11.14.4.4 Talking Heads, Speech Driven Face Animation

Chapter Contents (Back)
Face Animation. Facial Animation. Speech Synthesis. See also Face Synthesis Using Three-Dimensional Models.

Bloomstein, R.W.[Richard W.],
Cinematic works with altered facial displays,
US_Patent4,827,532, May 2, 1989
WWW Link. alter lip motions BibRef 8905

Waters, K.[Keith], Levergood, T.M.[Thomas M.],
Method and apparatus for producing audio-visual synthetic speech,
US_Patent5,657,426, Aug 12, 1997
WWW Link. BibRef 9708

Gasper, E.[Elon], Matthews, III, J.H.[Joseph H.], Wesley, R.[Richard],
Advanced tools for speech synchronized animation,
US_Patent5,613,056, Mar 18, 1997
WWW Link. BibRef 9703
And: US_Patent5,630,017, May 13, 1997
WWW Link. BibRef
And: A1, A3, Only: US_Patent5,689,618, Nov 18, 1997
WWW Link. BibRef

Lyberg, B.[Bertil],
Device and method for dubbing an audio-visual presentation which generates synthesized speech and corresponding facial movements,
US_Patent5,826,234, Oct 20, 1998
WWW Link. BibRef 9810

Henton, C.G.[Caroline G.],
Method and apparatus for synthetic speech in facial animation,
US_Patent5,878,396, Mar 2, 1999
WWW Link. BibRef 9903

Goldenthal, W.D.[William D.], Van Thong, J.M.[Jean-Manuel], Waters, K.[Keith],
Automated speech alignment for image synthesis,
US_Patent5,884,267, Mar 16, 1999
WWW Link. BibRef 9903

Scott, K.C.[Kenneth C.], Yeates, M.C.[Matthew C.], Kagels, D.S.[David S.], Watson, S.H.[Stephen Hilary],
Method and apparatus for synthesizing realistic animations of a human speaking using a computer,
US_Patent6,097,381, Aug 1, 2000
WWW Link. BibRef 0008

Danieli, D.V.[Damon Vincent],
Method for generating mouth features of an animated or physical character,
US_Patent6,067,095, May 23, 2000
WWW Link. BibRef 0005

Grammalidis, N.[Nikos], Sarris, N.[Nikos], Deligianni, F.[Fani], Strintzis, M.G.[Michael G.],
Three-Dimensional Facial Adaptation for MPEG-4 Talking Heads,
JASP(2002), No. 10, October 2002, pp. 1005-1020.
WWW Link. 0211
BibRef

Cosatto, E., Ostermann, J., Graf, H.P., Schroeter, J.,
Lifelike talking faces for interactive services,
PIEEE(91), No. 9, September 2003, pp. 1406-1429.
IEEE DOI 0309
BibRef

Cosatto, E.[Eric], Graf, H.P.[Hans Peter], Potamianos, G.[Gerasimos], Schroeter, J.[Juergen],
Audio-visual selection process for the synthesis of photo-realistic talking-head animations,
US_Patent6,654,018, Nov 25, 2003
WWW Link. BibRef 0311

Cosatto, E.[Eric], Graf, H.P.[Hans Peter], Huang, F.J.[Fu Jie],
System and method for triphone-based unit selection for visual speech synthesis,
US_Patent7,209,882, Apr 24, 2007
WWW Link. BibRef 0704
And: US_Patent7,369,992, May 6, 2008
WWW Link. BibRef

Cosatto, E.[Eric], Potamianos, G.[Gerasimos], Graf, H.P.[Hans Peter],
Audio-Visual Unit Selection for the Synthesis of Photo-Realistic Talking-Heads,
ICME00(TA1). 0007
BibRef

Graf, H.P.[Hans Peter], Cosatto, E.[Eric], Ezzat, A.F.[Antoine F.],
Face Analysis for the Synthesis of Photo-Realistic Talking Heads,
AFGR00(189-194).
IEEE DOI 0003
BibRef

Graf, H.P.[Hans Peter],
Sample-based Synthesis of Talking Heads,
RATFG01(xx-yy). 0106
BibRef

Liu, K.[Kang], Ostermann, J.[Joern],
Minimized Database of Unit Selection in Visual Speech Synthesis without Loss of Naturalness,
CAIP09(1212-1219).
Springer DOI 0909
BibRef

Ostermann, J., Weissenfeld, A.,
Talking Faces: Technologies and Applications,
ICPR04(III: 826-833).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Rosenfeld, M.[Maury],
Method for automatically animating lip synchronization and facial expression of animated characters,
US_Patent6,307,576, Oct 23, 2001
WWW Link. BibRef 0110

Basu, S.[Sankar], Faruquie, T.A.[Tanveer Atzal], Neti, C.V.[Chalapathy V.], Rajput, N.[Nitendra], Senior, A.W.[Andrew William], Subramaniam, L.V.[L. Venkata], Verma, A.[Ashish],
Speech driven lip synthesis using viseme based hidden markov models,
US_Patent6,366,885, Apr 2, 2002
WWW Link. BibRef 0204

Dorvil, R.[Richemond],
Device and method for prosody generation at visual synthesis,
US_Patent6,389,396, May 14, 2002
WWW Link. BibRef 0205

Theobald, B.J., Kruse, S.M., Bangham, J.A., Cawley, G.C.,
Towards a low bandwidth talking face using appearance models,
IVC(21), No. 12-13, December 2003, pp. 1117-1124.
WWW Link. 0401
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A4, A2, A3: BMVC01(Session 6: Faces).
HTML Version. University of East Anglia 0110
BibRef

Theobald, B.J., Bangham, J.A., Matthews, I., Glauert, J.R.W., Cawley, G.C.,
2.5D Visual Speech Synthesis Using Appearance Models,
BMVC03(xx-yy).
HTML Version. 0409
BibRef

Devin, V.E.[Vincent E.], Hogg, D.C.[David C.],
Reactive Memories: An Interactive Talking-Head,
IVC(21), No. 12-13, December 2003, pp. 1125-1133.
WWW Link. 0401
BibRef
Earlier: BMVC01(Session 6: Faces).
HTML Version. University of Leeds 0110
BibRef

Sutton, S.[Stephen], Vermeulen, P.[Pieter],
Methods and devices for producing and using synthetic visual speech based on natural coarticulation,
US_Patent6,539,354, Mar 25, 2003
WWW Link. BibRef 0303

Cosker, D.P., Marshall, A.D., Rosin, P.L., Hicks, Y.A.,
Speech-driven facial animation using a hierarchical model,
VISP(151), No. 4, August 2004, pp. 314-321.
IEEE Abstract. 0411
BibRef
Earlier:
Speech driven facial animation using a hidden markov coarticulation model,
ICPR04(I: 128-131).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Cosker, D.P.[Darren P.], Borkett, R., Marshall, A.D.[A. David], Rosin, P.L.[Paul L.],
Towards automatic performance-driven animation between multiple types of facial model,
IET-CV(2), No. 3, September 2008, pp. 129-141.
DOI Link 0905
BibRef

Cosker, D.P.[Darren P.], Roy, S.[Steven], Rosin, P.L.[Paul L.], Marshall, A.D.[A. David],
Re-mapping Animation Parameters Between Multiple Types of Facial Model,
MIRAGE07(365-376).
Springer DOI 0703
BibRef

Ma, J.Y.[Ji-Yong], Cole, R.[Ronald],
Animating visible speech and facial expressions,
VC(20), No. 2-3, May 2004, pp. 86-105.
Springer DOI 0405
BibRef

Muller, P., Kalberer, G.A., Proesmans, M., Van Gool, L.J.,
Realistic speech animation based on observed 3D face dynamics,
VISP(152), No. 4, August 2005, pp. 491-500.
DOI Link 0512
BibRef

Hilton, A., Kalkavouras, M., Collins, G.,
3D studio production of animated actor models,
VISP(152), No. 4, August 2005, pp. 481-490.
DOI Link 0512
BibRef

Hsieh, C.K.[Chao-Kuei], Chen, Y.C.[Yung-Chang],
Partial linear regression for speech-driven talking head application,
SP:IC(21), No. 1, January 2006, pp. 1-12.
WWW Link. 0512
BibRef

Haisma, N.[Nicoline], Sinke, J.G.[Johannes Govert], Bergevoet, B.A.J.[Bas Arnold Jan], van Gestel, H.A.W.[Henricus Antonius Wilhelmus],
Post-synchronizing an information stream including lip objects replacement,
US_Patent7,145,606, Dec 5, 2006
WWW Link. BibRef 0612

Xie, L.[Lei], Liu, Z.Q.[Zhi-Qiang],
A coupled HMM approach to video-realistic speech animation,
PR(40), No. 8, August 2007, pp. 2325-2340.
WWW Link. 0704
BibRef
Earlier:
Speech Animation Using Coupled Hidden Markov Models,
ICPR06(I: 1128-1131).
IEEE DOI 0609
Speech animation; Audio-to-visual conversion; Talking faces; Facial animation; Coupled hidden Markov models (CHMMs) BibRef

Sargin, M.E.[Mehmet E.], Yemez, Y.[Yucel], Erzin, E.[Engin], Tekalp, A.M.[Ahmet M.],
Analysis of Head Gesture and Prosody Patterns for Prosody-Driven Head-Gesture Animation,
PAMI(30), No. 8, August 2008, pp. 1330-1345.
IEEE DOI 0806
BibRef

Ofli, F.[Ferda], Erzin, E.[Engin], Yemez, Y.[Yucel], Tekalp, A.M.[A. Murat],
Estimation and Analysis of Facial Animation Parameter Patterns,
ICIP07(IV: 293-296).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Erdem, A.T.[A. Tanju],
Method for animating a 3-D model of a face,
US_Patent6,731,287, May 4, 2004
WWW Link. BibRef 0405

Bozkurt, E.[Elif], Erdem, C.E.[Cigdem Eroglu], Erzin, E.[Engin], Erdem, T.[Tanju], Ozkan, M.K.[Mehmet K.], Tekalp, A.M.[A. Murat],
Speech-Driven Automatic Facial Expression Synthesis,
3DTV08(273-276).
IEEE DOI 0805
BibRef

Bozkurt, E.[Elif], Erdem, C.E.[Cigdem Eroglu], Erzin, E.[Engin], Erdem, T.[Tanju], Ozkan, M.K.[Mehmet K.],
Comparison of Phoneme and Viseme Based Acoustic Units for Speech Driven Realistic lip Animation,
3DTV07(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0705
BibRef

Hong, P.Y.[Peng-Yu], Wen, Z.[Zhen], Huang, T.S.[Thomas S.],
iface: A 3d Synthetic Talking Face,
IJIG(1), No. 1, January 2001, pp. 19-26. 0101
BibRef

Cheiky, M.[Michael], Gately, P.[Peter],
Photo realistic talking head creation system and method,
US_Patent6,919,892, Jul 19, 2005
WWW Link. BibRef 0507
And:
Do-it-yourself photo realistic talking head creation system and method,
US_Patent7,027,054, Apr 11, 2006
WWW Link. BibRef

Huang, Y.[Ying], Lin, S.S.T.[Stephen Ssu-Te], Guo, B.N.[Bai-Ning], Shum, H.Y.[Heung-Yeung],
System and method for real time lip synchronization,
US_Patent7,133,535, Nov 7, 2006
WWW Link. BibRef 0611

McAlpine, P.[Paul], Hernandez, T.[Todd], Bateman, J.[John], Zimmermann, R.[Remy], Depallens, P.[Philippe],
Facial feature-localized and global real-time video morphing,
US_Patent7,209,577, Apr 24, 2007
WWW Link. BibRef 0704

Massaro, D.W.[Dominic W.], Cohen, M.M.[Michael M.], Beskow, J.[Jonas],
Visual display methods for in computer-animated speech production models,
US_Patent7,225,129, May 29, 2007
WWW Link. BibRef 0705

Clarke, S.[Simon], Hovhannisyan, A.[Armen], Cutler, R.[Ross],
System and process for adding high frame-rate current speaker data to a low frame-rate video using delta frames,
US_Patent7,355,622, Apr 8, 2008
WWW Link. BibRef 0804

Cutler, R.[Ross],
System and process for adding high frame-rate current speaker data to a low frame-rate video using audio watermarking techniques,
US_Patent7,355,623, Apr 8, 2008
WWW Link. BibRef 0804
And: US_Patent7,362,350, Apr 22, 2008
WWW Link. BibRef

Yeung, M.[Minerva], Du, P.[Ping], Huang, C.[Chao],
Method and apparatus for animation of a human speaker,
US_Patent7,388,586, Jun 17, 2008
WWW Link. BibRef 0806

Buenaposada, J.M.[José Miguel], Muñoz, E.[Enrique], Baumela, L.[Luis],
Efficient illumination independent appearance-based face tracking,
IVC(27), No. 5, 2 April 2009, pp. 560-578.
Elsevier DOI 0904
BibRef
Earlier:
Efficiently estimating facial expression and illumination in appearance-based tracking,
BMVC06(I:57).
PDF File. 0609
BibRef
Earlier:
Performance Driven Facial Animation by Appearance Based Tracking,
IbPRIA05(I:476).
Springer DOI 0509
Linear models of appearance; Illumination invariance; Efficient linear subspace model fitting; Facial expression analysis BibRef

Buenaposada, J.M.[José Miguel], Muñoz, E.[Enrique],
Performance driven facial animation using illumination independent appearance-based tracking,
ICPR06(I: 303-306).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Munoz, E.[Enrique], Buenaposada, J.M.[Jose M.], Baumela, L.[Luis],
A direct approach for efficiently tracking with 3D morphable models,
ICCV09(1615-1622).
IEEE DOI 0909
BibRef

Aina, O.O.[Olusola O.],
Generating anatomical substructures for physically-based facial animation. Part 1: A methodology for skull fitting,
VC(25), No. 5-7, May 2009, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0905
BibRef

Schreer, O., Englert, R., Eisert, P., Tanger, R.,
Real-Time Vision and Speech Driven Avatars for Multimedia Applications,
MultMed(10), No. 3, April 2008, pp. 352-360.
IEEE DOI 0905
BibRef

Chen, H.[Hui], Wang, L.[Lan], Liu, W.[Wenxi], Heng, P.A.[Pheng-Ann],
Combined X-ray and facial videos for phoneme-level articulator dynamics,
VC(26), No. 6-8, June 2010, pp. 477-486.
WWW Link. 1101
BibRef

Kim, B.U.[Byung-Uck], Feng, W.W.[Wei-Wei], Yu, Y.Z.[Yi-Zhou],
Real-time data driven deformation with affine bones,
VC(26), No. 6-8, June 2010, pp. 487-495.
WWW Link. 1101
BibRef
And: Erratum: VC(26), No. 9, September 2010, pp. 1241.
WWW Link. 1101
BibRef

Xiong, B., Fan, X., Zhu, C., Jing, X., Peng, Q.,
Face Region Based Conversational Video Coding,
CirSysVideo(21), No. 7, July 2011, pp. 917-931.
IEEE DOI 1107
BibRef

Chen, Y.M., Huang, F.C., Guan, S.H., Chen, B.Y.,
Animating Lip-Sync Characters With Dominated Animeme Models,
CirSysVideo(22), No. 9, September 2012, pp. 1344-1353.
IEEE DOI 1209
BibRef

Zhou, Z.H.[Zi-Heng], Zhao, G.Y.[Guo-Ying], Guo, Y.[Yimo], Pietikäinen, M.[Matti],
An Image-Based Visual Speech Animation System,
CirSysVideo(22), No. 10, October 2012, pp. 1420-1432.
IEEE DOI 1210
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, A4, Only:
Synthesizing a talking mouth,
ICCVGIP10(211-218).
DOI Link 1111
See also Concatenated Frame Image Based CNN for Visual Speech Recognition. BibRef

Deena, S.[Salil], Hou, S.[Shaobo], Galata, A.[Aphrodite],
Visual Speech Synthesis Using a Variable-Order Switching Shared Gaussian Process Dynamical Model,
MultMed(15), No. 8, December 2013, pp. 1755-1768.
IEEE DOI 1402
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, Only:
Speech-Driven Facial Animation Using a Shared Gaussian Process Latent Variable Model,
ISVC09(I: 89-100).
Springer DOI 0911
Gaussian processes BibRef

Srinivasan, V., Bethel, C.L., Murphy, R.R.,
Evaluation of Head Gaze Loosely Synchronized With Real-Time Synthetic Speech for Social Robots,
HMS(44), No. 6, December 2014, pp. 767-778.
IEEE DOI 1412
human-robot interaction BibRef

Yu, J., Wang, Z.,
A Video, Text, and Speech-Driven Realistic 3-D Virtual Head for Human-Machine Interface,
Cyber(45), No. 5, May 2015, pp. 977-988.
IEEE DOI 1505
Adaptation models BibRef

Amini, R., Lisetti, C., Ruiz, G.,
HapFACS 3.0: FACS-Based Facial Expression Generator for 3D Speaking Virtual Characters,
AffCom(6), No. 4, October 2015, pp. 348-360.
IEEE DOI 1512
Emotion recognition BibRef


Pham, H.X., Cheung, S., Pavlovic, V.,
Speech-Driven 3D Facial Animation with Implicit Emotional Awareness: A Deep Learning Approach,
DeepAffective17(2328-2336)
IEEE DOI 1709
Face, Facial animation, Feature extraction, Hidden Markov models, Solid modeling, Speech, Three-dimensional, displays BibRef

Wang, Y.B.[Yan-Bin], Khoo, E.T.[Eng Tat],
Real-time stereoscopic rendering of realistic avatar for interactive 3D telepresence system,
ICIVC17(577-581)
IEEE DOI 1708
Avatars, Cameras, Collaboration, Rendering (computer graphics), Three-dimensional displays, Virtual environments, avatar rendering, collaborative virtual environment, stereoscopic 3D, telepresence, virtual, reality BibRef

Yu, J.[Jun],
A Real-Time 3D Visual Singing Synthesis: From Appearance to Internal Articulators,
MMMod17(I: 53-64).
Springer DOI 1701
BibRef

Yu, J.[Jun],
Speech Synchronized Tongue Animation by Combining Physiology Modeling and X-ray Image Fitting,
MMMod17(I: 726-737).
Springer DOI 1701
BibRef

Dawood, S.[Samia], Hicks, Y.[Yulia], Marshall, D.[David],
Speech-Driven Facial Animation Using Manifold Relevance Determination,
CVAVM16(II: 869-882).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef

Malleson, C.[Charles], Bazin, J.C., Wang, O., Bradley, D., Beeler, T., Hilton, A.[Adrian], Sorkine-Hornung, A.,
FaceDirector: Continuous Control of Facial Performance in Video,
ICCV15(3979-3987)
IEEE DOI 1602
Face BibRef

Yu, J.[Jun], Li, A.[Aijun],
3D visual pronunciation of Mandarine Chinese for language learning,
ICIP14(2036-2040)
IEEE DOI 1502
Animation BibRef

Anderson, R.[Robert], Stenger, B.[Bjorn], Wan, V.[Vincent], Cipolla, R.[Roberto],
Expressive Visual Text-to-Speech Using Active Appearance Models,
CVPR13(3382-3389)
IEEE DOI 1309
See also Dense Active Appearance Models Using a Bounded Diameter Minimum Spanning Tree. BibRef

Manresa-Yee, C.[Cristina], Ponsa, P.[Pere], Arellano, D.[Diana], Larrea, M.[Martin],
An Avatar Acceptance Study for Home Automation Scenarios,
AMDO12(230-238).
Springer DOI 1208
BibRef

Tang, Y.Q.[Yong-Qing], Fang, Y.[Yong], Huang, Q.H.[Qing-Hua],
Audio personalization using head related transfer function in 3DTV,
3DTV11(1-4).
IEEE DOI 1105
BibRef

Liu, K.[Kang], Ostermann, J.[Joern],
Realistic head motion synthesis for an image-based talking head,
FG11(125-130).
IEEE DOI 1103
BibRef
And: FG11(221-226).
IEEE DOI 1103
BibRef

Chaloupka, J.[Josef], Chaloupka, Z.[Zdenek],
Czech Artificial Computerized Talking Head George,
COST08(324-330).
Springer DOI 0810
BibRef

Zhao, H.[Hui], Chen, Y.B.[Yue-Bing], Shen, Y.M.[Ya-Min], Tang, C.J.[Chao-Jing],
Audio-Visual Speech Synthesis Based on Chinese Visual Triphone,
CISP09(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0910
BibRef

Hu, Y.L.[Yong-Li], Zhou, M.Q.[Ming-Quan], Wu, Z.K.[Zhong-Ke],
An Automatic Dense Point Registration Method for 3D Face Animation,
CISP09(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0910
BibRef

Berger, M.O.[Marie-Odile], Ponroy, J.[Jonathan], Wrobel-Dautcourt, B.[Brigitte],
Realistic Face Animation for Audiovisual Speech Applications: A Densification Approach Driven by Sparse Stereo Meshes,
MIRAGE09(297-307).
Springer DOI 0905
BibRef

Verdet, F.[Florian], Hennebert, J.[Jean],
Impostures of Talking Face Systems Using Automatic Face Animation,
BTAS08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0809
BibRef

Gaur, U.[Utkarsh], Jain, A.[Amrita], Goel, S.[Sanjay],
Towards Real-Time Monocular Video-Based Avatar Animation,
ISVC08(II: 949-958).
Springer DOI 0812
BibRef

Badin, P.[Pierre], Elisei, F.[Frédéric], Bailly, G.[Gérard], Tarabalka, Y.[Yuliya],
An Audiovisual Talking Head for Augmented Speech Generation: Models and Animations Based on a Real Speaker's Articulatory Data,
AMDO08(xx-yy).
Springer DOI 0807
BibRef

Fanelli, G.[Gabriele], Fratarcangeli, M.[Marco],
A Non-Invasive Approach for Driving Virtual Talking Heads from Real Facial Movements,
3DTV07(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0705
BibRef

Xiong, L.[Lei], Zheng, N.N.[Nan-Ning], You, Q.[Qubo], Liu, J.Y.[Jian-Yi],
Facial Expression Sequence Synthesis Based on Shape and Texture Fusion Model,
ICIP07(IV: 473-476).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Beaumesnil, B.[Brice], Luthon, F.[Franck],
Real Time Tracking for 3D Realistic Lip Animation,
ICPR06(I: 219-222).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Ravindra de Silva, P., Madurapperuma, A.P., Marasinghe, A., Osano, M.,
Integrating Animated Pedagogical Agent as Motivational Supporter into Interactive System,
CRV06(34-34).
IEEE DOI 0607
BibRef

Pei, Y.R.[Yu-Ru], Zha, H.B.[Hong-Bin],
Vision Based Speech Animation Transferring with Underlying Anatomical Structure,
ACCV06(I:591-600).
Springer DOI 0601
BibRef

Liu, Y.H.[Yang-Hua], Xu, G.Y.[Guang-You], Tao, L.M.[Lin-Mi],
An Efficient Approach for Multi-view Face Animation Based on Quasi 3D Model,
ACCV06(II:913-922).
Springer DOI 0601
BibRef

Leszczynski, M.[Mariusz], Skarbek, W.[Wladyslaw],
Viseme Classification for Talking Head Application,
CAIP05(773).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef
Earlier:
Viseme recognition: A comparative study,
AVSBS05(287-292).
IEEE DOI 0602
BibRef

Leszczynski, M.[Mariusz], Skarbek, W.[Wladyslaw], Badura, S.[Stanislaw],
Fast Viseme Recognition for Talking Head Application,
ICIAR05(516-523).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

Gracia-Roche, J.J.[Juan José], Orrite, C.[Carlos], Bernués, E.[Emiliano], Herrero, J.E.[José Elías],
Color Distribution Tracking for Facial Analysis,
IbPRIA05(I:484).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

Ypsilos, I.A., Hilton, A., Turkmani, A., Jackson, P.J.B.,
Speech-driven face synthesis from 3D video,
3DPVT04(58-65).
IEEE DOI 0412
BibRef

Saisan, P.[Payam], Bissacco, A.[Alessandro], Chiuso, A.[Alessandro], Soatto, S.[Stefano],
Modeling and Synthesis of Facial Motion Driven by Speech,
ECCV04(Vol III: 456-467).
Springer DOI 0405
BibRef

Malcangi, M.[Mario], de Tintis, R.[Raffaele],
Audio Based Real-Time Speech Animation of Embodied Conversational Agents,
GW03(350-360).
Springer DOI 0405
BibRef

Aleksic, P.S., Katsaggelos, A.K.,
Speech-to-video synthesis using facial animation parameters,
ICIP03(III: 1-4).
IEEE DOI 0312
BibRef

Hack, C.A., Taylor, C.J.,
Modelling 'Talking Head' Behaviour,
BMVC03(xx-yy).
HTML Version. 0409
BibRef

Choi, K.H.[Kyoung-Ho], Hwang, J.N.[Jenq-Neng],
Creating 3D speech-driven talking heads: a probabilistic network approach,
ICIP02(I: 984-987).
IEEE DOI 0210
BibRef

Hong, P.Y.[Peng-Yu], Wen, Z.[Zhen], Huang, T.S., Shum, H.Y.[Heung-Yeung],
Real-time speech-driven 3D face animation,
3DPVT02(713-716).
IEEE DOI 0206
BibRef

Morishima, S., Yotsukura, T.,
Hypermask: Talking Head Projected Onto Moving Surface,
ICIP01(III: 947-950).
IEEE DOI 0108
BibRef

Neumann, J.[Jan], Aloimonos, Y.[Yiannis],
Talking Heads: Introducing the tool of 3D motion fields in the study of action,
HUMO00(25-32).
IEEE Top Reference. 0010
BibRef

Melek, Z.[Zeki], Akarun, L.[Lale],
Automated Lip Synchronized Speech Driven Facial Animation,
ICME00(TA1). 0007
BibRef

Chen, T.H.[Tsu-Han], Wang, Y.[Yao], Graf, H.P., Swain, C.T.,
A new frame interpolation scheme for talking head sequences,
ICIP95(II: 591-594).
IEEE DOI 9510
BibRef

Shan, S.,
Individual 3d Face Synthesis Based on Orthogonal Photos and Speech-driven Facial Animation,
ICIP00(Vol III: 238-241).
IEEE DOI 0008
BibRef

Noh, J.Y.[Jun-Yong], Neumann, U.[Ulrich],
Talking Face,
ICME00(TA1). 0007
BibRef

Kakihara, K.[Kiyotsugu], Nakamura, S.[Satoshi], Shikano, K.[Kiyohiro],
Speech-To-Face Movement Synthesis Based on HMMS,
ICME00(MP7). 0007
BibRef

Van Gool, L.J.[Luc J.], Tuytelaars, T.[Tinne], Pollefeys, M.[Marc],
Adventurous Tourism for Couch Potatoes,
CAIP99(98-107).
Springer DOI 9909
Talking mask, display of scene, etc. BibRef

Ishikawa, T., Sera, H., Morishima, S., Terzopoulos, D.,
Facial Image Reconstruction by Estimated Muscle Parameter,
AFGR98(342-347).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9800

Bothe, H.H.[Hans H.],
A visual speech model based on fuzzy-neuro methods,
CIAP95(152-158).
Springer DOI 9509
BibRef

Chen, T.H.[Tsu-Han], Graf, H.P., Haskell, B.G., Petajan, E., Wang, Y.[Yao], Chen, H., Chou, W.[Wu],
Speech-assisted lip synchronization in audio-visual communications,
ICIP95(II: 579-582).
IEEE DOI 9510
BibRef

Chapter on 3-D Object Description and Computation Techniques, Surfaces, Deformable, View Generation, Video Conferencing continues in
Face Animation, Video Face Synthesis .


Last update:Nov 11, 2017 at 13:31:57