7.1.3 Median Filtering

Chapter Contents (Back)
Median Filters. Median Computation. See also Smoothing Techniques, Adaptive Smoothing.

Huang, T.S., Yang, G.J., and Tang, G.Y.,
A Fast Two-Dimensional Median Filtering Algorithm,
ASSP(27), February 1979, pp. 13-18. BibRef 7902
Earlier: PRIP78(128-130). BibRef

Danielsson, P.E.[Per-Erik],
Getting the Median Faster,
CGIP(17), No. 1, September 1981, pp. 71-78.
WWW Link. BibRef 8109

Narendra, P.M.,
A Separable Median Filter for Image Noise Smoothing,
PAMI(3), No. 1, January 1981, pp. 20-29. BibRef 8101

Ip, H.H.S., Potter, D.J., Lebedev, D.S.,
Impulse Noise Cleaning by Iterative Threshold Median Filtering,
PRL(2), 1983, pp. 89-93. BibRef 8300

Tanimoto, S.L.,
Algorithms for Median Filtering of Images on a Pyramid Machine,
CSIP83(123-141). BibRef 8300

Mathews, K.N.,
Large Window Median Filtering on CLIP7,
PRL(1), 1983, pp. 341-346. BibRef 8300

Brownrigg, D.R.K.,
The Weighted Median Filter,
CACM(27), No. 8, August 1984, pp. 807-818. Weights allow the filter to be more selective. BibRef 8408

Scollar, I., Weidner, B., Huang, T.S.,
Image Enhancement Using the Median and the Interquartile Distance,
CVGIP(25), No. 2, February 1984, pp. 236-251.
WWW Link. BibRef 8402

Cole, R., Yap, C.K.,
A Parallel Median Algorithm,
IPL(20), 1985, pp. 137-139. BibRef 8500

Fitch, J.P., Coyle, E.J., Gallagher, Jr., N.C.,
Root Properties and Convergence Rates of Median Filters,
ASSP(33), 1985, pp. 230-240. BibRef 8500

Lee, Y.H., Kassam, S.A.,
Generalized Median Filtering and Related Nonlinear Filtering Techniques,
ASSP(33), 1985, pp. 672-683. BibRef 8500

Liao, G.Y., Nodes, T.A., Gallagher, Jr., N.C.,
Output Distributions of Two-Dimensional Median Filters,
ASSP(33), 1985, pp. 1280-1295. BibRef 8500

Sacks, J.M.[Jack M.],
Target discrimination utilizing median filters,
US_Patent4,603,430, 07/29/1986.
HTML Version. BibRef 8607

Arce, G.R., McLoughlin, M.P.,
Theoretical Analysis of the Max/Median Filter,
ASSP(35), 1987, pp. 60-69. BibRef 8700

Nieminen, A., Neuvo, Y.,
Comments on 'Theoretical Analysis of the Max/Median Filter',
ASSP(36), 1988, pp. 826-827. BibRef 8800

McLoughlin, M.P., Arce, G.R.,
Deterministic Properties of the Recursive Separable Median Filter,
ASSP(35), 1987, pp. 98-106. BibRef 8700

Bovik, A.C.,
Streaking in Median Filtered Images,
ASSP(35), 1987, pp. 493-503. BibRef 8700

Heinonen, P., Neuvo, Y.,
FIR-Median Hybrid Filters,
ASSP(35), 1987, pp. 832-838. BibRef 8700

Astola, J.T., Heinonen, P., Neuvo, Y.,
On Root Structures of Median and Median-Type Filters,
ASSP(35), 1987, pp. 1199-1201. BibRef 8700

Astola, J.T., Haavisto, P., Neuvo, Y.,
Vector Median Filters,
PIEEE(78), 1990, pp. 678-689. BibRef 9000

Yli-Harja, O., Astola, J.T., Neuvo, Y.,
Analysis of the Properties of Median and Weighted Median Filters Using Threshold Logic and Stack Filter Representation,
TSP(39), 1991, pp. 395-410. BibRef 9100

Perlman, S.S., Eisenhandler, S., Lyons, P.W., Shumila, M.J.,
Adaptive Median Filtering for Impulse Noise Elimination in Real-Time TV Signals,
Commun(35), 1987, pp. 646-652. BibRef 8700

Yom, D.H., Ann, S.,
Directed Graph Representation for Root-Signal Set of Median Filters,
PIEEE(75), 1987, pp. 1542-1544. BibRef 8700

Kasparis, T., Eichmann, G.,
Vector Median Filters,
SP(13), 1987, pp. 287-299. BibRef 8700

Lin, H.M., Willson, Jr., A.N.,
Median Filters with Adaptive Length,
CirSys(35), June 1988, pp. 675-690.
IEEE Top Reference. BibRef 8806

Tanaka, N.[Nobuyuki],
Method of smoothing image signals,
US_Patent4,827,533, May 2, 1989
WWW Link. Median smoothing BibRef 8905

Willson, S.J.,
Convergence of Iterated Median Rules,
CVGIP(47), No. 1, July 1989, pp. 105-110.
WWW Link. BibRef 8907

Asano, A., Itoh, K., Ichioka, Y.,
The Nearest Neighbor Median Filter: Some Deterministic Properties and Implementations,
PR(23), No. 10, 1990, pp. 1059-1066.
WWW Link. BibRef 9000

Juhola, M., Katajainen, J., Raita, T.,
Comparison of Algorithms for Standard Median Filtering,
TSP(39), 1991, pp. 204-208. BibRef 9100

Ranka, S., Sahni, S.,
Efficient Serial and Parallel Algorithms for Median Filtering,
TSP(29), 1991, pp. 1462-1466. BibRef 9100

Gan, Z.J., Mao, M.,
Two Convergence Theorems on Deterministic Properties of Median Filters,
TSP(39), 1991, pp. 1689-1691. BibRef 9100

Nie, X., Unbehauen, R.,
Edge Preserving Filtering by Combining Nonlinear Mean and Median Filters,
TSP(39), 1991, pp. 2552-2554. BibRef 9100

Wang, X.,
Generalized Multistage Median Filters,
IP(1), No. 4, October 1992, pp. 543-545.
IEEE DOI BibRef 9210

Akarun, L., Haddad, R.A.,
Adaptive Decimated Median Filtering,
PRL(13), 1992, pp. 57-62. BibRef 9200

Gil, J., and Werman, M.,
Computing 2-D Min, Median, and Max Filters,
PAMI(15), No. 5, May 1993, pp. 504-507.
IEEE DOI Fast, constant time algorithms. Average 3 comparisons per output sample using a sliding window. Worst case is 3-4/p (p element window). BibRef 9305

Onural, L., Alp, M.B., Gurelli, M.I.,
Gibbs Random-Field Model-Based Weight Selection For The 2-D Adaptive Weighted Median Filter,
PAMI(16), No. 8, August 1994, pp. 831-837.
IEEE DOI BibRef 9408

Nieminen, A., Heinonen, P., Neuvo, Y.,
A New Class of Detail-Preserving Filters for Image Processing,
PAMI(9), No. 1, January 1987, pp. 74-90. BibRef 8701

Sun, T., Neuvo, Y.,
Detail-Preserving Median Based Filters In Image-Processing,
PRL(15), No. 4, April 1994, pp. 341-347. BibRef 9404

Lee, C.Y.[Chen-Yi], Hsieh, P.W.[Po-Wen], Tsai, J.M.[Jer-Min],
High-speed median filter designs using shiftable content-addressable memory,
CirSysVideo(4), No. 6, December 1994, pp. 544-549.
IEEE Top Reference. 0206
BibRef

Viero, T., Oistamo, K., Neuvo, Y.,
Three-dimensional median-related filters for color image sequence filtering,
CirSysVideo(4), No. 2, April 1994, pp. 129-142, 208-10.
IEEE Top Reference. 0206
BibRef

Yang, X.H.[Xia-Hua], Toh, P.S.[Peng Seng],
Adaptive fuzzy multilevel median filter,
IP(4), No. 5, May 1995, pp. 680-682.
IEEE DOI 0402
BibRef

Hwang, H., Haddad, R.A.,
Adaptive median filters: new algorithms and results,
IP(4), No. 4, April 1995, pp. 499-502.
IEEE DOI 0402
BibRef

Zeng, B., Neuvo, Y.,
Optimal Parallel Stack Filtering under the Mean Absolute Error Criterion,
IP(3), No. 3, May 1994, pp. 324-327.
IEEE DOI BibRef 9405

Zeng, B.[Bing],
Optimal median-type filtering under structural constraints,
IP(4), No. 7, July 1995, pp. 921-931.
IEEE DOI 0402
BibRef

Li, J.S.J., Ramsingh, A.,
The relationship of the multi-shell to multistage and standard median filters,
IP(4), No. 8, August 1995, pp. 1165-1169.
IEEE DOI 0402
BibRef

Tanimoto, S.L.,
Fast Median Filtering Algorithms for Mesh Computers,
PR(28), No. 12, December 1995, pp. 1965-1972.
WWW Link. BibRef 9512

Hayat, L., Fleury, M., Clark, A.F.,
Two-Dimensional Median Filter Algorithm for Parallel Reconfigurable Computers,
VISP(142), No. 6, December 1995, pp. 345-350. BibRef 9512

Qiu, G.P.,
An Improved Recursive Median Filtering Scheme for Image-Processing,
IP(5), No. 4, April 1996, pp. 646-648.
IEEE DOI 9605
BibRef

Hunter, A.,
Connectionist Median Filtering Networks,
IVC(14), No. 4, May 1996, pp. 277-283.
WWW Link. 9607
BibRef

Chung, K.L.,
A Fast Pipelined Median Filter Network,
SP(51), No. 2, June 1996, pp. 133-136. 9608
BibRef

Garcia Cabrera, L., Garcia Salinas, M.J., Luquees Camilla, P.L., Martinez Aroza, J., Lopera, J.F.G., Roman-Roldan, R.,
Median-Type Filters with Model-Based Preselection Masks,
IVC(14), No. 10, December 1996, pp. 741-752.
WWW Link. 9612
BibRef

Kundu, A., Zhou, J.,
Combination Median Filter,
IP(1), No. 3, July 1992, pp. 422-429.
IEEE DOI BibRef 9207

Bapeswara Rao, V.V., Sankara Rao, K.,
A New Algorithm for Real-Time Median Filtering,
ASSP(34), 1986, pp. 1674-1675. BibRef 8600

Nodes, T.A., Gallagher, Jr., N.C.,
The Output Distribution of Median Type Filters,
Commun(32), 1984, pp. 532-541. BibRef 8400

Nodes, T.A., Gallagher, Jr., N.C.,
Two-Dimensional Root Structures and Convergence Properties of the Separable Median Filter,
ASSP(31), 1983, pp. 1350-1365. BibRef 8300

Bednar, J.B., Watt, T.L.,
Alpha-Trimmed Means and Their Relationship to Median Filters,
ASSP(32), 1984, pp. 145-153. BibRef 8400

Fitch, J.P., Coyle, E.J., Gallagher, Jr., N.C.,
Median Filtering by Threshold Decomposition,
ASSP(32), 1984, pp. 1183-1188. BibRef 8400

Arce, G.R., Gallagher, Jr., N.C.,
BTC Image Coding Using Median Filter Roots,
Commun(31), 1983, pp. 784-793. BibRef 8300

Jokinen, H., Ihalainen, H., Kalamo, P.,
A Predictive Median Threshold Filter with Robust Prediction Estimation,
SP(58), No. 1, April 1997, pp. 1-9. 9707
BibRef

Barni, M.,
A Fast Algorithm for 1-Norm Vector Median Filtering,
IP(6), No. 10, October 1997, pp. 1452-1455.
IEEE DOI 9710
BibRef

Sebastiani, G., Stramaglia, S.,
A Bayesian-Approach for the Median Filter in Image-Processing,
SP(62), No. 3, November 1997, pp. 303-309. 9802
BibRef

Garcia Cabrera, L., Luquees Camilla, P.L., Martinez Aroza, J., Robles Perez, A.M., Roman Roldan, R.,
Two Pixel-Preselection Methods For Median-Type Filtering,
VISP(145), No. 1, February 1998, pp. 30-40. 9804
BibRef

Yang, D.L., Chen, C.H.,
Data Dependence Analysis and Bit-Level Systolic Arrays of the Median Filter,
CirSysVideo(8), No. 8, December 1998, pp. 1015.
IEEE Top Reference. BibRef 9812

Boles, W.W., Kanefsky, M., Simaan, M.,
A reduced edge distortion median filtering algorithm for binary images,
SP(21), No. 1, 1990, pp. 37-47. BibRef 9000

Alparone, L., Cappellini, V., Garzelli, A.,
A Coarse-to-Fine Algorithm for Fast Median Filtering of Image Data with a Huge Number of Levels,
SP(39), No. 1-2, 1994, pp. 33-41. BibRef 9400

Chatzis, V., Pitas, I.,
Fuzzy Scalar and Vector Median Filters Based on Fuzzy Distances,
IP(8), No. 5, May 1999, pp. 731-734.
IEEE DOI BibRef 9905

Ben Hamza, A.[Abdessamad], Luque Escamilla, P.L.[Pedro L.], Martinez Aroza, J.[José], Román-Roldán, R.[Ramón],
Removing Noise and Preserving Details with Relaxed Median Filters,
JMIV(11), No. 2, October 1999, pp. 161-177.
DOI Link BibRef 9910

Chen, T., Ma, K.K., Chen, L.H.,
Tri-State Median Filter for Image Denoising,
IP(8), No. 12, December 1999, pp. 1834-1838.
IEEE DOI 9912
BibRef

Caselles, V.[Vicent], Sapiro, G.[Guillermo], Chung, D.H.[Do Hyun],
Vector Median Filters, Inf-Sup Operations, and Coupled PDE's: Theoretical Connections,
JMIV(12), No. 2, April 2000, pp. 109-119.
DOI Link 0002
BibRef
Earlier:
Vector Median Filters, Morphology, and PDE's: Theoretical Connections,
ICIP99(IV:177-181).
IEEE DOI BibRef

Hiasat, A.A., Al-Ibrahim, M.M., Gharaibeh, K.M.,
Design and implementation of a new efficient median filtering algorithm,
VISP(146), No. 5, October 1999, pp. 273-285. 0002
BibRef

Davies, E.R.,
Image distortions produced by mean, median and mode filters,
VISP(146), No. 5, October 1999, pp. 279-285. 0002
BibRef
Earlier:
A remanent noise problem with the median filter,
ICPR92(III:505-508).
IEEE DOI 9208
BibRef

Vlassis, S., Doris, K., Siskos, S., Pitas, I.,
Analog implementation of erosion/dilation, median and order statistics filters,
PR(33), No. 6, June 2000, pp. 1023-1032.
WWW Link. 0004
BibRef

Barni, M., Buti, F., Bartolini, F., Cappellini, V.,
A Quasi-Euclidean Norm to Speed Up Vector Median Filtering,
IP(9), No. 10, October 2000, pp. 1704-1709.
IEEE DOI 0010
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, A2, A4:
Optimum linear approximation of the Euclidean norm to speed up vector median filtering,
ICIP95(I: 362-365).
IEEE DOI 9510
BibRef

Chen, T., Wu, H.R.,
Adaptive Impulse Detection Using Center-Weighted Median Filters,
SPLetters(8), No. 1, January 2001, pp. 1-3.
IEEE Top Reference. 0012
BibRef
Earlier:
A New Class of Median Based Impulse Rejecting Filters,
ICIP00(Vol I: 916-919).
IEEE DOI 0008
BibRef

Eng, H.L.[How-Lung], Ma, K.K.[Kai-Kuang],
Noise adaptive soft-switching median filter,
IP(10), No. 2, February 2001, pp. 242-251.
IEEE DOI 0104
BibRef

Kim, J.S.[Jun-Seon], Park, H.W.[Hyun Wook],
Adaptive 3-D median filtering for restoration of an image sequence corrupted by impulse noise,
SP:IC(16), No. 7, April 2001, pp. 657-668.
WWW Link. 0105
BibRef

Vardavoulia, M.I., Andreadis, I., Tsalides, P.,
A new vector median filter for colour image processing,
PRL(22), No. 6-7, May 2001, pp. 675-689.
Elsevier DOI 0105
BibRef

Louverdis, G., Vardavoulia, M.I., Andreadis, I., Tsalides, P.,
A new approach to morphological color image processing,
PR(35), No. 8, August 2002, pp. 1733-1741.
WWW Link. 0206
BibRef

Louverdis, G., Andreadis, I., Tsalides, P.,
New fuzzy model for morphological colour image processing,
VISP(149), No. 3, June 2002, pp. 129-139.
IEEE Top Reference. 0210
BibRef

Louverdis, G., Andreadis, I.,
Design and implementation of a fuzzy hardware structure for morphological color image processing,
CirSysVideo(13), No. 3, March 2003, pp. 277-288.
IEEE Top Reference. 0304
BibRef

Senel, H.G., Peters, R.A., Dawant, B.,
Topological median filters,
IP(11), No. 2, February 2002, pp. 89-104.
IEEE DOI 0202
BibRef

Ling, J.[Jian], Bovik, A.C.,
Smoothing low-SNR molecular images via anisotropic median-diffusion,
MedImg(21), No. 4, April 2002, pp. 377-384.
IEEE Top Reference. 0206
BibRef

Lucat, L.[Laurent], Siohan, P.[Pierre], Barba, D.[Dominique],
Adaptive and global optimization methods for weighted vector median filters,
SP:IC(17), No. 7, August 2002, pp. 509-524.
WWW Link. 0208
BibRef

Zhang, S.Q.[Shu-Qun], Karim, M.A.,
A new impulse detector for switching median filters,
SPLetters(9), No. 11, November 2002, pp. 360-363.
IEEE Top Reference. 0212
BibRef

Fischer, M., Paredes, J.L., Arce, G.R.,
Weighted median image sharpeners for the world wide web,
IP(11), No. 7, July 2002, pp. 717-727.
IEEE DOI 0207
BibRef

Paredes, J.L., Arce, G.R.,
An Optimization Algorithm for Recursive Weighted Median Filters with Real-valued Weights,
ICIP00(Vol I: 892-895).
IEEE DOI 0008
BibRef

Katkovnik, V.[Vladimir], Shmulevich, I.[Ilya],
Kernel density estimation with adaptive varying window size,
PRL(23), No. 14, December 2002, pp. 1641-1648.
Elsevier DOI 0208
BibRef

Katkovnik, V.[Vladimir], Egiazarian, K.O.[Karen O.], Astola, J.T.[Jaakko T.],
Adaptive Window Size Image De-noising Based on Intersection of Confidence Intervals (ICI) Rule,
JMIV(16), No. 3, May 2002, pp. 223-235.
DOI Link 0211
BibRef

Melnik, V.P.[Vladimir P.], Shmulevich, I.[Ilya], Egiazarian, K.O.[Karen O.], Astola, J.T.[Jaakko T.],
Image Denoising using a Block-Median Pyramid,
ICIP99(IV:162-166).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9900

Öktem, H., Katkovnik, V., Egiazarian, K.O., Astola, J.T.,
Local Adaptive Transform Based Image Denoising with Varying Window Size,
ICIP01(I: 273-276).
IEEE DOI 0108
BibRef

Oktem, R., Egiazarian, K.O., Aizenberg, I., Aizenberg, N.,
Transform domain denoising using nonlinear filtering and cellular neural networks,
ICIP98(II: 862-866).
IEEE DOI 9810
BibRef

Oktem, H.[Hakan], Egiazarian, K.O.[Karen O.], Katkovnik, V.[Vladimir],
Adaptive De-noising of Images by Locally Switching wavelet Transforms,
ICIP99(I:175-179).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9900

Katkovnik, V.[Vladimir], Egiazarian, K.O.[Karen O.], Astola, J.T.[Jaakko T.],
Application of the ICI principle to window size adaptive median filtering,
SP(83), No. 2, February 2003, pp. 251-257.
WWW Link. 0304
BibRef

Helin, P., Katkovnik, V., Gotchev, A., Astola, J.T.,
Super resolution inverse imaging for plenoptic camera using wavefield modeling,
3DTV-CON14(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1409
cameras BibRef

Katkovnik, V.[Vladimir], Astola, J.T.[Jaakko T.], Egiazarian, K.O.[Karen O.],
Wavefield Reconstruction and Design as Discrete Inverse Problems,
3DTV08(265-268).
IEEE DOI 0805
BibRef

Lukac, R.[Rastislav],
Adaptive vector median filtering,
PRL(24), No. 12, August 2003, pp. 1889-1899.
WWW Link. 0304
BibRef

Eckhardt, U.[Ulrich],
Root Images of Median Filters,
JMIV(19), No. 1, July 2003, pp. 63-70.
DOI Link 0307
BibRef
Earlier:
Root Images of Median Filters: Semi-topological Approach,
WTRCV02(167-175). 0204
BibRef

Smolka, B.[Bogdan], Chydzinski, A.[Andrzej],
Fast detection and impulsive noise removal in color images,
RealTimeImg(11), No. 5-6, October-December 2005, pp. 389-402.
WWW Link. 0510
Impulse Noise. See also Self-adaptive algorithm of impulsive noise reduction in color images. BibRef

Smolka, B.[Bogdan], Malik, K.[Krystyna], Malik, D.[Dariusz],
Adaptive rank weighted switching filter for impulsive noise removal in color images,
RealTimeIP(10), No. 2, June 2015, pp. 289-311.
WWW Link. 1506
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, Only:
Reduced Ordering Technique of Impulsive Noise Removal in Color Images,
CCIW13(296-310).
Springer DOI 1304
BibRef

Smolka, B.[Bogdan],
Fast impulsive noise removal in color images,
ICIP13(1212-1216)
IEEE DOI 1402
BibRef
Earlier:
Adaptive Edge Enhancing Technique of Impulsive Noise Removal in Color Digital Images,
CCIW11(60-74).
Springer DOI 1104
Color BibRef

Smolka, B.[Bogdan],
On the Adaptive Impulsive Noise Attenuation in Color Images,
ICIAR06(I: 307-317).
Springer DOI 0610
BibRef
Earlier:
On the Similarity Based Impulsive Noise Removal Technique for Multichannel Images,
SCIA03(1066-1073).
Springer DOI 0310
BibRef

Smolka, B.[Bogdan],
Adaptive Generalized Vector Median Filter,
CIARP08(30-37).
Springer DOI 0809
BibRef

Smolka, B.[Bogdan],
Peer group switching filter for impulse noise reduction incolor images,
PRL(31), No. 6, 15 April 2010, pp. 484-495.
Elsevier DOI 1004
BibRef
Earlier:
Peer Group Filter for Impulsive Noise Removal in Color Images,
CIARP08(699-707).
Springer DOI 0809
BibRef
Earlier:
Peer Group Vector Median Filter,
DAGM07(314-323).
Springer DOI 0709
BibRef
Earlier:
Efficient Modification of the Central Weighted Vector Median Filter,
DAGM02(166 ff.).
Springer DOI 0303
Noise; Color image; Impulse noise removal; Image restoration; Image filtering; Image enhancement BibRef

Malinski, L.[Lukasz], Smolka, B.[Bogdan],
Fast averaging peer group filter for the impulsive noise removal in color images,
RealTimeIP(11), No. 3, March 2016, pp. 427-444.
WWW Link. 1604
BibRef

Lukac, R.[Rastislav], Smolka, B.[Bogdan], Plataniotis, K.N.[Konstantinos N.], Venetsanopoulos, A.N.[Anastasios N.],
Vector sigma filters for noise detection and removal in color images,
JVCIR(17), No. 1, February 2006, pp. 1-26.
WWW Link. Award, JVCIR Most Cited. 0711
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A3, A1, A4:
Similarity based impulsive noise removal in color images,
ICIP03(I: 105-108).
IEEE DOI 0312
BibRef
And: A2, A3, A1, A4:
Kernel density estimation based multichannel impulsive noise reduction filter,
ICIP03(II: 137-140).
IEEE DOI 0312
Multichannel image processing; Nonlinear vector filtering; Order-statistic theory; Adaptive filter design See also Self-adaptive algorithm of impulsive noise reduction in color images. BibRef

Szczepanski, M., Smolka, B., Plataniotis, K.N., Venetsanopoulos, A.N.,
On the geodesic paths approach to color image filtering,
SP(83), No. 6, June 2003, pp. 1309-1342.
WWW Link. 0304
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1, A3, A4:
On the fast modification of the vector median filter,
ICPR02(III: 931-934).
IEEE DOI 0211
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1, A3, A4:
Fast Modified Vector Median Filter,
CAIP01(570 ff.).
Springer DOI 0210
BibRef

Smolka, B., Plataniotis, K.N., Chydzinski, A., Szczepanski, M., Venetsanopoulos, A.N., Wojciechowski, K.,
Self-adaptive algorithm of impulsive noise reduction in color images,
PR(35), No. 8, August 2002, pp. 1771-1784.
WWW Link. 0206
See also Vector sigma filters for noise detection and removal in color images. See also Color image denoising using evolutionary computation. BibRef

Smolka, B.[Bogdan], Plataniotis, K.N.[Konstantinos N.],
Soft-Switching Adaptive Technique of Impulsive Noise Removal in Color Images,
ICIAR05(686-693).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

Smolka, B., Szczepanski, M., Plataniotis, K.N., Venetsanopoulos, A.N.,
Random Walk Approach to Noise Reduction in Color Images,
CAIP01(527 ff.).
Springer DOI 0210
BibRef
And:
On the Efficiency of Random Walk Approach to Noise Reduction in Color Images,
ICIP01(III: 138-141).
IEEE DOI 0108
BibRef

Smolka, B., Lukac, R., Chydzinski, A., Plataniotis, K.N., Wojciechowski, W.,
Fast adaptive similarity based impulsive noise reduction filter,
RealTimeImg(9), No. 4, August 2003, pp. 261-276.
WWW Link. 0311
BibRef

Smolka, B.[Bogdan], Lukac, R.[Rastislav],
Nonparametric Impulsive Noise Removal,
ICIAR04(I: 155-162).
Springer DOI 0409
BibRef

Ng, P.E., Ma, K.K.,
A Switching Median Filter With Boundary Discriminative Noise Detection for Extremely Corrupted Images,
IP(15), No. 6, June 2006, pp. 1506-1516.
IEEE DOI 0606
BibRef

Yuan, S.Q.[Shi-Qiang], Tan, Y.H.[Yong-Hong],
The solutions of equation-based noise detector for an adaptive median filter,
PR(39), No. 11, November 2006, pp. 2252-2257.
WWW Link. 0608
Noise detection; Equation; Impulse noise; Median filter BibRef

Huang, H.C., Lee, T.C.M.,
Data Adaptive Median Filters for Signal and Image Denoising Using a Generalized SURE Criterion,
SPLetters(13), No. 9, September 2006, pp. 561-564.
IEEE DOI 0608
BibRef

Aysal, T.C., Barner, K.E.[Kenneth E.],
Quadratic Weighted Median Filters for Edge Enhancement of Noisy Images,
IP(15), No. 11, November 2006, pp. 3294-3310.
IEEE DOI 0610
BibRef

Weng, B.W.[Bin-Wei], Aysal, T.C., Barner, K.E.[Kenneth E.],
Polynomial Weighted Median Image Sequence Prediction,
CirSysVideo(17), No. 12, December 2007, pp. 1764-1770.
IEEE DOI 0712
BibRef
Earlier:
Polynomial Weighted Median Predictors for Image Sequences,
ICIP06(3137-3140).
IEEE DOI 0610
BibRef

Dong, Y.Q.[Yi-Qiu], Xu, S.F.[Shu-Fang],
A New Directional Weighted Median Filter for Removal of Random-Valued Impulse Noise,
SPLetters(14), No. 3, March 2007, pp. 193-196.
IEEE DOI 0703
BibRef

Dong, Y.Q.[Yi-Qiu], Chan, R.H.[Raymond H.], Xu, S.F.[Shu-Fang],
A Detection Statistic for Random-Valued Impulse Noise,
IP(16), No. 4, April 2007, pp. 1112-1120.
IEEE DOI 0704
BibRef

Perreault, S., Hebert, P.,
Median Filtering in Constant Time,
IP(16), No. 9, September 2007, pp. 2389-2394.
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Lukac, R.[Rastislav],
Performance Boundaries Of Optimal Weighted Median Filters,
IJIG(4), No. 2, April 2004, pp. 157-182. 0404
BibRef

Xu, X.Y.[Xiao-Yin], Yang, Z.[Zhong], Wang, Y.M.[Ya-Ming],
A method based on rank-ordered filter to detect edges in cellular image,
PRL(30), No. 6, 15 April 2009, pp. 634-640.
Elsevier DOI 0903
Median filter; Order filter; Total variation; Edge detection; Cellular image processing BibRef

Henry, G.[Guillermo], Rodriguez, D.[Daniela],
Kernel Density Estimation on Riemannian Manifolds: Asymptotic Results,
JMIV(34), No. 3, July 2009, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0906
Geometry, Nonparametric estimation, Riemannian manifolds, Statistics. BibRef

Charalampidis, D.,
Steerable Weighted Median Filters,
IP(19), No. 4, April 2010, pp. 882-894.
IEEE DOI 1003
BibRef

Akkoul, S., Ledee, R., Leconge, R., Harba, R.,
A New Adaptive Switching Median Filter,
SPLetters(17), No. 6, June 2010, pp. 587-590.
IEEE DOI 1006
BibRef

Duan, F., Zhang, Y.J.,
A Highly Effective Impulse Noise Detection Algorithm for Switching Median Filters,
SPLetters(17), No. 7, July 2010, pp. 647-650.
IEEE DOI 1006
BibRef

Ferrer, M., Karatzas, D., Valveny, E., Bardají, I., Bunke, H.,
A generic framework for median graph computation based on a recursive embedding approach,
CVIU(115), No. 7, July 2011, pp. 919-928.
Elsevier DOI 1106
Median graph; Graph embedding; Graph matching; Structural pattern recognition See also Feature selection on node statistics based embedding of graphs. BibRef

Ferrer, M., Karatzas, D., Valveny, E., Bunke, H.,
A Recursive Embedding Approach to Median Graph Computation,
GbRPR09(113-123).
Springer DOI 0905
See also Vocabulary Selection for Graph of Words Embedding. BibRef

Ferrer, M., Valveny, E., Serratosa, F., Bardají, I., Bunke, H.,
Graph-Based k-Means Clustering: A Comparison of the Set Median versus the Generalized Median Graph,
CAIP09(342-350).
Springer DOI 0909
BibRef

Ferrer, M., Valveny, E., Serratosa, F.,
Median Graph Computation by Means of a Genetic Approach Based on Minimum Common Supergraph and Maximum Common Subgraph,
IbPRIA09(346-353).
Springer DOI 0906
BibRef

Ferrer, M.[Miquel], Valveny, E.[Ernest], Serratosa, F.[Francesc], Bunke, H.[Horst],
Exact Median Graph Computation Via Graph Embedding,
SSPR08(15-24).
Springer DOI 0812
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, A2, Only:
Evaluation of Spectral-Based Methods for Median Graph Computation,
IbPRIA07(II: 580-587).
Springer DOI 0706
BibRef
And: A1, A3, A2, Only:
On the Relation Between the Median and the Maximum Common Subgraph of a Set of Graphs,
GbRPR07(351-360).
Springer DOI 0706
BibRef

Ferrer, M.[Miquel], Bunke, H.[Horst],
An Iterative Algorithm for Approximate Median Graph Computation,
ICPR10(1562-1565).
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef

Ferrer, M.[Miquel], Valveny, E.[Ernest], Serratosa, F.[Francesc], Riesen, K.[Kaspar], Bunke, H.[Horst],
An approximate algorithm for median graph computation using graph embedding,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Ferrer, M.[Miquel], Valveny, E.[Ernest], Serratosa, F.[Francesc],
Bounding the Size of the Median Graph,
IbPRIA07(II: 491-498).
Springer DOI 0706
BibRef
Earlier:
Spectral Median Graphs Applied to Graphical Symbol Recognition,
CIARP06(774-783).
Springer DOI 0611
BibRef

Tripathi, A.K., Ghanekar, U., Mukhopadhyay, S.,
Switching median filter: Advanced Boundary Discriminative Noise Detection Algorithm,
IET-IPR(5), No. 7, 2011, pp. 598-610.
DOI Link 1108
BibRef

Wang, W., Lu, P.,
An Efficient Switching Median Filter Based on Local Outlier Factor,
SPLetters(18), No. 10, October 2011, pp. 551-554.
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Nasimudeen, A., Nair, M.S.[Madhu S.], Tatavarti, R.[Rao],
Directional switching median filter using boundary discriminative noise detection by elimination,
SIViP(6), No. 4, November 2012, pp. 613-624.
WWW Link. 1210
BibRef

Chaudhury, K.N., Singer, A.,
Non-Local Euclidean Medians,
SPLetters(19), No. 11, November 2012, pp. 745-748.
IEEE DOI 1210
BibRef

Sun, Z.G.[Zhong-Gui], Chen, S.C.[Song-Can],
Analysis of Non-Local Euclidean Medians and Its Improvement,
SPLetters(20), No. 4, April 2013, pp. 303-306.
IEEE DOI 1303
BibRef

Horng, S.J.[Shi-Jinn], Hsu, L.Y.[Ling-Yuan], Li, T.R.[Tian-Rui], Qiao, S.J.[Shao-Jie], Gong, X.[Xun], Chou, H.H.[Hsien-Hsin], Khan, M.K.[Muhammad Khurram],
Using Sorted Switching Median Filter to remove high-density impulse noises,
JVCIR(24), No. 7, 2013, pp. 956-967.
Elsevier DOI 1309
Denoising BibRef

Abreu, J., Rico-Juan, J.R.,
A new iterative algorithm for computing a quality approximate median of strings based on edit operations,
PRL(36), No. 1, 2014, pp. 74-80.
Elsevier DOI 1312
Approximate median string BibRef

Zhang, Y.J.[Yu-Jin], Li, S.H.[Sheng-Hong], Wang, S.L.[Shi-Lin], Shi, Y.Q.[Yun Qing],
Revealing the Traces of Median Filtering Using High-Order Local Ternary Patterns,
SPLetters(21), No. 3, March 2014, pp. 275-279.
IEEE DOI 1403
data reduction BibRef

Ramirez, J.M., Paredes, J.L.,
Robust Transforms Based on the Weighted Median Operator,
SPLetters(22), No. 1, January 2015, pp. 120-124.
IEEE DOI 1410
Fourier transforms BibRef

Wu, Z.W.[Zheng-Wang], Jiang, X.Y.[Xiao-Yi], Zheng, N.N.[Nan-Ning], Liu, Y.H.[Yue-Hu], Cheng, D.C.[Da-Chuan],
Exact solution to median surface problem using 3D graph search and application to parameter space exploration,
PR(48), No. 2, 2015, pp. 380-390.
Elsevier DOI 1411
Generalized median BibRef

Park, H.[Hanhoon],
Making Joint-Histogram-Based Weighted Median Filter Much Faster,
IEICE(E98-D), No. 3, March 2015, pp. 721-725.
WWW Link. 1504
BibRef

Chou, H.H.[Hsien-Hsin], Hsu, L.Y.[Ling-Yuan], Hu, H.T.[Hwai-Tsu],
Multi-level adaptive switching filters for highly corrupted images,
JVCIR(30), No. 1, 2015, pp. 363-375.
Elsevier DOI 1507
Adaptive median filter BibRef

Niu, Y.[Yakun], Zhao, Y.[Yao], Ni, R.[Rong_Rong],
Robust median filtering detection based on local difference descriptor,
SP:IC(53), No. 1, 2017, pp. 65-72.
Elsevier DOI 1703
Image forensics BibRef

Villar, S.A.[Sebastián A.], Torcida, S.[Sebastián], Acosta, G.G.[Gerardo G.],
Median Filtering: A New Insight,
JMIV(58), No. 1, May 2017, pp. 130-146.
Springer DOI 1704
BibRef


Nienkötter, A.[Andreas], Jiang, X.Y.[Xiao-Yi],
Improved Prototype Embedding Based Generalized Median Computation by Means of Refined Reconstruction Methods,
SSSPR16(107-117).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef

Kim, M.[Minsik], Kim, D.[Deokho], Sung, M.[Minyong], Ro, W.W.[Won Woo],
An accelerated separable median filter with sorting networks,
ICIP15(803-807)
IEEE DOI 1512
Image processing BibRef

Yu, Y.B.[Yi-Bin], Zhang, Y.L.[Yu-Lan],
Remove extremum median filtering and minimal absolute difference of four directional filtering on improved PCNN model,
ICWAPR15(20-26)
IEEE DOI 1511
edge detection BibRef

Sheng, L.[Lu], Ngan, K.N.[King Ngi], Hui, T.W.[Tak-Wai],
Accelerating the Distribution Estimation for the Weighted Median/Mode Filters,
ACCV14(IV: 3-17).
Springer DOI 1504
BibRef

Tu, Z.G.[Zhi-Gang], Van Gemeren, C.[Coert], Veltkamp, R.C.[Remco C.],
Improved Color Patch Similarity Measure Based Weighted Median Filter,
ACCV14(V: 413-427).
Springer DOI 1504
BibRef

Breuß, M.[Michael], Hoeltgen, L.[Laurent], Kleefeld, A.[Andreas],
Matrix-Valued Levelings for Colour Images,
ISMM17(296-308).
Springer DOI 1706
BibRef

Welk, M.[Martin], Kleefeld, A.[Andreas], Breuß, M.[Michael],
Non-adaptive and Amoeba Quantile Filters for Colour Images,
ISMM15(398-409).
Springer DOI 1506
See also Analysis of Amoeba Active Contours. BibRef

Kleefeld, A.[Andreas], Breuß, M.[Michael], Welk, M.[Martin], Burgeth, B.[Bernhard],
Adaptive Filters for Color Images: Median Filtering and Its Extensions,
CCIW15(149-158).
Springer DOI 1504
See also Elementary Morphology for SO(2)- and SO(3)-Orientation Fields. BibRef

Marrinan, T.[Tim], Draper, B.A.[Bruce A.], Beveridge, J.R.[J. Ross], Kirby, M.[Michael], Peterson, C.[Chris],
Finding the Subspace Mean or Median to Fit Your Need,
CVPR14(1082-1089)
IEEE DOI 1409
Karcher mean; L2 median; SVD; Subspace mean; extrinsic mean; flag mean BibRef

Zhang, Q.[Qi], Xu, L.[Li], Jia, J.Y.[Jia-Ya],
100+ Times Faster Weighted Median Filter (WMF),
CVPR14(2830-2837)
IEEE DOI 1409
acceleration BibRef

Vajpai, J., Mehta, S.,
Directional multi-pass median filter for impulse noise reduction,
NCVPRIPG13(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1408
image restoration BibRef

Ma, Z.Y.[Zi-Yang], He, K.M.[Kai-Ming], Wei, Y.C.[Yi-Chen], Sun, J.[Jian], Wu, E.[Enhua],
Constant Time Weighted Median Filtering for Stereo Matching and Beyond,
ICCV13(49-56)
IEEE DOI 1403
BibRef

Abdallah, W.B.[Wajih Ben], Abdelfattah, R.[Riadh],
An Enhanced Weighted Median Filter for Noise Reduction in SAR Interferograms,
ACIVS13(49-59).
Springer DOI 1311
BibRef

Alekseychuk, A.[Alexander],
Hierarchical recursive running median,
ICIP12(109-112).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Chatterjee, S., Ray, A.K., Karim, R., Biswas, A.,
Architecture Design for Median Filter,
NCVPRIPG11(247-250).
IEEE DOI 1205
BibRef

Kubota, R., Suetake, N.,
Threshold Tuning of Switching Median Filter Employing Distribution Distance,
PSIVT10(427-431).
IEEE DOI 1011
BibRef

Rauh, A.[Andre], Arce, G.R.[Gonzalo R.],
A fast weighted median algorithm based on Quickselect,
ICIP10(105-108).
IEEE DOI 1009
BibRef

Scott, J., Pusateri, M., Mushtaq, M.U.,
Comparison of 2D median filter hardware implementations for real-time stereo video,
AIPR08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0810
BibRef

Spence, C.[Clay], Fancourt, C.[Craig],
An Iterative Method for Vector Median Filtering,
ICIP07(V: 265-268).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Cline, D.[David], White, K.B.[Kenric B.], Egbert, P.K.[Parris K.],
Fast 8-Bit Median Filtering Based on Separability,
ICIP07(V: 281-284).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Zhao, Y.[Yong], Taubin, G.[Gabriel],
Real-Time Median Filtering for Embedded Smart Cameras,
CVS06(55).
IEEE DOI 0602
BibRef

Khryashchev, V.V., Apalkov, I.V., Priorov, A.L., Zvonarev, P.S.,
Image Denoising Using Adaptive Switching Median Filter,
ICIP05(I: 117-120).
IEEE DOI 0512
BibRef

Jackson, S., Savakis, A.,
Adaptive Multilevel Median Filtering of Image Sequences,
ICIP05(III: 545-548).
IEEE DOI 0512
BibRef

Zvonarev, P.S.[Pavel S.], Apalkov, I.V.[Ilia V.], Khryashchev, V.V.[Vladimir V.], Reznikova, I.V.[Irina V.],
Neural Network Adaptive Switching Median Filter for the Restoration of Impulse Noise Corrupted Images,
ICIAR05(223-230).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

Welk, M.[Martin], Feddern, C.[Christian], Burgeth, B.[Bernhard], Weickert, J.[Joachim],
Median Filtering of Tensor-Valued Images,
DAGM03(17-24).
Springer DOI 0310
BibRef

Xu, X.Y.[Xiao-Yin], Miller, E.L.,
Adaptive two-pass median filter to remove impulsive noise,
ICIP02(I: 808-811).
IEEE DOI 0210
BibRef

Yli-Harja, O., Shmulevich, I., Bangham, J.A., Harvey, R.W., Dasmahapatra, S., Cox, S.,
Run-Length Distributions of Recursive Median Filters Using Probabilistic Automata,
SCIA99(Statistical Methods). BibRef 9900

Pok, G.C.[Gou-Chol], Liu, J.C.[Jyh-Charn],
Decision-Based Median Filter Improved by Predictions,
ICIP99(II:410-413).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9900

Chanussot, J., Paindavoine, M., Lambert, P.,
Real Time Vector Median Like Filter: FPGA Design and Application to Color Image Filtering,
ICIP99(II:414-418).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9900

Meguro, M.[Mitsuhiko], Taguchi, A.[Akira], Hamada, N.[Nozomu],
Data-Dependent Weighted Median Filtering With Robust Motion Information for Image Sequence Restoration,
ICIP99(II:424-428).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9900

Muneyasu, M.[Mitsuji], Maeda, T.[Takahiro], Hinamoto, T.[Takao],
A new realization of adaptive weighted median filters using counter propagation networks,
ICIP99(IV:167-171).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9900

Aach, T.[Til], Kunz, D.,
Multiscale Linear/Median Hybrid Filters for Noise Reduction in Low Dose X-Ray Images,
ICIP97(II: 358-361).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9700
Earlier:
Anisotropic Spectral Magnitude Estimation Filters for Noise Reduction and Image Enhancement,
ICIP96(I: 335-338).
IEEE DOI BibRef

Zou, Y., and Dunsmuir, W.,
Edge Detection Using Generalized Root Signals of 2-D Median Filtering,
ICIP97(I: 417-419).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9700

Zou, Y., and Dunsmuir, W.,
Generalized Max/Median Filtering,
ICIP97(I: 428-431).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9700

Taguchi, A.[Akira],
A design method of fuzzy weighted median filters,
ICIP96(I: 423-426).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9600

Chen, C.T.[Chun-Te], Chen, L.G.[Liang-Gee],
A Self-Adjusting Weighted Median Filter for Removing Impulse Noise in Images,
ICIP96(I: 419-422).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9600

Vertan, C.[Constantin], Malciu, M., Buzuloiu, V., Popescu, V.,
Median filtering techniques for vector valued signals,
ICIP96(I: 977-980).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9600

Liu, P., Chong, M.N., Goh, W.B.,
Parallel algorithms for 3D multi-level median filtering with motion compensation,
ICIP95(II: 89-92).
IEEE DOI 9510
BibRef

Longbotham, H.G., Zhang, M., Engelken, E.,
Elimination of bias in the FIR-median hybrid filter,
ICIP94(I: 795-799).
IEEE DOI 9411
BibRef

Koivunen, V., Himayat, N., Kassam, S.A.,
Median and robust polynomial filters for multivariate image data,
ICIP94(II: 487-491).
IEEE DOI 9411
BibRef

Angelopoulos, G., Pitas, I.,
Two-dimensional vector median filters on mesh connected computers,
ICIP94(III: 650-653).
IEEE DOI 9411
BibRef
And:
A fast implementation of two-dimensional weighted median filters,
ICPR94(C:140-142).
IEEE DOI 9410
BibRef

Chapter on 2-D Feature Analysis, Extraction and Representations, Shape, Skeletons, Texture continues in
Order Statistics, Rank Statistics, Filters .


Last update:Sep 25, 2017 at 16:36:46