16.7.4.8.8 Sports, Line Judge, Ball Position, Ball Tracking and Enhanced Displays

Chapter Contents (Back)
Activity Recognition. Ball Tracking. Sports. Track and display the ball. Soccer, Football, Tennis. Often used in Sporting events: See also Merging Views, Object Insertion in Image.

Hawk-Eye Innovations,
1999. Tennis, Cricket.
WWW Link. Vendor, Sports. Motion matching and tracking systems. Tennis line judges. Used at the US Open since 2006. Accuracy averages 3.6mm.

Goal-Ref Technologies,
2012, Soccer (
WWW Link. ) Vendor, Sports. 1207
Soccer goal line judging.

Johnson, J.W.[James William],
Method to increase the visibility of game objects during telecasting,
US_Patent3,944,738, Mar 16, 1976
WWW Link. Now a simple idea, properly reflective object, special lighting. BibRef 7603

Bowerman, W.R.[William R.],
Method and apparatus for enhancing a televised object,
US_Patent4,064,528, Dec 20, 1977
WWW Link. Reflective coating and lighting BibRef 7712

Sullivan, P.F.[Paul F.], Lynch, F.D.[Francis De_S.], Gobush, W.[William], Hottel, Jr., H.C.[Hoyt C.],
Golf club impact and golf ball launching monitoring system,
US_Patent4,136,387, Jan 23, 1979
WWW Link. BibRef 7901

Haas, S.L.[Steven L.], Fonteneau, N.O.[Norman O.], Sullivan, P.F.[Paul F.], Hottel, Jr., H.C.[Hoyt C.], Brown, R.A.[Robert A.], Gobush, W.[William], Jepson, J.W.[John W.], Lynch, F.D.[Francis Dde_S.],
Apparatus and method for analyzing a golf swing and displaying results,
US_Patent4,137,566, Jan 30, 1979
WWW Link. BibRef 7901

Sullivan, P.F.[Paul F.], Moore, R.W.[Randall W.], Hottel, Jr., H.C.[Hoyt C.], Pelletier, R.G.[Raymond G.], Gobush, W.[William], Lynch, F.D.[Francis De_S.],
Monitoring system for measuring kinematic data of golf balls,
US_Patent4,158,853, Jun 19, 1979
WWW Link. BibRef 7906

Lynch, F.D.[Francis De_S.], Gobush, W.[William], Sullivan, P.F.[Paul F.], Moore, R.W.[Randall W.], Haas, S.L.[Steven L.], Fonteneau, N.O.[Norman O.], Jepson, J.W.[John W.],
Golf ball trajectory presentation system,
US_Patent4,160,942, Jul 10, 1979
WWW Link. BibRef 7907

Wexler, G.[Gil], Steinberg, A.[Alexander],
Automatic line officiating system and method thereof,
US_Patent5,489,886, Feb 6, 1996
WWW Link. BibRef 9602

Gobush, W.[William], Pelletier, D.I.[Diane I.], Winfield, D.C.[Douglas C.], Days, C.[Charles], Aoyama, S.[Steven], Hebert, E.A.[Edmund A.], Silveira, J.A.[James Alan],
Method and apparatus to determine golf ball trajectory and flight,
US_Patent6,241,622, Jun 5, 2001
WWW Link. BibRef 0106
And: US_Patent6,488,591, Dec 3, 2002
WWW Link. BibRef
And: US_Patent6,500,073, Dec 31, 2002
WWW Link. BibRef
And: US_Patent6,616,543, Sep 9, 2003
WWW Link. BibRef
And: US_Patent6,764,412, Jul 20, 2004
WWW Link. BibRef
And: US_Patent7,086,955, Aug 8, 2006
WWW Link. BibRef
And:
Launch monitor system with a calibration fixture and a method for use thereof,
US_Patent6,781,621, Aug 24, 2004
WWW Link. BibRef
And: US_Patent7,369,158, May 6, 2008
WWW Link. From specific light source. BibRef

Gobush, W.[William],
Multishutter camera system,
US_Patent6,533,674, Mar 18, 2003
WWW Link. Computing trajectories BibRef 0303

Gobush, W.[William], Pelletier, D.I.[Diane I.], Days, C.[Charles],
Method and apparatus to determine object striking instrument movement conditions,
US_Patent5,501,463, Mar 26, 1996
WWW Link. BibRef 9603
And: US_Patent5,803,823, Sep 8, 1998
WWW Link. BibRef

Gobush, W.[William], Pelletier, D.I.[Diane I.], Days, C.[Charles],
Monitoring systems to measure and display flight characteristics of moving sports object,
US_Patent5,471,383, Nov 28, 1995
WWW Link. BibRef 9511

Larson, N.G.[Noble G.], Stevens, K.A.[Kent A.],
Automated camera-based tracking system for sports contests,
US_Patent5,363,297, November 8, 1994.
WWW Link. BibRef 9411

Chang, Y.L.[Yuh-Lin], Zeng, W.J.[Wen-Jun],
Method and apparatus for extracting indexing information from digital video data,
US_Patent5,828,809, Oct 27, 1998
WWW Link. US Football analysis BibRef 9810

Bissonnette, L.C.[Laurent C.], Gobush, W.[William], Pelletier, D.I.[Diane I.], Lutz, M.E.[Mitchell E.],
Performance measurement system with fluorescent markers for golf equipment,
US_Patent7,291,072, Nov 6, 2007
WWW Link. BibRef 0711

Ren, J.C.[Jin-Chang], Orwell, J., Jones, G.A., Xu, M.[Ming],
Real-Time Modeling of 3-D Soccer Ball Trajectories From Multiple Fixed Cameras,
CirSysVideo(18), No. 3, March 2008, pp. 350-362.
IEEE DOI 0804
BibRef
Earlier:
Real-time 3D Football Ball Tracking from Multiple Cameras,
BMVC04(xx-yy).
HTML Version. 0508
BibRef
And:
A General Framework for 3D Soccer Ball Estimation and Tracking,
ICIP04(III: 1935-1938).
IEEE DOI 0505
BibRef

Ren, J.C.[Jin-Chang], Orwell, J.[James], Jones, G.A.[Graeme A.], Xu, M.[Ming],
Tracking the soccer ball using multiple fixed cameras,
CVIU(113), No. 5, May 2009, pp. 633-642.
Elsevier DOI 0904
Motion analysis; Domain knowledge modeling; Trajectory modeling; 3D vision; Video signal processing; Sports analysis BibRef

Watanabe, K., Hokari, M.,
Measurement of 3-D Loci and Attitudes of the Golf Driver Head While Swinging,
SMC-A(36), No. 6, November 2006, pp. 1161-1169.
IEEE DOI 0611
BibRef

Liu, Y.[Yang], Liang, D.W.[Da-Wei], Huang, Q.M.[Qing-Ming], Gao, W.[Wen],
Extracting 3D information from broadcast soccer video,
IVC(24), No. 10, 1 October 2006, pp. 1146-1162.
Elsevier DOI 0609
BibRef
Earlier:
Self-calibration Based 3D Information Extraction and Application in Broadcast Soccer Video,
ACCV06(II:852-861).
Springer DOI 0601
3D estimation; Ball detection; Tracking; Soccer video; Broadcast BibRef

Yan, F.[Fei], Christmas, W.J.[William J.], Kittler, J.V.[Josef V.],
Layered Data Association Using Graph-Theoretic Formulation with Application to Tennis Ball Tracking in Monocular Sequences,
PAMI(30), No. 10, October 2008, pp. 1814-1830.
IEEE DOI 0810
BibRef
Earlier:
All Pairs Shortest Path Formulation for Multiple Object Tracking with Application to Tennis Video Analysis,
BMVC07(xx-yy).
PDF File. 0709
Tracking tennis ball in a match. Also extracting the different plays (shots). BibRef

Yan, F.[Fei], Kostin, A.[Alexey], Christmas, W.J.[William J.], Kittler, J.V.[Josef V.],
A Novel Data Association Algorithm for Object Tracking in Clutter with Application to Tennis Video Analysis,
CVPR06(I: 634-641).
IEEE DOI 0606
BibRef

Yan, F.[Fei], Christmas, W.J.[William J.], Kittler, J.V.[Josef V.],
A Maximum A Posteriori Probability Viterbi Data Association Algorithm for Ball Tracking in Sports Video,
ICPR06(I: 279-282).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef
Earlier:
A Tennis Ball Tracking Algorithm for Automatic Annotation of Tennis Match,
BMVC05(xx-yy).
HTML Version. 0509
BibRef

Pallavi, V., Mukherjee, J.[Jayanta], Majumdar, A.K.[Arun K.], Sural, S.[Shamik],
Ball detection from broadcast soccer videos using static and dynamic features,
JVCIR(19), No. 7, October 2008, pp. 426-436.
Elsevier DOI 0810
Shot classification; Soccer analysis; Ball detection; Trajectory; Dynamic programming BibRef

Cavallaro, R.H.[Richard H.], Steinberg, E.[Eric], Gueziec, A.[Andre], Mozes, A.[Alon],
Virtual strike zone,
US_Patent7,341,530, Mar 11, 2008
WWW Link. BibRef 0803

Tong, X.F.[Xiao-Feng], Liu, Q.S.[Qing-Shan], Lu, H.Q.[Han-Qing],
Shot Classification in broadcast Soccer Video,
ELCVIA(7), No. 1, 2008, pp. 16-25.
WWW Link. 0711
BibRef

Tong, X.F.[Xiao-Feng], Wang, T.[Tao], Li, W.L.[Wen-Long], Zhang, Y.M.[Yi-Min], Yang, B.[Bo], Wang, F.[Fei], Sun, L.F.[Li-Feng], Yang, S.Q.[Shi-Qiang],
A Three-Level Scheme for Real-Time Ball Tracking,
MCAM07(161-171).
Springer DOI 0706
BibRef

Chen, H.T.[Hua-Tsung], Tien, M.C.[Ming-Chun], Chen, Y.W.[Yi-Wen], Tsai, W.J.[Wen-Jiin], Lee, S.Y.[Suh-Yin],
Physics-based ball tracking and 3D trajectory reconstruction with applications to shooting location estimation in basketball video,
JVCIR(20), No. 3, April 2009, pp. 204-216.
Elsevier DOI 0903
Shot classification; Object tracking; Sports video analysis; Camera calibration; Semantic analysis; Multimedia system; 3D trajectory reconstruction BibRef

Chen, H.T.[Hua-Tsung], Chou, C.L.[Chien-Li], Tsai, W.C.[Wei-Chin], Lee, S.Y.[Suh-Yin], Lin, B.S.P.[Bao-Shuh P.],
HMM-based ball hitting event exploration system for broadcast baseball video,
JVCIR(23), No. 5, July 2012, pp. 767-781.
Elsevier DOI 1205
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, A3, A4, Only:
3D ball trajectory reconstruction from single-camera sports video for free viewpoint virtual replay,
VCIP11(1-4).
IEEE DOI 1201
Multimedia system; Highlight detection; Baseball even recognition; Features extraction; HMM; Scene classification; Sports video analysis; Pattern recognition BibRef

Chen, H.T.[Hua-Tsung], Chou, C.L.[Chien-Li], Fu, T.S.[Tsung-Sheng], Lee, S.Y.[Suh-Yin], Lin, B.S.P.[Bao-Shuh P.],
Recognizing tactic patterns in broadcast basketball video using player trajectory,
JVCIR(23), No. 6, August 2012, pp. 932-947.
Elsevier DOI 1208
Sports video analysis; Object tracking; Camera calibration; Multimedia system; Tactic analysis; Kalman filter; Pattern recognition; Broadcast basketball video BibRef

Fu, T.S.[Tsung-Sheng], Chen, H.T.[Hua-Tsung], Chou, C.L.[Chien-Li], Tsai, W.J.[Wen-Jiin], Lee, S.Y.[Suh-Yin],
Screen-strategy analysis in broadcast basketball video using player tracking,
VCIP11(1-4).
IEEE DOI 1201
BibRef

Yu, X.G.[Xin-Guo], Jiang, N.J.[Nian-Juan], Cheong, L.F.[Loong-Fah], Leong, H.W.[Hon Wai], Yan, X.[Xin],
Automatic camera calibration of broadcast tennis video with applications to 3D virtual content insertion and ball detection and tracking,
CVIU(113), No. 5, May 2009, pp. 643-652.
Elsevier DOI 0904
Sports video; Camera calibration; Group-wise data analysis; Hough-like search; Virtual content insertion; Ball detection and tracking BibRef

Yu, X.G.[Xin-Guo], Sim, C.H.[Chern-Horng], Wang, J.R., Cheong, L.F.[Loong Fah],
A trajectory-based ball detection and tracking algorithm in broadcast tennis video,
ICIP04(II: 1049-1052).
IEEE DOI 0505
BibRef

Miura, J.[Jun], Shimawaki, T.[Takumi], Sakiyama, T.[Takuro], Shirai, Y.[Yoshiaki],
Ball route estimation under heavy occlusion in broadcast soccer video,
CVIU(113), No. 5, May 2009, pp. 653-662.
Elsevier DOI 0904
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A3, A1, A4:
Estimation of Ball Route under Overlapping with Players and Lines in Soccer Video Image Sequence,
ICPR06(I: 359-362).
IEEE DOI 0609
Ball tracking; Broadcast soccer video; Occlusion BibRef

Lai, J.H.[Jui-Hsin], Chen, C.L.[Chieh-Li], Kao, C.C.[Chieh-Chi], Chien, S.Y.[Shao-Yi],
Tennis Video 2.0: A new presentation of sports videos with content separation and rendering,
JVCIR(22), No. 3, April 2011, pp. 271-283.
Elsevier DOI 1103
Interactive video; Video analysis; Video enrichment; Video rendering; Event search; Scalable video; Video annotation; Object segmentation; Sprite; Matting BibRef

Lai, J.H.[Jui-Hsin], Chen, C.L.[Chieh-Li], Wu, P.C., Kao, C.C.[Chieh-Chi], Hu, M.C., Chien, S.Y.[Shao-Yi],
Tennis Real Play,
MultMed(14), No. 6, 2012, pp. 1602-1617.
IEEE DOI 1212
BibRef

Choi, K.Y.[Kyuh-Young], Seo, Y.D.[Yong-Duek],
Automatic initialization for 3D soccer player tracking,
PRL(32), No. 9, 1 July 2011, pp. 1274-1282.
Elsevier DOI 1101
BibRef
Earlier:
Tracking Soccer Ball in TV Broadcast Video,
CIAP05(661-668).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef
Earlier:
Probabilistic Tracking of the Soccer Ball,
SMVP04(50-60).
Springer DOI 0505
Target initialization; Data association; Support vector machines BibRef

Seo, Y.D.[Yong-Duek], Choi, S.H.[Sung-Hoon], Kim, H.W.[Hyun-Woo], Hong, K.S.[Ki-Sang],
Where are the ball and players? Soccer game analysis with color-based tracking and image mosaick,
CIAP97(II: 196-203).
Springer DOI 9709
BibRef

Jones, W.D.,
Will soccer-ball tracking ever reach its goal?,
Spectrum(48), No. 9, September 2011, pp. 20.
IEEE DOI 1109
Brief survey and discussion. BibRef

Cavallaro, R.H.[Rick H.], Hybinette, M.[Maria], White, M.S.[Marvin S.], Balch, T.[Tucker],
Augmenting Live Broadcast Sports with 3D Tracking Information,
MultMedMag(18), No. 4, October-December 2011, pp. 38-47.
IEEE DOI 1112
BibRef

Niu, Z.X.[Zhen-Xing], Gao, X.[Xinbo], Tian, Q.[Qi],
Tactic analysis based on real-world ball trajectory in soccer video,
PR(45), No. 5, May 2012, pp. 1937-1947.
Elsevier DOI 1201
Real-world trajectory; Attack pattern; Tactic analysis BibRef

Thomas, K.[Karen],
Goal-line technology and the 'beautiful game',
SPIE(Newsroom), June 21, 2012.
DOI Link 1207
Whether you call it football or soccer, whether the ball crossed the goal line is critical to get right. FIFA will decide soon how to deal with controversial goal decisions. BibRef

Goal-line technology scores with FIFA,
SPIE(Newsroom), July 6, 2012.
DOI Link 1207
In a historic decision, FIFA has approved goal-line technology. Rather than selecting one of the two technologies that had undergone rigorous testing, both the Goal-Ref (Germany) ( See also Goal-Ref Technologies. ) and Hawk-Eye (UK) ( See also Hawk-Eye Innovations. ) systems will be made available to leagues and associations. BibRef

Couceiro, M.S.[Micael S.], Dias, G.[Gonçalo], Martins, F.M.L.[Fernando M. L.], Luz, J.M.A.[J. Miguel A.],
A fractional calculus approach for the evaluation of the golf lip-out,
SIViP(6), No. 3, September 2012, pp. 437-443.
WWW Link. 1209
BibRef

Wang, D.H.[Dong-Hui], Kong, S.[Shu],
Learning class-specific dictionaries for digit recognition from spherical surface of a 3D ball,
MVA(24), No. 6, August 2013, pp. 1213-1227.
WWW Link. 1307
BibRef
And: A2, A1:
Learning individual-specific dictionaries with fused multiple features for face recognition,
FG13(1-8)
IEEE DOI 1309
dictionaries BibRef

Wang, D.H.[Dong-Hui], Wang, X.[Xikui], Kong, S.[Shu],
Integration of multi-feature fusion and dictionary learning for face recognition,
IVC(31), No. 12, 2013, pp. 895-904.
Elsevier DOI 1312
Dictionary learning BibRef

Leo, M.[Marco], Mazzeo, P.L.[Pier Luigi], Nitti, M.[Massimiliano], Spagnolo, P.[Paolo],
Accurate ball detection in soccer images using probabilistic analysis of salient regions,
MVA(24), No. 8, November 2013, pp. 1561-1574.
Springer DOI 1310
BibRef

Mazzeo, P.L.[Pier Luigi], Spagnolo, P.[Paolo], Distante, C.[Cosimo],
BRISK Local Descriptors for Heavily Occluded Ball Recognition,
CIAP15(I:172-182).
Springer DOI 1511
BibRef

Leo, M.[Marco], d'Orazio, T.[Tiziana], Spagnolo, P.[Paolo], Mazzeo, P.L.[Pier Luigi], Distante, A.[Arcangelo],
SIFT Based Ball Recognition in Soccer Images,
ICISP08(263-272).
Springer DOI 0807
See also visual system for real time detection of goal events during soccer matches, A. BibRef

Wang, X.[Xinchao], Ablavsky, V.[Vitaly], Shitrit, H.B.[Horesh Ben], Fua, P.[Pascal],
Take your eyes off the ball: Improving ball-tracking by focusing on team play,
CVIU(119), No. 1, 2014, pp. 102-115.
Elsevier DOI 1402
Tracking BibRef

Thomas, K.[Karen],
Keeping an eye on the ball,
SPIE(Newsroom), June 5, 2014
DOI Link 1407
Optical technology will make history at the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Goal line technology. BibRef

de Marco, T.[Tommaso], Cazzato, D.[Dario], Leo, M.[Marco], Distante, C.[Cosimo],
Randomized circle detection with isophotes curvature analysis,
PR(48), No. 2, 2015, pp. 411-421.
Elsevier DOI 1411
Circle Detection. Circle detection BibRef

de Marco, T.[Tommaso], Leo, M.[Marco], Distante, C.[Cosimo],
Soccer Ball Detection with Isophotes Curvature Analysis,
CIAP13(I:793-802).
Springer DOI 1311
BibRef

Yakut, M.[Mehmet], Kehtarnavaz, N.[Nasser],
Ice-hockey puck detection and tracking for video highlighting,
SIViP(10), No. 3, March 2016, pp. 527-533.
WWW Link. 1602
BibRef

Yang, J.[Jinsuk], Bang, G.[Green], Oh, K.[Kyoungsu], Ko, I.[Ilju],
Immersive physically interactive game studio for a ball throwing game,
IJCVR(7), No. 3, 2017, pp. 302-313.
DOI Link 1704
BibRef

Wang, Z.[Zhikun], Boularias, A.[Abdeslam], Mülling, K.[Katharina], Schölkopf, B.[Bernhard], Peters, J.[Jan],
Anticipatory action selection for human-robot table tennis,
Artificial Intelligence(247), No. 1, 2017, pp. 399-414.
Elsevier DOI 1705
Anticipation BibRef

Chen, J.H.[Jian-Hui], Little, J.J.[James J.],
Where should cameras look at soccer games: Improving smoothness using the overlapped hidden Markov model,
CVIU(159), No. 1, 2017, pp. 59-73.
Elsevier DOI 1706
Camera, planning BibRef

Renň, V.[Vito], Mosca, N.[Nicola], Nitti, M.[Massimiliano], D'Orazio, T.[Tiziana], Guaragnella, C.[Cataldo], Campagnoli, D.[Donato], Prati, A.[Andrea], Stella, E.[Ettore],
A technology platform for automatic high-level tennis game analysis,
CVIU(159), No. 1, 2017, pp. 164-175.
Elsevier DOI 1706
Synchronized, cameras, platform BibRef

Ijiri, T.[Takashi], Nakamura, A.[Atsushi], Hirabayashi, A.[Akira], Sakai, W.[Wataru], Miyazaki, T.[Takeshi], Himeno, R.[Ryutaro],
Automatic spin measurements for pitched Baseballs via consumer-grade high-speed cameras,
SIViP(11), No. 7, October 2017, pp. 1197-1204.
Springer DOI 1708
BibRef


Tora, M.R., Chen, J., Little, J.J.,
Classification of Puck Possession Events in Ice Hockey,
CVSports17(147-154)
IEEE DOI 1709
Activity recognition, Computer vision, Context modeling, Feature extraction, Ice, Logic gates, Trajectory BibRef

Miyata, S., Saito, H., Takahashi, K., Mikami, D., Isogawa, M., Kimata, H.,
Ball 3D Trajectory Reconstruction without Preliminary Temporal and Geometrical Camera Calibration,
CVSports17(164-169)
IEEE DOI 1709
Calibration, Cameras, Sports equipment, Synchronization, Three-dimensional displays, Trajectory, Two, dimensional, displays BibRef

Blanc, K., Lingrand, D., Precioso, F.,
Singlets: Multi-resolution Motion Singularities for Soccer Video Abstraction,
CVSports17(66-75)
IEEE DOI 1709
Databases, Feature extraction, Games, Support vector machines, TV, Tracking BibRef

Deng, Z., Cheng, X., Ikenaga, T.,
Ball-like observation model and multi-peak distribution estimation based particle filter for 3D Ping-pong ball tracking,
MVA17(390-393)
DOI Link 1708
Adaptation models, Cameras, Estimation, Games, Histograms, Three-dimensional displays, Videos BibRef

Takahashi, M., Ikeya, K., Kano, M., Ookubo, H., Mishina, T.,
Robust volleyball tracking system using multi-view cameras,
ICPR16(2740-2745)
IEEE DOI 1705
Cameras, Position measurement, Robustness, Target tracking, Three-dimensional displays, Trajectory, multi-view cameras, sports video analysis, visual, object, tracking BibRef

Cardenas, D.G., Zuniga, M.D.,
Bullet-Proof Robust Real-Time Ball Tracking,
DICTA16(1-8)
IEEE DOI 1701
Cameras BibRef

Yeh, C.W.[Chung-Wei], Pan, T.Y.[Tse-Yu], Hu, M.C.[Min-Chun],
A Sensor-Based Official Basketball Referee Signals Recognition System Using Deep Belief Networks,
MMMod17(I: 565-575).
Springer DOI 1701
BibRef

Maksai, A., Wang, X., Fua, P.,
What Players do with the Ball: A Physically Constrained Interaction Modeling,
CVPR16(972-981)
IEEE DOI 1612
BibRef

Wei, X., Sha, L., Lucey, P.[Patrick], Carr, P.[Peter], Sridharan, S.[Sridha], Matthews, I.[Iain],
Predicting Ball Ownership in Basketball from a Monocular View Using Only Player Trajectories,
CVSports15(780-787)
IEEE DOI 1602
Cameras See also Recognising Team Activities from Noisy Data. BibRef

Myint, H.[Hnin], Wong, P.[Patrick], Dooley, L.[Laurence], Hopgood, A.[Adrian],
Tracking a table tennis ball for umpiring purposes,
MVA15(170-173)
IEEE DOI 1507
Cameras BibRef

Ando, S., Hayashi, J.I.,
A method of ball spin estimation using seams lines,
FCV15(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1506
data analysis BibRef

Zhou, X.Z.[Xiang-Zeng], Xie, L.[Lei], Huang, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Cox, S.J., Zhang, Y.N.[Yan-Ning],
Tennis Ball Tracking Using a Two-Layered Data Association Approach,
MultMed(17), No. 2, February 2015, pp. 145-156.
IEEE DOI 1502
computer graphics BibRef

Desai, A.[Alok], Lee, D.J.[Dah-Jye], Wilson, C.[Craig],
Determine Absolute Soccer Ball Location in Broadcast Video Using SYBA Descriptor,
ISVC14(II: 588-597).
Springer DOI 1501
BibRef

Kim, J.[Jongsung], Kim, M.[Myunggyu],
Robust Surface Pattern Matching for Ball Spin Estimation with Multi-exposed Images Under Varying Illumination Conditions,
ICPR14(4560-4563)
IEEE DOI 1412
Correlation coefficient BibRef

Gabdulkhakova, A.[Aysylu], Kropatsch, W.G.[Walter G.],
Video Analysis of a Snooker Footage Based on a Kinematic Model,
SSSPR14(223-232).
Springer DOI 1408
BibRef

Wei, X.Y.[Xin-Yu], Lucey, P.[Patrick], Vidas, S.[Stephen], Morgan, S.[Stuart], Sridharan, S.[Sridha],
Forecasting Events Using an Augmented Hidden Conditional Random Field,
ACCV14(IV: 569-582).
Springer DOI 1504
BibRef

Wei, X.Y.[Xin-Yu], Lucey, P.[Patrick], Morgan, S.[Stuart], Sridharan, S.[Sridha],
Predicting Shot Locations in Tennis Using Spatiotemporal Data,
DICTA13(1-8)
IEEE DOI 1402
belief networks BibRef

Shishido, H.[Hidehiko], Kitahara, I.[Itaru], Kameda, Y.[Yoshinari], Ohta, Y.[Yuichi],
A Trajectory Estimation Method for Badminton Shuttlecock Utilizing Motion Blur,
PSIVT13(325-336).
Springer DOI 1402
BibRef

Linnemann, A.[Antje], Gerke, S.[Sebastian], Kriener, S.[Sven], Ndjiki-Nya, P.[Patrick],
Temporally consistent soccer field registration,
ICIP13(1316-1320)
IEEE DOI 1402
Cameras BibRef

Tamaki, S.[Sho], Saito, H.[Hideo],
Reconstruction of 3D Trajectories for Performance Analysis in Table Tennis,
CVSports13(1019-1026)
IEEE DOI 1309
RGB-D camera BibRef

Linderoth, M.[Magnus], Robertsson, A.[Anders], Johansson, R.[Rolf],
Color-based detection robust to varying illumination spectrum,
WORV13(120-125)
IEEE DOI 1307
Ball catcher BibRef

Jensen, U.[Ulf], Eskofier, B.[Bjoern], Dassler, F.[Frank],
Classification of kinematic golf putt data with emphasis on feature selection,
ICPR12(1735-1738).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Legg, P.A.[Philip A.], Parry, M.L.[Matthew L.], Chung, D.H.S.[David H. S.], Jiang, R.M.[Richard M.], Morris, A.[Adrian], Griffiths, I.W.[Iwan W.], Marshall, D.[David], Chen, M.[Min],
Intelligent filtering by semantic importance for single-view 3D reconstruction from Snooker video,
ICIP11(2385-2388).
IEEE DOI 1201
BibRef

Han, Y.[Yina], Liu, G.Z.[Gui-Zhong], Chollet, G.,
Goal event detection in broadcast soccer videos by combining heuristic rules with unsupervised fuzzy c-means algorithm,
ICARCV08(888-891).
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Teachabarikiti, K., Chalidabhongse, T.H., Thammano, A.,
Players tracking and ball detection for an automatic tennis video annotation,
ICARCV10(2461-2494).
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Kataoka, H.[Hirokatsu], Aoki, Y.[Yoshimitsu],
Football players and ball trajectories projection from single camera's image,
FCV11(1-4).
IEEE DOI 1102
BibRef

Kopf, S.[Stephan], Guthier, B.[Benjamin], Farin, D.[Dirk], Han, J.G.[Jun-Gong],
Analysis and retargeting of ball sports video,
WACV11(9-14).
IEEE DOI 1101
BibRef

Almajai, I., Kittler, J.V., de Campos, T., Christmas, W.J., Yan, F., Windridge, D., Khan, A.,
Ball event recognition using hmm for automatic tennis annotation,
ICIP10(1509-1512).
IEEE DOI 1009
BibRef

Poiesi, F.[Fabio], Daniyal, F.[Fahad], Cavallaro, A.[Andrea],
Detector-less ball localization using context and motion flow analysis,
ICIP10(3913-3916).
IEEE DOI 1009
BibRef

Hervieu, A.[Alexandre], Bouthemy, P.[Patrick], Le Cadre, J.P.[Jean-Pierre],
Trajectory-based handball video understanding,
CIVR09(Article No 43).
DOI Link 0907
BibRef

Liu, S.X.F.[Sophie Xiao-Fan], Jiang, L.J.[Li-Jun], Garner, J.[Jacob], Vermette, S.[Sharayah],
Video based soccer ball tracking,
Southwest1(53-56).
IEEE DOI 1005
BibRef

Pansiot, J.[Julien], Elsaify, A.[Ahmed], Lo, B.[Benny], Yang, G.Z.[Guang-Zhong],
RACKET: Real-time autonomous computation of kinematic elements in tennis,
EmbedCV09(773-779).
IEEE DOI 0910
BibRef

Pei, C.[Chaoke], Yang, S.Y.[Shu-Yuan], Gao, L.[Li], Ma, W.P.[Wei-Peng],
A Real Time Ball Detection Framework For Soccer Video,
WSSIP09(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0906
BibRef

Birbach, O.[Oliver], Frese, U.[Udo],
A Multiple Hypothesis Approach for a Ball Tracking System,
CVS09(435-444).
Springer DOI 0910
BibRef

Zupancic, T.[Tadej], Jaklic, A.[Aleš],
Automatic Golf Ball Trajectory Reconstruction and Visualization,
MIRAGE09(150-160).
Springer DOI 0905
BibRef

Zhang, Y.[Yi], Lu, H.Q.[Han-Qing], Xu, C.S.[Chang-Sheng],
Collaborate ball and player trajectory extraction in broadcast soccer video,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Yu, J.Q.[Jun-Qing], Tang, Y.[Yang], Wang, Z.F.[Zhi-Fang], Shi, L.J.[Le-Jiang],
Playfield and Ball Detection in Soccer Video,
ISVC07(II: 387-396).
Springer DOI 0711
BibRef

Huang, Y.[Yu], Llach, J.[Joan], Zhang, C.[Chao],
A method of small object detection and tracking based on particle filters,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Huang, Y.[Yu], Llach, J.[Joan], Bhagavathy, S.[Sitaram],
Players and Ball Detection in Soccer Videos Based on Color Segmentation and Shape Analysis,
MCAM07(416-425).
Springer DOI 0706
BibRef

Lam, J., Long, F.[Fei], Roth, G., Greenspan, M.,
Determining Shot Accuracy of a Robotic Pool System,
CRV06(23-23).
IEEE DOI 0607
BibRef

Uchiyama, H.[Hideaki], Saito, H.[Hideo],
Position Estimation of Solid Balls from Handy Camera for Pool Supporting System,
PSIVT06(393-402).
Springer DOI 0612
Hand held camera to analyze pool BibRef

Zhang, B.[Bin], Dou, W.B.[Wei-Bei], Chen, L.M.[Li-Ming],
Ball Hit Detection in Table Tennis Games Based on Audio Analysis,
ICPR06(III: 220-223).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Cristina, F.[Federico], Dapoto, S.H.[Sebastián H.], Russo, C.[Claudia], Degiusti, A.[Armando], Abásolo, M.J.[María José],
Mobile Path and Spin 3D Tracking and Reconstruction,
AMDO06(120-131).
Springer DOI 0607
3-D tracking and spin of soccer ball. BibRef

Shum, H., Komura, T.[Taku],
Tracking the Translational and Rotational Movement of the Ball Using High-Speed Camera Movies,
ICIP05(III: 1084-1087).
IEEE DOI 0512
BibRef

Tong, X.F.[Xiao-Feng], Lu, H.Q.[Han-Qing], Liu, Q.S.[Qing-Shan],
An effective and fast soccer ball detection and tracking method,
ICPR04(IV: 795-798).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Yamada, A., Shirai, Y., Miura, J.[Jun],
Tracking players and a ball in video image sequence and estimating camera parameters for 3d interpretation of soccer games,
ICPR02(I: 303-306).
IEEE DOI 0211
BibRef

Ohno, Y.[Yoshinori], Miura, J.[Jun], Shirai, Y.[Yoshiaki],
Tracking Players and Estimation of the 3d Position of a Ball in Soccer Games,
ICPR00(Vol I: 145-148).
IEEE DOI 0009
BibRef

Branca, A., Stella, E., Ancona, N., Distante, A.,
Goal distance estimation in soccer game,
CIAP01(565-569).
WWW Link. 0210
BibRef

Pingali, G.S., Jean, Y.D., Opalach, A.,
Ball Tracking and Virtual Replays for Innovative Tennis Broadcasts,
ICPR00(Vol IV: 152-156).
IEEE DOI 0009
BibRef

Reid, I.D., Zisserman, A.,
Goal-Directed Video Metrology,
ECCV96(II:647-658).
Springer DOI Tracking a soccer ball (directed toward the goal), accurate measurements are possible. BibRef 9600

Chapter on Motion -- Feature-Based, Long Range, Motion and Structure Estimates, Tracking, Surveillance, Activities continues in
Surveillance Systems .


Last update:Sep 18, 2017 at 11:34:11