16.7.2.5.10 Rail Traffic Controls, Trains

Chapter Contents (Back)
Rail Traffic. Railroad. Trains. See also Railroads, Inspection, Obstacles.

Santos, A.J.D., Soares, A.R., de Almeida Redondo, F.M., Carvalho, N.B.,
Tracking Trains via Radio Frequency Systems,
ITS(6), No. 2, June 2005, pp. 244-258.
IEEE Abstract. 0506
BibRef

Khan, M.B., Zhou, X.,
Stochastic Optimization Model and Solution Algorithm for Robust Double-Track Train-Timetabling Problem,
ITS(11), No. 1, March 2010, pp. 81-89.
IEEE DOI 1003
BibRef

Shafiullah, G.M., Ali, A.B.M.S., Thompson, A., Wolfs, P.J.,
Predicting Vertical Acceleration of Railway Wagons Using Regression Algorithms,
ITS(11), No. 2, June 2010, pp. 290-299.
IEEE DOI 1007
BibRef

Song, Q., Song, Y., Tang, T., Ning, B.,
Computationally Inexpensive Tracking Control of High-Speed Trains With Traction/Braking Saturation,
ITS(12), No. 4, December 2011, pp. 1116-1125.
IEEE DOI 1112
BibRef

Shafia, M.A., Pourseyed Aghaee, M., Sadjadi, S.J., Jamili, A.,
Robust Train Timetabling Problem: Mathematical Model and Branch and Bound Algorithm,
ITS(13), No. 1, March 2012, pp. 307-317.
IEEE DOI 1203
BibRef

Su, S.[Shuai], Li, X.[Xiang], Tang, T.[Tao], Gao, Z.Y.[Zi-You],
A Subway Train Timetable Optimization Approach Based on Energy-Efficient Operation Strategy,
ITS(14), No. 2, 2013, pp. 883-893.
IEEE DOI 1307
automatic train operation system BibRef

Caballini, C., Pasquale, C., Sacone, S., Siri, S.,
An Event-Triggered Receding-Horizon Scheme for Planning Rail Operations in Maritime Terminals,
ITS(15), No. 1, February 2014, pp. 365-375.
IEEE DOI 1403
discrete time systems BibRef

Albrecht, T., Binder, A., Gassel, C.,
Applications of real-time speed control in rail-bound public transportation systems,
IET-ITS(7), No. 3, September 2013, pp. 305-314.
DOI Link 1402
energy consumption BibRef

Wang, Y.B.[Yi-Bing], Guo, J.Q.[Jing-Qiu], Currie, G., Ceder, A., Dong, W.[Wei], Pender, B.,
Bus Bridging Disruption in Rail Services With Frustrated and Impatient Passengers,
ITS(15), No. 5, October 2014, pp. 2014-2023.
IEEE DOI 1410
Monte Carlo methods BibRef

Bai, Y., Ho, T.K., Mao, B., Ding, Y., Chen, S.,
Energy-Efficient Locomotive Operation for Chinese Mainline Railways by Fuzzy Predictive Control,
ITS(15), No. 3, June 2014, pp. 938-948.
IEEE DOI 1407
Energy consumption BibRef

Zhu, L.[Li], Yu, F.R., Ning, B.[Bin], Tang, T.[Tao],
Handoff Performance Improvements in MIMO-Enabled Communication-Based Train Control Systems,
ITS(13), No. 2, June 2012, pp. 582-593.
IEEE DOI 1206
BibRef

Sun, W., Yu, F.R., Tang, T., Bu, B.,
Energy-Efficient Communication-Based Train Control Systems With Packet Delay and Loss,
ITS(17), No. 2, February 2016, pp. 452-468.
IEEE DOI 1602
Delays BibRef

Sun, W., Yu, F.R., Tang, T., You, S.,
A Cognitive Control Method for Cost-Efficient CBTC Systems With Smart Grids,
ITS(18), No. 3, March 2017, pp. 568-582.
IEEE DOI 1703
Control systems BibRef

Bu, B., Yu, F.R., Tang, T.,
Performance Improved Methods for Communication-Based Train Control Systems With Random Packet Drops,
ITS(15), No. 3, June 2014, pp. 1179-1192.
IEEE DOI 1407
Computers BibRef

Zhu, L., Yu, F.R., Ning, B., Tang, T.,
Design and Performance Enhancements in Communication-Based Train Control Systems With Coordinated Multipoint Transmission and Reception,
ITS(15), No. 3, June 2014, pp. 1258-1272.
IEEE DOI 1407
Rail transportation BibRef

Gu, Q., Tang, T., Cao, F., Song, Y.,
Energy-Efficient Train Operation in Urban Rail Transit Using Real-Time Traffic Information,
ITS(15), No. 3, June 2014, pp. 1216-1233.
IEEE DOI 1407
Acceleration BibRef

Yang, X., Li, X., Ning, B., Tang, T.,
A Survey on Energy-Efficient Train Operation for Urban Rail Transit,
ITS(17), No. 1, January 2016, pp. 2-13.
IEEE DOI 1601
Acceleration BibRef

Yang, X., Chen, A., Ning, B., Tang, T.,
Measuring Route Diversity for Urban Rail Transit Networks: A Case Study of the Beijing Metro Network,
ITS(18), No. 2, February 2017, pp. 259-268.
IEEE DOI 1702
Algorithm design and analysis BibRef

Wang, Y., Ning, B., Tang, T., van den Boom, T.J., De Schutter, B.,
Efficient Real-Time Train Scheduling for Urban Rail Transit Systems Using Iterative Convex Programming,
ITS(16), No. 6, December 2015, pp. 3337-3352.
IEEE DOI 1512
Energy consumption BibRef

Yin, J.T.[Jia-Teng], Chen, D.W.[De-Wang], Li, L.X.[Ling-Xi],
Intelligent Train Operation Algorithms for Subway by Expert System and Reinforcement Learning,
ITS(15), No. 6, December 2014, pp. 2561-2571.
IEEE DOI 1412
control engineering computing BibRef

Zheng, W.[Wei], Liang, C.[Ci], Wang, R.[Rui], Kong, W.J.[Wei-Jie],
Automated Test Approach Based on All Paths Covered Optimal Algorithm and Sequence Priority Selected Algorithm,
ITS(15), No. 6, December 2014, pp. 2551-2560.
IEEE DOI 1412
Petri nets. Rail system tests. BibRef

Zheng, Y., Zhang, M., Ling, H., Chen, S.,
Emergency Railway Transportation Planning Using a Hyper-Heuristic Approach,
ITS(16), No. 1, February 2015, pp. 321-329.
IEEE DOI 1502
IP networks BibRef

Li, K., Yao, X., Chen, D., Yuan, L., Zhou, D.,
HAZOP Study on the CTCS-3 Onboard System,
ITS(16), No. 1, February 2015, pp. 162-171.
IEEE DOI 1502
Hazards BibRef

Katsuta, K.,
Cost effective railway signalling by wireless communication among onboard controllers and switch controllers,
IET-ITS(9), No. 1, 2015, pp. 67-74.
DOI Link 1503
locomotives BibRef

Wen, S.H.[Shu-Huan], Yang, J.W.[Jing-Wei], Rad, A.B., Hao, P.C.[Peng-Cheng],
Multi-model direct generalised predictive control for automatic train operation system,
IET-ITS(9), No. 1, 2015, pp. 86-94.
DOI Link 1503
fuzzy set theory BibRef

Lu, S.F.[Shao-Feng], Weston, P., Hillmansen, S., Gooi, H.B., Roberts, C.,
Increasing the Regenerative Braking Energy for Railway Vehicles,
ITS(15), No. 6, December 2014, pp. 2506-2515.
IEEE DOI 1412
direct energy conversion BibRef

Pilo, E., Mazumder, S.K., Gonzalez-Franco, I.,
Smart Electrical Infrastructure for AC-Fed Railways With Neutral Zones,
ITS(16), No. 2, April 2015, pp. 642-652.
IEEE DOI 1504
Frequency selective surfaces BibRef

Su, S., Tang, T., Roberts, C.,
A Cooperative Train Control Model for Energy Saving,
ITS(16), No. 2, April 2015, pp. 622-631.
IEEE DOI 1504
Acceleration BibRef

He, R., Ai, B., Zhong, Z., Molisch, A.F., Chen, R., Yang, Y.,
A Measurement-Based Stochastic Model for High-Speed Railway Channels,
ITS(16), No. 3, June 2015, pp. 1120-1135.
IEEE DOI 1506
Antenna measurements BibRef

He, R., Zhong, Z., Ai, B., Guan, K.,
Reducing the Cost of High-Speed Railway Communications: From the Propagation Channel View,
ITS(16), No. 4, August 2015, pp. 2050-2060.
IEEE DOI 1508
Control systems BibRef

Corman, F., Meng, L.,
A Review of Online Dynamic Models and Algorithms for Railway Traffic Management,
ITS(16), No. 3, June 2015, pp. 1274-1284.
IEEE DOI 1506
Delays BibRef

Sun, X., Zhang, S., Dong, H., Chen, Y., Zhu, H.,
Optimization of Metro Train Schedules With a Dwell Time Model Using the Lagrangian Duality Theory,
ITS(16), No. 3, June 2015, pp. 1285-1293.
IEEE DOI 1506
Cost function BibRef

Ning, B., Xun, J., Gao, S., Zhang, L.,
An Integrated Control Model for Headway Regulation and Energy Saving in Urban Rail Transit,
ITS(16), No. 3, June 2015, pp. 1469-1478.
IEEE DOI 1506
Acceleration BibRef

Zhang, L., Zhuan, X.,
Development of an Optimal Operation Approach in the MPC Framework for Heavy-Haul Trains,
ITS(16), No. 3, June 2015, pp. 1391-1400.
IEEE DOI 1506
Cost function BibRef

Coviello, N., Bruno, F.,
Energy performance in railway services: A calculation methodology and the influence of operation parameters,
IET-ITS(9), No. 5, 2015, pp. 530-538.
DOI Link 1507
digital simulation BibRef

Li, Z., He, Q.,
Prediction of Railcar Remaining Useful Life by Multiple Data Source Fusion,
ITS(16), No. 4, August 2015, pp. 2226-2235.
IEEE DOI 1508
Axles BibRef

Wei, S.[Shang_Guan], Yan, X.H.[Xi-Hui], Cai, B.G.[Bai-Gen], Wang, J.[Jian],
Multiobjective Optimization for Train Speed Trajectory in CTCS High-Speed Railway With Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithm,
ITS(16), No. 4, August 2015, pp. 2215-2225.
IEEE DOI 1508
Energy consumption BibRef

Yan, X.H.[Xi-Hui], Cai, B.G.[Bai-Gen], Ning, B.[Bin], Wei, S.[Shang_Guan],
Moving Horizon Optimization of Dynamic Trajectory Planning for High-Speed Train Operation,
ITS(17), No. 5, May 2016, pp. 1258-1270.
IEEE DOI 1605
Energy consumption BibRef

Chen, L., Roberts, C., Schmid, F., Stewart, E.,
Modeling and Solving Real-Time Train Rescheduling Problems in Railway Bottleneck Sections,
ITS(16), No. 4, August 2015, pp. 1896-1904.
IEEE DOI 1508
Delays BibRef

Fernandez-Rodriguez, A., Fernandez-Cardador, A., Cucala, A.P., Dominguez, M., Gonsalves, T.,
Design of Robust and Energy-Efficient ATO Speed Profiles of Metropolitan Lines Considering Train Load Variations and Delays,
ITS(16), No. 4, August 2015, pp. 2061-2071.
IEEE DOI 1508
Delays BibRef

Zhao, N.[Ning], Roberts, C., Hillmansen, S., Nicholson, G.,
A Multiple Train Trajectory Optimization to Minimize Energy Consumption and Delay,
ITS(16), No. 5, October 2015, pp. 2363-2372.
IEEE DOI 1511
ant colony optimisation BibRef

Li, D.Y.[Dan-Yong], Song, Y.D.[Yong-Duan], Cai, W.C.[Wen-Chuan],
Neuro-Adaptive Fault-Tolerant Approach for Active Suspension Control of High-Speed Trains,
ITS(16), No. 5, October 2015, pp. 2446-2456.
IEEE DOI 1511
adaptive control BibRef

Cai, W.C.[Wen-Chuan], Li, D.Y.[Dan-Yong], Liu, B., Song, Y.D.[Yong-Duan],
Uniform Rolling-Wear-Based Robust Adaptive Control of High-Speed Trains in the Presence of Actuator Differences,
ITS(17), No. 12, December 2016, pp. 3591-3601.
IEEE DOI 1612
Actuators BibRef

Cai, W.C.[Wen-Chuan], Li, D.Y.[Dan-Yong], Song, Y.D.[Yong-Duan],
A Novel Approach for Active Adhesion Control of High-Speed Trains Under Antiskid Constraints,
ITS(16), No. 6, December 2015, pp. 3213-3222.
IEEE DOI 1512
Control design BibRef

Niu, H.M.[Hui-Min], Tian, X.P.[Xiao-Peng], Zhou, X.S.[Xue-Song],
Demand-Driven Train Schedule Synchronization for High-Speed Rail Lines,
ITS(16), No. 5, October 2015, pp. 2642-2652.
IEEE DOI 1511
dynamic programming BibRef

Yin, X.F.[Xue-Feng], Cai, X.[Xuesong], Cheng, X.[Xiang], Chen, J.[Jiajing], Tian, M.[Meng],
Empirical Geometry-Based Random-Cluster Model for High-Speed-Train Channels in UMTS Networks,
ITS(16), No. 5, October 2015, pp. 2850-2861.
IEEE DOI 1511
3G mobile communication BibRef

Soler, M., Lopez, J., Mera Sanchez de Pedro, J.M., Maroto, J.,
Methodology for Multiobjective Optimization of the AC Railway Power Supply System,
ITS(16), No. 5, October 2015, pp. 2531-2542.
IEEE DOI 1511
Pareto analysis BibRef

Pellegrini, P., Marliere, G., Pesenti, R., Rodriguez, J.,
RECIFE-MILP: An Effective MILP-Based Heuristic for the Real-Time Railway Traffic Management Problem,
ITS(16), No. 5, October 2015, pp. 2609-2619.
IEEE DOI 1511
integer programming BibRef

Kim, K., Kong, S., Jeon, S.,
Slip and Slide Detection and Adaptive Information Sharing Algorithms for High-Speed Train Navigation Systems,
ITS(16), No. 6, December 2015, pp. 3193-3203.
IEEE DOI 1512
Detection algorithms BibRef

Zhao, Y., Ioannou, P.,
Positive Train Control With Dynamic Headway Based on an Active Communication System,
ITS(16), No. 6, December 2015, pp. 3095-3103.
IEEE DOI 1512
Communication systems BibRef

Allotta, B., D'Adamio, P., Marini, L., Meli, E., Pugi, L., Rindi, A.,
A New Strategy for Dynamic Weighing in Motion of Railway Vehicles,
ITS(16), No. 6, December 2015, pp. 3520-3533.
IEEE DOI 1512
Intelligent systems BibRef

Fang, W., Yang, S., Yao, X.,
A Survey on Problem Models and Solution Approaches to Rescheduling in Railway Networks,
ITS(16), No. 6, December 2015, pp. 2997-3016.
IEEE DOI 1512
Delays BibRef

Lei, L., Lu, J., Jiang, Y., Shen, X.S., Li, Y., Zhong, Z., Lin, C.,
Stochastic Delay Analysis for Train Control Services in Next-Generation High-Speed Railway Communications System,
ITS(17), No. 1, January 2016, pp. 48-64.
IEEE DOI 1601
Analytical models BibRef

Karadimou, E., Armstrong, R.,
Test of rolling stock electromagnetic compatibility for cross-domain interoperability,
IET-ITS(10), No. 1, 2016, pp. 10-16.
DOI Link 1602
electromagnetic compatibility BibRef

Umiliacchi, S., Nicholson, G., Zhao, N.[Ning], Schmid, F., Roberts, C.,
Delay management and energy consumption minimisation on a single-track railway,
IET-ITS(10), No. 1, 2016, pp. 50-57.
DOI Link 1602
freight handling BibRef

Hasegawa, D., Nicholson, G., Roberts, C., Schmid, F.,
Analysis of the robustness of terminal turnaround arrangements for railways,
IET-ITS(10), No. 1, 2016, pp. 41-49.
DOI Link 1602
Monte Carlo methods BibRef

Liu, B., Ghazel, M., Toguyeni, A.,
Model-Based Diagnosis of Multi-Track Level Crossing Plants,
ITS(17), No. 2, February 2016, pp. 546-556.
IEEE DOI 1602
Accidents BibRef

Brown, D.E.,
Text Mining the Contributors to Rail Accidents,
ITS(17), No. 2, February 2016, pp. 346-355.
IEEE DOI 1602
Accidents BibRef

Sadler, J., Griffin, D., Gilchrist, A., Austin, J., Kit, O., Heavisides, J.,
GeoSRM- Online geospatial safety risk model for the GB rail network,
IET-ITS(10), No. 1, 2016, pp. 17-24.
DOI Link 1602
Big Data BibRef

Wang, P., Ma, L., Goverde, R.M.P., Wang, Q.,
Rescheduling Trains Using Petri Nets and Heuristic Search,
ITS(17), No. 3, March 2016, pp. 726-735.
IEEE DOI 1603
Color BibRef

Gu, Q., Tang, T., Ma, F.,
Energy-Efficient Train Tracking Operation Based on Multiple Optimization Models,
ITS(17), No. 3, March 2016, pp. 882-892.
IEEE DOI 1603
Delays BibRef

Song, Y., Song, W.,
A Novel Dual Speed-Curve Optimization Based Approach for Energy-Saving Operation of High-Speed Trains,
ITS(17), No. 6, June 2016, pp. 1564-1575.
IEEE DOI 1606
Acceleration BibRef

Yang, H., Zhang, K.P., Liu, H.E.,
Online Regulation of High Speed Train Trajectory Control Based on T-S Fuzzy Bilinear Model,
ITS(17), No. 6, June 2016, pp. 1496-1508.
IEEE DOI 1606
Adaptation models BibRef

Wang, J.F.[Jun-Feng], Li, Y.J.[Yuan-Jing], Zhang, Y.[Yong], Wang, J., Li, Y., Zhang, Y.,
Research on Parallel Control Mechanism and Its Implementation in ATP,
ITS(17), No. 6, June 2016, pp. 1652-1662.
IEEE DOI 1606
Train control. BibRef

Yin, J., Chen, D., Yang, L., Tang, T., Ran, B.,
Efficient Real-Time Train Operation Algorithms With Uncertain Passenger Demands,
ITS(17), No. 9, September 2016, pp. 2600-2612.
IEEE DOI 1609
Algorithm design and analysis BibRef

Lejeune, A., Chevrier, R., Vandanjon, P.O., Rodriguez, J.,
Towards eco-aware timetabling: evolutionary approach and cascading initialisation strategy for the bi-objective optimisation of train running times,
IET-ITS(10), No. 7, 2016, pp. 483-494.
DOI Link 1609
Pareto optimisation BibRef

Dong, H., Gao, S., Ning, B.,
Cooperative Control Synthesis and Stability Analysis of Multiple Trains Under Moving Signaling Systems,
ITS(17), No. 10, October 2016, pp. 2730-2738.
IEEE DOI 1610
Aerodynamics BibRef

Li, S., Yang, L., Gao, Z., Li, K.,
Optimal Guaranteed Cost Cruise Control for High-Speed Train Movement,
ITS(17), No. 10, October 2016, pp. 2879-2887.
IEEE DOI 1610
Aerodynamics BibRef

Lu, S., Wang, M.Q., Weston, P., Chen, S., Yang, J.,
Partial Train Speed Trajectory Optimization Using Mixed-Integer Linear Programming,
ITS(17), No. 10, October 2016, pp. 2911-2920.
IEEE DOI 1610
Acceleration BibRef

Chen, Y., Dong, H., Lü, J., Sun, X., Guo, L.,
A Super-Twisting-Like Algorithm and Its Application to Train Operation Control With Optimal Utilization of Adhesion Force,
ITS(17), No. 11, November 2016, pp. 3035-3044.
IEEE DOI 1609
Adhesives BibRef

Wu, D., Schnieder, E.,
Scenario-Based Modeling of the On-Board of a Satellite-Based Train Control System With Colored Petri Nets,
ITS(17), No. 11, November 2016, pp. 3045-3061.
IEEE DOI 1609
Analytical models BibRef

Zhao, Y., Stow, J., Harrison, C.,
Estimating the frequency of trains approaching red signals: A case study for improving the understanding of SPAD risk,
IET-ITS(10), No. 9, 2016, pp. 579-586.
DOI Link 1609
frequency estimation BibRef

Siergiejczyk, M., Pas, J., Rosinski, A.,
Issue of reliability: exploitation evaluation of electronic transport systems used in the railway environment with consideration of electromagnetic interference,
IET-ITS(10), No. 9, 2016, pp. 587-593.
DOI Link 1609
electromagnetic interference BibRef

Huang, Y., Yang, L., Tang, T., Cao, F., Gao, Z.,
Saving Energy and Improving Service Quality: Bicriteria Train Scheduling in Urban Rail Transit Systems,
ITS(17), No. 12, December 2016, pp. 3364-3379.
IEEE DOI 1612
Energy consumption BibRef

Chen, D., Yin, J., Chen, L., Xu, H.,
Parallel Control and Management for High-Speed Maglev Systems,
ITS(18), No. 2, February 2017, pp. 431-440.
IEEE DOI 1702
Complex systems BibRef

Ghosh, S., Das, A., Basak, N., Dasgupta, P., Katiyar, A.,
Formal Methods for Validation and Test Point Prioritization in Railway Signaling Logic,
ITS(18), No. 3, March 2017, pp. 678-689.
IEEE DOI 1703
Communication system signaling BibRef

Wu, Y., Weng, J., Tang, Z., Li, X., Deng, R.H.,
Vulnerabilities, Attacks, and Countermeasures in Balise-Based Train Control Systems,
ITS(18), No. 4, April 2017, pp. 814-823.
IEEE DOI 1704
Air gaps BibRef

Zhu, T., Mera Sánchez de Pedro, J.M.,
Railway Traffic Conflict Detection via a State Transition Prediction Approach,
ITS(18), No. 5, May 2017, pp. 1268-1278.
IEEE DOI 1705
Analytical models, Delays, Mathematical model, Rail transportation, Real-time systems, Safety, Tracking, Conflict detection, dynamic environment, railway traffic management, state transition map, traffic, prediction BibRef

Li, S.[Sihui], Cai, B.[Baigen], Wei, S.[Shangguan], Schnieder, E.[Eckehard], Toro, F.G.[Federico Grasso],
Switching LDS detection for GNSS-based train integrity monitoring system,
IET-ITS(11), No. 5, June 2017, pp. 299-307.
DOI Link 1705
BibRef

Zhao, N.[Ning], Chen, L.[Lei], Tian, Z.[Zhongbei], Roberts, C.[Clive], Hillmansen, S.[Stuart], Lv, J.[Jidong],
Field test of train trajectory optimisation on a metro line,
IET-ITS(11), No. 5, June 2017, pp. 273-281.
DOI Link 1705
BibRef

Liu, W.R.[Wei-Rong], Wang, D.Y.[Dong-Yang], Gao, K.[Kai], Huang, Z.W.[Zhi-Wu],
Design of distributed cooperative observer for heavy-haul train with unknown displacement,
IET-ITS(11), No. 4, May 2017, pp. 239-247.
DOI Link 1705
BibRef

Zhu, L., Yu, F.R., Tang, T., Ning, B.,
Handoff Performance Improvements in an Integrated Train-Ground Communication System Based on Wireless Network Virtualization,
ITS(18), No. 5, May 2017, pp. 1165-1178.
IEEE DOI 1705
Delays, Optimization, Quality of service, Rails, Virtualization, Wireless networks, Urban rail transit, handoff, train control, wireless, network, virtualization BibRef

Liu, J., Guo, H., Yu, Y.,
Research on the Cooperative Train Control Strategy to Reduce Energy Consumption,
ITS(18), No. 5, May 2017, pp. 1134-1142.
IEEE DOI 1705
Acceleration, Energy consumption, Force, Optimization, Public transportation, Rails, Energy-saving operation, cooperative train control, regenerative braking, subway, train BibRef


Papp, A.[Adam], Wiesmeyr, C.[Christoph], Litzenberger, M.[Martin], Garn, H.[Heinrich], Kropatsch, W.[Walter],
Train Detection and Tracking in Optical Time Domain Reflectometry (OTDR) Signals,
GCPR16(320-331).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef

Zhang, Y.Z., Yan, Y.S., Hu, Z.A.,
Optimization model of number of scheduled freight train formation cars,
IASP11(400-404).
IEEE DOI 1112
BibRef

Chapter on Motion -- Feature-Based, Long Range, Motion and Structure Estimates, Tracking, Surveillance, Activities continues in
Air Traffic Controls, Runways, Aricraft .


Last update:May 25, 2017 at 22:18:08