21.2.11.1 Skin Color Models, Skin Detection

Chapter Contents (Back)
Color. Skin Detection. See also Finding Faces by Color Features.

McKenna, S.J.[Stephen J.], Gong, S.G.[Shao-Gang], Raja, Y.[Yogesh],
Modelling facial colour and identity with Gaussian mixtures,
PR(31), No. 12, December 1998, pp. 1883-1892.
WWW Link. See also Tracking colour objects using adaptive mixture models. BibRef 9812

Chai, D., Ngan, K.N.,
Face Segmentation Using Skin-Color Map in Videophone Applications,
CirSysVideo(9), No. 4, June 1999, pp. 551.
IEEE Top Reference. BibRef 9906
Earlier:
Locating Facial Region of a Head-and-Shoulders Color Image,
AFGR98(124-129).
IEEE DOI BibRef

Tsumura, N.[Norimichi], Haneishi, H.[Hideaki], Miyake, Y.[Yoichi],
Independent-component analysis of skin color image,
JOSA-A(16), No. 9, September 1999, pp. 2169-2176. BibRef 9909

Bergasa, L.M., Mazo, M., Gardel, A., Sotelo, M.A., Boquete, L.,
Unsupervised and adaptive Gaussian skin-color model,
IVC(18), No. 12, September 2000, pp. 987-1003.
WWW Link. 0008
BibRef

Qian, R.[Richard],
System for detecting skin-tone regions within an image,
US_Patent6,332,033, Dec 18, 2001
WWW Link. BibRef 0112

Cho, K.M.[Kyung-Min], Jang, J.H.[Jeong-Hun], Hong, K.S.[Ki-Sang],
Adaptive skin-color filter,
PR(34), No. 5, May 2001, pp. 1067-1073.
WWW Link. 0102
BibRef

Greenspan, H.[Hayit], Goldberger, J.[Jacob], Eshet, I.[Itay],
Mixture model for face-color modeling and segmentation,
PRL(22), No. 14, December 2001, pp. 1525-1536.
Elsevier DOI 0110
BibRef

Jones, M.J.[Michael J.], Rehg, J.M.[James M.],
Statistical Color Models with Application to Skin Detection,
IJCV(46), No. 1, January 2002, pp. 81-96.
DOI Link 0201
BibRef
Earlier: CVPR99(I: 274-280).
IEEE DOI BibRef

Soriano, M.[Maricor], Martinkauppi, B.[Brigitta], Huovinen, S.[Sami], Laaksonen, M.[Mika],
Adaptive skin color modeling using the skin locus for selecting training pixels,
PR(36), No. 3, March 2003, pp. 681-690.
WWW Link. 0301
BibRef

Caetano, T.S.[Tibério S.], Olabarriaga, S.D.[Sílvia D.], Barone, D.A.C.[Dante A. C.],
Do mixture models in chromaticity space improve skin detection?,
PR(36), No. 12, December 2003, pp. 3019-3021.
WWW Link. 0310
BibRef

Caetano, T.S., Barone, D.A.C.,
A probabilistic model for the human skin color,
CIAP01(279-283).
WWW Link. 0210
BibRef

Preece, S.J.[Stephen J.], Claridge, E.[Ela],
Spectral Filter Optimization for the Recovery of Parameters which Describe Human Skin,
PAMI(26), No. 7, July 2004, pp. 913-922.
IEEE Abstract. 0406
Skin color to find anomolies. BibRef

Gasparini, F.[Francesca], Corchs, S.[Silvia], Schettini, R.[Raimondo],
A recall or precision oriented skin classifier using binary combining strategies,
PR(38), No. 11, November 2005, pp. 2204-2207.
WWW Link. 0509
BibRef

Jedynak, B.[Bruno], Zheng, H.C.[Hui-Cheng], Daoudi, M.[Mohamed],
Skin detection using pairwise models,
IVC(23), No. 13, 29 November 2005, pp. 1122-1130.
WWW Link. 0512
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A3, A1:
From Maximum Entropy to Belief Propagation: An application to Skin Detection,
BMVC04(xx-yy).
HTML Version. 0508
BibRef

Zheng, H.C.[Hui-Cheng], Daoudi, M.[Mohamed],
Blocking Adult Images Based on Statistical Skin Detection,
ELCVIA(4), No. 2, December 2004, pp. xx.
WWW Link. BibRef 0412

Kakumanu, P., Makrogiannis, S., Bourbakis, N.G.,
A survey of skin-color modeling and detection methods,
PR(40), No. 3, March 2007, pp. 1106-1122.
WWW Link. 0611
Survey, Color Models. Award, Pattern Recognition, Honorable Mention. Skin-color modeling; Skin detection; Color spaces and color constancy BibRef

Li, B.[Bin], Xue, X.Y.[Xiang-Yang], Fan, J.P.[Jian-Ping],
A robust incremental learning framework for accurate skin region segmentation in color images,
PR(40), No. 12, December 2007, pp. 3621-3632.
WWW Link. 0709
Skin region segmentation; Specific skin model; Incremental learning; Generic to specific BibRef

Schmugge, S.J.[Stephen J.], Jayaram, S.[Sriram], Shin, M.C.[Min C.], Tsap, L.V.[Leonid V.],
Objective evaluation of approaches of skin detection using ROC analysis,
CVIU(108), No. 1-2, October-November 2007, pp. 41-51.
WWW Link. 0710
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1, A3, A4:
Effect of colorspace transformation,the illuminance component,and color modeling on skin detection,
CVPR04(II: 813-818).
IEEE DOI 0408
Skin detection; Colorspace transformation; Empirical evaluation BibRef

Schmugge, S.J.[Stephen J.], Zaffar, M.A.[M. Adeel], Tsap, L.V.[Leonid V.], Shin, M.C.[Min C.],
Task-based evaluation of skin detection for communication and perceptual interfaces,
JVCIR(18), No. 6, December 2007, pp. 487-495.
WWW Link. 0711
Skin detection; Hand detection; Empirical evaluation BibRef

Marguier, J., Bhatti, N., Baker, H., Harville, M., Süsstrunk, S.,
Assessing human skin color from uncalibrated images,
IJIST(17), No. 3, 2007, pp. 143-151.
DOI Link 0711
BibRef

Juang, C.F., Chiu, S.H., Shiu, S.J.,
Fuzzy System Learned Through Fuzzy Clustering and Support Vector Machine for Human Skin Color Segmentation,
SMC-A(37), No. 6, November 2007, pp. 1077-1087.
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Shamsi, M.[Mousa], Zoroofi, R.A.[Reza Aghaiezadeh], Lucas, C.[Caro], Hasanabadi, M.S.[Mohammad Sadeghi], Alsharif, M.R.[Mohammad Reza],
Automatic Facial Skin Segmentation Based on EM Algorithm under Varying Illumination,
IEICE(E91-D), No. 5, May 2008, pp. 1543-1551.
DOI Link 0805
BibRef

Decker, M.[Marvin], Sawaki, M.[Minako],
Lighting Independent Skin Tone Detection Using Neural Networks,
IEICE(E90-D), No. 8, August 2007, pp. 1195-1198.
DOI Link 0708
BibRef

Wang, J.H.[Jia-Hui], Saito, H.[Hideo], Ozawa, S.J.[Shin-Ji], Kuwahara, T.[Tomohiro], Yamashita, T.[Toyonobu], Takahashi, M.[Motoji],
Extraction of Dermo-epidermal Surface from 3d Volumetric Images of Human Skin,
IJIG(3), No. 4, October 2003, pp. 589-608. 0310
BibRef

El Fkihi, S.[Sanaa], Daoudi, M.[Mohamed], Aboutajdine, D.[Driss],
The mixture of K-Optimal-Spanning-Trees based probability approximation: Application to skin detection,
IVC(26), No. 12, 1 December 2008, pp. 1574-1590.
WWW Link. 0810
BibRef
Earlier:
Probability Approximation Using Best-Tree Distribution for Skin Detection,
ACIVS06(767-775).
Springer DOI 0609
Optimal-Spanning-Tree; Dependency tree; Probability mixture; Mixture of trees; Skin detection BibRef

El Fkihi, S., Daoudi, M., Aboutajdine, D.,
Skin and non-skin probability approximation based on discriminative tree distribution,
ICIP09(2377-2380).
IEEE DOI 0911
BibRef

Soetedjo, A.[Aryuanto], Yamada, K.[Koichi],
Skin Color Segmentation Using Coarse-to-Fine Region on Normalized RGB Chromaticity Diagram for Face Detection,
IEICE(E91-D), No. 10, October 2008, pp. 2493-2502.
DOI Link 0804
BibRef

Yamazaki, S.[Sadahiko], Tanibuchi, K.[Kouich],
Moving object monitoring surveillance apparatus for detecting, tracking and identifying a moving object by zooming in on a detected flesh color,
US_Patent7,355,627, Apr 8, 2008
WWW Link. BibRef 0804

Kim, Y.S.[Young-Shin], Na, J.K.[Jae-Keun], Yoon, S.B.[Seong-Beak], Yi, J.H.[June-Ho],
Masked fake face detection using radiance measurements,
JOSA-A(26), No. 4, April 2009, pp. 760-766.
WWW Link. 0903
Differences between real skin values and mask values. BibRef

Sun, H.M.[Hung-Ming],
Skin detection for single images using dynamic skin color modeling,
PR(43), No. 4, April 2010, pp. 1413-1420.
Elsevier DOI 1002
Skin detection; Adaptive skin color model; Clustering algorithm; Bayes classifier BibRef

Jimenez, J.[Jorge], Whelan, D.[David], Sundstedt, V.[Veronica], Gutierrez, D.[Diego],
Real-Time Realistic Skin Translucency,
IEEE_CGA(30), No. 4, July/August 2010, pp. 32-41.
IEEE DOI 1007
BibRef

Bunte, K.[Kerstin], Biehl, M.[Michael], Jonkman, M.F.[Marcel F.], Petkov, N.[Nicolai],
Learning effective color features for content based image retrieval in dermatology,
PR(44), No. 9, September 2011, pp. 1892-1902.
Elsevier DOI 1106
Machine learning; Learning vector quantization; Adaptive distance measures; Content based image retrieval BibRef

San Miguel, J.C.[Juan C.], Suja, S.[Sergio],
Skin detection by dual maximization of detectors agreement for video monitoring,
PRL(34), No. 16, 2013, pp. 2102-2109.
Elsevier DOI 1310
Skin detection BibRef

Xu, T.[Tao], Wang, Y.H.[Yun-Hong], Zhang, Z.X.[Zhao-Xiang],
Pixel-wise skin colour detection based on flexible neural tree,
IET-IPR(7), No. 8, November 2013, pp. 751-761.
DOI Link 1402
computer vision BibRef

Kawulok, M.[Michal], Kawulok, J.[Jolanta], Nalepa, J.[Jakub],
Spatial-based skin detection using discriminative skin-presence features,
PRL(41), No. 1, 2014, pp. 3-13.
Elsevier DOI 1403
Skin detection BibRef

Kawulok, M.[Michal], Kawulok, J.[Jolanta], Nalepa, J.[Jakub], Papiez, M.[Maciej],
Skin detection using spatial analysis with adaptive seed,
ICIP13(3720-3724)
IEEE DOI 1402
adaptive skin color modeling; skin detection; skin segmentation BibRef

Igarashi, T.[Takanori], Nishino, K.[Ko], Nayar, S.K.[Shree K.],
The Appearance of Human Skin: A Survey,
FTCGV(3), Issue 1, 2007, pp. 1-95.
DOI Link 1410
Published November 2008. BibRef

Huang, L.[Lei], Ji, W.[Wen], Wei, Z.Q.[Zhi-Qiang], Chen, B.W.[Bo-Wei], Yan, C.G.C.[Cheng-Gang Clarence], Nie, J.[Jie], Yin, J.[Jian], Jiang, B.C.[Bao-Chen],
Robust skin detection in real-world images,
JVCIR(29), No. 1, 2015, pp. 147-152.
Elsevier DOI 1504
Skin detection BibRef

Bilal, S.[Sara], Akmeliawati, R.[Rini], Salami, M.J.E.[Momoh Jimoh E.], Shafie, A.A.[Amir A.],
Dynamic approach for real-time skin detection,
RealTimeIP(10), No. 2, June 2015, pp. 371-385.
Springer DOI 1506
BibRef

Sawicki, D.J., Miziolek, W.,
Human colour skin detection in CMYK colour space,
IET-IPR(9), No. 9, 2015, pp. 751-757.
DOI Link 1509
computer vision BibRef

Bianco, S.[Simone], Gasparini, F.[Francesca], Schettini, R.[Raimondo],
Adaptive Skin Classification Using Face and Body Detection,
IP(24), No. 12, December 2015, pp. 4756-4765.
IEEE DOI 1512
BibRef
Earlier:
Computational Strategies for Skin Detection,
CCIW13(199-211).
Springer DOI 1304
face recognition BibRef

Hettiarachchi, R., Peters, J.F.,
Multi-manifold-based skin classifier on feature space Voronoï regions for skin segmentation,
JVCIR(41), No. 1, 2016, pp. 123-139.
Elsevier DOI 1612
Skin segmentation BibRef

Hettiarachchi, R., Peters, J.F.,
Voronoï region-based adaptive unsupervised color image segmentation,
PR(65), No. 1, 2017, pp. 119-135.
Elsevier DOI 1702
Voronoï regions BibRef

Brancati, N.[Nadia], De Pietro, G.[Giuseppe], Frucci, M.[Maria], Gallo, L.[Luigi],
Human skin detection through correlation rules between the YCb and YCr subspaces based on dynamic color clustering,
CVIU(155), No. 1, 2017, pp. 33-42.
Elsevier DOI 1702
Skin detection BibRef

Zuo, H., Fan, H., Blasch, E., Ling, H.,
Combining Convolutional and Recurrent Neural Networks for Human Skin Detection,
SPLetters(24), No. 3, March 2017, pp. 289-293.
IEEE DOI 1702
Convolution BibRef

Chakraborty, B.K.[Biplab Ketan], Bhuyan, M.K., Kumar, S.I.[Sun-Il],
Combining image and global pixel distribution model for skin colour segmentation,
PRL(88), No. 1, 2017, pp. 33-40.
Elsevier DOI 1703
Skin detection BibRef

Lei, Y., Yuan, W., Wang, H., Wenhu, Y., Bo, W.,
A Skin Segmentation Algorithm Based on Stacked Autoencoders,
MultMed(19), No. 4, April 2017, pp. 740-749.
IEEE DOI 1704
Detectors BibRef


Sun, T.Y.[Tian-Yang], Hui, X.Y.[Xin-Yu], Wang, Z.H.[Zi-Hao], Zhang, S.P.[Sheng-Ping],
Skin beautification detection using sparse coding,
MVA17(526-529)
DOI Link 1708
Dictionaries, Encoding, Skin, Software, Testing, Training BibRef

Sarkar, A., Abbott, A.L., Doerzaph, Z.,
Universal Skin Detection Without Color Information,
WACV17(20-28)
IEEE DOI 1609
Face, Gray-scale, Image color analysis, Image segmentation, Lighting, Skin, Videos BibRef

Corvo, J.[Joris], Angulo, J.[Jesus], Breugnot, J.[Josselin], Bordes, S.[Sylvie], Closs, B.[Brigitte],
Morphological Texture Description from Multispectral Skin Images in Cosmetology,
ISMM17(467-477).
Springer DOI 1706
BibRef

Kim, H.I., Ro, Y.M.,
Collaborative facial color feature learning of multiple color spaces for face recognition,
ICIP16(1669-1673)
IEEE DOI 1610
Collaboration BibRef

Moradi, B., Ezoji, M.,
Skin detection based on contextual information,
IPRIA15(1-6)
IEEE DOI 1603
image colour analysis BibRef

Hoo, W.L., Miron, A., Badii, A., Chan, C.S.,
Skin-based privacy filter for surveillance systems,
WSSIP15(269-272)
IEEE DOI 1603
image recognition BibRef

Chen, W.[Wei], Ardabilian, M.[Mohsen], Zine, A.[Abdelmalek], Zahouani, H.[Hassan],
Reflectance spectra based skin and non-skin classification,
ICIP15(755-759)
IEEE DOI 1512
Skin BibRef

Li, C.[Chen], Zhou, K.[Kun], Lin, S.[Stephen],
Simulating makeup through physics-based manipulation of intrinsic image layers,
CVPR15(4621-4629)
IEEE DOI 1510
BibRef

Tasli, H.E.[H. Emrah], Gudi, A.[Amogh], den Uyl, M.[Marten],
Remote PPG based vital sign measurement using adaptive facial regions,
ICIP14(1410-1414)
IEEE DOI 1502
photoplethysmography measurement. Skin color for vital signs. BibRef

Saxen, F.[Frerk], Al-Hamadi, A.[Ayoub],
Color-based skin segmentation: An evaluation of the state of the art,
ICIP14(4467-4471)
IEEE DOI 1502
Color BibRef

Kawulok, M.[Michal], Kawulok, J.[Jolanta], Nalepa, J.[Jakub], Smolka, B.[Bogdan],
Self-Adaptive Skin Segmentation in Color Images,
CIARP14(96-103).
Springer DOI 1411
BibRef

Hwang, I.[Insung], Lee, S.H.[Sang Hwa], Min, B.[Byungseok], Cho, N.I.[Nam Ik],
Luminance adapted skin color modeling for the robust detection of skin areas,
ICIP13(2622-2625)
IEEE DOI 1402
color space; eye detection; luminance; skin color model; skin detection BibRef

Wu, Z.Z.[Zheng-Zhe], Heikkinen, V.[Ville],
Segmentation of Skin Spectral Images Using Simulated Illuminations,
CAIP13(II:274-281).
Springer DOI 1311
BibRef

Braunstain, E.[Eyal], Gath, I.[Isak],
Combined Supervised / Unsupervised Algorithm for Skin Detection: A Preliminary Phase for Face Detection,
CIAP13(I:351-360).
Springer DOI 1311
BibRef

Lin, C.[Chang], Leng, J.M.[Jun-Min], Yu, C.X.[Chong-Xiu],
Skin detection using a modified Self-Organizing Mixture Network,
FG13(1-6)
IEEE DOI 1309
Bayes methods BibRef

Li, B.Y.L.[Billy Y. L.], Liu, W.Q.[Wan-Quan], An, S.[Senjian], Krishna, A.[Aneesh],
Tensor based robust color face recognition,
ICPR12(1719-1722).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Zhang, J.X.[Ji-Xia], Wang, H.B.[Hai-Bo], Davoine, F.[Franck], Pan, C.H.[Chun-Hong],
Skin detection via linear regression tree,
ICPR12(1711-1714).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Dong, M.Z.[Ming-Zhi], Yin, L.[Liang], Guo, J.[Jun], Deng, W.H.[Wei-Hong], Xu, W.R.[Wei-Ran],
Integrative labeling based statistical color models with application to skin detection,
ICIP12(2369-2372).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Gong, H.[Hao], Desvignes, M.[Michel],
Quantification of pigmentation in human skin images,
ICIP12(2853-2856).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Doi, M.[Motonori], Konishi, M.[Masahiro], Kimachi, A.[Akira], Nishi, S.[Shogo], Tominaga, S.[Shoji],
Robust Estimation of Pigment Distributions from Multiband Skin Images and Its Application to Realistic Skin Image Synthesis,
Color12(II: 421-430).
Springer DOI 1210
BibRef

Huang, L.[Lei], Xia, T.[Tian], Zhang, Y.D.[Yong-Dong], Lin, S.X.[Shou-Xun],
Human skin detection in images by MSER analysis,
ICIP11(1257-1260).
IEEE DOI 1201
BibRef

Xu-Yang, Fang-Lv,
The design of a face recognition system based on skin color and geometrical characteristics,
IASP11(276-279).
IEEE DOI 1112
BibRef

Wang, Y.H.[Yuan-Hui], Xia, L.Q.[Li-Qian],
Skin color and feature-based face detection in complicated backgrounds,
IASP11(78-83).
IEEE DOI 1112
BibRef

Vink, J.P.[Jelte Peter], Gritti, T.[Tommaso], Hu, Y.[Yili], de Haan, G.[Gerard],
Robust skin detection using multi-spectral illumination,
FG11(448-455).
IEEE DOI 1103
BibRef

Doi, M.[Motonori], Kimachi, A.[Akira], Nishi, S.[Shogo], Tominaga, S.[Shoji],
Human Skin Color Simulator Using Active Illumination,
CCIW11(75-84).
Springer DOI 1104
BibRef

Cavalcanti, P.G.[Pablo G.], Scharcanski, J.[Jacob], Lopes, C.B.O.[Carlos B. O.],
Shading Attenuation in Human Skin Color Images,
ISVC10(I: 190-198).
Springer DOI 1011
BibRef

Yogarajah, P.[Pratheepan], Condell, J.[Joan], Curran, K.[Kevin], Cheddad, A.[Abbas], McKevitt, P.[Paul],
A dynamic threshold approach for skin segmentation in color images,
ICIP10(2225-2228).
IEEE DOI 1009
BibRef

Khan, R.[Rehanullah], Hanbury, A.[Allan], Stoettinger, J.[Julian],
Skin detection: A random forest approach,
ICIP10(4613-4616).
IEEE DOI 1009
BibRef

Zhu, R.[Rong], Guo, B.[Bu],
A novel filtering model for the erotic images embedded in web pages,
IASP10(703-706).
IEEE DOI 1004
BibRef

Datta, M.[Madhura], Murthy, C.A.,
Class Specific Threshold Selection in Face Space Using Set Estimation Technique for RGB Color Components,
PReMI09(351-356).
Springer DOI 0912
BibRef

Khaled, S.M.[Shah Mostafa], Islam, M.S.[M. Saiful], Rabbani, M.G.[M. Golam], Tabassum, M.R.[Mirza Rehenuma], Gias, A.U.[Alim Ul], Kamal, M.M.[M. Mostafa], Muctadir, H.M.[Hossain Muhammad], Shakir, A.K.[Asif Khan], Imran, A.[Asif], Islam, S.[Saiful],
Combinatorial Color Space Models for Skin Detection in Sub-continental Human Images,
IVIC09(532-542).
Springer DOI 0911
BibRef

Cheddad, A.[Abbas], Condell, J.[Joan], Curran, K.[Kevin], Kevitt, P.M.[Paul Mc],
A new colour space for skin tone detection,
ICIP09(497-500).
IEEE DOI 0911
BibRef

Kramberger, I.,
Reflectance Measurement System for Skin Color Modeling in Chromaticity Color Space,
WSSIP09(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0906
BibRef

Tomaschitz, J.A., Facon, J.,
Skin Detection Applied to Multi-Racial Images,
WSSIP09(1-3).
IEEE DOI 0906
BibRef

Zhang, Z.Z.[Zheng-Zhen], Shi, Y.X.[Yue-Xiang],
Skin color detecting unite YCgCb color space with YCgCr color space,
IASP09(221-225).
IEEE DOI 0904
BibRef

Krishna, S.[Sreekar], Panchanathan, S.[Sethuraman],
Combining Skin-Color Detector and Evidence Aggregated Random Field Models towards Validating Face Detection Results,
ICCVGIP08(466-473).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Deselaers, T.[Thomas], Pimenidis, L.[Lexi], Ney, H.[Hermann],
Bag-of-visual-words models for adult image classification and filtering,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Yang, J.[Jian], Liu, C.J.[Cheng-Jun],
A discriminant color space method for face representation and verification on a large-scale database,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Chae, Y.N.[Yeong Nam], Chung, J.N.[Ji-Nyun], Yang, H.S.[Hyun Seung],
Color filtering-based efficient face detection,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Dickens, M.P., Smith, W.A.P., Ragheb, H., Hancock, E.R.,
Measuring skin reflectance parameters,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Bastos, R.[Rafael], Dias, M.S.[Miguel Sales],
Skin Color Profile Capture for Scale and Rotation Invariant Hand Gesture Recognition,
GW07(81-92).
Springer DOI 0705
BibRef

Kawulok, M.[Michal],
Fast propagation-based skin regions segmentation in color images,
FG13(1-7)
IEEE DOI 1309
BibRef
Earlier:
Skin Detection Using Color and Distance Transform,
ICCVG12(449-456).
Springer DOI 1210
BibRef
And:
Texture Analysis for Skin Probability Maps Refinement,
MCPR12(75-84).
Springer DOI 1208
BibRef
And:
Dynamic Skin Detection in Color Images for Sign Language Recognition,
ICISP08(112-119).
Springer DOI 0807
gesture recognition BibRef

Ghouzali, S., Hemami, S., Rziza, M., Aboutajdine, D., Mouaddib, E.M.,
A skin detection algorithm based on discrete Cosine transform and generalized Gaussian density,
ICIP08(605-608).
IEEE DOI 0810
BibRef

Janssen, N.[Nils], Robertson, N.[Neil],
On the detection of low-resolution skin regions in surveillance images,
VS08(xx-yy). 0810
BibRef

Robertson, N.M.[Neil M.], Reid, I.D.[Ian D.],
Estimating Gaze Direction from Low-Resolution Faces in Video,
ECCV06(II: 402-415).
Springer DOI 0608
BibRef

Huynh, C.P.[Cong Phuoc], Robles-Kelly, A.[Antonio],
Hyperspectral imaging for skin recognition and biometrics,
ICIP10(2325-2328).
IEEE DOI 1009
BibRef
Earlier:
A NURBS-based spectral reflectance descriptor with applications in computer vision and pattern recognition,
CVPR08(1-8).
IEEE DOI 0806
surface reflectance descriptor based on NURBS control points. BibRef

Rowe, R.K.[Robert K.],
Biometrics Based on Multispectral Skin Texture,
ICB07(1144-1153).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Salimi, F.[Fahimeh], Sadeghi, M.T.[Mohammad T.], Moin, M.S.[Mohammad S.], Kittler, J.V.[Josef V.],
Face Verification Using Colour Kernels,
ICIAR09(522-531).
Springer DOI 0907
BibRef

Sadeghi, M.T.[Mohammad T.], Khoshrou, S.[Samaneh], Kittler, J.V.[Josef V.],
SVM-Based Selection of Colour Space Experts for Face Authentication,
ICB07(907-916).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Kim, Y.D.[Yong-Deok], Choi, S.J.[Seung-Jin],
Color Face Tensor Factorization and Slicing for Illumination-Robust Recognition,
ICB07(19-28).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Ren, J.C.[Jin-Chang], Jiang, J.M.[Jian-Min],
Statistical Classification of Skin Color Pixels from MPEG Videos,
ACIVS07(395-405).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Llano, E.G.[Eduardo Garea], Rodríguez, J.L.G.[Jose Luís Gil], Vega-Pons, S.[Sandro],
A Method for Segmentation of Local Illumination Variations and Photometric Normalization in Face Images,
CIARP07(281-290).
Springer DOI 0711
BibRef

Álvarez-Morales, E.M.[Estela María], Mata, F.S.[Francisco Silva], Llano, E.G.[Eduardo Garea], Mendez-Vazquez, H.[Heydi], Herrera, M.[Moisés],
A Fast Method for Localization of Local Illumination Variations and Photometric Normalization in Face Images,
CIARP06(48-57).
Springer DOI 0611
BibRef

Park, Y.K.[Young Kyung], Kim, J.K.[Joong Kyu],
A New Methodology of Illumination Estimation/Normalization Based on Adaptive Smoothing for Robust Face Recognition,
ICIP07(I: 149-152).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Park, Y.K.[Young Kyung], Min, B.C.[Bu Cheon], Kim, J.K.[Joong Kyu],
A New Method of Illumination Normalization for Robust Face Recognition,
CIARP06(38-47).
Springer DOI 0611
BibRef

Chenaoua, K., Bouridane, A.,
Skin Detection using a Markov Random Field and a New Color Space,
ICIP06(2673-2676).
IEEE DOI 0610
BibRef

Yoon, S.H.[Sang-Ho], Harville, M., Baker, H., Bhatii, N.,
Automatic Skin Pixel Selection and Skin Color Classification,
ICIP06(941-944).
IEEE DOI 0610
BibRef

Yu, Z.W.[Zhi-Wen], Wong, H.S.[Hau-San],
Fast Gaussian Mixture Clustering for Skin Detection,
ICIP07(IV: 341-344).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef
Earlier: ICIP06(2997-3000).
IEEE DOI 0610
BibRef

Ramos, H., Frery, A.C., Alencar-Neto, J.,
Skin Detection in Web Imagery: Comparison of Techniques and Proposal,
ICIP06(3009-3012).
IEEE DOI 0610
BibRef

Rodrigues, J.M., Puech, W., Bors, A.G.,
Selective Encryption of Human Skin in JPEG Images,
ICIP06(1981-1984).
IEEE DOI 0610
BibRef

Puech, W.,
Image Encryption and Compression for Medical Image Security,
IPTA08(1-2).
IEEE DOI 0811
BibRef

Doi, M.[Motonori], Tominaga, S.,
Image Analysis and Synthesis of Skin Color Textures by Wavelet Transform,
Southwest06(193-197).
IEEE DOI 0603
BibRef

Igarashi, T., Nishino, K., and Nayar, S.K.,
The Appearance of Human Skin,
ColumbiaCUCS-024-05, June 2005. Department of Computer Science, Columbia University.
PDF File. BibRef 0506

Do, H.C.[Hyun-Chul], You, J.Y.[Ju-Yeon], Chien, S.I.[Sung-Il],
Skin Color Detection through Estimation and Conversion of Illuminant Color using Sclera Region of Eye under Varying Illumination,
ICPR06(I: 327-330).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Wimmer, M.[Matthias], Radig, B.[Bernd], Beetz, M.[Michael],
A Person and Context Specific Approach for Skin Color Classification,
ICPR06(II: 39-42).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Han, J.W.[Jun-Wei], Award, G.M., Sutherland, A.[Alistair], Wu, H.[Hai],
Automatic Skin Segmentation for Gesture Recognition Combining Region and Support Vector Machine Active Learning,
FGR06(237-242).
IEEE DOI 0604
BibRef

Lu, J.W.[Ju-Wei], Plataniotis, K.N.,
On conversion from color to gray-scale images for face detection,
Biometrics09(114-119).
IEEE DOI 0906
BibRef

Lu, J.W.[Ju-Wei], Gu, Q.[Qian], Plataniotis, K.N., Wang, J.[Jie],
A Comparative Study of Skin-Color Models,
ICIAR05(729-736).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

Dadgostar, F.[Farhad], Sarrafzadeh, A.[Abdolhossein],
A Fast Real-Time Skin Detector for Video Sequences,
ICIAR05(804-811).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

de Dios, J.J.[Juan José], García, N.[Narciso],
Feature Extraction Used for Face Localization Based on Skin Color,
ICIAR05(1032-1039).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

Ruiz-del-Solar, J.[Javier], Verschae, R.[Rodrigo], Kottow, D.[Daniel],
Skin Detection in Videos in the Spatial-Range Domain,
CIAP05(961-969).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, Only:
Robust skin segmentation using neighborhood information,
ICIP04(I: 207-210).
IEEE DOI 0505
BibRef
And: A1, A2, Only:
Skin detection using neighborhood information,
AFGR04(463-468).
WWW Link. 0411
BibRef

Doi, M., Ohtsuki, R., Tominaga, S.,
Spectral Estimation of Skin Color with Foundation Makeup,
SCIA05(95-104).
Springer DOI 0506
BibRef

Smith, W.A.P., Hancock, E.R.,
Estimating the Albedo Map of a Face from a Single Image,
ICIP05(III: 780-783).
IEEE DOI 0512
BibRef

Rapantzikos, K., Tsapatsoulis, N.,
Enhancing the Robustness of Skin-Based Face Detection Schemes Through a Visual Attention Architecture,
ICIP05(II: 1298-1301).
IEEE DOI 0512
BibRef

Pamudurthy, S.[Satprem], Guan, E., Mueller, K.[Klaus], Rafailovich, M.[Miriam],
Dynamic Approach for Face Recognition Using Digital Image Skin Correlation,
AVBPA05(1010).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

Zhu, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Cheng, K.T.[Kwang Ting], Wu, C.T.[Ching-Tung],
A unified adaptive approach to accurate skin detection,
ICIP04(II: 1189-1192).
IEEE DOI 0505
BibRef

Zhu, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Cheng, K.T.[Kwang-Ting], Wu, C.T.[Ching-Tung], Wu, Y.L.[Yi-Leh],
Adaptive learning of an accurate skin-color model,
AFGR04(37-42).
WWW Link. 0411
BibRef

Bevilacqua, A.[Alessandro], Gherardi, A.[Alessandro],
Characterization of a capacitive imaging system for skin surface analysis,
IPTA08(1-7).
IEEE DOI 0811
BibRef

Bevilacqua, A.[Alessandro], Gherardi, A.[Alessandro], Guerrieri, R.[Roberto],
Measuring Skin Topographic Structures through Capacitance Image Analysis,
AVSBS06(53-53).
IEEE DOI 0611
BibRef

Bevilacqua, A.[Alessandro], Gherardi, A.[Alessandro], Guerrieri, R.[Roberto],
Studying skin ageing throughwavelet-based analysis of capacitive images,
AVSBS05(360-365).
IEEE DOI 0602
BibRef
And:
In Vivo Quantitative Evaluation of Skin Ageing by Capacitance Image Analysis,
WACV05(I: 342-347).
IEEE DOI 0502
BibRef

Bevilacqua, A., Gherardi, A.,
Age-related skin analysis by capacitance images,
ICPR04(II: 703-706).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Short, J.[James], Kittler, J.V.[Josef V.], Messer, K.[Kieron],
Photometric Normalisation for Component-based Face Verification,
FGR06(114-119).
IEEE DOI 0604
BibRef
Earlier:
Photometric Normalisation for Face Verification,
AVBPA05(617).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef
Earlier:
A comparison of photometric normalisation algorithms for face verification,
AFGR04(254-259).
WWW Link. 0411
BibRef

Sebe, N.[Nicu], Cohen, I.[Ira], Huang, T.S.[Thomas S.], Gevers, T.[Theo],
Semi-Supervised Face Detection,
LCV05(III: 51-51).
IEEE DOI 0507
BibRef
Earlier:
Skin detection A bayesian network approach,
ICPR04(II: 903-906).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Yang, J.F.[Jin-Feng], Fu, Z.Y.[Zhou-Yu], Tan, T.N.[Tie-Niu], Hu, W.M.[Wei-Ming],
Adaptive skin detection using multiple cues,
ICIP04(II: 901-904).
IEEE DOI 0505
BibRef
And:
Skin color detection using multiple cues,
ICPR04(I: 632-635).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Fu, Z.Y.[Zhou-Yu], Yang, J.F.[Jin-Feng], Hu, W.M.[Wei-Ming], Tan, T.N.[Tie-Niu],
Mixture clustering using multidimensional histograms for skin detection,
ICPR04(IV: 549-552).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Tomaz, F., Candeias, T., Shahbazkia, H.,
Fast and accurate skin segmentation in color images,
CRV04(180-187).
IEEE DOI 0408
BibRef

Widjaja, I., Leow, W.K.[Wee Kheng], Wu, F.C.[Fang-Cheng],
Identifying painters from color profiles of skin patches in painting images,
ICIP03(I: 845-848).
IEEE DOI 0312
BibRef

Shin, M.C., Chang, K.I., Tsap, L.V.,
Does colorspace transformation make any difference on skin detection?,
WACV02(275-279).
WWW Link. 0303
BibRef

Huynh-Thu, Q.[Quan], Meguro, M., Kaneko, M.,
Skin-color extraction in images with complex background and varying illumination,
WACV02(280-285).
WWW Link. 0303
BibRef

Kruppa, H., Bauer, M.A., Schiele, B.,
Skin Patch Detection in Real-World Images,
DAGM02(109 ff.).
Springer DOI 0303
BibRef

Gomez, G.,
On selecting colour components for skin detection,
ICPR02(II: 961-964).
IEEE DOI 0211
BibRef

Angelopoulou, E., Molana, R., Daniilidis, K.,
Multispectral Skin Color Modeling,
CVPR01(II:635-642).
IEEE DOI Or:
PDF File. 0110
BibRef

Kleihorst, R.P.[Richard P.], Lee, M., Abbo, A.A.[Anteneh A.], Cohen-Solal, E.,
Real Time Skin Region Detection with a Single-chip Digital Camera,
ICIP01(III: 306-309).
IEEE DOI 0108
BibRef

Brown, D.A., Craw, I., Lewthwaite, J.,
A SOM Based Approach to Skin Detection with Application in Real Time Systems,
BMVC01(Poster Session 2. and Demonstrations).
HTML Version. University of Aberdeen 0110
BibRef

Martinkauppi, B., Soriano, M., Pietikainen, M.,
Detection of skin color under changing illumination:a comparative study,
CIAP03(652-657).
IEEE DOI 0310
BibRef

Hadid, A., Pietikainen, M., Martinkauppi, B.,
Color-based face detection using skin locus model and hierarchical filtering,
ICPR02(IV: 196-200).
IEEE DOI 0211
BibRef

Soriano, M.[Maricor], Martinkauppi, B.[Brigitta], Huovinen, S.[Sami], Laaksonen, M.[Mika],
Skin Detection in Video Under Changing Illumination Conditions,
ICPR00(Vol I: 839-842).
IEEE DOI 0009
BibRef

Fang, Y., Tan, T.,
A Novel Dynamic Region Segmentation Method Based on Quantative Colour Space Selection,
BMVC00(xx-yy).
PDF File. 0009
BibRef

Brand, J.D.[Jason D.], Mason, J.S.[John S.],
A Comparative Assessment of Three Approaches to Pixel-level Human Skin-detection,
ICPR00(Vol I: 1056-1059).
IEEE DOI 0009
BibRef

Benavente, R.[Robert], Sánchez, G.[Gemma], Baldrich, R.[Ramon], Vanrell, M.[Maria], Lladós, J.[Josep],
Normalized Colour Segmentation for Human Appearance Description,
ICPR00(Vol III: 633-637).
IEEE DOI 0009
BibRef

Störring, M.[Moritz], Andersen, H.J.[Hans J.], Granum, E.[Erik],
Estimation of the Illuminant Colour from Human Skin Colour,
AFGR00(64-69).
IEEE DOI
HTML Version. 0003
BibRef

Zarit, B., Super, B.J., Quek, F.,
Comparison of Five Color Models in Skin Pixel Classification,
RATFG99(xx-yy). BibRef 9900

Gu, L.F.[Li-Fang], Bone, D.,
Skin colour region detection in MPEG video sequences,
CIAP99(898-903).
IEEE DOI 9909
BibRef

Kjeldsen, R.[Rick], Kender, J.R.[John R.],
Finding Skin in Color Images,
AFGR96(312-317).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9600

Inokuchi, S.[Seiji], Nakai, H.[Hisashi], Manabe, Y.[Yoshitsugu],
Simulation and Analysis of Spectral Distributions of Human Skin,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1065-1067).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef

Chapter on Face Recognition, Detection, Tracking, Gesture Recognition, Fingerprints, Biometrics continues in
Finding Objectionable Images, Filtering Web Sites .


Last update:Nov 11, 2017 at 13:31:57