*Barrow, H.G.*, and
*Tenenbaum, J.M.*,

**Interpreting Line Drawings as Three-Dimensional Surfaces**,

*AI(17)*, No. 1-3, August 1981, pp. 75-116.

Elsevier DOI
BibRef
**8108**

And:
*MI(10)*, 1982, pp. 227-238.
BibRef

Earlier:
*AAAI-80*(11-14).
See also the next paper.
BibRef

*Barrow, H.G.*, and
*Tenenbaum, J.M.*,

**Recovering Intrinsic Scene Characteristics from Images**,

*CVS78*(3-26).
BibRef
**7800**

Earlier:

**Reconstructing Smooth Surfaces from Partial, Noisy Information**,

*DARPAN79*(76-86).
*Intrinsic Images*. The intrinsic image papers. Certain properties are intrinsic
to the scene and can ge extracted. Merge these various properties
to get the final interpretation.
BibRef

*Barrow, H.G.[Harry G.]*,
*Tenenbaum, J.M.*,

**Retrospective on 'Interpreting Line Drawings as
Three-Dimensional Surfaces'**,

*AI(59)*, No. 1-2, February 1993, pp. 71-80.

Elsevier DOI
BibRef
**9302**

*Kanatani, K.I.*,

**The Constraints on Images of Rectangular Polyhedra**,

*PAMI(8)*, No. 4, July 1986, pp. 456-463.
BibRef
**8607**

*LeClerc, Y.G.*, and
*Fischler, M.A.*,

**An Optimization-Based
Approach to the Interpretation of Single Line Drawings as 3D Wire Frames**,

*IJCV(9)*, No. 2, November 1992, pp. 113-136.

Springer DOI Analysis of Marill's paper and extension.

PS File.

See also Emulating the Human Interpretation of Line-Drawings as Three-Dimensional Objects.
BibRef
**9211**

*Sparr, G.[Gunnar]*,

**Depth Computations from Polyhedral Images**,

*IVC(10)*, No. 10, December 1992, pp. 683-688.

Elsevier DOI
BibRef
**9212**

Earlier:
*ECCV92*(378-386).

Springer DOI
**9205**

BibRef

*Sparr, G.[Gunnar]*,

**An Algebraic-Analytic Method for Reconstruction from
Image Correspondences**,

*SCIA91*(xx).
BibRef
**9100**

*Cooper, M.C.[Martin C.]*,

**Interpretation of Line-Drawings of Complex Objects**,

*IVC(11)*, No. 2, March 1993, pp. 82-90.

Elsevier DOI Also allowed discontinuities in the surfaces.
BibRef
**9303**

*Cooper, M.C.[Martin C.]*,

**Interpreting Line-Drawings of Curved Objects with
Tangential Edges and Surfaces**,

*IVC(15)*, No. 4, April 1997, pp. 263-276.

Elsevier DOI
**9706**

Initial analysis where edges and surfaces may be tangential.

See also Linear-time algorithms for testing the realisability of line drawings of curved objects.
BibRef

*Cooper, M.C.[Martin C.]*,

**Accelerated Analysis of Occlusion**,

*IVC(6)*, No. 1, February 1988, pp. 3-12.

Elsevier DOI
BibRef
**8802**

*Cooper, M.C.[Martin C.]*,

**Efficient Systematic Analysis of Occlusion**,

*PRL(7)*, 1988, pp. 259-264.
BibRef
**8800**

*Cooper, M.C.[Martin C.]*,

**Visual Occlusion and the Interpretation of Ambiguous Pictures**,

*Ellis Harwood*Chichester, UK, 1992.
ISBN 0-13-931767-8.
BibRef
**9200**
*Ph.D.*Thesis from 1987.
BibRef

*Cooper, M.C.[Martin C.]*,

**Linear-time algorithms for testing the realisability of line drawings
of curved objects**,

*AI(108)*, No. 1-2, March 1999, pp. 31-67.

Elsevier DOI
This paper reports on results when the objects can have
curved surfaces. Unlike the planar case, a linear solution
to determine whether the object is physically possible is
possible. The paper derives algorithms and computational
requirements for several variations on the problem, including
knowing all vanishing points for all lines (which is unrealistic
in practice), knowing no vanishing points, or knowing
some (which is the most likely).
BibRef
**9903**

*Cooper, M.C.[Martin C.]*,

**Linear constraints for the interpretation of line
drawings of curved objects**,

*AI(119)*, No. 1-2, May 2000, pp. 235-258.

Elsevier DOI
BibRef
**0005**

*Cooper, M.C.[Martin C.]*,

**The Interpretation of Line Drawings with Contrast Failure and Shadows**,

*IJCV(43)*, No. 2, July 2001, pp. 75-97.

DOI Link
**0108**

BibRef

*Cooper, M.C.[Martin C.]*,

**Wireframe Projections: Physical Realisability of Curved Objects and
Unambiguous Reconstruction of Simple Polyhedra**,

*IJCV(64)*, No. 1, August 2005, pp. 69-88.

Springer DOI
**0506**

BibRef

*Cooper, M.C.[Martin C.]*,

**Constraints Between Distant Lines in the Labelling of Line Drawings of
Polyhedral Scenes**,

*IJCV(73)*, No. 2, June 2007, pp. 195-212.

Springer DOI
**0702**

BibRef

*Cooper, M.C.[Martin C.]*,

**A Rich Discrete Labeling Scheme for Line Drawings of Curved Objects**,

*PAMI(30)*, No. 4, April 2008, pp. 741-745.

IEEE DOI
**0803**

BibRef

*Shimshoni, I.[Ilan]*,
*Ponce, J.[Jean]*,

**Recovering the Shape of Polyhedra Using Line-Drawing Analysis and
Complex Reflectance Models**,

*CVIU(65)*, No. 2, February 1997, pp. 296-310.

DOI Link
**9704**

BibRef

Earlier:
*CVPR94*(514-519).

IEEE DOI
BibRef

*Hori, O.*,
*Shimotsuji, S.*,
*Hoshino, F.*,
*Ishii, T.*,

**Line Drawing Interpretation Using Probabilistic Relaxation**,

*MVA(6)*, No. 2/3, 1993, pp. 100-109.
BibRef
**9300**

Earlier:

**Probabilistic relaxation method for line-drawing interpretation**,

*ICPR92*(II:158-161).

IEEE DOI
**9208**

BibRef

*Marefat, M.*, and
*Kashyap, R.L.*,

**Geometric Reasoning for Recognition of
Three-Dimensional Object Features**,

*PAMI(12)*, No. 10, October 1990, pp. 949-965.

IEEE DOI Extract shapes from polyhedral object contours,
especially the analysis of holes and cavities.
BibRef
**9010**

*Heyden, A.*,

**On the Consistency of Line-Drawings, Obtained by Projections of
Piecewise Planar Objects**,

*JMIV(6)*, No. 4, December 1996, pp. 393-412.
**9701**

BibRef

Earlier:

**Consistency and Correction of Line-Drawings, Obtained by Projections
of Piecewise Planar Objects**,

*ECCV94*(A:411-419).

Springer DOI
BibRef

*Eggli, L.*,
*Hsu, C.Y.*,
*Bruderlin, B.D.*,
*Elber, G.*,

**Inferring 3D Models from Freehand Sketches and Constraints**,

*CAD(29)*, No. 2, February 1997, pp. 101-112.
**9702**

BibRef

*Dendris, N.D.*,
*Kalafatis, I.A.*, and
*Kirousis, L.M.*,

**An Efficient Parallel Algorithm for Geometrically Characterising Drawings
of a Class of 3-D Objects**,

*JMIV(4)*, 1994, pp. 375-387.
BibRef
**9400**

*Fan, K.C.*,
*Chang, C.Y.*,

**Surface Extraction from Line Drawings of a Polyhedron**,

*PRL(12)*, 1991, pp. 627-633.
BibRef
**9100**

*Lee, C.H.*,

**Perception of a Quadrilateral**,

*PRL(7)*, 1988, pp. 123-127.
BibRef
**8800**

*Sugihara, K.[Kokichi]*,

**3-Dimensional Realization of Anomalous Pictures:
An Application of Picture Interpretation Theory to Toy Design**,

*PR(30)*, No. 7, July 1997, pp. 1061-1067.

Elsevier DOI
**9707**

BibRef

*Shomar, W.J.*,
*Young, T.Y.*,

**Three-Dimensional Shape Recovery from Line Drawings**,

*HPRIP-CV94*(53-100).
BibRef
**9400**

*Ting, A.[Antoine]*,
*Leung, M.K.H.[Maylor K.H.]*,

**Form recognition using linear structure**,

*PR(32)*, No. 4, April 1999, pp. 645-656.

Elsevier DOI
BibRef
**9904**

*Varley, P.A.C.*, and
*Martin, R.R.*,

**The Junction Catalogue for Labelling Line Drawings of Polyhedra
with Tetrahedral Vertices**,

*ShapeMod(7)*, No. 1, 2001, pp. 23-44.
BibRef
**0100**

*Varley, P.A.C.*,
*Martin, R.R.*, and
*Suzuki, H.*,

**Frontal Geometry from Sketches of Engineering Objects:
Is Line Labelling Necessary**,

*CAD(37)*, 2005, pp. 1285-1307.
BibRef
**0500**

*Shen, G.*,
*Sakkalis, T.*,
*Patrikalakis, N.M.*,

**Boundary Representation Model Rectification**,

*GM(63)*, No. 3, May 2001, pp. 177-195.

DOI Link Defects in boundary models lead to errors. The face reconstruction
problem is NP-hard.
**0111**

BibRef

*Ros, L.[Lluis]*,
*Thomas, F.[Federico]*,

**Overcoming Superstrictness in Line Drawing Interpretation**,

*PAMI(24)*, No. 4, April 2002, pp. 456-466.

IEEE DOI
**0204**

Generating correct line drawings from the image when the line drawing
constraints are not exactly met. Move vertices until a good figure results.
BibRef

*Ros, L.[Lluís]*,
*Thomas, F.[Federico]*,

**Geometric Methods for Shape Recovery from Line Drawings of Polyhedra**,

*JMIV(22)*, No. 1, January 2005, pp. 5-18.

Springer DOI
**0501**

BibRef

*Ros, L.[Lluis]*,

**A Kinematic-Geometric Approach to Spatial Interpretation
of Line Drawings**,

*Ph.D.*Thesis, Polytechnic Univ. of Catalonia, May 2000.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**0005**

*Rao, K.*,

**A Computer Vision System to Detect 3-D Rectangular Solids**,

*WACV96*(27-32).

IEEE DOI
**9609**

BibRef

*Rothwell, C.A.*,
*Stern, J.*,

**Understanding the Shape Properties of Trihedral Polyhedra**,

*ECCV96*(I:175-185).

Springer DOI
BibRef
**9600**

*Kender, J.R.[John R.]*,

**Surface Constraints from Linear Extents**,

*DARPA83*(49-53).
BibRef
**8300**

And:
*AAAI-83*(187-190).
The use of assumptions about linear extents and various constraints to
deduce information about the surface orientation.
BibRef

*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,
*Lee, Y.T.[Yong Tsui]*,
*Cham, W.K.[Wai-Kuen]*,

**Identifying Faces in a 2D Line Drawing Representing a Manifold Object**,

*PAMI(24)*, No. 12, December 2002, pp. 1579-1593.

IEEE Abstract.
**0212**

Object faces from line drawings.
Search for cycles in line drawing. Search for faces in cycles.
BibRef

*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,
*Cao, L.L.[Liang-Liang]*,
*Li, Z.G.[Zhen-Guo]*,
*Tang, X.[Xiaoou]*,

**Plane-Based Optimization for 3D Object Reconstruction from Single Line
Drawings**,

*PAMI(30)*, No. 2, February 2008, pp. 315-327.

IEEE DOI
**0712**

BibRef

And:

**Responses to the Comments on 'Plane-Based Optimization for 3D Object
Reconstruction from Single Line Drawings'**,

*PAMI(31)*, No. 9, September 2009, pp. 1726-1728.

IEEE DOI
**0907**

See also Comments on Plane-Based Optimization for 3D Object Reconstruction from Single Line Drawings.
BibRef

*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,
*Chen, Y.[Yu]*,
*Tang, X.[Xiaoou]*,

**Decomposition of Complex Line Drawings with Hidden Lines for 3D
Planar-Faced Manifold Object Reconstruction**,

*PAMI(33)*, No. 1, January 2011, pp. 3-15.

IEEE DOI
**1011**

Divide and conquer to deal with complex scenes.
BibRef

*Xue, T.F.[Tian-Fan]*,
*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,
*Tang, X.[Xiaoou]*,

**3-D Modeling From a Single View of a Symmetric Object**,

*IP(21)*, No. 9, September 2012, pp. 4180-4189.

IEEE DOI
**1208**

BibRef

Earlier:

**Example-based 3D object reconstruction from line drawings**,

*CVPR12*(302-309).

IEEE DOI
**1208**

BibRef

*Zou, C.Q.[Chang-Qing]*,
*Xue, T.F.[Tian-Fan]*,
*Peng, X.J.[Xiao-Jiang]*,
*Li, H.H.[Hong-Hua]*,
*Zhang, B.C.[Bao-Chang]*,
*Tan, P.[Ping]*,
*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,

**An example-based approach to 3D man-made object reconstruction from
line drawings**,

*PR(60)*, No. 1, 2016, pp. 543-553.

Elsevier DOI
**1609**

3D reconstruction
BibRef

*Yang, L.J.[Lin-Jie]*,
*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,
*Tang, X.[Xiaoou]*,

**Complex 3D General Object Reconstruction from Line Drawings**,

*ICCV13*(1433-1440)

IEEE DOI
**1403**

BibRef

*Wang, Y.Z.[Ying-Ze]*,
*Chen, Y.[Yu]*,
*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,
*Tang, X.[Xiaoou]*,

**3D reconstruction of curved objects from single 2D line drawings**,

*CVPR09*(1834-1841).

IEEE DOI
**0906**

BibRef

*Cao, L.L.[Liang-Liang]*,
*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,
*Tang, X.[Xiaoou]*,

**What the Back of the Object Looks Like:
3D Reconstruction from Line Drawings without Hidden Lines**,

*PAMI(30)*, No. 3, March 2008, pp. 507-517.

IEEE DOI
**0801**

BibRef

And:
Reply to comments.
*PAMI(31)*, No. 8, August 2009, pp. 1535-1536.

IEEE DOI
**0906**

BibRef

Earlier:

**3D Object Reconstruction from a Single 2D Line Drawing without Hidden
Lines**,

*ICCV05*(I: 272-277).

IEEE DOI
**0510**

See also Comments on What the Back of the Object Looks Like: 3D Reconstruction from Line Drawings without Hidden Lines.
BibRef

*Xue, T.F.[Tian-Fan]*,
*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,
*Tang, X.[Xiaoou]*,

**Object cut: Complex 3D object reconstruction through line drawing
separation**,

*CVPR10*(1149-1156).

IEEE DOI
**1006**

BibRef

*Chen, Y.[Yu]*,
*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,
*Tang, X.[Xiaoou]*,

**A Divide-and-Conquer Approach to 3D Object Reconstruction from Line
Drawings**,

*ICCV07*(1-8).

IEEE DOI
**0710**

BibRef

*Xue, T.F.[Tian-Fan]*,
*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,
*Tang, X.[Xiaoou]*,

**Symmetric piecewise planar object reconstruction from a single image**,

*CVPR11*(2577-2584).

IEEE DOI
**1106**

BibRef

*Li, Z.G.[Zhen-Guo]*,
*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,
*Tang, X.[Xiaoou]*,

**A Closed-form Solution to 3D Reconstruction of Piecewise Planar Objects
from Single Images**,

*CVPR07*(1-6).

IEEE DOI
**0706**

BibRef

*Cooper, M.[Martin]*,

**Line Drawing Interpretation**,

*Springer*2008, ISBN: 978-1-84800-228-9

WWW Link.
**Buy this book: Line Drawing Interpretation
**
BibRef
**0800**

*Varley, P.A.C.[Peter A.C.]*,

**Comments on 'What the Back of the Object Looks Like: 3D Reconstruction
from Line Drawings without Hidden Lines'**,

*PAMI(31)*, No. 8, August 2009, pp. 1532-1534.

IEEE DOI
**0906**

See also What the Back of the Object Looks Like: 3D Reconstruction from Line Drawings without Hidden Lines.
BibRef

*Varley, P.A.C.[Peter A.C.]*,

**Comments on 'Plane-Based Optimization for 3D Object Reconstruction from
Single Line Drawings'**,

*PAMI(31)*, No. 9, September 2009, pp. 1723-1725.

IEEE DOI
**0907**

See also Plane-Based Optimization for 3D Object Reconstruction from Single Line Drawings.
BibRef

*Tang, X.S.[Xue-Song]*,
*Hao, K.R.[Kuang-Rong]*,
*Wei, H.[Hui]*,
*Ding, Y.S.[Yong-Sheng]*,

**Using line segments to train multi-stream stacked autoencoders for
image classification**,

*PRL(94)*, No. 1, 2017, pp. 55-61.

Elsevier DOI
**1708**

Representation, learning
BibRef

*Wu, J.J.[Jia-Jun]*,
*Xue, T.F.[Tian-Fan]*,
*Lim, J.J.[Joseph J.]*,
*Tian, Y.D.[Yuan-Dong]*,
*Tenenbaum, J.B.[Joshua B.]*,
*Torralba, A.[Antonio]*,
*Freeman, W.T.[William T.]*,

**3D Interpreter Networks for Viewer-Centered Wireframe Modeling**,

*IJCV(126)*, No. 9, September 2018, pp. 1009-1026.

Springer DOI
**1809**

BibRef

*Han, Z.*,
*Ma, B.*,
*Liu, Y.*,
*Zwicker, M.*,

**Reconstructing 3D Shapes From Multiple Sketches Using Direct Shape
Optimization**,

*IP(29)*, 2020, pp. 8721-8734.

IEEE DOI
**2009**

Shape, Image reconstruction,
Solid modeling, Machine learning, Geometry, Optimization.
BibRef

IEEE DOI

Image reconstruction, Surface reconstruction, Image segmentation, Shape, watertight BibRef

*Wolters, D.[Dominik]*,
*Koch, R.[Reinhard]*,

**Topology-Based 3D Reconstruction of Mid-Level Primitives in Man-Made
Environments**,

*GCPR18*(3-17).

Springer DOI
**1905**

topological relationship of detected image features. Combine point/line
methods with shape from motion methods.
BibRef

*Gao, X.K.[Xin-Kai]*,
*Jia, Q.[Qi]*,
*Li, H.J.[Hao-Jie]*,
*Guo, H.[He]*,

**Efficiently building 3D line model with points**,

*ICIP17*(3605-3609)

IEEE DOI
**1803**

Bundle adjustment, Cameras, Computer vision, Image reconstruction,
Robustness, Solid modeling, 3D modeling, intersection, virtual lines
BibRef

*Ramalingam, S.[Srikumar]*,
*Brand, M.[Matthew]*,

**Lifting 3D Manhattan Lines from a Single Image**,

*ICCV13*(497-504)

IEEE DOI
**1403**

junctions; line drawing; linear program; single view reconstruction
BibRef

*Wang, L.[Liwei]*,
*Li, Y.[Yin]*,
*Jia, J.Y.[Jia-Ya]*,
*Sun, J.[Jian]*,
*Wipf, D.[David]*,
*Rehg, J.M.[James M.]*,

**Learning sparse covariance patterns for natural scenes**,

*CVPR12*(2767-2774).

IEEE DOI
**1208**

Using linear features.
BibRef

*Zhang, J.H.[Jia-Hong]*,
*Yang, Y.[You]*,
*Dai, Q.H.[Qiong-Hai]*,

**A novel 2D-to-3D scheme by visual attention and occlusion analysis**,

*3DTV11*(1-4).

IEEE DOI
**1105**

BibRef

*Jain, A.[Arjun]*,
*Kurz, C.[Christian]*,
*Thormahlen, T.[Thorsten]*,
*Seidel, H.P.[Hans-Peter]*,

**Exploiting global connectivity constraints for reconstruction of 3D
line segments from images**,

*CVPR10*(1586-1593).

IEEE DOI
**1006**

From 2D images and lines. Global topological constraints.
BibRef

*Chung, R.*,
*Leung, K.L.*,

**3-D Interpretation of Imperfect Line Drawings**,

*BMVC95*(xx-yy).

PDF File.
**9509**

BibRef

*Thirion, E.*,
*Moons, T.*,
*Van Gool, L.J.*,

**Affine Reconstruction from Lines**,

*BMVC95*(xx-yy).

PDF File.
**9509**

BibRef

Chapter on 3-D Shape from X -- Shading, Textures, Lasers, Structured Light, Focus, Line Drawings continues in

Intrinsic Image Analysis, Intrinsic Image Decomposition .

Last update:Jan 24, 2021 at 20:22:03