21.2.8.3 Finding Faces by Color Features

Chapter Contents (Back)
Faces, Locating. Face Detection. Skin Detection. Application, Face Detection. Color. See also Skin Color Models, Skin Detection.

Lee, C.H., Kim, J.S., Park, K.H.,
Automatic Human Face Location in a Complex Background Using Motion and Color Information,
PR(29), No. 11, November 1996, pp. 1877-1889.
WWW Link. 9612
BibRef

Dai, Y.[Ying], Nakano, Y.[Yasuaki],
Face-Texture Model-Based on SGLD and Its Application in Face Detection in a Color Scene,
PR(29), No. 6, June 1996, pp. 1007-1017.
WWW Link. 9606
BibRef

Chen, C., Chiang, S.P.,
Detection of Human Faces in Color Images,
VISP(144), No. 6, December 1997, pp. 384-388. 9806
BibRef

Kinjo, N.[Naoto],
Method of determining an exposure amount using optical recognition of facial features,
US_Patent5,629,752, May 13, 1997
WWW Link. BibRef 9705

Wu, H.Y.[Hai-Yuan], Chen, Q.[Qian], Yachida, M.,
Face Detection from Color Images Using a Fuzzy Pattern Matching Method,
PAMI(21), No. 6, June 1999, pp. 557-563.
IEEE DOI Use skin color and hair color models. BibRef 9906

Chen, Q.[Qian], Wu, H.Y.[Hai-Yuan], Yachida, M.[Masahiko],
Face Detection by Fuzzy Pattern Matching,
ICCV95(591-596).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9500

Wu, H.Y.[Hai-Yuan], Chen, Q.[Qian], Yachida, M.,
An Fuzzy Theory Based Face Detector,
ICPR96(III: 406-410).
IEEE DOI 9608
(Osaka Univ., J) BibRef

Wu, H.Y.[Hai-Yuan], Chen, Q.[Qian], Yachida, M.,
Facial Feature Extraction and Face Verification,
ICPR96(III: 484-488).
IEEE DOI 9608
(Osaka Univ., J) BibRef

Yachida, M.[Masahiko], Pramadihanto, D.[Dadet], Iwai, Y.[Yoshio],
A Flexible Feature Matching for Automatic Face and Facial Feature Points Detection,
ICPR98(Vol I: 92-95).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef

Wu, H., Yokoyama, T., Pramadihanto, D., Yachida, M.,
Face and facial feature extraction from color image,
AFGR96(345-350).
IEEE DOI 9610
BibRef

Cai, J., Goshtasby, A.,
Detecting human faces in color images,
IVC(18), No. 1, December 1999, pp. 63-75.
WWW Link. 0001
BibRef

Wang, J.G.[Jian-Gang], Sung, E.[Eric],
Frontal-view face detection and facial feature extraction using color and morphological operations,
PRL(20), No. 10, October 1999, pp. 1053-1068. 9911
BibRef

Liu, C.H., Collin, C.A., Burton, A.M., and Chaudhuri, A.,
Lighting direction affects recognition of untextured faces in photographic positive and negative,
Vision Research(39), No. 24, December 1999, pp. 4003-4009.
WWW Link. 5 lighting directions (top to bottom). Negatives better for bottom lighting. BibRef 9912

Wang, Y.J.[Yan-Jiang], Yuan, B.Z.[Bao-Zong],
A novel approach for human face detection from color images under complex background,
PR(34), No. 10, October 2001, pp. 1983-1992.
WWW Link. 0108
BibRef

Hsu, R.L.[Rein-Lien], Abdel-Mottaleb, M.[Mohamed], Jain, A.K.[Anil K.],
Face Detection in Color Images,
PAMI(24), No. 5, May 2002, pp. 696-706.
IEEE DOI 0205
BibRef
Earlier: ICIP01(I: 1046-1049).
IEEE DOI 0108
Lighting compensentation, color transformation, detect skin regions and form faces from skin regions. BibRef

Abdel-Mottaleb, M.[Mohamed], Elgammal, A.M.[Ahmed M.],
Face Detection in Complex Environments from Color Images,
ICIP99(III:622-626).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9900

Wong, K.W.[Kwok-Wai], Lam, K.M.[Kin-Man], Siu, W.C.[Wan-Chi],
A robust scheme for live detection of human faces in color images,
SP:IC(18), No. 2, February 2003, pp. 103-114.
WWW Link. 0301
BibRef

Chow, T.Y.[Tze-Yin], Lam, K.M.[Kin-Man],
Mean-shift based mixture model for face detection in color image,
ICIP04(I: 601-604).
IEEE DOI 0505
BibRef

Hong, Q.H.[Qi He], Holliman, N.S.[Nicolas Steven], Ezra, D.[David],
Method of and apparatus for detecting a face-like region and observer tracking display,
US_Patent6,504,942, Jan 7, 2003
WWW Link. BibRef 0301
And:
Method of and apparatus for detecting a human face and observer tracking display,
US_Patent6,633,655, Oct 14, 2003
WWW Link. BibRef

Störring, M.[Moritz], Kocka, T.[Tomás], Andersen, H.J.[Hans J.], Granum, E.[Erik],
Tracking regions of human skin through illumination changes,
PRL(24), No. 11, July 2003, pp. 1715-1723.
WWW Link. 0304
BibRef

Pan, Z.H.[Zhi-Hong], Healey, G.[Glen], Prasad, M., Tromberg, B.J.,
Face recognition in hyperspectral images,
PAMI(25), No. 12, December 2003, pp. 1552-1560.
IEEE Abstract. 0401
BibRef
Earlier: CVPR03(I: 334-339).
IEEE DOI 0307
Near infra-red gets under skin structure, which are stable over time and pose and unique to the person. BibRef

Phung, S.L.[Son Lam], Bouzerdoum, A.[Abdesselam], Chai, D.[Douglas],
Skin Segmentation Using Color Pixel Classification: Analysis and Comparison,
PAMI(27), No. 1, January 2005, pp. 148-154.
IEEE Abstract. 0412
BibRef
Earlier:
A novel skin color model in YCBCR color space and its application to human face detection,
ICIP02(I: 289-292).
IEEE DOI 0210
BibRef

Waring, C.A., Liu, X.W.[Xiu-Wen],
Face Detection Using Spectral Histograms and SVMs,
SMC-B(35), No. 3, June 2005, pp. 467-476.
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef

Waring, C.A., Liu, X.W.[Xiu-Wen],
Rotation Invariant Face Detection using Spectral Histograms and Support Vector Machines,
ICIP06(677-680).
IEEE DOI 0610
BibRef

Dobashi, H.[Hironori], Hirasawa, T.[Toshio], Okazaki, A.[Akio], Sato, T.[Toshio], Sukegawa, H.[Hiroshi],
Facial image recognition apparatus,
US_Patent6,882,741, Apr 19, 2005
WWW Link. BibRef 0504

Dobashi, H.[Hironori],
Face image recognition apparatus,
US_Patent7,050,608, May 23, 2006
WWW Link. BibRef 0605

Nayak, A.[Arvind], Chaudhuri, S.[Subhasis],
Automatic illumination correction for scene enhancement and object tracking,
IVC(24), No. 9, September 2006, pp. 949-959.
WWW Link. 0608
BibRef
Earlier:
Self-induced color correction for skin tracking under varying illumination,
ICIP03(III: 1009-1012).
IEEE DOI 0312
Illumination correction; Skin color; Contrast transfer; Neural network; Condensation tracker; Fuzzy c-means clustering BibRef

Wang, F.[Fei], Wang, J.D.[Jing-Dong], Zhang, C.S.[Chang-Shui], Kwok, J.T.[James T.],
Face recognition using spectral features,
PR(40), No. 10, October 2007, pp. 2786-2797.
WWW Link. 0707
Face recognition; Spectral features; Kernel See also Visual object recognition using probabilistic kernel subspace similarity. BibRef

Lin, C.H.[Chiun-Hsiun],
Face detection in complicated backgrounds and different illumination conditions by using YCbCr color space and neural network,
PRL(28), No. 16, December 2007, pp. 2190-2200.
WWW Link. 0711
Face detection; Color segmentation; Triangle-based segmentation; Neural network BibRef

Lee, K.M.[Kyoung-Mi],
Component-based face detection and verification,
PRL(29), No. 3, 1 February 2008, pp. 200-214.
WWW Link. 0801
Face detection; Face verification; Component-based method; Online clustering; Color image See also Model-based detection, segmentation, and classification for image analysis using on-line shape learning. BibRef

Demirel, H.[Hasan], Anbarjafari, G.[Gholamreza],
Pose Invariant Face Recognition Using Probability Distribution Functions in Different Color Channels,
SPLetters(15), No. 1, 2008, pp. 537-540.
IEEE DOI 0810
BibRef

Anbarjafari, G.[Gholamreza],
Face recognition using color local binary pattern from mutually independent color channels,
JIVP(2012), No. 1, 2013, pp. 6.
DOI Link 1302
BibRef

Amjad, A., Griffiths, A., Patwary, M.N.,
Multiple face detection algorithm using colour skin modelling,
IET-IPR(6), No. 8, 2012, pp. 1093-1101.
DOI Link 1302
BibRef

Ban, Y.[Yuseok], Kim, S.K.[Sang-Ki], Kim, S.[Sooyeon], Toh, K.A.[Kar-Ann], Lee, S.Y.[Sang-Youn],
Face detection based on skin color likelihood,
PR(47), No. 4, 2014, pp. 1573-1585.
Elsevier DOI 1402
Face detection BibRef

Liu, Q.[Qian],
Colour-feature dual discriminating correlation analysis for face recognition,
IET-CV(9), No. 4, 2015, pp. 467-475.
DOI Link 1509
correlation methods BibRef

Wu, F.[Fei], Jing, X.Y.[Xiao-Yuan], Dong, X.[Xiwei], Ge, Q.[Qi], Wu, S.S.[Song-Song], Liu, Q.[Qian], Yue, D.[Dong], Yang, J.Y.[Jing-Yu],
Uncorrelated multi-set feature learning for color face recognition,
PR(60), No. 1, 2016, pp. 630-646.
Elsevier DOI 1609
Multi-set discriminant feature learning BibRef

Chen, G.Y.[Guang-Yi], Li, C.J.[Chang-Jun], Sun, W.[Wei],
Case Study: Hyperspectral face recognition via feature extraction and CRC-based classifier,
IET-IPR(11), No. 4, April 2017, pp. 266-272.
DOI Link 1704
BibRef

Luo, Y.[Yong], Guan, Y.P.[Ye-Peng],
Adaptive skin detection using face location and facial structure estimation,
IET-CV(11), No. 7, October 2017, pp. 550-559.
DOI Link 1709
BibRef


Neog, D.R., Ranjan, A., Pai, D.K.,
Seeing Skin in Reduced Coordinates,
FG17(484-489)
IEEE DOI 1707
Cameras, Face, Image reconstruction, Shape, Skin, Three-dimensional displays, Tracking BibRef

Dahal, B., Alsadoon, A., Prasad, P.W.C., Elchouemi, A.,
Incorporating skin color for improved face detection and tracking system,
Southwest16(173-176)
IEEE DOI 1605
Face BibRef

Liang, J.[Jie], Zhou, J.[Jun], Gao, Y.S.[Yong-Sheng],
3D local derivative pattern for hyperspectral face recognition,
FG15(1-6)
IEEE DOI 1508
face recognition BibRef

Bianco, S.[Simone],
Can Linear Data Projection Improve Hyperspectral Face Recognition?,
CCIW15(161-170).
Springer DOI 1504
BibRef

Sattiraju, M., Vikram Manikandan, M., Manikantan, K., Ramachandran, S.,
Adaptive BPSO based feature selection and skin detection based background removal for enhanced face recognition,
NCVPRIPG13(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1408
discrete wavelet transforms BibRef

Zhang, J.X.[Ji-Xia], Wang, H.B.[Hai-Bo], Liu, S.G.[Shao-Guo], Duan, J.Y.[Jiang-Yong], Wang, Y.[Ying], Pan, C.H.[Chun-Hong],
An integrated graph-based face segmentation approach from Kinect videos,
ICIP13(2733-2737)
IEEE DOI 1402
Skin detection; depth; face segmentation BibRef

Al-Qarni, G.F.[Garsah Farhan], Deravi, F.[Farzin],
Explicit Integration of Identity Information from Skin Regions to Improve Face Recognition,
ICIAR12(II: 30-37).
Springer DOI 1206
BibRef

Kim, G.[Gahyun], Suhr, J.K.[Jae Kyu], Jung, H.G.[Ho Gi], Kim, J.H.[Jai-Hie],
Face occlusion detection by using B-spline active contour and skin color information,
ICARCV10(627-632).
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Vijayanandh, R., Balakrishnan, G.,
Human face detection using color spaces and region property measures,
ICARCV10(1605-1610).
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Ruangyam, P., Covavisaruch, N.,
An efficient region-based skin color model for reliable face localization,
IVCNZ09(260-265).
IEEE DOI 0911
BibRef

Kong, W.Z.[Wan-Zeng], Zhang, J.H.[Jian-Hai], Zhou, W.H.[Wen-Hui], Wu, E.Y.[Er-Yong],
MSV-Based Face Detection in Color Images,
CISP09(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0910
BibRef

Wang, X.J.[Xiao-Jie],
A New Algorithm of Face Detection Based on Color Information and Face Contour,
CISP09(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0910
BibRef

Al Haj, M.[Murad], Bagdanov, A.D.[Andrew D.], Gonzŕlez, J.[Jordi], Roca, F.X.[F. Xavier],
Robust and Efficient Multipose Face Detection Using Skin Color Segmentation,
IbPRIA09(152-159).
Springer DOI 0906
BibRef

Beniak, M., Pavlovicova, J., Oravec, M.,
Automatic face detection based on chrominance components analysis,
WSSIP08(475-478).
IEEE DOI 0806
BibRef

Villegas, M., Paredes, R., Juan, A., Vidal, E.,
Face verification on color images using local features,
Biometrics08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0806
BibRef

Peng, Y.X.[Yu-Xin], Jin, Y.X.[Yu-Xin], He, K.Z.[Ke-Zhong], Sun, F.C.[Fu-Chun], Liu, H.P.[Hua-Ping], Tao, L.M.[Lin-Mi],
Color Model based real-time Face Detection with AdaBoost in color image,
ICMV07(40-45).
IEEE DOI 0712
BibRef

Ferreira, A.M.[António Mota], Correia, M.V.[Miguel Velhote],
Face Detection Based on Skin Color in Video Images with Dynamic Background,
ICIAR07(254-262).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Villegas, M.[Mauricio], Paredes, R.[Roberto],
Face Recognition in Color Using Complex and Hypercomplex Representations,
IbPRIA07(I: 217-224).
Springer DOI 0706
BibRef

Deriche, M.[Mohamed], Naseem, I.[Imran],
A New Approach to Face Localization in the HSV Space Using the Gaussian Model,
ACIVS07(373-383).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Pierrard, J.S.[Jean-Sebastien], Vetter, T.[Thomas],
Skin Detail Analysis for Face Recognition,
CVPR07(1-8).
IEEE DOI 0706
BibRef

Kollreider, K.[Klaus], Fronthaler, H.[Hartwig], Bigun, J.[Josef],
Real-Time Face Detection Using Illumination Invariant Features,
SCIA07(41-50).
Springer DOI 0706
See also Non-intrusive liveness detection by face images. BibRef

Lai, W.H.[Wen-Hsiang], Li, C.T.[Chang-Tsun],
Skin Colour-Based Face Detection in Colour Images,
AVSBS06(56-56).
IEEE DOI 0611
BibRef

Tao, L.[Li], Tompkins, R.C., Asari, V.K.[Vijayan K.],
An Illuminance-Reflectance Model for Nonlinear Enhancement of Color Images,
FRGC05(III: 159-159).
IEEE DOI 0507
BibRef
And:
An illuminance-reflectance nonlinear video enhancement model for homeland security applications,
AIPR05(28-35).
IEEE DOI 0510
BibRef
And: A1, A3, Only:
A Robust Image Enhancement Technique for Improving Image Visual Quality in Shadowed Scenes,
CIVR05(395-404).
Springer DOI 0507
See also multisensor image fusion and enhancement system for assisting drivers in poor lighting conditions, A. BibRef

Jiang, X.Y.[Xiao-Yue], Zhao, T.[Tuo], Zhao, R.C.[Rong-Chun],
Curve Mapping Based Illumination Adjustment for Face Detection,
ACIVS06(687-698).
Springer DOI 0609
BibRef

Jiang, X.Y.[Xiao-Yue], Sun, P.[Pei], Xiao, R.[Rong], Zhao, R.C.[Rong-Chun],
Perception Based Lighting Balance for Face Detection,
ACCV06(II:531-540).
Springer DOI 0601
BibRef

Garcia, J.[Justin], da Vitoria Lobo, N.[Niels], Shah, M.[Mubarak], Feinstein, J.[Jason],
Automatic Detection of Heads in Colored Images,
CRV05(276-281).
IEEE DOI 0505
BibRef

Chen, C.Y.[Cheng-Yao], Wolf, W.,
Real-time illumination compensation for face processing in video surveillance,
AVSBS05(293-298).
IEEE DOI 0602
BibRef

Cooray, S.[Saman], O'Connor, N.E.[Noel E.],
A hybrid technique for face detection in color images,
AVSBS05(253-258).
IEEE DOI 0602
BibRef
Earlier:
Facial Feature Extraction and Principal Component Analysis for Face Detection in Color Images,
ICIAR04(II: 741-749).
Springer DOI 0409
BibRef

Yuk, J.S.C.[Jacky S.C.], Wong, K.Y.K.[Kwan-Yee K.], Chung, R.H.Y.[Ronald H.Y.],
A Multi-level Supporting Scheme for Face Recognition under Partial Occlusions and Disguise,
ACCV10(IV: 690-701).
Springer DOI 1011
BibRef

Wong, S.F.[Shu-Fai], Wong, K.Y.K.[Kwan-Yee Kenneth],
Fast Face Detection Using QuadTree Based Color Analysis and Support Vector Verification,
ICIAR04(II: 676-683).
Springer DOI 0409
BibRef

Yin, J.Q.[Jian-Qin], Li, J.P.[Jin-Ping], Han, Y.B.[Yan-Bin], Cao, A.[Aizeng],
A new color-based face detection and location by using support vector machine,
ICARCV04(II: 838-841).
IEEE DOI 0412
BibRef

Lee, S.K.[Sang-Keun], Hayes, M.H.,
A simple and fast color-based human face detection scheme for content-based indexing and retrieval,
ICIP04(I: 701-704).
IEEE DOI 0505
BibRef

Chien, J.C.[Jong-Chih], Li, C.C.,
Skin color detection in low bit-rate 3-D multiwavelet-based videos,
ICPR04(I: 720-723).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

de Dios, J.J., Garcia, N.,
Fast face segmentation in component color space,
ICIP04(I: 191-194).
IEEE DOI 0505
BibRef
Earlier:
Face detection based on a new color space YCgCr,
ICIP03(III: 909-912).
IEEE DOI 0312
BibRef

Laurent, C., Laurent, N., Bodo, Y.,
A human skin detector combining mean shift analysis and watershed algorithm,
ICIP03(III: 1025-1028).
IEEE DOI 0312
BibRef

Ikeda, O.[Osamu],
Segmentation of Faces in Video Footage Using Controlled Weights on HSV Color,
SCIA03(163-170).
Springer DOI 0310
BibRef
And:
Segmentation of faces in video footage using HSV color for face detection and image retrieval,
ICIP03(III: 913-916).
IEEE DOI 0312
BibRef

Solina, F.[Franc], Peer, P.[Peter], Batagelj, B.[Borut], Juvan, S.[Samo], Kovac, J.[Jure],
Color-Based Face Detection in the '15 Seconds of Fame' Art Installation,
MIRAGE03(38-47).
PDF File. BibRef 0300

Marcel, S.[Sébastien], Bengio, S.,
Improving face verification using skin color information,
ICPR02(II: 378-381).
IEEE DOI 0211
BibRef

Pei, S.C.[Soo-Chang], Tseng, C.L.[Ching-Long],
Robust face detection for different chromatic illuminations,
ICIP02(II: 765-768).
IEEE DOI 0210
BibRef

Lourens, T., Okuno, H.G., Kitano, H.,
Automatic graph extraction from color images,
CIAP01(302-308).
WWW Link. 0210
BibRef

Srisuk, S., Kurutach, W.,
A new robust face detection in color images,
AFGR02(291-296).
IEEE DOI 0206
BibRef

Srisuk, S., Kurutach, W.,
New Robust Hausdorff Distance-based Face Detection,
ICIP01(I: 1022-1025).
IEEE DOI 0108
BibRef

Yip, A.[Andrew], Sinha, P.[Pawan],
Role of Color in Face Recognition,
MIT AIM-2001-035, December 2001.
WWW Link. 0205
BibRef

Brand, J.D., Mason, J.S.,
A Skin Probability Map and Its Use in Face Detection,
ICIP01(I: 1034-1037).
IEEE DOI 0108
BibRef

Brand, J.D., Mason, J.S., Pawlewski, M.,
Face Detection in Colour Images,
ICIP01(I: 1038-1041).
IEEE DOI 0108
BibRef

Terrillon, J.C., McReynolds, D., Sadek, M., Sheng, Y., Akamatsu, S.,
Invariant Neural-network Based Face Detection with Orthogonal Fourier-Mellin Moments,
ICPR00(Vol II: 993-1000).
IEEE DOI 0009
See also Orthogonal Fourier-Mellin moments for invariant pattern recognition. BibRef

Terrillon, J.C.[Jean-Christophe], David, M.[Martin], Akamatsu, S.[Shigeru],
Detection of Human Faces in Complex Scene Images by Use of a Skin Color Model and of Invariant Fourier-Mellin Moments,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1350-1355).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef

Terrillon, J.C., David, M., Akamatsu, S.,
Automatic Detection of Human Faces in Natural Scene Images by Use of a Skin Color Model and of Invariant Moments,
AFGR98(112-117).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9800

Terrillon, J.C.[Jean-Christophe], Shirazi, M.N.[Mahdad N.], Fukamachi, H.[Hideo], Akamatsu, S.[Shigeru],
Comparative Performance of Different Skin Chrominance Models and Chrominance Spaces for the Detection of Human Faces in Color Images,
AFGR00(54-61).
IEEE DOI 0003
BibRef

Liu, Z.C.[Zi-Cheng], Zhang, Z.Y.[Zheng-You],
Robust Head Motion Computation by Taking Advantage of Physical Properties,
HUMO00(73-78).
IEEE Top Reference. 0010
BibRef

Wu, H., Fukumoto, T., Chen, Q., Yachida, M.,
Active Face Observation System,
ICPR96(III: 441-445).
IEEE DOI 9608
(Osaka Univ., J) BibRef

Torres, L., Reutter, J.Y., Lorente, L.,
The importance of the color information in face recognition,
ICIP99(III:627-631).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9900

Kim, S.H., Kim, N.K., Ahn, S.C., Kim, H.G.,
Object Oriented Face Detection Using Range and Color Information,
AFGR98(76-81).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9800

Marchand-Maillet, S., Merialdo, B.,
Pseudo Two-dimensional Hidden Markov Models for Face Detection in Colour Images,
AVBPA99(xx-yy). BibRef 9900

Menser, B.[Bernd],
Segmentation of Human Faces in Color Images Using Connected Operators,
ICIP99(III:632-636).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9900

Yang, M.H.[Ming-Hsuan], Ahuja, N.,
Detecting human faces in color images,
ICIP98(I: 127-130).
IEEE DOI 9810
BibRef

Ranefall, P.[Petter], Nordin, B.[Bo], Bengtsson, E.[Ewert],
Finding facial features using an HLS colour space,
CIAP95(191-196).
Springer DOI 9509
BibRef

Saxe, D., Foulds, R.,
Toward robust skin identification in video images,
AFGR96(379-384).
IEEE DOI 9610
BibRef

Chapter on Face Recognition, Detection, Tracking, Gesture Recognition, Fingerprints, Biometrics continues in
Learning Face Detection, Neural Nets, SVM .


Last update:Nov 11, 2017 at 13:31:57