*Kim, T.[Taehwan]*,
*Bezdek, J.C.[James C.]*,
*Hathaway, R.J.[Richard J.]*,

**Optimality tests for fixed points of the fuzzy c-means algorithm**,

*PR(21)*, No. 6, 1988, pp. 651-663.

Elsevier DOI
**0309**

BibRef

And:

**Reply to 'Comments on: optimality test for fixed points'**,

*PR(23)*, No. 11, 1990, pp. 1309-1310.

Elsevier DOI
**0401**

See also Comments on: optimality test for fixed points.
BibRef

*Xie, X.L.[Xuanli Lisa]*, and
*Beni, G.[Gerardo]*,

**A Validity Measure for Fuzzy Clustering**,

*PAMI(13)*, No. 8, August 1991, pp. 841-847.

IEEE DOI
BibRef
**9108**

*Wei, W.[Wen]*,
*Mendel, J.M.[Jerry M.]*,

**Optimality tests for the fuzzy c-means algorithm**,

*PR(27)*, No. 11, November 1994, pp. 1567-1573.

Elsevier DOI
**0401**

BibRef

*Dave, R.N.*,

**Validating Fuzzy Partitions Obtained Through C-Shells Clustering**,

*PRL(17)*, No. 6, May 15 1996, pp. 613-623.
**9607**

BibRef

*Rezaee, M.R.*,
*Lelieveldt, B.P.F.*,
*Reiber, J.H.C.*,

**A New Cluster Validity Index for the Fuzzy C-Mean**,

*PRL(19)*, No. 3-4, March 1998, pp. 237-246.
**9807**

BibRef

*Rezaee, M.R.[M. Ramze]*,
*Goedhart, B.*,
*Lelieveldt, B.P.F.*,
*Reiber, J.H.C.*,

**Fuzzy feature selection**,

*PR(32)*, No. 12, December 1999, pp. 2011-2019.

Elsevier DOI
BibRef
**9912**

*Foody, G.M.[Giles M.]*,

**The Continuum of Classification Fuzziness in Thematic Mapping**,

*PhEngRS(65)*, No. 4, April 1999, pp. 443-452.
BibRef
**9904**

*Foody, G.M.*,

**Sharpening Fuzzy Classification Output to Refine the
Representation of Sub-Pixel Land-Cover Distribution**,

*JRS(19)*, No. 13, September 10 1998, pp. 2593-2599.
**9810**

BibRef

*Zahid, N.*,
*Abouelala, O.*,
*Limouri, M.*,
*Essaid, A.*,

**Unsupervised fuzzy clustering**,

*PRL(20)*, No. 2, February 1999, pp. 123-129.
BibRef
**9902**

*Zahid, N.*,
*Limouri, M.*,
*Essaid, A.*,

**A new cluster-validity for fuzzy clustering**,

*PR(32)*, No. 7, July 1999, pp. 1089-1097.

Elsevier DOI
BibRef
**9907**

*Hammah, R.E.[Reginald E.]*,
*Curran, J.H.[John H.]*,

**Validity Measures for the Fuzzy Cluster Analysis of Orientations**,

*PAMI(22)*, No. 12, December 2000, pp. 1467-1472.

IEEE DOI
**0012**

BibRef

*Looney, C.G.[Carl G.]*,

**Interactive clustering and merging with a new fuzzy expected value**,

*PR(35)*, No. 11, November 2002, pp. 2413-2423.

Elsevier DOI
**0208**

BibRef

*Wu, K.L.[Kuo-Lung]*,
*Yu, J.[Jian]*,
*Yang, M.S.[Miin-Shen]*,

**A novel fuzzy clustering algorithm based on a fuzzy scatter matrix with
optimality tests**,

*PRL(26)*, No. 5, April 2005, pp. 639-652.

Elsevier DOI
**0501**

See also Alternative c-means clustering algorithms.
See also Mean shift-based clustering.
BibRef

*Kim, D.W.[Dae-Won]*,
*Lee, K.H.[Kwang H.]*,
*Lee, D.[Doheon]*,

**Fuzzy cluster validation index based on inter-cluster proximity**,

*PRL(24)*, No. 15, November 2003, pp. 2561-2574.

Elsevier DOI
**0308**

BibRef

*Pakhira, M.K.[Malay K.]*,
*Bandyopadhyay, S.[Sanghamitra]*,
*Maulik, U.[Ujjwal]*,

**Validity index for crisp and fuzzy clusters**,

*PR(37)*, No. 3, March 2004, pp. 487-501.

Elsevier DOI
**0401**

BibRef

*Mitchell, H.B.*,

**On the Dengfeng-Chuntian similarity measure and its application to
pattern recognition**,

*PRL(24)*, No. 16, December 2003, pp. 3101-3104.

Elsevier DOI
**0310**

Dengfeng and Chuntian operator (
See also New similarity measures of intuitionistic fuzzy sets and application to pattern recognitions. )
may give counter-intuitive results.
We show how a simple modification of the operator may
correct this problem
BibRef

*Yang, C.C.[Chih-Chung]*,
*Bose, N.K.*,

**Generating fuzzy membership function with self-organizing feature map**,

*PRL(27)*, No. 5, 1 April 2006, pp. 356-365.

Elsevier DOI
**0604**

Fuzzy membership function; Pattern recognition;
Self-organizing feature map; Computational intelligence
BibRef

*Bouguessa, M.[Mohamed]*,
*Wang, S.R.[Sheng-Rui]*,
*Sun, H.J.[Hao-Jun]*,

**An objective approach to cluster validation**,

*PRL(27)*, No. 13, 1 October 2006, pp. 1419-1430.

Elsevier DOI
**0606**

Fuzzy clustering; Validity index; Overlapping clusters;
Overlap rate; Truthed data set
BibRef

*Cimino, M.G.C.A.[Mario G.C.A.]*,
*Lazzerini, B.[Beatrice]*,
*Marcelloni, F.[Francesco]*,

**A novel approach to fuzzy clustering based on a dissimilarity relation
extracted from data using a TS system**,

*PR(39)*, No. 11, November 2006, pp. 2077-2091.

Elsevier DOI
**0608**

Fuzzy clustering; Fuzzy identification; Similarity relation
BibRef

*Campello, R.J.G.B.*,

**A fuzzy extension of the Rand index and other related indexes for
clustering and classification assessment**,

*PRL(28)*, No. 7, May 2007, pp. 833-841.

Elsevier DOI
**0703**

Fuzzy clustering; Fuzzy classification; External validity indexes;
Rand index; Adjusted Rand index; Jaccard coefficient; Minkowski measure;
Fowlkes-Mallows index; [Gamma] Statistics
BibRef

*Campello, R.J.G.B.*,

**Generalized external indexes for comparing data partitions with
overlapping categories**,

*PRL(31)*, No. 9, 1 July 2010, pp. 966-975.

Elsevier DOI
**1004**

Clustering; Overlapping; Partitions; Validity; Indexes
BibRef

*Horta, D.[Danilo]*,
*Campello, R.J.G.B.[Ricardo J.G.B.]*,

**Automatic aspect discrimination in data clustering**,

*PR(45)*, No. 12, December 2012, pp. 4370-4388.

Elsevier DOI
**1208**

Clustering; Aspect discrimination; Attribute weighting; Cluster
validation
BibRef

*Chiang, J.H.[Jung-Hsien]*,
*Yin, Z.X.[Zong-Xian]*,

**Unsupervised minor prototype detection using an adaptive population
partitioning algorithm**,

*PR(40)*, No. 11, November 2007, pp. 3132-3145.

Elsevier DOI
**0707**

Minor prototype; Cluster analysis; Fuzzy clustering; Outlier
BibRef

*Ghosh, A.[Ashish]*,
*Meher, S.K.[Saroj K.]*,
*Shankar, B.U.[B. Uma]*,

**A novel fuzzy classifier based on product aggregation operator**,

*PR(41)*, No. 3, March 2008, pp. 961-971.

Elsevier DOI
**0711**

Pattern recognition; Fuzzy classifier; Aggregation operators;
Remote sensing images
BibRef

*Garcia-Cascales, M.S.[M. Socorro]*,
*Lamata, M.T.[M. Teresa]*,

**Solving a decision problem with linguistic information**,

*PRL(28)*, No. 16, December 2007, pp. 2284-2294.

Elsevier DOI
**0711**

Decision-making; Maintenance problem; Linguistic information;
Fuzzy sets; Fuzzy distance
BibRef

*Celikyilmaz, A.[Asli]*,
*Turksen, I.B.[I. Burhan]*,

**Validation criteria for enhanced fuzzy clustering**,

*PRL(29)*, No. 1, 15 January 2008, pp. 97-108.

Elsevier DOI
**0711**

Supervised clustering; Fuzzy clustering; Cluster validity index;
Fuzzy functions
BibRef

*Julian, P.[Peterson]*,
*Hung, K.C.[Kuo-Chen]*,
*Lin, S.J.[Shu-Jen]*,

**On the Mitchell similarity measure and its application to pattern
recognition**,

*PRL(33)*, No. 9, 1 July 2012, pp. 1219-1223.

Elsevier DOI
**1202**

Pattern recognition; Intuitionistic fuzzy sets; Similarity measures
See also comment on On the Mitchell similarity measure and its application to pattern recognition, A.
BibRef

*Tung, C.T.[Cheng-Tan]*,
*Liu, S.[Sophia]*,
*Wang, B.S.[Bonnie Shuan]*,

**A comment on 'On the Mitchell similarity measure and its application to
pattern recognition'**,

*PRL(34)*, No. 5, 1 April 2013, pp. 453-455.

Elsevier DOI
**1303**

Pattern recognition; Intuitionistic fuzzy sets; Similarity measures
See also On the Mitchell similarity measure and its application to pattern recognition.
BibRef

*Zarinbal, M.*,
*Zarandi, M.H.F.[M.H. Fazel]*,
*Turksen, I.B.*,

**Relative entropy collaborative fuzzy clustering method**,

*PR(48)*, No. 3, 2015, pp. 933-940.

Elsevier DOI
**1412**

Fuzzy set theory
BibRef

*Kalhori, M.R.N.[M. Rostam Niakan]*,
*Zarandi, M.H.F.[M.H. Fazel]*,

**Interval type-2 credibilistic clustering for pattern recognition**,

*PR(48)*, No. 11, 2015, pp. 3652-3672.

Elsevier DOI
**1506**

Credibilistic clustering
BibRef

*Qian, P.J.[Peng-Jiang]*,
*Sun, S.[Shouwei]*,
*Jiang, Y.Z.[Yi-Zhang]*,
*Su, K.H.[Kuan-Hao]*,
*Ni, T.G.[Tong-Guang]*,
*Wang, S.T.[Shi-Tong]*,
*Muzic, Jr., R.F.[Raymond F.]*,

**Cross-domain, soft-partition clustering with diversity measure and
knowledge reference**,

*PR(50)*, No. 1, 2016, pp. 155-177.

Elsevier DOI
**1512**

Soft-partition clustering
BibRef

Springer DOI

BibRef

*Lu, Y.[Yu]*,
*Fan, X.L.[Xi-Lu]*,

**Fuzzy-weighted distance and its applications in pattern recognition and
classification**,

*ICPR88*(II: 1065-1067).

IEEE DOI
**8811**

BibRef

Chapter on Pattern Recognition, Clustering, Statistics, Grammars, Learning, Neural Nets, Genetic Algorithms continues in

Fuzzy Clustering, Overview, Summary, Comparisons .

Last update:Dec 23, 2019 at 15:47:08