24.4.8.3 Arabic Recognition, Word Level, Word Spotting

Chapter Contents (Back)
OCR. Arabic Characters. Word Level.

Al-Badr, B.[Badr], Haralick, R.M.[Robert M.],
A Segmentation-Free Approach to Text Recognition Recognition with Application to Arabic Text,
IJDAR(1), No. 3, December 1998, pp. 147-166. BibRef 9812

Benouareth, A.[Abdallah], Ennaji, A.[Abdellatif], Sellami, M.[Mokhtar],
Semi-continuous HMMs with explicit state duration for unconstrained Arabic word modeling and recognition,
PRL(29), No. 12, 1 September 2008, pp. 1742-1752.
Elsevier DOI 0804
BibRef
Earlier:
HMMs with Explicit State Duration Applied to Handwritten Arabic Word Recognition,
ICPR06(II: 897-900).
IEEE DOI 0609
Off-line handwritten Arabic word recognition; Semi-continuous HMM; Explicit state duration; Statistical and structural features; Embedded training; Modified Viterbi algorithm BibRef

Mohamad, R.A.H.[Ramy Al-Hajj], Likforman-Sulem, L.[Laurence], Mokbel, C.[Chafic],
Combining Slanted-Frame Classifiers for Improved HMM-Based Arabic Handwriting Recognition,
PAMI(31), No. 7, July 2009, pp. 1165-1177.
IEEE DOI 0905
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A3, A2:
Combination of HMM-Based Classifiers for the Recognition of Arabic Handwritten Words,
ICDAR07(959-963).
IEEE DOI 0709
Offline recognition of Arabic city names. Neural network combination of 3 classifiers. BibRef

Assabie, Y.[Yaregal], Bigun, J.[Josef],
Offline handwritten Amharic word recognition,
PRL(32), No. 8, 1 June 2011, pp. 1089-1099.
Elsevier DOI 1101
BibRef
Earlier:
HMM-Based Handwritten Amharic Word Recognition with Feature Concatenation,
ICDAR09(961-965).
IEEE DOI 0907
BibRef
Earlier:
Lexicon-based offline recognition of Amharic words in unconstrained handwritten text,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
Amharic; Ethiopic script; Handwriting recognition; Word recognition; OCR; HMM BibRef

Slimane, F.[Fouad], Kanoun, S.[Slim], Hennebert, J.[Jean], Alimi, A.M.[Adel M.], Ingold, R.[Rolf],
A study on font-family and font-size recognition applied to Arabic word images at ultra-low resolution,
PRL(34), No. 2, 15 January 2013, pp. 209-218.
Elsevier DOI 1212
Font/size recognition; GMM; HMM; Arabic OCR; Sliding window; Ultra-low resolution BibRef

Azeem, S.A.[Sherif Abdel], Ahmed, H.[Hany],
Effective technique for the recognition of offline Arabic handwritten words using hidden Markov models,
IJDAR(16), No. 4, December 2013, pp. 399-412.
WWW Link. 1312
BibRef
Earlier:
Effective Technique for the Recognition of Writer Independent Off-Line Handwritten Arabic Words,
FHR12(594-599).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Giménez, A.[Adrià], Khoury, I.[Ihab], Andrés-Ferrer, J.[Jesús], Juan, A.[Alfons],
Handwriting word recognition using windowed Bernoulli HMMs,
PRL(35), No. 1, 2014, pp. 149-156.
Elsevier DOI 1312
HTR BibRef

Doetsch, P.[Patrick], Hamdani, M.[Mahdi], Ney, H.[Hermann], Gimenez, A.[Adria], Andres-Ferrer, J.[Jesus], Juan, A.[Alfons],
Comparison of Bernoulli and Gaussian HMMs Using a Vertical Repositioning Technique for Off-Line Handwriting Recognition,
FHR12(3-7).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Giménez, A.[Adrià], Andrés-Ferrer, J.[Jesús], Juan, A.[Alfons],
Discriminative Bernoulli HMMs for isolated handwritten word recognition,
PRL(35), No. 1, 2014, pp. 157-168.
Elsevier DOI 1312
HTR BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, Only:
Bernoulli HMMs at Subword Level for Handwritten Word Recognition,
IbPRIA09(497-504).
Springer DOI 0906
BibRef

Khoury, I.[Ihab], Giménez, A.[Adrià], Juan, A.[Alfons], Andrés-Ferrer, J.[Jesús],
Window repositioning for printed Arabic recognition,
PRL(51), No. 1, 2015, pp. 86-93.
Elsevier DOI 1412
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, A3, Only:
Arabic Printed Word Recognition Using Windowed Bernoulli HMMs,
CIAP13(I:330-339).
Springer DOI 1311
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1, A3, Only:
Windowed Bernoulli Mixture HMMs for Arabic Handwritten Word Recognition,
FHR10(533-538).
IEEE DOI 1011
Bernoulli HMMs BibRef

Giménez, A.[Adrià], Juan, A.[Alfons],
Embedded Bernoulli Mixture HMMs for Handwritten Word Recognition,
ICDAR09(896-900).
IEEE DOI 0907
BibRef
Earlier:
Embedded Bernoulli Mixture HMMs for Continuous Handwritten Text Recognition,
CAIP09(197-204).
Springer DOI 0909

See also Explicit Modelling of Invariances in Bernoulli Mixtures for Binary Images. BibRef

Khayyat, M.[Muna], Lam, L.[Louisa], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
Learning-based word spotting system for Arabic handwritten documents,
PR(47), No. 3, 2014, pp. 1021-1030.
Elsevier DOI 1312
BibRef
Earlier:
Verification of Hierarchical Classifier Results for Handwritten Arabic Word Spotting,
ICDAR13(572-576)
IEEE DOI 1312
BibRef
And:
Arabic Handwritten Word Spotting Using Language Models,
FHR12(43-48).
IEEE DOI 1302
Arabic handwriting recognition. document image processing BibRef

Nobile, N.[Nicola], He, C.L.[Chun Lei], Sagheer, M.W.[Malik Waqas], Lam, L.[Louisa], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
Digit/Symbol Pruning and Verification for Arabic Handwritten Digit/Symbol Spotting,
ICDAR11(648-652).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef

Abandah, G.A.[Gheith A.], Jamour, F.T.[Fuad T.], Qaralleh, E.A.[Esam A.],
Recognizing handwritten Arabic words using grapheme segmentation and recurrent neural networks,
IJDAR(17), No. 3, September 2014, pp. 275-291.
Springer DOI 1408
BibRef

Kacem Echi, A.[Afef], Khémiri, A.[Akram], Belaid, A.[Abdel],
A PGM-based System for Arabic Handwritten Word Recognition,
ELCVIA(13), No. 3, 2014, pp. xx-yy.
DOI Link 1505
BibRef

Khemiri, A.[Akram], Kacem Echi, A.[Afef], Belaid, A.[Abdel], Elloumi, M.[Mourad],
Arabic handwritten words off-line recognition based on HMMs and DBNs,
ICDAR15(51-55)
IEEE DOI 1511
BibRef

Belaïd, A.[Abdel], Choisy, C.[Christophe],
Human Reading Based Strategies for Off-Line Arabic Word Recognition,
SACH06(xx-yy).
Springer DOI 0609
BibRef

Saon, G., Belaid, A.,
Off-line handwritten word recognition using a mixed HMM-MRF approach,
ICDAR97(118-122).
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef

Sari, T.[Toufik], Kefali, A.[Abderrahmane], Bahi, H.[Halima],
Structural feature-based evaluation method of binarization techniques for word retrieval in the degraded Arabic document images,
IJDAR(19), No. 1, March 2016, pp. 31-47.
Springer DOI 1602
BibRef

Kefali, A.[Abderrahmane], Sari, T.[Toufik],
Tool for automatic tuning of binarisation techniques,
IET-IPR(12), No. 12, December 2018, pp. 2192-2203.
DOI Link 1812
BibRef

Tamen, Z.[Zahia], Drias, H.[Habiba], Boughaci, D.[Dalila],
An efficient multiple classifier system for Arabic handwritten words recognition,
PRL(93), No. 1, 2017, pp. 123-132.
Elsevier DOI 1706
Arabic, handwriting, recognition BibRef


Elmansouri, M., Makhfi, N.E., Aghoutane, B.,
Toward Classification of Arabic Manuscripts Words Based on the Deep Convolutional Neural Networks,
ISCV20(1-5)
IEEE DOI 2011
computer vision, convolutional neural nets, digital libraries, image classification, learning (artificial intelligence), Pattern Recognition BibRef

Belay, B., Habtegebrial, T., Liwicki, M., Belay, G., Stricker, D.,
Factored Convolutional Neural Network for Amharic Character Image Recognition,
ICIP19(2906-2910)
IEEE DOI 1910
Amharic character image, Factored CNN, Fidel Gebeta, Row-column order, OCR BibRef

Rouhou, A.C.[Ahmed Cheikh], Kessentini, Y.[Yousri], Kanoun, S.[Slim],
Hybrid HMM/DNN System for Arabic Handwriting Keyword Spotting,
ICIAR19(I:216-227).
Springer DOI 1909
BibRef

Rouhou, A.C.[Ahmed Cheikh], Kessentini, Y.[Yousri], Kanoun, S.[Slim],
HMM Based Keyword Spotting System in Printed/Handwritten Arabic/Latin Documents with Identification Stage,
ICIAR19(I:309-320).
Springer DOI 1909
BibRef

Dinges, L., Al-Hamadi, A., Elzobi, M., Nürnberger, A.,
Automatic recognition of common Arabic handwritten words based on OCR and N-GRAMS,
ICIP17(3625-3629)
IEEE DOI 1803
Databases, Feature extraction, Handwriting recognition, Image segmentation, Optical character recognition software, n-gram BibRef

Al-Nuzaili, Q.A.[Qais Ali], Hashim, S.Z.M.[Siti Z. Mohd], Saeed, F.[Faisal], Khalil, M.S.[Mohammed Sayim], Mohamad, D.B.[Dzulkifli Bin],
Pixel distribution-based features for offline Arabic handwritten word recognition,
IJCVR(7), No. 1/2, 2017, pp. 99-122.
DOI Link 1701
BibRef

El Moubtahij, H., Halli, A., Satori, K.,
Recognition of Off-Line Arabic Handwriting Words Using HMM Toolkit (HTK),
CGiV16(167-171)
IEEE DOI 1608
feature extraction BibRef

Lamtougui, H., El Moubtahij, H., Fouadi, H., Yahyaouy, A., Satori, K.,
Offline Arabic Handwriting Recognition Using Deep Learning: Comparative Study,
ISCV20(1-8)
IEEE DOI 2011
convolutional neural nets, handwritten character recognition, learning (artificial intelligence), DBN BibRef

Maalej, R.[Rania], Tagougui, N.[Najiba], Kherallah, M.[Monji],
Recognition of Handwritten Arabic Words with Dropout Applied in MDLSTM,
ICIAR16(746-752).
Springer DOI 1608
BibRef

Gaddour, H.[Houda], Kanoun, S.[Slim], Vincent, N.[Nicole],
A New Method for Arabic Text Detection in Natural Scene Image Based on the Color Homogeneity,
ICISP16(127-136).
WWW Link. 1606
BibRef

Ben Cheikh, I.[Imen], Allagui, I.[Imen],
Planar Markovian approach for the recognition of a wide vocabulary of Arabic decomposable words,
ICDAR15(1031-1035)
IEEE DOI 1511
Morphological properties BibRef

BenZeghiba, M.F.[Mohamed Faouzi], Louradour, J.[Jerome], Kermorvant, C.[Christopher],
Hybrid word/Part-of-Arabic-Word Language Models for arabic text document recognition,
ICDAR15(671-675)
IEEE DOI 1511
BibRef

Zirari, F.[Fattah], Ennaji, A.[Abdel], Mammass, D.[Driss], Nicolas, S.[Stéphane],
Spot Words in Printed Historical Arabic Documents,
ICISP14(289-296).
Springer DOI 1406
BibRef

Saabni, R.,
Efficient Word Image Retrieval Using Earth Movers Distance Embedded to Wavelets Coefficients Domain,
ICDAR13(314-318)
IEEE DOI 1312
Arabic words. document image processing BibRef

Krayem, A., Sherkat, N., Evett, L., Osman, T.,
Holistic Arabic Whole Word Recognition Using HMM and Block-Based DCT,
ICDAR13(1120-1124)
IEEE DOI 1312
discrete cosine transforms BibRef

Ben Cheikh, I.[Imen], Ziadi, F.[Faten],
HMM Based Model for Arabic Word Conjugation Recognition and Word Reconstitution from Morphological Concepts,
IbPRIA13(450-459).
Springer DOI 1307
BibRef

Jiang, Z.W.[Zhi-Wei], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Peng, L.R.[Liang-Rui], Liu, C.S.[Chang-Song],
Analyzing the information entropy of states to optimize the number of states in an HMM-based off-line handwritten Arabic word recognizer,
ICPR12(697-700).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Kchaou, M.G.[Mariem Gargouri], Kanoun, S.[Slim], Ogier, J.M.[Jean-Marc],
Segmentation and Word Spotting Methods for Printed and Handwritten Arabic Texts: A Comparative Study,
FHR12(274-279).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Nemouchi, S.[Soulef], Meslati, L.S.[Labiba Souici], Farah, N.[Nadir],
Classifiers Combination for Arabic Words Recognition: Application to Handwritten Algerian City Names,
ICISP12(562-570).
Springer DOI 1208
BibRef

Fathalla, R., El Sonbaty, Y., Ismail, M.,
Extraction of Arabic Words from Complex Color Image,
ICDAR07(1223-1227).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

El Abed, H.[Haikal], Margner, V.[Volker],
Comparison of Different Preprocessing and Feature Extraction Methods for Offline Recognition of Handwritten Arabic Words,
ICDAR07(974-978).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Nadir, F., Abdelatif, E., Tarek, K., Mokhtar, S.,
Benefit of multiclassifier systems for Arabic handwritten words recognition,
ICDAR05(I: 222-226).
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef

Chapter on OCR, Document Analysis and Character Recognition Systems continues in
Farsi, Persian Character Recognition .


Last update:Oct 11, 2021 at 11:04:06