*Pingle, K.K.*,

**A Program to Find Objects in a Picture**,

*Stanford AI*Memo 39, January 1966.
It traces around objects and fits curves to the edges.
BibRef
**6601**

*Pingle, K.K.*, and
*Thomas, A.J.*,

**A Fast, Feature-Driven, Stereo Depth Program**,

*Stanford AI*Memo 248, May 1975.
Track points on rotating table.
BibRef
**7505**

*Feder, J.*,

**The Language of Encoded Line Patterns**,

*InfoControl(13)*, No. 3, September 1968, 230-244.
BibRef
**6809**

*Griffith, A.K.*,

**Computer Recognition of Prismatic Solids**,

*MIT AI-TR*230, August 1970.
BibRef
**7008**

And:
*MAC-TR*-73.
BibRef
*Ph.D.*Thesis, Math, MIT, June 1970.

WWW Link.
BibRef

*Maxwell, P.C.*,

**The Perception and Description of Line Drawings**,

*CGIP(1)*, No. 1, April 1972, pp. 31-46.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**7204**

*Maxwell, P.C.*,

**Alternative Descriptions in Line Drawing Analysis**,

*AI(5)*, No. 4, 1974, pp. 325-348.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**7400**

*Rosenfeld, A.*,
*Lee, Y.H.*,

**A Clustering Heuristic for Line-Drawing Analysis**,

*TC(21)*, No. 8, August 1972, pp. 904-910.
BibRef
**7208**

*Nagao, M.*,
*Hashimoto, S.*,
*Sakai, T.*,

**Automatic Model Generation and Recognition of Simple
Three-Dimensional Bodies**,

*CGIP(2)*, 1973, pp. 272-280.
BibRef
**7300**

*Ishii, M.*, and
*Nagata, T.*,

**Feature Extraction of Three-Dimensional Objects and Visual
Processing in a Hand-Eye System Using Laser Tracker**,

*PR(8)*, No. 4, October 1976, pp. 229-237.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**7610**

*Sankar, P.V.*,

**A Vertex Coding Scheme for Interpreting Ambiguous Trihedral Solids**,

*CGIP(6)*, No. 1, February 1977, pp. 61-89.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**7702**

*Freeman, H.*,
*Saghri, J.A.*,

**Comparative Analysis of Line-Drawing Modeling Schemes**,

*CGIP(12)*, No. 3, March 1980, pp. 203-223.

WWW Link.
See also Computer Processing of Line Drawing Images.
BibRef
**8003**

*Gotchev, G.V.[Gotcho V.]*,

**Computer linguistic analysis of line drawings**,

*PR(17)*, No. 4, 1984, pp. 433-440.

WWW Link.
**0309**

BibRef

*Smith, R.W.*,

**Computer Processing of Line Images: A Survey**,

*PR(20)*, No. 1, 1987, pp. 7-15.

WWW Link.
*Survey, Line Drawings*.
BibRef
**8700**

*Kirousis, L.M.*,

**Effectively Labeling Planar Projections of Polyhedra**,

*PAMI(12)*, No. 2, February 1990, pp. 123-130.

IEEE DOI
BibRef
**9002**

*Kirousis, L.M.*, and
*Papadimitriou, C.H.*,

**The Complexity of Recognizing Polyhedral Scenes**,

*CompSysSci(37)*, No. 1, 1988, pp. 14-38.
The problem of labeling line drawings of trihedral scenes is NP-complete.
BibRef
**8800**

*Shapira, R.[Ruth]*,

**A Technique for the Reconstruction of a Straight-Edge, Wire-Frame
Object from Two of More Central Projections**,

*CGIP(3)*, No. 4, December 1974, pp. 318-326.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**7412**

*Shapira, R.*, and
*Freeman, H.*,

**Computer Description of Bodies Bounded by Quadric
Surfaces from a Set of Imperfect Projections**,

*TC(27)*, No. 9, September 1978, pp. 841-854.
BibRef
**7809**

Earlier:

**Reconstruction of Curved-Surface Bodies from a
Set of Imperfect Projections**,

*IJCAI77*(628-634).
Use multiple views to overcome the problems.
BibRef

*Shapira, R.*,

**The Use of Objects' Faces in Interpreting Line Drawings**,

*PAMI(6)*, No. 6, November 1984, pp. 789-798.
BibRef
**8411**

*Shapira, R.*,

**More about Polyhedra: Interpretation through
Construction in the Image Plane**,

*PAMI(7)*, No. 1, January 1985, pp. 1-16.
BibRef
**8501**

*Shapira, R.*, and
*Freeman, H.*,

**The Cyclic Order Property of Vertices as an Aid in Scene Analysis**,

*CACM(22)*, No. 6, June 1979, pp. 368-375.
Early paper on multiview type drawings.
BibRef
**7906**

*Shapira, R.*, and
*Freeman, H.*,

**A Cyclic Order Property of Bodies with Three-Face Vertices**,

*TC(26)*, No. 10, October 1977, pp. 1035-1039.
BibRef
**7710**

*Kobori, K.I.*,
*Futagami, N.*,
*Nishioka, I.*,

**Automated Generation of Simply Connected Solid Objects from
Wire-Frame Data Using Operations on Graphs**,

*VC(2)*, 1986, pp. 335-341.
BibRef
**8600**

*Shirai, Y.*,

**Analyzing Intensity Arrays Using Knowledge About Scenes**,

*PsychCV75*(93-113).
BibRef
**7500**

And:

**Recognition of Man-Made Objects Using Edge Cues**,

*CVS78*(353-362).
Generated line drawings given a strong model of the blocks world
scene and by extending straight edges until they meet
at junctions.
See also Context Sensitive Line Finder for Recognition of Polyhedra, A.
BibRef

*Shirai, Y.*,

**A Step Toward Context-Sensitive Recognition of Irregular Objects**,

*CGIP(2)*, 1973, pp. 298-307.
BibRef
**7300**

*Shirai, Y.*,

**A Heterarchical Program for Recognition of Polyhedra**,

*MIT AI Memo*-263, June 1972.
See also Context Sensitive Line Finder for Recognition of Polyhedra, A. An earlier AI journal reference was not right.
BibRef
**7206**

*Chakravarty, I.*,

**A Generalized Line and Junction Labeling Scheme
with Applications to Scene Analysis**,

*PAMI(1)*, No. 2, April 1979, pp. 202-205.
BibRef
**7904**

*Kanade, T.*,

**A Theory of the Origami World**,

*AI(13)*, No. 3, May 1980, pp. 279-311.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**8005**

Earlier:
*IJCAI79*(454-456).
Labelling method for folded paper.
BibRef

*Kanade, T.*,

**Geometric Aspects of Interpreting Images as Three-Dimensional Scene**,

*PIEEE(71)*, 1983, pp. 789-802.
BibRef
**8300**

*Agui, T.*,
*Takeda, M.*,
*Nakajima, M.*,

**Animating Planar Folds by Computer**,

*CVGIP(24)*, No. 2, November 1983, pp. 244-254.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**8311**

*Gu, W.K.*,
*Huang, T.S.*,

**Connected Line Drawing Extraction from a
Perspective View of a Polyhedron**,

*PAMI(7)*, No. 4, July 1985, pp. 422-430.
BibRef
**8507**

Earlier:
*CAIA84*(192-198).
BibRef

*Richards, W.A.[Whitman A.]*, and
*Hoffman, D.D.[Donald D.]*,

**Codon Constraints on Closed 2D Shapes**,

*CVGIP(31)*, No. 3, September 1985, pp. 265-281.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**8509**

And:
*RCV87*(700-708).
BibRef

And:
*MIT AI Memo*-769, May 1984.
A way to encode the 2-D contours with a small set of
basic types using constraints in how they combine.
BibRef

*Richards, W.A.[Whitman A.]*,
*Koenderink, J.J.[Jan J.]*, and
*Hoffman, D.D.*,

**Inferring 3D Shapes from 2D Codons**,

*MIT AI Memo*-840, April 1985.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**8504**

*Hoffman, D.D.*, and
*Richards, W.A.*,

**Representing Smooth Plane Curves for Recognition:
Implications for Figure-Ground Reversal**,

*AAAI-82*(5-8).
BibRef
**8200**

*Nalwa, V.S.*,

**Line-Drawing Interpretation: A Mathematical Framework**,

*IJCV(2)*, No. 2, September 1988, pp. 103-124.

Springer DOI
BibRef
**8809**

Earlier:
*CVPR88*(18-31).

IEEE DOI
*Recognize Line Models*. Theory and work on recognition of man-made objects
using line drawings. Analyzing edges based on various constraints.
Straight lines and conics in the image are straight lines or
conics in space.
BibRef

*Nalwa, V.S.*,

**Line-Drawing Interpretation: Straight Lines and Conic Sections**,

*PAMI(10)*, No. 4, July 1988, pp. 514-529.

IEEE DOI
BibRef
**8807**

Earlier:
*DARPA87*(942-955).
BibRef

*Nalwa, V.S.*,

**Line-Drawing Interpretation: Bilateral Symmetry**,

*PAMI(11)*, No. 10, October 1989, pp. 1117-1120.

IEEE DOI
BibRef
**8910**

Earlier:
*ICPR88*(II: 1049-1052).

IEEE DOI
BibRef

Earlier:
*DARPA87*(956-967).
BibRef

*Grossmann, P.*,

**Compact: A Surface Representation Scheme**,

*IVC(7)*, No. 2, May 1989, pp. 115-121.

Elsevier DOI
BibRef
**8905**

Earlier:

**From 3D Line Segments to Objects and Spaces**,

*CVPR89*(216-221).

IEEE DOI Polyhedral scenes, create 3D boxes and combine to create composite objects.
From stereo image data.
BibRef

*Grossmann, P.*,

**On recognition of features in polyhedral scenes**,

*BMVC90*(xx-yy).

PDF File.
**9009**

BibRef

*Marill, T.*,

**Emulating the Human Interpretation of Line-Drawings
as Three-Dimensional Objects**,

*IJCV(6)*, No. 2, June 1991, pp. 147-161.

Springer DOI
BibRef
**9106**

*Marill, T.[Thomas]*,

**The Three-Dimensional Interpretation of a Class of Simple Line-Drawings**,

*MIT AI Memo*-1555, October 1995.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**9510**

*Marill, T.[Thomas]*,

**Recognizing Three-Dimensional Objects without the Use of Models**,

*MIT AI Memo*-1157, September 1989.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**8909**

*Marill, T.[Thomas]*,

**Computer Perception of Three-Dimensional Objects**,

*MIT AI Memo*-1136, August 1989.
BibRef
**8908**

*Marill, T.[Thomas]*,

**Why Do We See Three-dimensional Objects?**,

*MIT AI Memo*-1366, June 1992.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**9206**

*Rohr, K.[Karl]*,

**Modelling and identification of characteristic intensity variations**,

*IVC(10)*, No. 2, March 1992, pp. 66-76.

WWW Link.
**0401**

Special cases of this general model are the grey-value variations of
step edges, grey-value corners (L-junctions), T-, Y-, ARROW-junctions.
BibRef

*Caglioti, V.*,

**The Planar 3-Line Junction Perspective Problem with Application
to the Recognition of Polygonal Patterns**,

*PR(26)*, No. 11, November 1993, pp. 1603-1618.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**9311**

*Caglioti, V.*,

**Uncertainty Minimization in the Localization of Polyhedral Objects**,

*PAMI(16)*, No. 5, May 1994, pp. 524-530.

IEEE DOI Plan sensor locations to localize a known object.
BibRef
**9405**

*Wong, K.C.*,
*Cheng, Y.*,
*Kittler, J.V.*,

**Recognition of Polyhedral Objects Using Triangle Pair Features**,

*IEE-P(I: 140)*, No. 1, 1993, pp. 72-85.
BibRef
**9300**

*Wong, K.C.[Kok Cheong]*,
*Kittler, J.V.[Josef V.]*,

**Recognition of polyhedral objects using triplets of projected spatial
edges based on a single perspective image**,

*PR(34)*, No. 3, March 2001, pp. 561-586.

WWW Link.
**0101**

BibRef

*Cowie, R.*,
*Perrott, R.*,

**From Line Drawings to Impressions of 3D Objects:
Developing a Model to Account for the Shapes That People See**,

*IVC(11)*, No. 6, July-August 1993, pp. 342-352.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**9307**

*Cowie, R.[Rid]*,

**Understanding shape: perspectives from natural and machine vision**,

*IVC(11)*, No. 6, July-August 1993, pp. 307-308.

WWW Link.
**0401**

BibRef

*Worring, M.*,
*Pfluger, P.R.*,
*Smeulders, A.W.M.*,
*Houtsmuller, A.B.*,

**Measurement of 3D-Line Shaped Objects**,

*PRL(15)*, No. 5, May 1994, pp. 497-506.
BibRef
**9405**

*di Zenzo, S.*,

**Decomposing a Plane Figure into Lines and Nodes**,

*PRL(14)*, No. 12, December 1993, pp. 935-943.
BibRef
**9312**

*Chen, Y.S.*,

**Segmentation and Association Among Lines and Junctions for a Line Image**,

*PR(27)*, No. 9, September 1994, pp. 1135-1157.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**9409**

*Hori, O.[Osamu]*,
*Shimotsuji, S.[Shigeyoshi]*,
*Hoshino, F.[Fumihiko]*,
*Ishii, T.[Toshiaki]*,

**Line segment attribute recognition device having
accuracy updating function**,

*US_Patent*5,448,653, Sep 5, 1995

WWW Link.
BibRef
**9509**

*Trytten, D.A.*,
*Tuceryan, M.*,

**The Construction of Labeled Line-Drawings from Intensity Images**,

*PR(28)*, No. 2, February 1995, pp. 171-198.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**9502**

*Lipson, H.*,
*Shpitalni, M.*,

**Optimization-Based Reconstruction of a 3D Object from a
Single Freehand Line Drawing**,

*CAD(28)*, No. 8, August 1996, pp. 651-663.
**9607**

BibRef

*Shpitalni, M.*,
*Lipson, H.*,

**Identification of Faces in a 2D Line Drawing Projection
of a Wireframe Object**,

*PAMI(18)*, No. 10, October 1996, pp. 1000-1012.

IEEE DOI
**9611**

Find the edge circuits that correspond to actual object faces.
See also Graph-Based Method for Face Identification from a Single 2D Line Drawing, A.
BibRef

*Mukherjee, J.*,
*Chatterji, B.N.*,

**Segmentation of Three-Dimensional Surfaces**,

*PRL(11)*, 1990, pp. 215-223.
BibRef
**9000**

*Mukherjee, J.*,
*Das, P.P.*,
*Chatterji, B.N.*,

**An Algorithm for the Extraction of the Wire Frame Structure of a
Three-Dimensional Object**,

*PR(23)*, No. 9, 1990, pp. 999-1010.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**9000**

*Huang, C.L.*,

**Polyhedral Objects Identification Through the
Orthographic Projection Views Generation**,

*PRL(10)*, 1989, pp. 321-327.
BibRef
**8900**

*Gotchev, G.V.*,
*Draganov, M.*,

**Computer Description and Decomposition of Scenes of 3D Line Drawings**,

*PRL(3)*, 1985, pp. 421-424.
BibRef
**8500**

*Bunke, H.*,
*Glauser, T.*,

**Viewpoint Independent Representation and Recognition of
Polygonal Faces in 3-D**,

*RA(9)*, 1993, pp. 457-463.
BibRef
**9300**

*Puppo, E.*,

**On the Topological Representation of Line Drawings**,

*PRL(18)*, No. 6, June 1997, pp. 575-582.
**9710**

BibRef

*Shimaya, A.[Akira]*,

**Interpreting Non-3-D Line-Drawings**,

*AI(77)*, No. 1, October 1995, pp. 1-41.

WWW Link. complete line elements, look for connectedness, hypothesize line
sharing.
BibRef
**9510**

*Stahovich, T.F.[Thomas F.]*,
*Davis, R.[Randall]*,
*Shrobe, H.[Howard]*,

**Generating multiple new designs from a sketch**,

*AI(104)*, No. 1-2, October 1998, pp. 211-264.

WWW Link. Geometric reasoning.
BibRef
**9810**

*Stahovich, T.F.[Thomas F.]*,

**SketchIT: A Sketch Interpretation Tool for Conceptual Mechanical Design**,

*MIT AI-TR*-1573, March 1996.

WWW Link.
BibRef
**9603**

*Palm, C.S.[Charles S.]*,

**Method and apparatus for creation of three-dimensional wire frames**,

*US_Patent*5,742,291, Apr 21, 1998

WWW Link.
BibRef
**9804**

*Palm, C.S.[Charles S.]*,

**Method and apparatus for converting a two dimensional motion picture
into a three dimensional motion picture**,

*US_Patent*5,748,199, May 5, 1998

WWW Link.
BibRef
**9805**

*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,
*Lee, Y.T.[Yong Tsui]*,

**A Graph-Based Method for Face Identification from a Single 2D Line
Drawing**,

*PAMI(23)*, No. 10, October 2001, pp. 1106-1119.

IEEE DOI
**0110**

Faces of cubes, not people.
Equivalent to formulation of
See also Identification of Faces in a 2D Line Drawing Projection of a Wireframe Object.
BibRef

*Torralba, A.[Antonio]*,
*Oliva, A.[Aude]*,

**Depth Estimation from Image Structure**,

*PAMI(24)*, No. 9, September 2002, pp. 1226-1238.

IEEE Abstract.
**0209**

BibRef

*Torralba, A.[Antonio]*,
*Oliva, A.[Aude]*,

**Global Depth Perception from Familiar Scene Structure**,

*MIT AIM*-2001-036, December 2001.

WWW Link.
**0205**

BibRef

*Yuan, S.[Sun]*,
*Tsui, L.Y.[Lee Yong]*,
*Jie, S.[Sun]*,

**Regularity selection for effective 3D object reconstruction from a
single line drawing**,

*PRL(29)*, No. 10, 15 July 2008, pp. 1486-1495.

WWW Link.
**0711**

3D Reconstruction; Regularity selection; Automatic relevance
determination; Support vector regression estimation; Bayesian
framework
BibRef

*Luo, T.[Tao]*,
*Li, R.[Renju]*,
*Zha, H.B.[Hong-Bin]*,

**3D Line Drawing for Archaeological Illustration**,

*IJCV(94)*, No. 1, August 2011, pp. 23-35.

WWW Link.
**1101**

BibRef

*Li, R.[Renju]*,
*Luo, T.[Tao]*,
*Zha, H.B.[Hong-Bin]*,
*Lu, W.[Wei]*,

**Computer-Assisted Archaeological Line Drawing**,

*Computer(44)*, No. 7, July 2011, pp. 62-65.

IEEE DOI
**1108**

BibRef

*Durand, F.[Frédo]*,

**Technical Perspective: Where Do People Draw Lines?**,

*CACM(55)*, No. 1, January 2012, pp. 106.

DOI Link
**1201**

Computer graphics once focused exclusively on realism. The field
eventually broadened to include other pictorial styles. The breadth of
situations in which line drawings are discussed.
BibRef

*Cole, F.[Forrester]*,
*Golovinskiy, A.[Aleksey]*,
*Limpaecher, A.[Alex]*,
*Barros, H.S.[Heather Stoddart]*,
*Finkelstein, A.[Adam]*,
*Funkhouser, T.[Thomas]*,
*Rusinkiewicz, S.[Szymon]*,

**Where Do People Draw Lines?**,

*CACM(55)*, No. 1, January 2012, pp. 107-115.

DOI Link
**1201**

This paper presents the results of a study in which artists made line
drawings intended to convey specific 3D shapes.
BibRef

*Palou, G.[Guillem]*,
*Salembier, P.[Philippe]*,

**Monocular Depth Ordering Using T-Junctions and Convexity Occlusion Cues**,

*IP(22)*, No. 5, May 2013, pp. 1926-1939.

IEEE DOI
**1303**

BibRef

Earlier:

**2.1 Depth Estimation of Frames in Image Sequences Using Motion
Occlusions**,

*QU3ST12*(III: 516-525).

Springer DOI
**1210**

BibRef

*Palou, G.[Guillem]*,
*Salembier, P.[Philippe]*,

**Depth order estimation for video frames using motion occlusions**,

*IET-CV(8)*, No. 2, April 2014, pp. 152-160.

DOI Link
**1407**

BibRef

Earlier:

**Depth ordering on image sequences using motion occlusions**,

*ICIP12*(1217-1220).

IEEE DOI
**1302**

image motion analysis
BibRef

*Palou, G.[Guillem]*,
*Salembier, P.[Philippe]*,

**Hierarchical Video Representation with Trajectory Binary Partition
Tree**,

*CVPR13*(2099-2106)

IEEE DOI
**1309**

BibRef

*Morel, J.M.[Jean-Michel]*,
*Salembier, P.[Philippe]*,

**Monocular Depth by Nonlinear Diffusion**,

*ICCVGIP08*(95-102).

IEEE DOI
**0812**

Line junctions, local convexity.
BibRef

*Alevizos, P.D.[Panagiotis D.]*,

**Pictures as Boolean Formulas**,

*JMIV(46)*, No. 1, May 2013, pp. 74-102.

WWW Link.
**1303**

pictures that are taken to be projections of trihedral polyhedra without holes
BibRef

*Ming, A.*,
*Wu, T.*,
*Ma, J.*,
*Sun, F.*,
*Zhou, Y.*,

**Monocular Depth-Ordering Reasoning with Occlusion Edge Detection and
Couple Layers Inference**,

*IEEE_Int_Sys(31)*, No. 2, March 2016, pp. 54-65.

IEEE DOI
**1604**

Feature extraction
BibRef

IEEE DOI

Fill in the line drawings. Cognition, Image reconstruction, Sea surface, Shape, Surface reconstruction, Surface treatment, BibRef

*Huang, B.[Bo]*,
*Chen, J.S.[Jian-Sheng]*,

**A preliminary study on extracting objects in sketches**,

*MVA17*(464-467)

DOI Link
**1708**

Feature extraction, Image color analysis, Image recognition,
Image segmentation, Object detection, Object segmentation, Training
BibRef

*Mancini, M.F.[Matteo Flavio]*,
*Salvatore, M.[Marta]*,

**Surveying Illusory Architectures Painted on Vaulted Surfaces**,

*EuroMed16*(I: 377-386).

Springer DOI
**1611**

BibRef

*Favreau, J.D.[Jean-Dominique]*,
*Lafarge, F.[Florent]*,
*Bousseau, A.[Adrien]*,

**Line drawing interpretation in a multi-view context**,

*CVPR15*(4018-4026)

IEEE DOI
**1510**

BibRef

*Kim, C.[Chelhwon]*,
*Manduchi, R.[Roberto]*,

**Planar Structures from Line Correspondences in a Manhattan World**,

*ACCV14*(I: 509-524).

Springer DOI
**1504**

BibRef

*Zou, C.Q.[Chang-Qing]*,
*Yang, H.[Heng]*,
*Liu, J.Z.[Jian-Zhuang]*,

**Separation of Line Drawings Based on Split Faces for 3D Object
Reconstruction**,

*CVPR14*(692-699)

IEEE DOI
**1409**

3D reconstruction
BibRef

*Arisoy, E.B.[Erhan Batuhan]*,
*Orbay, G.[Gunay]*,
*Kara, L.B.[Levent Burak]*,

**Predictive Modeling for 2D Form Design**,

*CompIMAGE14*(286-291).

Springer DOI
**1407**

2D sketches into 3D models.
BibRef

*Ming, Y.S.[Yan-Sheng]*,
*Li, H.D.[Hong-Dong]*,
*Sun, J.[Jun]*,

**Line Drawing Interpretation Using Belief Propagation**,

*DICTA11*(113-118).

IEEE DOI
**1205**

BibRef

*Sadovnik, A.[Amir]*,
*Gallagher, A.C.[Andrew C.]*,
*Chen, T.H.[Tsu-Han]*,

**It's Not Polite to Point: Describing People with Uncertain Attributes**,

*CVPR13*(3089-3096)

IEEE DOI
**1309**

BibRef

And:

**Not Everybody's Special:
Using Neighbors in Referring Expressions with Uncertain Attributes**,

*LV13*(269-276)

IEEE DOI
**1309**

Attributes; Image Description; Referring Expression
BibRef

*Sadovnik, A.[Amir]*,
*Chiu, Y.I.[Yi-I]*,
*Snavely, N.[Noah]*,
*Edelman, S.[Shimon]*,
*Chen, T.H.[Tsu-Han]*,

**Image description with a goal:
Building efficient discriminating expressions for images**,

*CVPR12*(2791-2798).

IEEE DOI
**1208**

BibRef

*Sadovnik, A.[Amir]*,
*Chen, T.H.[Tsu-Han]*,

**A visual dictionary attack on Picture Passwords**,

*ICIP13*(4447-4451)

IEEE DOI
**1402**

Graphical Password; Picture Password
BibRef

And:

**Hierarchical object groups for scene classification**,

*ICIP12*(1881-1884).

IEEE DOI
**1302**

BibRef

Earlier:

**Pictorial structures for object recognition and part labeling in
drawings**,

*ICIP11*(3613-3616).

IEEE DOI
**1201**

BibRef

*Bhatti, N.A.[Naeem A.]*,
*Hanbury, A.G.[Allan G.]*,

**Morphology Based Spatial Relationships between Local Primitives in Line
Drawings**,

*CIARP11*(165-172).

Springer DOI
**1111**

BibRef

*Kolomenkin, M.[Michael]*,
*Leifman, G.[George]*,
*Shimshoni, I.[Ilan]*,
*Tal, A.[Ayellet]*,

**Reconstruction of relief objects from line drawings**,

*CVPR11*(993-1000).

IEEE DOI
**1106**

BibRef

*Luo, T.[Tao]*,
*Li, R.[Renju]*,
*Zha, H.B.[Hong-Bin]*,

**3D line drawing for archaeological illustration**,

*DigArt09*(907-914).

IEEE DOI
**0910**

BibRef

*El Meseery, M.[Maha]*,
*El Din, M.F.[Mahmoud Fakhr]*,
*Mashali, S.[Samia]*,
*Fayek, M.B.[Magda B.]*,
*Darwish, N.[Nevin]*,

**Sketch recognition using particle swarm algorithms**,

*ICIP09*(2017-2020).

IEEE DOI
**0911**

BibRef

*Sun, Y.H.[Yu-Hong]*,
*Wang, J.[Jiatao]*,

**A method of style transformation for line drawings based on mesh
presentation**,

*IASP09*(392-396).

IEEE DOI
**0904**

BibRef

*Yang, J.Y.[Jun-Yeong]*,
*Byun, H.R.[Hye-Ran]*,

**Feature extraction method based on cascade noise elimination for sketch
recognition**,

*ICPR08*(1-4).

IEEE DOI
**0812**

BibRef

*Yang, J.Y.[Jun-Yeong]*,
*Byun, H.R.[Hye-Ran]*,

**Curve fitting algorithm using iterative error minimization for sketch
beautification**,

*ICPR08*(1-4).

IEEE DOI
**0812**

BibRef

*Oka, M.[Mizuki]*,
*Kato, K.[Kazuhiko]*,
*Xu, Y.Q.[Ying-Qing]*,
*Liang, L.[Lin]*,
*Wen, F.[Fang]*,

**Scribble-a-Secret:
Similarity-based password authentication using sketches**,

*ICPR08*(1-4).

IEEE DOI
**0812**

BibRef

*Onkarappa, N.[Naveen]*,
*Guru, D.S.*,

**Modified 9DLT Matrix for Similarity Retrieval of Line-Drawing Images**,

*PReMI07*(136-143).

Springer DOI
**0712**

BibRef

*Ablameyko, S.V.*,
*Bucha, V.*,
*Pridmore, T.P.*,

**What should the user do? Inference structures and line drawing
interpretation**,

*ICDAR05*(II: 760-764).

IEEE DOI
**0508**

BibRef

*Terashima, T.*,
*Shimanuki, H.*,
*Kato, J.[Jien]*,
*Watanabe, T.[Toyohide]*,

**Method for representing 3D virtual origami**,

*ICDAR05*(II: 1211-1215).

IEEE DOI
**0508**

BibRef

*Shimanuki, H.*,
*Kato, J.[Jien]*,
*Watanabe, T.[Toyohide]*,

**Constituting origami models from sketches**,

*ICPR04*(I: 628-631).

IEEE DOI
**0409**

BibRef

Earlier:

**Recognition of folding process from origami drill books**,

*ICDAR03*(550-554).

IEEE DOI
**0311**

BibRef

*Wang, L.[Lei]*,
*Grimm, C.M.[Cindy M.]*, and
*Pless, R.[Robert]*,

**A 3d pattern for pose estimation for object capture**,

*VI03*(395-401).
BibRef
**0300**

*Schroering, M.[Mark]*,
*Grimm, C.M.[Cindy M.]*, and
*Pless, R.[Robert]*,

**A new input device for 3d sketching**,

*VI03*(311-318).
BibRef
**0300**

*Kato, J.[Jien]*,
*Nakayama, T.[Takeshi]*,
*Watanabe, T.[Toyohide]*,
*Kato, H.[Hitoshi]*,

**A Model-Based Approach for Recognizing Folding Process of Origami**,

*ICPR98*(Vol II: 1808-1811).

IEEE DOI
**9808**

BibRef

*Kato, J.*,
*Watanabe, T.*,
*Nakayama, T.*,

**Recognition of Essential Folding Operations:
A Step for Interpreting Illustrated Books of Origami**,

*ICDAR97*(81-85).

IEEE DOI
**9708**

BibRef

*Shoji, K.[Kenji]*,
*Kato, K.[Kazunori]*, and
*Toyama, F.[Fubito]*,

**3-D Interpretation of Single Line Drawings Based on Entropy
Minimization Principle**,

*CVPR01*(II:90-95).

IEEE DOI
**0110**

BibRef

*Song, M.Z.[Ming-Zhou]*,
*Guo, A.[Aiwen]*,
*Haralick, R.M.[Robert M.]*,

**Single View Computer Vision in Polyhedral World:
Geometric Inference and Performance Characterization**,

*ICPR00*(Vol I: 766-769).

IEEE DOI
**0009**

BibRef

*Zao, J.[Jiang]*,
*Jun'an, H.[Hu]*,
*Jiren, L.[Liu]*,

**A New Approach for Intelligent Object Picking in Line Drawing Images**,

*ICPR98*(Vol II: 1084-1088).

IEEE DOI
**9808**

BibRef

*Wang, S.P.*,

**Perception and visualization of line images**,

*ICIP95*(III: 336-339).

IEEE DOI
**9510**

BibRef

*Gross, M.D.*,
*Do, E.Y.L.*,

**Diagram query and image retrieval in design**,

*ICIP95*(II: 308-311).

IEEE DOI
**9510**

Architectural images.
BibRef

*Feng, J.F.[Ju-Fu]*,
*Shi, Q.Y.[Qing-Yun]*,

**Improved 3-D shape recovery and correction algorithm from a single view**,

*ICPR94*(A:692-694).

IEEE DOI
**9410**

Polygon form a line drawing.
BibRef

*Stockman, G.*,
*Lee, G.*,
*Chen, S.W.*,

**Reconstructing Line Drawings from Wings: the Polygonal Case**,

*ICCV90*(526-529).

IEEE DOI
BibRef
**9000**

*Fischler, M.A.*, and
*LeClerc, Y.G.*,

**Recovering 3-D Wire Frames from Line Drawings**,

*DARPA92*(635-653).
Seems dated.
BibRef
**9200**

*Thorpe, C.E.[Charles E.]*, and
*Shafer, S.A.[Steven A.]*,

**Topological Correspondence in Line Drawings of Multiple Views
of Objects**,

*CMU-CS-TR*-83-113, CMU CS Dept., March 1983.
BibRef
**8303**

And:

**Correspondence in Line Drawings of Multiple Views of Objects**,

*IJCAI83*(959-965).
Each vertex type implies only one kind of corner (1, 3, 5, or 7
octants filled). The allowable transitions are based on which octant
is used for viewing. Determination of similarities is based on
indicating what can match - a correspondence graph.
BibRef

*Adler, M.R.*,

**Computer Interpretation of Peanuts Cartoons**,

*IJCAI77*(608).
Dept. of AI, Univ. of Edinburgh, Scotland,
Analysis of curved line drawings.
BibRef
**7700**

*Consales, R.*,
*del Bimbo, A.*,
*Nesi, P.*,

**On The Perspective Projection Of 3-D Planar-Faced Junctions**,

*ICPR92*(I:616-619).

IEEE DOI
BibRef
**9200**

*Probert, G.*,
*Cowie, R.*,

**Interpreting trihedral vertices by using assumptions about the angles
between the edges**,

*BMVC90*(xx-yy).

PDF File.
**9009**

BibRef

*Ishikawa, S.*,
*Kato, K.*,

**Reconstructible Pairs Of Incomplete Polyhedral Line Drawings Under General Reconstruction Procedure**,

*ICPR88*(II: 1056-1058).

IEEE DOI
BibRef
**8800**

*Wahl, F.M.*,

**Analysing Hough Nets For Recognition Of Polyhedra-Like Objects**,

*ICPR88*(I: 550-554).

IEEE DOI
BibRef
**8800**

*Garvey, T.D.[Thomas D.]*,
*Lowrance, J.D.[John D.]*, and
*Strat, T.M.[Thomas M.]*,

**AI Mechanisms for Reasoning about Terrain**,

Final Report,
*SRI*Project 2736, February 1992.
BibRef
**9202**

*Strat, T.M.*,

**Spatial Reasoning from Line Drawings of Polyhedra**,

*CVWS84*(219-224).
BibRef
**8400**

And:
*DARPA84*(230-235).
BibRef

*Liebes, S.*,

**Geometric Constraints for Interpreting Images of
Common Structural Elements: Orthogonal Trihedral Vertices**,

*DARPA81*(168-174).
BibRef
**8100**

*Uesaka, Y.*,

**On a Complexity and Segregation of Line Drawings**,

*ICPR78*(411-413).
BibRef
**7800**

*Yasuoka, Y.*,

**Structural Description and matching of a Line Drawing**,

*ICPR78*(669-671).
BibRef
**7800**

*Dixon, A.H.*,

**Generation of Descriptions for Line Drawings**,

*IJCAI77*(607).
BibRef
**7700**

*Jarvis, J.F.*,

**Feature Recognition in Line Drawings Using Regular Expressions**,

*ICPR76*(XX-YY).
BibRef
**7600**

*Morofsky, E.L.*,
*Wong, A.K.C.*,

**Isolating and Identifying Objects in Line Drawings**,

*IJCAI75*(656-663).
BibRef
**7500**

Chapter on 3-D Shape from X -- Shading, Textures, Lasers, Structured Light, Focus, Line Drawings continues in

Shape from Line Drawing .

Last update:Feb 26, 2018 at 13:41:56