trace curves.
BibRef
**7105**

*Montanari, U.[Ugo]*,

**A Note on Minimal Length Polygonal Approximations to a
Digitized Contour**,

*CACM(13)*, No. 1, January 1970, 41-47.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**7001**

*Montanari, U.[Ugo]*,

**On Limit Properties in Digitization Schemes**,

*JACM(17)*, No. 2, April 1970, 348-360.
*Chain Codes*.
*Convex Polygon*.
BibRef
**7004**

*Rosenfeld, A.*,

**A Nonlinear Edge Detection Technique**,

*PIEEE(58)*, No. 5, May 1970, pp. 814-816.
BibRef
**7005**

*Rosenfeld, A.*,
*Lee, Y.*, and
*Thomas, R.*,

**Edge and Curve Detection for Texture Discrimination**,

*PPP70*(381-xxx).
BibRef
**7000**

*Argyle, E.*,

**Techniques for Edge Detection**,

*PIEEE(59)*, No. 2, February 1971, pp. 285-287.
BibRef
**7102**

*MacLeod, I.D.G.*,
*Argyle, E.*,

**Comments on 'Techniques for Edge Detection'**,

*PIEEE(60)*, No. 3, March 1972, pp. 344.
Early edge detector reference.
Comments on above paper.
BibRef
**7203**

*MacLeod, I.D.G.*,

**The Visibility of Gratings:
Spatial Frequency Channels or Bar-Detecting Units?**,

*Vision Research(14)*, 1974, pp. 909-915.
BibRef
**7400**

*Nadler, M.*,

**An Analog-Digital Character Recognition System**,

IRE, Trans. Electr. Comp or
*TC(12)*, No. 5, 1963, pp. 814-821.
Early Compass gradient edge detector.
BibRef
**6300**

*Nadler, M.[Morton]*,

**A Note on the Coefficients of Compass Mask Convolutions**,

*CVGIP(51)*, No. 1, July 1990, pp. 96-101.

WWW Link. Analysis of old edge detectors.
BibRef
**9007**

*Herskovits, A.*, and
*Binford, T.O.*,

**On Boundary Detection**,

*MIT AI Memo*183, July 1970.
Report on early Binford edge detector, developed from a
detailed analysis of what really happens at an edge.
BibRef
**7007**

*Pingle, K.K.*,

**Visual Perception by a Computer**,

*AII*(277-284). 1969.
This is the first description of the Sobel operator, attributed
here to Sobel.
Compared in:
See also Edge Location to Subpixel Values in Digital Imagery. With humans in:
See also Comparison of Edge Detectors: A Methodology and Initial Study.
BibRef
**6900**

*Patrick, E.A.*,
*Costello, J.P.*,
*Monds, F.C.*,

**Decision Directed Estimation of a Two Class Decision Boundary**,

*TC(19)*, 1970, pp. 197-205.
BibRef
**7000**

*Griffith, A.K.*,

**Edge Detection in Simple Scenes Using a Priori Information**,

*TC(22)*, No. 4, April 1973, pp. 371-381.
BibRef
**7304**

*Griffith, A.K.*,

**Mathematical Models for Automatic Line Detection**,

*JACM(20)*, No. 1, January 1973, pp. 62-80.
*Line Detection*.
BibRef
**7301**

*Mori, S.*,
*Monden, Y.*, and
*Mori, T.*,

**Edge Representation in Gradient Space**,

*CGIP(2)*, December 1973, pp. 321-325.
Use the histogram of gradients to find the actual edge when it
is smeared.
BibRef
**7312**

*Davis, L.S.[Larry S.]*,

**A Survey of Edge Detection Techniques**,

*CGIP(4)*, No. 3, September 1975, pp. 248-270.

WWW Link.
*Survey, Edge Detection*.
*Edge Detection, Survey*. Mathematical discussion.
Even this early, there are enough to survey.
BibRef
**7509**

*Smith, M.W.*, and
*Davis, W.A.*,

**A New Algorithm for Edge Detection**,

*CGIP(4)*, No. 1, March 1975, pp. 55-62.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**7503**

Earlier:
*ICPR74*(150-151).
BibRef

*O'Gorman, F.*, and
*Clowes, M.B.*,

**Finding Picture Edges Through Collinearity of Feature Points**,

*TC(25)*, No. 4, April 1976, pp. 449-455.
BibRef
**7604**

Earlier:
*IJCAI73*(543-555).
*Colinear Lines*.
BibRef

*Robinson, G.S.[Güner S.]*,

**Edge Detection by Compass Gradient Masks**,

*CGIP(6)*, No. 5, October 1977, pp. 492-501.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**7710**

*Chien, Y.P.*, and
*Fu, K.S.*,

**A Decision Function Method for Boundary Detection**,

*CGIP(3)*, No. 2, June 1974, pp. 125-140.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**7406**

*Chien, Y.P.*,

**On the Optimal Extraction of Boundary Curves**,

*CGPR75*(208-209).
BibRef
**7500**

*Persson, E.[Eric]*,

**A New Edge Detection Algorithm and Its Applications in
Picture Processing**,

*CGIP(5)*, No. 4, December 1976, pp. 425-446.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**7612**

*Nahi, N.E.*, and
*Jahanshahi, M.H.*,

**Image Boundary Estimation**,

*TC(26)*, No. 3, August 1977, pp. 772-781.
See also Role of Recursive Estimation in Statistical Image Enhancement.
BibRef
**7708**

*Nahi, N.E.*, and
*Lopez Mora, S.*,

**Estimation-Detection of Object Boundaries in Noisy Images**,

*AC(23)*, October 1978, pp. 834-846.
BibRef
**7810**

*Frei, W.*, and
*Chen, C.*,

**Fast Boundary Detection: A Generalization and a New Algorithm**,

*TC(26)*, No. 10, October 1977, pp. 988-998.
See also Fourier Interpretation of the Frei-Chen Edge Masks, A.
BibRef
**7710**

*Wechsler, H.*, and
*Kidode, M.*,

**A New Edge Detection Technique and Its Implementation**,

*SMC(7)*, December 1977, pp. 827-836.
BibRef
**7712**

And:

**Mathematical Models for Scene Analysis**,

*ICPR78*(755-761).
BibRef

*Bowker, J.K.*,

**Edge-Vector Image Analysis**,

*ICPR74*(520-524).
Orthogonal pair of gradient masks.
BibRef
**7400**

*Horn, B.K.P.*,

**The Binford-Horn Line Finder**,

*MIT AI Memo*285, December 1973.
BibRef
**7312**

Earlier:
*MIT AI*Vision Flash 16, 1971.
The only documentation on this classic line finder.
BibRef

*Pratt, W.K.*,

**Interplanetary Picture Transmission Using the Edge Detection System**,

*TR*SSD 2161, January 1962, Hughes Aircraft Co.
BibRef
**6201**

*O'Gorman, F.*,

**Edge Detection Using Walsh Functions**,

*AI(10)*, No. 2, April 1978, pp. 215-223.

HTML Version.
BibRef
**7804**

*Stern, D.*,
*Kurz, L.*,

**Edge Detection in Correlated Noise Using Latin Square Masks**,

*PR(21)*, No. 2, 1988, pp. 119-129.
This one is missing from the web site.
BibRef
**8800**

*Kadar, I.[Ivan]*,
*Kurz, L.[Ludwik]*,

**A Class of Robust Edge Detectors Based on Latin Squares**,

*PR(11)*, No. 5-6, 1979, pp. 329-339.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**7900**

Chapter on Edge Detection and Analysis, Lines, Segments, Curves, Corners, Hough Transform continues in

Basic Edge Operators .

Last update:Nov 18, 2017 at 20:56:18