23.2.6 Mail -- Addresses, Document Analysis, Postal Automation

Chapter Contents (Back)
OCR. Mail. Document Analysis. Address Blocks. Application, Mail sorting. Important application. A claim of 7 cents extra postage if OCR based automation were not used. See also Numbers, Digits, Zip (Postal) Codes.

Mori, K.I.[Ken-Ichi], Genchi, H.[Hiroshi], Watanabe, S.[Sadakazu], Katsuragi, S.[Sumio],
Microprogram controlled pattern processing in a handwritten mail reader-sorter,
PR(2), No. 3, September 1970, pp. 175-176.
WWW Link. 0309
BibRef

Rainbow, J.,
Postal Automation: It Can Be Done,
Spectrum(18), No. 3, 1981, pp. 50-57. BibRef 8100

Srihari, S.N., Wang, C.H., Palumbo, P.W., and Hull, J.J.,
Recognizing Address Blocks on Mail Pieces: Specialized Tools and Problem-Solving Architecture,
AIMag(8), No. 4, Winter 1987, pp. 25-40. Application, Mail sorting. An expert system approach to finding the address and reading it. There are many problems such as hand written, other text in the area, and curved surfaces. BibRef 8700

Palumbo, P.W., Srihari, S.N., Soh, J., Sridhar, R., and Demjanenko, V.,
Postal Address Block Location in Real Time,
Computer(25), No. 7, July 1992, pp. 34-42. Hardware and software approach for postal system. BibRef 9207

Wang, C.H.[Ching-Huei], Palumbo, P.W.[Paul W.], and Srihari, S.N.[Sargur N.],
Performance of a System to Locate Address Blocks on Mail Pieces,
AAAI-88(837- ). State University of New York at Buffalo. BibRef 8800

Wang, C.H., Palumbo, P.W., Srihari, S.N.,
Object Recognition in Visually Complex Environments: An Architecture for Locating Address Blocks on Mail Pieces,
ICPR88(I: 365-367).
IEEE DOI BibRef 8800

Palumbo, P.W., Srihari, S.N.,
Text Parsing Using Spatial Information for Recognizing Addresses in Mail Pieces,
ICPR86(1068-1070). BibRef 8600

Wang, C.H., and Srihari, S.N.,
A Framework for Object Recognition in a Visually Complex Environment and Its Application to Locating Address Blocks on Mail Pieces,
IJCV(2), No. 2, September 1988, pp. 125-152.
Springer DOI BibRef 8809
Earlier:
Object Recognition in Structured and Random Environments: Locating Address Blocks on Mail Pieces,
AAAI-86(1133-1137). Application, Mail sorting. Related to the AI Magazine article. BibRef

Srihari, S.N.[Sargur N.], Shin, Y.C.[Yong-Chul], Ramanaprasad, V.[Vemulapati], Lee, D.S.[Dar-Shyang],
A System to Read Names and Addresses on Tax Forms,
PIEEE(84), No. 7, July 1996, pp. 1038-1049. 9607
BibRef
Earlier: SUNY BuffaloCEDAR-TR-94-2, October 1994. BibRef
Earlier:
Name and Address Block Reader System for Tax Form Processing,
ICDAR95(5-10). BibRef

Tsikos, C.J.[Constantine J.], Frederick, B.R.[Brian R.], Davis, T.J.[Timothy J.],
Edge detection using patterned background,
US_Patent5,065,237, Nov 12, 1991
WWW Link. BibRef 9111

Yeh, P.S.[Pen-Shu], Antoy, S.[Sergio], Litcher, A.[Anne], Rosenfeld, A.[Azriel],
Address Location on Envelopes,
PR(20), No. 2, 1987, pp. 213-227.
WWW Link. BibRef 8700

Downton, A.C., Leedham, C.G.,
Preprocessing and presorting of envelope images for automatic sorting using OCR,
PR(23), No. 3-4, 1990, pp. 347-362.
WWW Link. 0401
BibRef
Earlier:
Pre-Processing of Envelope Images for Optical Character Recognition,
ICPR88(I: 27-31).
IEEE DOI BibRef

Downton, A.C., Guillevic, D.,
Syntactic and Contextual Post-Processing of Handwritten Addresses for Optical Character Recognition,
ICPR88(II: 1072-1076).
IEEE DOI BibRef 8800

Lee, C.K., Leedham, C.G.,
A New Hybrid Approach to Handwritten Address Verification,
IJCV(57), No. 2, May 2004, pp. 107-120.
DOI Link 0402
BibRef

Jain, A.K.[Anil K.], Bhattacharjee, S.K.[Sushil K.],
Address block location on envelopes using Gabor filters,
PR(25), No. 12, December 1992, pp. 1459-1477.
WWW Link. 0401
BibRef
Earlier:
Address block location on envelopes using Gabor filters: supervised method,
ICPR92(II:264-267).
IEEE DOI 9208
BibRef

Jain, A.K., Chen, Y.,
Address Block Location Using Color and Texture Analysis,
CVGIP(60), No. 2, September 1994, pp. 179-190.
WWW Link. BibRef 9409

Cohen, E., Hull, J.J., Srihari, S.N.,
Control-Structure for Interpreting Handwritten Addresses,
PAMI(16), No. 10, October 1994, pp. 1049-1055.
IEEE DOI BibRef 9410

Cohen, E., Hull, J.J., Srihari, S.N.,
Understanding Handwritten Text in a Structured Environment,
PRAI(5), Nos. 1-2, 1991, pp. 221-264. BibRef 9100

Lee, S.W.[Seong-Whan], Kim, K.C.[Ki-Cheol],
Address Block Location on Handwritten Korean Envelopes by the Merging and Splitting Method,
PR(27), No. 12, December 1994, pp. 1641-1651.
WWW Link. BibRef 9412
Earlier:
Locating destination address block on handwritten Korean envelopes,
ICPR94(B:619-621).
IEEE DOI 9410
BibRef

Tominaga, H.,
Special Issue on Postal Processing and Character Recognition,
PRL(14), No. 4, April 1993, pp. 257-354. Editor of the issue. BibRef 9304

Govindaraju, V., Shekhawat, A., Srihari, S.N.,
Interpretation of Handwritten Addresses in US Mail Stream,
FHR93(197-206). BibRef 9300

Gader, P.D., Keller, J.M., Cai, J.,
A Fuzzy Logic System for the Detection and Recognition of Street Number Fields on Handwritten Postal Addresses,
Fuzzy(3), No. 1, February 1995, pp. 83-96. BibRef 9502

Whichello, A.P., Yan, H.,
Fast Location of Address Blocks and Postcodes in Mail-Piece Images,
PRL(17), No. 11, September 16 1996, pp. 1199-1214. 9611
BibRef
Earlier:
Locating Address Blocks and Postcodes in Mail-Piece Images,
ICPR96(III: 716-720).
IEEE DOI 9608
(Univ. of Sydney, AUS) BibRef

Palumbo, P.W., Srihari, S.N.,
Postal Address Reading in Real-Time,
IJIST(7), No. 4, Winter 1996, pp. 370-378. 9612
BibRef

Srihari, S.N., Shin, Y.C., Ramanaprasad, V., Shi, Z.X.,
Document Image-Processing System for Name and Address Recognition,
IJIST(7), No. 4, Winter 1996, pp. 379-391. 9612
BibRef

El-Yacoubi, M.A.[Mounim A.], Gilloux, M.[Michel], Bertille, J.M.[Jean-Michel],
A Statistical Approach for Phrase Location and Recognition within a Text Line: An Application to Street Name Recognition,
PAMI(24), No. 2, February 2002, pp. 172-188.
IEEE DOI 0202
Constrained to addresses. Integrate knowledge sources, HMM for handwriting, use structure of the address and other redundancy. BibRef

Setlur, S.[Srirangaraj], Lawson, A.[Alfred], Govindaraju, V.[Venugopal], Srihari, S.[Sargur],
Large scale address recognition systems: Truthing, testing, tools, and other evaluation issues,
IJDAR(4), No. 3, 2002, pp. 154-169.
Springer DOI 0205
Evaluation, OCR. BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, A4, A2:
Truthing, testing and evaluation issues in complex systems,
ICDAR01(1205-1214).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Soh, J.[Jung],
Computational method for document object locator combination,
IVC(22), No. 12, 1 October 2004, pp. 1015-1029.
WWW Link. 0409
Finding address blocks. BibRef

Gaceb, D.[Djamel], Eglin, V.[Véronique], Le Bourgeois, F.[Frank], Emptoz, H.[Hubert],
Improvement of postal mail sorting system,
IJDAR(11), No. 2, November 2008, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0810
BibRef
Earlier:
A New Pyramidal Approach for the Address Block Location Based on Hierarchical Graph Coloring,
ICIAR07(1276-1288).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Paquet, T.[Thierry], Heutte, L.[Laurent], Koch, G.[Guillaume], Chatelain, C.[Clément],
A categorization system for handwritten documents,
IJDAR(15), No. 4, December 2012, pp. 315-330.
WWW Link. 1212
BibRef

Thomas, S.[Simon], Chatelain, C.[Clement], Heutte, L.[Laurent], Paquet, T.[Thierry],
An Information Extraction Model for Unconstrained Handwritten Documents,
ICPR10(3412-3415).
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef

Chatelain, C.[Clément], Heutte, L.[Laurent], Paquet, T.[Thierry],
A two-stage outlier rejection strategy for numerical field extraction in handwritten documents,
ICPR06(III: 224-227).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef
And:
Segmentation-Driven Recognition Applied to Numerical Field Extraction from Handwritten Incoming Mail Documents,
DAS06(564-575).
Springer DOI 0602
BibRef


Gordo, A., Rusinol, M., Karatzas, D., Bagdanov, A.D.,
Document Classification and Page Stream Segmentation for Digital Mailroom Applications,
ICDAR13(621-625)
IEEE DOI 1312
computational complexity BibRef

Liu, L.[Li], Lu, Y.[Yue], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
Retrieval of Envelope Images Using Graph Matching,
ICDAR11(99-103).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef

Kermorvant, C.[Christopher], Louradour, J.[Jerome],
Handwritten Mail Classification Experiments with the Rimes Database,
FHR10(241-246).
IEEE DOI 1011
BibRef

Kothari, G.[Govind], Faruquie, T.A.[Tanveer A.], Subramaniam, L.V.[L. Venkata], Prasad, K.H.[K. Hima], Mohania, M.K.[Mukesh K.],
Transfer of Supervision for Improved Address Standardization,
ICPR10(2178-2181).
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef

Dong, X.H.[Xing-Hui], Dong, J.Y.[Jun-Yu], Wang, S.K.[Sheng-Ke],
Segmentation of Chinese Postal Envelope Images for Address Block Location,
ISVC09(II: 558-567).
Springer DOI 0911
BibRef

Grosicki, E.[Emmanuèle], Carré, M.[Matthieu], Brodin, J.M.[Jean-Marie], Geoffrois, E.[Edouard],
Results of the RIMES Evaluation Campaign for Handwritten Mail Processing,
ICDAR09(941-945).
IEEE DOI 0907
BibRef

de Rijcke, M., Bojovic, M., Homan, W., Nuijt, M.,
Issues in developing a commercial parcel reading system,
ICDAR05(II: 1015-1019).
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef

Han, Z.[Zhi], Liu, C.P.[Chang-Ping], Yin, X.C.[Xu-Cheng],
A two-stage handwritten character segmentation approach in mail address recognition,
ICDAR05(I: 111-115).
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef

Kim, G.H.[Gyeong-Hwan], Lee, S.G.[Seok-Goo], Shin, M.Y.[Mi-Young], Nam, Y.S.[Yun Seok],
Analysis of postal address fields for efficient encoding of Korean mail pieces,
ICDAR01(675-679).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Watanabe, T., Shimasaki, T.,
Estimation of home-address numbers on the basis of relationships and directions among house blocks,
ICDAR01(1245-1254).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Likforman-Sulem, L.,
Name block location in facsimile images using spatial/visual cues,
ICDAR01(680-684).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Leedham, G., Tan, W.K.[Wei Kei], Yap, W.L.[Weng Lee],
Handwritten country name identification using vector quantisation and hidden Markov model,
ICDAR01(685-688).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Roy, K., Vajda, S., Pal, U., Chaudhuri, B.B., Belaid, A.,
A system for Indian postal automation,
ICDAR05(II: 1060-1064).
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef

Vajda, S., Belaid, A.,
Structural information implant in a context based segmentation-free HMM handwritten word recognition system for Latin and Bangla script,
ICDAR05(II: 1126-1130).
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef

Kagehiro, T., Koga, M., Sako, H., Fujisawa, H.,
Address-block extraction by bayesian rule,
ICPR04(II: 582-585).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Jang, S.I.[Seung Ick], Jeong, S.H.[Seon Hwa], Nam, Y.S.[Yun-Seok],
Classification of Machine-Printed and Handwritten Addresses on Korean Mail Piece Images Using Geometric Features,
ICPR04(II: 383-386).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Jeong, S.H.[Seon Hwa], Jang, S.I.[Seung Ick], Nam, Y.S.[Yun-Seok],
Locating Destination Address Block in Korean Mail Images,
ICPR04(II: 387-390).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Brakensiek, A., Rottland, J., Rigoll, G.,
Confidence measures for an address reading system,
ICDAR03(294-298).
IEEE DOI 0311
BibRef

Brakensiek, A., Rottland, J., Rigoll, G.,
Handwritten address recognition with open vocabulary using character N-grams,
FHR02(357-362).
IEEE Top Reference. 0209
BibRef

Yonekura, E.A., Facon, J.,
Postal envelope segmentation by 2-D histogram clustering through watershed transform,
ICDAR03(338-342).
IEEE DOI 0311
BibRef

Govindaraju, V., Tulyakov, S.,
Postal address block location by contour clustering,
ICDAR03(429-432).
IEEE DOI 0311
BibRef

Tulyakov, S., Govindaraju, V.,
Probabilistic model for segmentation based word recognition with lexicon,
ICDAR01(164-167).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Aradhye, H.B., Myers, G.K., Herson, J.A.,
Image analysis for efficient categorization of image-based spam e-mail,
ICDAR05(II: 914-918).
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef

Nitz, K.C., Cruz, W., Aradhye, H., Shaham, T., Myers, G.K.,
An image-based mail facing and orientation system for enhanced postal automation,
ICDAR03(694-698).
IEEE DOI 0311
BibRef

Menoti, D., Borges, D.L., Facon, J., de Souza Britto, Jr., A.[Alceu],
Segmentation of postal envelopes for address block location: an approach based on feature selection in wavelet space,
ICDAR03(699-703).
IEEE DOI 0311
BibRef

Shridhar, M., Kimura, F., Truijen, B., Houle, G.F.,
Impact of lexicon completeness on city name recognition,
FHR02(513-518).
IEEE Top Reference. 0209
BibRef

Brakensiek, A., Rottland, J., Wallhoff, F., Rigoll, G.,
Adaptation of an address reading system to local mail streams,
ICDAR01(872-876).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Tomai, C., Allen, K.M., Srihari, S.N.,
Recognition of handwritten foreign mail,
ICDAR01(882-886).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Mao, J.C.[Jian-Chang], Sinha, P.[Prasun], Mohiuddin, M.[Moidin],
A System for Cursive Handwritten Address Recognition,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1285-1287).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef

Chen, H.[Hao], Hu, J.Y.[Jian-Ying], Sproat, R.[Richard],
E-Mail Signature Block Analysis,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1153-1156).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef

Bartnik, D.[David], Phan, B.[Binh], Srihari, S.[Sargur], Govindaraju, V.[Venugopal],
Postal Reply Card Processing,
ICPR98(Vol I: 633-636).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef

Nakajima, N., Tsuchiya, T., Kamimura, T., Yamada, K.,
Analysis of Address Layout on Japanese Handwritten Mail: A Hierarchical Process of Hypothesis Verification,
ICPR96(III: 726-731).
IEEE DOI 9608
(NEC Corporation, J) BibRef

Srihari, S.N., Kuebert, E.J.,
Integration of Hand-Written Address Interpretation Technology into the United States Postal Service Remote Computer Reader System,
ICDAR97(892-896).
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef

Yu, B., Jain, A.K., Mohiuddin, M.,
Address Block Location on Complex Mail Pieces,
ICDAR97(897-901).
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef

Wolf, M., Schmidt, W., Niemann, H.,
Fast Address Block Location on Handwritten and Machine Printed Mail-Piece Images,
ICDAR97(753-757).
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef

Wolf, M., Niemann, H.,
Form-based localization of the destination address block on complex envelopes,
ICDAR97(908-913).
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef

Garibotto, G., Scagliola, C.,
Computer vision and image processing in postal automation,
CIAP97(II: 705-712).
Springer DOI 9709
BibRef

Mulgaonkar, P.G.,
Automatic Detection of Address Blocks on Irregular Mail Pieces,
CVPR86(672-674). BibRef 8600

Bruckner, T.[Thomas], Suda, P.[Peter], Block, H.U.[Hans Ulrich], Maderlechner, G.[Gerd],
In-House Mail Distribution by Automatic Address and Content Interpretation,
SDAIR96(XX) Siemens AG Corporate Research and Development. BibRef 9600

Tsuchiya, T., Nakajima, N., Kamimura, T.,
A method for determining address format in the automated sorting of Japanese mail,
CIAP95(551-556).
Springer DOI 9509
BibRef

Lii, J.C.[Jen-Chyou], Srihari, S.N.,
Use of character recognition and syntax in locating address paragraphs in complex documents,
ICPR94(B:374-376).
IEEE DOI 9410
BibRef

Hoch, R., Hein, H.G., Kieninger, T.,
Using a partitioned dictionary for contextual post-processing of OCR-results,
ICPR94(B:274-278).
IEEE DOI 9410
BibRef

Kalberg, R.J.N., Quint, G.H., Scholten, H.,
Automatic interpretation of Dutch addresses,
ICPR92(II:367-370).
IEEE DOI 9208
BibRef

Lecolinet, E., Moreau, J.V.,
Off-line recognition of handwritten cursive script for the automatic reading of city names on real mail,
ICPR90(I: 674-676).
IEEE DOI 9006
BibRef

Kabir, E., Downton, A.C., Birch, R.,
Recognition and verification of postcodes in handwritten and hand-printed addresses,
ICPR90(I: 469-473).
IEEE DOI 9006
BibRef

Long, S.J., d'Amato, D.P., Sack, M.,
OCR in the United States Postal Service: Present Status and Future Needs,
ICPR84(945-947). BibRef 8400

Chapter on OCR, Document Analysis and Character Recognition Systems continues in
Engineering Drawings, Hand Drawings Analysis .


Last update:Nov 18, 2017 at 20:56:18