21.6.1.1 Fingerprint Features, Ridges, Flow, Orientation Based

Chapter Contents (Back)
Application, Fingerprints. Minutiae. Flow.

Riganati, J.P.[John P.], Capello, R.D.[Richard D.], Brown, G.D.[Gerald D.], Bolton, N.L.[Norman L.], Csiszer, A.[Alexander],
Method and apparatus for automatic extraction of fingerprint cores and tri-radii,
US_Patent4,156,230, 05/22/1979.
HTML Version. Ridge and contours. BibRef 7905

Riganati, J.P.[John P.], Vitols, V.A.[Visvaldis A.],
Automatic pattern processing system,
US_Patent4,151,512, Apr 24, 1979
WWW Link. BibRef 7904

Chang, T.L.[Tien-Lin], Kabaian, J.H.[Jimmy H.], Riganati, J.P.[John P.], White, S.A.[Stanley A.],
Non-fingerprint region indicator,
US_Patent4,225,850, Sep 30, 1980
WWW Link. BibRef 8009

Mehtre, B.M., Chatterjee, B.,
Segmentation of fingerprint images: A composite method,
PR(22), No. 4, 1989, pp. 381-385.
WWW Link. 0309
BibRef

Mehtre, B.M., Murthy, N.N., and Kapoor, S.,
Segmentation of Fingerprint Images Using the Directional Image,
PR(20), No. 4, 1987, pp. 429-435.
WWW Link. Segmentation, Edges. BibRef 8700

Mehtre, B.M.,
Fingerprint Image Analysis for Automatic Identification,
MVA(6), No. 2-3, 1993, pp. 124-139. BibRef 9300

Vizcaya, P.R., Gerhardt, L.A.,
A Nonlinear Orientation Model for Global Description of Fingerprints,
PR(29), No. 7, July 1996, pp. 1221-1231.
WWW Link. 9607
BibRef

Ratha, N.K.[Nalini K.], Chen, S.Y.[Shao-Yun], Jain, A.K.[Anil K.],
Adaptive Flow Orientation-Based Feature-Extraction in Fingerprint Images,
PR(28), No. 11, November 1995, pp. 1657-1672.
WWW Link. BibRef 9511

Ratha, N.K.[Nalini K.], Karu, K., Chen, S.Y.[Shao-Yun], Jain, A.K.[Anil K.],
Real-Time Matching System for Large Fingerprint Databases,
PAMI(18), No. 8, August 1996, pp. 799-813.
IEEE DOI 9609
Database, Fingerprints. BibRef

Pal, S.K., Mitra, S.,
Noisy Fingerprint Classification Using Multilayer Perceptron with Fuzzy Geometrical and Textural Features,
Fuzzy Sets and Systems(80), No. 2, June 10 1996, pp. 121-132. 9606
BibRef

Sarbadhikari, S.N., Basak, J., Pal, S.K., Kundu, M.K.,
Noisy Fingerprints Classification with Directional FFT Based Features Using MLP,
NeurCompApp(7), No. 2, 1998, pp. 180-191. 9811
BibRef

Nilsson, K.[Kenneth], Bigun, J.[Josef],
Localization of corresponding points in fingerprints by complex filtering,
PRL(24), No. 13, September 2003, pp. 2135-2144.
WWW Link. 0307
BibRef
Earlier:
Prominent symmetry points as landmarks in fingerprint images for alignment,
ICPR02(III: 395-398).
IEEE DOI 0211
BibRef
Earlier:
Using Linear Symmetry Features as a Pre-processing Step for Fingerprint Images,
AVBPA01(247).
Springer DOI 0310
BibRef

Nilsson, K.[Kenneth], Bigun, J.[Josef],
Registration of Fingerprints by Complex Filtering and by 1D Projections of Orientation Images,
AVBPA05(171).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

Thärnå, J.[Johan], Nilsson, K.[Kenneth], Bigun, J.[Josef],
Orientation Scanning to Improve Lossless Compression of Fingerprint Images,
AVBPA03(343-350).
Springer DOI 0310
BibRef

Bigun, J.[Josef], Bigun, T., Nilsson, K.[Kenneth],
Recognition by Symmetry Derivatives and the Generalized Structure Tensor,
PAMI(26), No. 12, December 2004, pp. 1590-1605.
IEEE Abstract. 0411
Differential operators for matching. Apply to tracking and fingerprint alignment. BibRef

Tico, M., Kuosmanen, P.,
Fingerprint matching using an orientation-based minutia descriptor,
PAMI(25), No. 8, August 2003, pp. 1009-1014.
IEEE Abstract. 0308
Orientation field. BibRef

Tico, M.[Marius], Kuosmanen, P.[Pauli],
A Remote Authentication System Using Fingerprints,
IJIG(3), No. 3, July 2003, pp. 425-446. 0307
BibRef

Zhou, J.[Jie], Gu, J.W.[Jin-Wei],
Modeling orientation fields of fingerprints with rational complex functions,
PR(37), No. 2, February 2004, pp. 389-391.
WWW Link. 0311
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1:
A novel model for orientation field of fingerprints,
CVPR03(II: 493-498).
IEEE DOI 0307
BibRef

Zhou, J.[Jie], Gu, J.W.[Jin-Wei],
A model-based method for the computation of fingerprints' orientation field,
IP(13), No. 6, June 2004, pp. 821-835.
IEEE DOI 0406
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1:
Model-Based Orientation Field Estimation for Fingerprint Recognition,
ICIP03(II: 899-902).
IEEE DOI 0312
See also Orientation Field Estimation for Latent Fingerprint Enhancement. BibRef

Gu, J.W.[Jin-Wei], Zhou, J.[Jie], Zhang, D.[David],
A Combination Model for Orientation Field of Fingerprints,
PR(37), No. 3, March 2004, pp. 543-553.
WWW Link. 0401
BibRef

Yoon, J.S.[Jun Sung], Kim, D.H.[Dong Hun], Joe, C.M.[Chul Min], Jung, S.W.[Soon Won], Lee, H.S.[Hwi Seok], Lee, B.J.[Byun Jin], Lee, D.W.[Dong Won], Lee, T.K.[Taek Ki],
Method for extracting fingerprint feature data using ridge orientation model,
US_Patent6,961,453, Nov 1, 2005
WWW Link. BibRef 0511

Tong, X.F.[Xi-Feng], Huang, J.H.[Jian-Hua], Tang, X.L.[Xiang-Long], Shi, D.M.[Da-Ming],
Fingerprint minutiae matching using the adjacent feature vector,
PRL(26), No. 9, 1 July 2005, pp. 1337-1345.
WWW Link. 0506
BibRef

Tong, X.F.[Xi-Feng], Liu, S.B.[Song-Bo], Huang, J.H.[Jian-Hua], Tang, X.L.[Xiang-Long],
Local relative location error descriptor-based fingerprint minutiae matching,
PRL(29), No. 3, 1 February 2008, pp. 286-294.
WWW Link. 0801
Fingerprint; Minutiae matching; Local relative location error descriptor; FVC2002; FVC2004 BibRef

Ng, G.S., Tong, X.F.[Xi-Feng], Tang, X.L.[Xiang-Long], Shi, D.M.[Da-Ming],
Adjacent orientation vector based fingerprint minutiae matching system,
ICPR04(I: 528-531).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Zhu, E.[En], Yin, J.P.[Jian-Ping], Zhang, G.M.[Guo-Min],
Fingerprint matching based on global alignment of multiple reference minutiae,
PR(38), No. 10, October 2005, pp. 1685-1694.
WWW Link. 0508
BibRef

Zhu, E.[En], Yin, J.P.[Jian-Ping], Hu, C.F.[Chun-Feng], Zhang, G.M.[Guo-Min],
A systematic method for fingerprint ridge orientation estimation and image segmentation,
PR(39), No. 8, August 2006, pp. 1452-1472.
WWW Link. 0606
Ridge orientation; Neural network; Remaining ridges; Secondary segmentation; Segmentation revision; Minutiae detection BibRef

Yin, J.P.[Jian-Ping], Zhu, E.[En], Yang, X.J.[Xue-Jun], Zhang, G.M.[Guo-Min], Hu, C.F.[Chun-Feng],
Two steps for fingerprint segmentation,
IVC(25), No. 9, 1 September 2007, pp. 1391-1403.
WWW Link. 0707
Fingerprint segmentation; Remaining ridges; Spurious minutiae BibRef

Qi, J.[Jin], Yang, S.[Suzhen], Wang, Y.S.[Yang-Sheng],
Fingerprint matching combining the global orientation field with minutia,
PRL(26), No. 15, November 2005, pp. 2424-2430.
WWW Link. 0510
BibRef

Qi, J.[Jin], Wang, Y.S.[Yang-Sheng], Shi, Z.C.[Zhong-Chao], Xu, K.[Ke], Zhao, X.Y.[Xu-Ying],
Fingerprint Matching Integrating the Global Orientation Field with Minutia,
ICBA04(337-343).
Springer DOI 0505
BibRef

Li, J.[Jun], Yau, W.Y.[Wei-Yun], Wang, H.[Han],
Constrained nonlinear models of fingerprint orientations with prediction,
PR(39), No. 1, January 2006, pp. 102-114.
WWW Link. 0512
BibRef

Li, J.[Jun], Yau, W.Y.[Wei-Yun], Wang, H.[Han],
Combining singular points and orientation image information for fingerprint classification,
PR(41), No. 1, January 2008, pp. 353-366.
WWW Link. 0710
BibRef
Earlier:
Fingerprint Indexing Based On Symmetrical Measurement,
ICPR06(I: 1038-1041).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1, A3:
Nonlinear phase portrait modeling of fingerprint orientation,
ICARCV04(II: 1262-1267).
IEEE DOI 0412
Fingerprints classification; Singular points; Orientation model BibRef

Yager, N.[Neil], Amin, A.[Adnan],
Coarse Fingerprint Registration Using Orientation Fields,
JASP(2005), No. 13, 2005, pp. 2043-2053.
WWW Link. 0603
BibRef

Yager, N.[Neil], Amin, A.[Adnan],
Fingerprint alignment using a two stage optimization,
PRL(27), No. 5, 1 April 2006, pp. 317-324.
WWW Link. 0604
Gaussian fields; Match score fusion BibRef

Kulkarni, J.V.[Jayant V.], Patil, B.D.[Bhushan D.], Holambe, R.S.[Raghunath S.],
Orientation feature for fingerprint matching,
PR(39), No. 8, August 2006, pp. 1551-1554.
WWW Link. 0606
Orientation; Identification; Verification; False acceptance rate; False rejection rate; Genuine acceptance rate BibRef

Park, C.H.[Chul-Hyun], Lee, J.J.[Joon-Jae], Smith, M.J.T.[Mark J.T.], Park, K.H.[Kil-Houm],
Singular point detection by shape analysis of directional fields in fingerprints,
PR(39), No. 5, May 2006, pp. 839-855.
WWW Link. 0604
Singular point; Reference point; Directional field; Classification; Alignment See also Iris-Based Personal Authentication Using a Normalized Directional Energy Feature. BibRef

Park, C.H.[Chul-Hyun], Smith, M.J.T.[Mark J.T.], Boutin, M.[Mireille], Lee, J.J.[Joon-Jae],
Fingerprint Matching Using the Distribution of the Pairwise Distances Between Minutiae,
AVBPA05(693).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

Park, C.H.[Chul-Hyun], Lee, J.J.[Joon-Jae], Park, K.H.[Kil-Houm],
Fingerprint Matching Based on Directional Image Feature in Polar Coordinate System,
CAIP03(293-300).
Springer DOI 0311
BibRef

Cannon, G.L.[Gregory L.], Smith, D.C.[David C.],
System and method for counting ridges in a captured print image,
US_Patent6,996,259, Feb 7, 2006
WWW Link. BibRef 0602

Wang, Y.[Yi], Hu, J.K.[Jian-Kun], Phillips, D.[Damien],
A Fingerprint Orientation Model Based on 2D Fourier Expansion (FOMFE) and Its Application to Singular-Point Detection and Fingerprint Indexing,
PAMI(29), No. 4, April 2007, pp. 573-585.
IEEE DOI 0703
does not extract points directly. Works for noisy images. BibRef

Wang, Y.[Yi], Hu, J.K.[Jian-Kun],
Global Ridge Orientation Modeling for Partial Fingerprint Identification,
PAMI(33), No. 1, January 2011, pp. 72-87.
IEEE DOI 1011
Partials are a problem. Exploit global features to retrieve candidates for standard matching. BibRef

Wang, X.C.[Xu-Chui], Li, J.W.[Jian-Wei], Niu, Y.M.[Yan-Min],
Definition and extraction of stable points from fingerprint images,
PR(40), No. 6, June 2007, pp. 1804-1815.
WWW Link. 0704
Fingerprint; Singular points; Zone Could-be-in; Stable points; FingerCode BibRef

Wang, X.C.[Xu-Chui], Li, J.W.[Jian-Wei], Niu, Y.M.[Yan-Min],
Fingerprint matching using OrientationCodes and PolyLines,
PR(40), No. 11, November 2007, pp. 3164-3177.
WWW Link. 0707
Fingerprint matching; Orientation pattern; Ridge representation; Minutiae; Alignment and pairing; Feature fusion BibRef

Wang, X.C.[Xu-Chui], Li, J.W.[Jian-Wei], Niu, Y.M.[Yan-Min], Chen, W.M.[Wei-Min], Wang, W.[Wei],
Extraction of Stable Points from Fingerprint Images Using Zone Could-be-in Theorem,
ICB06(251-257).
Springer DOI 0601
BibRef
Earlier:
Adaptive Fingerprint Enhancement by Combination of Quality Factor and Quantitative Filters,
IWBRS05(111).
Springer DOI 0601
BibRef

Wang, W.[Wei], Li, J.W.[Jian-Wei], Chen, W.M.[Wei-Min],
Fingerprint Minutiae Matching Based on Coordinate System Bank and Global Optimum Alignment,
ICPR06(IV: 401-404).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Ji, L.P.[Lu-Ping], Yi, Z.[Zhang],
Fingerprint orientation field estimation using ridge projection,
PR(41), No. 5, May 2008, pp. 1508-1520.
WWW Link. 0711
Fingerprint orientation field; Primary ridge; Dual correction; PCNN BibRef

Huckemann, S.[Stephan], Hotz, T.[Thomas], Munk, A.[Axel],
Global Models for the Orientation Field of Fingerprints: An Approach Based on Quadratic Differentials,
PAMI(30), No. 9, September 2008, pp. 1507-1519.
IEEE DOI 0808
arches, loops and whorls modeled by few parameters, invariant under Euclidean motion. Able to define indices on large fingerprint databases. See also Dermatoglyphics. BibRef

Mei, Y.[Yuan], Sun, H.J.[Huai-Jiang], Xia, D.[Deshen],
A gradient-based combined method for the computation of fingerprints' orientation field,
IVC(27), No. 8, 2 July 2009, pp. 1169-1177.
Elsevier DOI 0906
Biometrics; Fingerprint recognition; Orientation field; Normalization; Consistency; Combined method BibRef

Tang, W.[Wei], Li, D.J.[Dong-Ju], Isshiki, T.[Tsuyoshi], Kunieda, H.[Hiroaki],
Orientation Field Estimation for Embedded Fingerprint Authentication System,
IEICE(E93-D), No. 7, July 2010, pp. 1918-1926.
WWW Link. 1008
BibRef

Hu, Z.Q.[Zhi-Qiang], Li, D.J.[Dong-Ju], Isshiki, T.[Tsuyoshi], Kunieda, H.[Hiroaki],
Hybrid Minutiae Descriptor for Narrow Fingerprint Verification,
IEICE(E100-D), No. 3, March 2017, pp. 546-555.
WWW Link. 1703
BibRef

Hu, Z.Q.[Zhi-Qiang], Li, D.J.[Dong-Ju], Isshiki, T.[Tsuyoshi], Kunieda, H.[Hiroaki],
Narrow Fingerprint Template Synthesis by Clustering Minutiae Descriptors,
IEICE(E100-D), No. 6, June 2017, pp. 1290-1302.
WWW Link. 1706
BibRef

Liu, Y.[Yukun], Li, D.J.[Dong-Ju], Isshiki, T.[Tsuyoshi], Kunieda, H.[Hiroaki],
Practical Orientation Field Estimation for Embedded Fingerprint Recognition Systems,
IEICE(E94-D), No. 9, September 2011, pp. 1792-1799.
WWW Link. 1110
BibRef

Kamei, T.[Toshio],
Apparatus for determining ridge direction patterns,
US_Patent5,717,786, Feb 10, 1998
WWW Link. BibRef 9802

Gottschlich, C.[Carsten], Mihailescu, P.[Preda], Munk, A.[Axel],
Robust Orientation Field Estimation and Extrapolation Using Semilocal Line Sensors,
IFSec(4), No. 4, December 2009, pp. 802-811.
IEEE DOI
PDF File. 1009
BibRef

Gottschlich, C.,
Curved-Region-Based Ridge Frequency Estimation and Curved Gabor Filters for Fingerprint Image Enhancement,
IP(21), No. 4, April 2012, pp. 2220-2227.
IEEE DOI 1204
BibRef

Chen, F., Zhou, J., Yang, C.,
Reconstructing Orientation Field From Fingerprint Minutiae to Improve Minutiae-Matching Accuracy,
IP(18), No. 7, July 2009, pp. 1665-1670.
IEEE DOI 0906
BibRef

Hou, Z.[Zujun], Lam, H.K.[Hwee-Keong], Yau, W.Y.[Wei-Yun], Wang, Y.[Yue],
A Variational Formulation for Fingerprint Orientation Modeling,
PR(45), No. 5, May 2012, pp. 1915-1926.
Elsevier DOI 1201
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, Only: ICPR10(1626-1629).
IEEE DOI 1008
Fingerprint; Fingerprint orientation field; Fingerprint orientation modeling; Variational principle BibRef

Jirachaweng, S.[Suksan], Hou, Z.[Zujun], Li, J.[Jun], Yau, W.Y.[Wei-Yun], Areekul, V.[Vutipong],
Residual Analysis for Fingerprint Orientation Modeling,
ICPR10(1196-1199).
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef

Liu, M.H.[Man-Hua], Yap, P.T.[Pew-Thian],
Invariant representation of orientation fields for fingerprint indexing,
PR(45), No. 7, July 2012, pp. 2532-2542.
Elsevier DOI 1203
Biometrics; Fingerprint recognition; Orientation field; Polar complex moments; Fingerprint indexing BibRef

Le, T.H.[Thai Hoang], Van, H.T.[Hoang Thien],
Fingerprint reference point detection for image retrieval based on symmetry and variation,
PR(45), No. 9, September 2012, pp. 3360-3372.
Elsevier DOI 1206
Fingerprint recognition; Reference point; Orientation consistency; Rotational symmetry BibRef

Gottschlich, C.[Carsten], Schönlieb, C.B.[Carola-Bibiane],
Oriented Diffusion Filtering for Enhancing Low-quality Fingerprint Images,
IET-Bio(1), No. 2, June 2012, pp. 105-113.
DOI Link 1305
Supplemental information:
WWW Link. BibRef

Bian, W.X.[Wei-Xin], Luo, Y.L.[Yong-Long], Xu, D.[Deqin], Yu, Q.Y.[Qing-Ying],
Fingerprint ridge orientation field reconstruction using the best quadratic approximation by orthogonal polynomials in two discrete variables,
PR(47), No. 10, 2014, pp. 3304-3313.
Elsevier DOI 1406
Fingerprint orientation field BibRef

Krish, R.P.[R. Prasad], Fierrez, J., Ramos, D., Ortega-Garcia, J., Bigun, J.,
Pre-registration of latent fingerprints based on orientation field,
IET-Bio(4), No. 2, 2015, pp. 42-52.
DOI Link 1507
correlation methods BibRef

Yang, W.M.[Wen-Ming], Ji, W.Y.[Wen-Yang], Zhou, F.[Fei], Liao, Q.M.[Qing-Min],
Robust Hybrid Finger Pattern Identification Using Intersection Enhanced Gabor Based Direction Coding,
IEICE(E99-D), No. 10, October 2016, pp. 2668-2671.
WWW Link. 1610
BibRef

Liu, S.[Shuxin], Liu, M.[Manhua], Yang, Z.Y.[Zong-Yuan],
Sparse coding based orientation estimation for latent fingerprints,
PR(67), No. 1, 2017, pp. 164-176.
Elsevier DOI 1704
Orientation estimation BibRef

Gottschlich, C.[Carsten], Tams, B.[Benjamin], Huckemann, S.[Stephan],
Perfect fingerprint orientation fields by locally adaptive global models,
IET-Bio(6), No. 3, May 2017, pp. 183-190.
DOI Link 1704
BibRef


Schuch, P.[Patrick], Schulz, S.D.[Simon-Daniel], Busch, C.[Christoph],
ConvNet Regression for Fingerprint Orientations,
SCIA17(I: 325-336).
Springer DOI 1706
BibRef

Zhang, N.[Ning], Zang, Y.[Yali], Jia, X.F.[Xiao-Fei], Yang, X.[Xin], Tian, J.[Jie],
Define a fingerprint Orientation Field pattern,
ICPR16(937-942)
IEEE DOI 1705
Dictionaries, Encoding, Fingerprint recognition, Image reconstruction, NIST, Principal component analysis, Training BibRef

Dorasamy, K.[Kribashnee], Webb-Ray, L.[Leandra], Tapamo, J.R.[Jules-Raymond],
A Missing Singular Point Resistant Fingerprint Classification Technique, Based on Directional Patterns,
CAIP17(II: 178-189).
Springer DOI 1708
BibRef
Earlier:
Evaluating the Change of Directional Patterns for Fingerprints with Missing Singular Points Under Rotation,
ISVC16(II: 555-565).
Springer DOI 1701
BibRef

Gupta, P.[Puneet], Gupta, P.[Phalguni],
Fingerprint Orientation Modeling Using Symmetric Filters,
WACV15(663-669)
IEEE DOI 1503
Computational modeling BibRef

Sahasrabudhe, M., Namboodiri, A.M.,
Learning Fingerprint Orientation Fields Using Continuous Restricted Boltzmann Machines,
ACPR13(351-355)
IEEE DOI 1408
Boltzmann machines BibRef

Zhu, E.[En], Hancock, E.[Edwin], Yin, J.P.[Jian-Ping], Zhang, J.M.[Jian-Ming], An, H.[Huiyao],
Fusion of Multiple Candidate Orientations in Fingerprints,
ICIAR11(II: 89-100).
Springer DOI 1106
BibRef

Hu, C.F.[Chun-Feng], Yin, J.P.[Jian-Ping], Zhu, E.[En], Chen, H.[Hui], Li, Y.[Yong],
A composite fingerprint segmentation based on Log-Gabor filter and orientation reliability,
ICIP10(3097-3100).
IEEE DOI 1009
BibRef

Cappelli, R.[Raffaele], Maltoni, D.[Davide], Turroni, F.[Francesco],
Benchmarking Local Orientation Extraction in Fingerprint Recognition,
ICPR10(1144-1147).
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef

Liu, H.[Huanxi], Lv, X.W.[Xiao-Wei], Li, X.[Xiong], Liu, Y.C.[Yun-Cai],
Fingerprint Orientation Field Estimation: Model of Primary Ridge for Global Structure and Model of Secondary Ridge for Correction,
ACCV09(III: 246-255).
Springer DOI 0909
BibRef

Bohne, J., Despiegel, V.,
Fingerprint skeleton matching based on local descriptor,
BTAS09(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0909
BibRef

Hirschbichler, M., Boyd, C., Boles, W.,
A Scheme for Enhancing Security Using Multiple Fingerprints and the Fuzzy Vault,
DICTA08(540-547).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Tashk, A.[Ashkan], Helfroush, M.S.[Mohammad Sadegh], Dehghani, M.J.[Mohammad Javad],
A Conditional Selection of Orthogonal Legendre/Chebyshev Polynomials as a Novel Fingerprint Orientation Estimation Smoothing Method,
ICMV09(59-63).
IEEE DOI 0912
BibRef

Bo, F.[Fu], Zhi, H.[Han], Zheng, L.[Li],
A Novel Fingerprint Enhancement Method Based on Gabor Filtering,
CISP09(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0910
BibRef

Zhao, Q.J.[Qi-Jun], Zhang, L.[Lei], Zhang, D.[David], Huang, W.Y.[Wen-Yi], Bai, J.[Jian],
Curvature and singularity driven diffusion for oriented pattern enhancement with singular points,
CVPR09(2129-2135).
IEEE DOI 0906
Features in fingerprints. BibRef

Lam, H.K., Hou, Z., Yau, W.Y., Chen, T.P., Li, J., Sim, K.Y.,
Reference Point Detection for Arch Type Fingerprints,
ICB09(666-674).
Springer DOI 0906
BibRef

Ram, S.[Surinder], Bischof, H.[Horst], Birchbauer, J.[Josef],
Active Fingerprint Ridge Orientation Models,
ICB09(534-543).
Springer DOI 0906
BibRef

Hastings, R.O.[Robert O.],
Disambiguation of Fingerprint Ridge Flow Direction: Two Approaches,
SCIA09(530-539).
Springer DOI 0906
BibRef

Hou, Z., Li, J., Lam, H.K., Chen, L.T.P., Wang, H.L., Yau, W.Y.,
Fingerprint orientation analysis with topological modeling,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Hu, C.F.[Chun-Feng], Yin, J.P.[Jian-Ping], Zhu, E.[En], Chen, H.[Hui], Li, Y.[Yong],
Fingerprint alignment using special ridges,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Ohtsuka, T.[Tomohiko], Watanabe, D.[Daisuke], Tomizawa, D.[Daisuke], Hasegawa, Y.[Yuta], Aoki, H.[Hiroyuki],
Reliable detection of core and delta in fingerprints by using singular candidate method,
Biometrics08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0806
BibRef

Lindoso, A.[Almudena], Entrena, L.[Luis], Liu-Jimenez, J.[Judith], San Millan, E.[Enrique],
Correlation-Based Fingerprint Matching with Orientation Field Alignment,
ICB07(713-721).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Li, J.[Jun], Yau, W.Y.[Wei-Yun], Wang, J.G.[Jian-Gang], Ser, W.[Wee],
Stability Analysis of Constrained Nonlinear Phase Portrait Models of Fingerprint Orientation Images,
ICB07(493-502).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Gong, W.[Wei],
On Optimal Estimate of Directional Maps for Fingerprint Images,
ICBA04(264-271).
Springer DOI 0505
BibRef

Sha, L.F.[Li-Feng], Tang, X.[Xiaoou],
Orientation-improved minutiae for fingerprint matching,
ICPR04(IV: 432-435).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Sha, L.F.[Li-Feng], Zhao, F.[Feng], Tang, X.[Xiaoou],
Minutiae-based Fingerprint Matching Using Subset Combination,
ICPR06(IV: 566-569).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef
Earlier:
Fingerprint Matching Using Minutiae and Interpolation-based Square Tessellation Fingercode,
ICIP05(II: 41-44).
IEEE DOI 0512
See also Preprocessing and postprocessing for skeleton-based fingerprint minutiae extraction. BibRef

Lee, S.O.[Sung-Oh], Kim, Y.G.[Yong-Guk], Park, G.T.[Gwi-Tae],
A Feature Map Consisting of Orientation and Inter-ridge Spacing for Fingerprint Retrieval,
AVBPA05(184).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

Neuhaus, M.[Michel], Bunke, H.[Horst],
A Graph Matching Based Approach to Fingerprint Classification Using Directional Variance,
AVBPA05(191).
Springer DOI 0509
See also Self-Organizing Maps for Learning the Edit Costs in Graph Matching. BibRef

Jun, L.[Li], Yun, Y.W.[Yau Wei],
Prediction of fingerprint orientation,
ICPR04(IV: 436-439).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Soifer, V.A., Kotlyar, V.V., Khonina, S.N., Skidanov, R.V.,
Fingerprint Identification Using the Directions Fields,
ICPR96(III: 586-590).
IEEE DOI 9608
(Russian Academy of Sciences, RUS) BibRef

Chapter on Face Recognition, Detection, Tracking, Gesture Recognition, Fingerprints, Biometrics continues in
Fingerprint Features, Singular Points .


Last update:Sep 22, 2017 at 21:00:01