21.2.11 Face Analysis, Shading, Illumination and Color Variations

Chapter Contents (Back)
Face Recognition. Color, Face Recognition. Color. Shadows. Illumination. Shading, Shadows, lighting effects.

Phillips, P.J., Vardi, Y.,
Efficient Illumination Normalization of Facial Images,
PRL(17), No. 8, July 1 1996, pp. 921-927. 9608
BibRef

Adini, Y., Moses, Y., Ullman, S.,
Face Recognition: The Problem of Compensating for Changes in Illumination Direction,
PAMI(19), No. 7, July 1997, pp. 721-732.
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1, A3: ECCV94(A:286-296).
Springer DOI Variability due to lighting is greater than variability due to different faces. BibRef

Moses, Y., Ullman, S., Edelman, S.,
Generalization across Changes in Illumination and Viewing Position in Upright and Inverted Faces,
WeizmannCS-TR 93-14, 1993. BibRef 9300

Georghiades, A.S.[Athinodoros S.], Belhumeur, P.N.[Peter N.], Kriegman, D.J.[David J.],
From Few to Many: Illumination Cone Models for Face Recognition under Variable Lighting and Pose,
PAMI(23), No. 6, June 2001, pp. 643-660.
IEEE DOI
PDF File. 0106
BibRef
Earlier:
From Few to Many: Generative Models for Recognition Under Variable Pose and Illumination,
AFGR00(277-284).
IEEE DOI
PS File. 0003
Generative, appearance-based approach. Small number of trainign images for each face (different lighting conditions), reconstruct the shape and albedo of the face to use for the generative part. Sample the pose space (of this model). Use the Yale face data (10 people, 9 poses, 45 illuminations -- 4050 images)( See also Yale Face Database. ). Training on 7 frontal pose with near-frontal illuminations for each face (70 images). Compares 5 variations. Full pose model (3-D) is best by far. BibRef

Georghiades, A.S.[Athinodoros S.], Kriegman, D.J.[David J.], Belhumeur, P.N.[Peter N.],
Illumination Cones for Recognition under Variable Lighting: Faces,
CVPR98(52-58).
IEEE DOI
PS File. BibRef 9800

Lee, K.C.[Kuang-Chih], Ho, J., Kriegman, D.J.,
Acquiring Linear Subspaces for Face Recognition under Variable Lighting,
PAMI(27), No. 5, May 2005, pp. 684-698.
IEEE Abstract. 0501
BibRef
Earlier:
Nine Points of Light: Acquiring Subspaces for Face Recognition under Variable Lighting,
CVPR01(I:519-526).
IEEE DOI
PDF File. 0110
To generate a more complete PCA model, take the pictures with 9 specific light positions. BibRef

Lee, K.C.[Kuang-Chih], Ho, J.[Jeffrey], Yang, M.H.[Ming-Hsuan], Kriegman, D.[David],
Visual tracking and recognition using probabilistic appearance manifolds,
CVIU(99), No. 3, September 2005, pp. 303-331.
WWW Link. 0508
BibRef
Earlier:
Video-based face recognition using probabilistic appearance manifolds,
CVPR03(I: 313-320).
IEEE DOI 0307
BibRef

Lee, K.C.[Kuang-Chih], Kriegman, D.J.[David J.],
Online Learning of Probabilistic Appearance Manifolds for Video-Based Recognition and Tracking,
CVPR05(I: 852-859).
IEEE DOI 0507
BibRef

Jacobs, D.W.[David W.], Belhumeur, P.N.[Peter N.], Basri, R.[Ronen],
Comparing Images Under Variable Illumination,
CVPR98(610-617).
IEEE DOI Same face, different lighting. BibRef 9800

Zhao, W.Y.[Wen-Yi], Chellappa, R.[Rama],
Symmetric Shape-from-Shading Using Self-Ratio Image,
IJCV(45), No. 1, October 2001, pp. 55-75.
DOI Link 0111
Shape from Shading. BibRef

Zhao, W.Y.[Wen-Yi], Chellappa, R.[Rama],
Illumination-Insensitive Face Recognition using Symmetric Shape-from-Shading,
CVPR00(I: 286-293).
IEEE DOI 0005
BibRef

Zhao, W.Y.[Wen-Yi], Chellappa, R.[Rama],
Robust Face Recognition Using Symmetric Shape-from-Shading,
UMD--TR4036, July 1999.
WWW Link. BibRef 9907

Zhao, W.Y.[Wen-Yi], Chellappa, R.[Rama],
SFS Based View Synthesis for Robust Face Recognition,
AFGR00(285-292).
IEEE DOI 0003
BibRef

Zhao, W.Y.[Wen-Yi],
Robust Image Based Face Recognition,
ICIP00(Vol I: 41-44).
IEEE DOI 0008
BibRef
And:
Robust Image-based 3d Face Recognition,
UMD--TR4091, January 2000.
WWW Link. BibRef Ph.D.Thesis, Univ. Maryland, 1999. BibRef

Zhao, W.Y.,
Improving the Robustness of Subspace FR System,
AVBPA99(xx-yy). BibRef 9900

Zhou, S.H.K.[Shao-Hua Kevin], Chellappa, R.[Rama],
Image-based face recognition under illumination and pose variations,
JOSA-A(22), No. 2, February 2005, pp. 217-229.
WWW Link. 0601
BibRef
Earlier:
Illuminating Light Field: Image-Based Face Recognition Across Illuminations and Poses,
AFGR04(229-234).
WWW Link. 0411
BibRef

Zhou, S.K.[S. Kevin], Chellappa, R.[Rama], Jacobs, D.W.[David W.],
Characterization of Human Faces under Illumination Variations Using Rank, Integrability, and Symmetry Constraints,
ECCV04(Vol I: 588-601).
Springer DOI 0405
BibRef

Choi, K.N.[Kwang Nam], Worthington, P.L.[Philip L.], Hancock, E.R.[Edwin R.],
Estimating Facial Pose Using Shape-from-Shading,
PRL(23), No. 5, March 2002, pp. 533-548.
Elsevier DOI 0202
See also Facial Gender Classification Using Shape-from-Shading. BibRef

Smith, W.A.P.[William A. P.], Hancock, E.R.[Edwin R.],
Estimating Facial Reflectance Properties Using Shape-from-Shading,
IJCV(86), No. 2-3, January 2010, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 1001
See also Facial Gender Classification Using Shape-from-Shading. BibRef

Choi, K.N., Carcassoni, M., Hancock, E.R.,
Estimating 3D Facial Pose Using the EM Algorithm,
BMVC98(xx-yy). BibRef 9800

Choi, K.N.,
Facial Pose using Shape-from-Shading,
BMVC99(Posters/Exhibition/Demos).
PDF File. BibRef 9900

Worthington, P.L.[Philip L.], Hancock, E.R.[Edwin R.],
Coarse View Synthesis Using Shape-from-Shading,
PR(36), No. 2, February 2003, pp. 439-449.
WWW Link. 0211
See also Reillumination-driven shape from shading. See also Acquiring Height Data from a Single Image of a Face Using Local Shape Indicators. BibRef

Sigal, L.[Leonid], Sclaroff, S.[Stan], Athitsos, V.[Vassilis],
Skin Color-Based Video Segmentation under Time-Varying Illumination,
PAMI(26), No. 7, July 2004, pp. 862-877.
IEEE Abstract. 0406
BibRef
Earlier:
Estimation and Prediction of Evolving Color Distributions for Skin Segmentation under Varying Illumination,
CVPR00(II: 152-159).
IEEE DOI 0005
Evolve the skin-color model by translation, rotation and scaling in color space. See also Fast, Reliable Head Tracking under Varying Illumination: An Approach Based on Registration of Textured-Mapped 3D Models. BibRef

Chen, T.[Terrence], Yin, W.T.[Wo-Tao], Zhou, X.S.[Xiang Sean], Comaniciu, D.[Dorin], Huang, T.S.[Thomas S.],
Total Variation Models for Variable Lighting Face Recognition,
PAMI(28), No. 9, September 2006, pp. 1519-1524.
IEEE DOI 0608
BibRef
Earlier:
Illumination Normalization for Face Recognition and Uneven Background Correction Using Total Variation Based Image Models,
CVPR05(II: 532-539).
IEEE DOI 0507
BibRef

Li, Q.[Qing], Yin, W.T.[Wo-Tao], Deng, Z.G.[Zhi-Gang],
Image-based face illumination transferring using logarithmic total variation models,
VC(26), No. 1, January 2010, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0912
BibRef

Wen, Z.[Zhen], Huang, T.S., Liu, Z.C.[Zi-Cheng],
Model-based face image coding using spherical harmonics,
ICIP02(I: 185-188).
IEEE DOI 0210
BibRef

Zhou, S.K., Aggarwal, G.[Gaurav], Chellappa, R.[Rama], Jacobs, D.W.[David W.],
Appearance Characterization of Linear Lambertian Objects, Generalized Photometric Stereo, and Illumination-Invariant Face Recognition,
PAMI(29), No. 2, February 2007, pp. 230-245.
IEEE DOI 0701
Photometric Stereo. Generalize to handle all objects in a class (faces). BibRef

Aggarwal, G.[Gaurav], Chellappa, R.[Rama],
Face Recognition in the Presence of Multiple Illumination Sources,
ICCV05(II: 1169-1176).
IEEE DOI 0510
BibRef

Choi, S.I.[Sang-Il], Kim, C.H.[Chung-Hoon], Choi, C.H.[Chong-Ho],
Shadow compensation in 2D images for face recognition,
PR(40), No. 7, July 2007, pp. 2118-2125.
WWW Link. 0704
Face recognition; Illumination variation; Shadow compensation; Linear discriminant analysis BibRef

Choi, S.I.[Sang-Il], Choi, C.H.[Chong-Ho], Kwak, N.J.[No-Jun],
Face recognition based on 2D images under illumination and pose variations,
PRL(32), No. 4, 1 March 2011, pp. 561-571.
Elsevier DOI 1102
BibRef
Earlier: A3, A1, A2:
Feature Extraction for Regression Problems and an Example Application for Pose Estimation of a Face,
ICIAR08(xx-yy).
Springer DOI 0806
Face recognition; Illumination variation; Pose variation; Shadow compensation; Linear discriminant analysis BibRef

Liu, H.[Heng], Yan, J.Q.[Jin-Qi], Li, Z.S.[Zu-Shu], Zhang, H.[Hua],
Portrait beautification: A fast and robust approach,
IVC(25), No. 9, 1 September 2007, pp. 1404-1413.
WWW Link. 0707
Portrait segmentation; Portrait fusion; Visual background photography; Color temperature estimation; Face color correction BibRef

Shim, H., Luo, J., Chen, T.,
A Subspace Model-Based Approach to Face Relighting Under Unknown Lighting and Poses,
IP(17), No. 8, August 2008, pp. 1331-1341.
IEEE DOI 0808
BibRef

Liu, Z.M.[Zhi-Ming], Liu, C.J.[Cheng-Jun],
Fusion of the complementary Discrete Cosine Features in the YIQ color space for face recognition,
CVIU(111), No. 3, September 2008, pp. 249-262.
WWW Link. 0809
Decision level fusion; Discrete Cosine Features (DCF) method; Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT); Face recognition; Face Recognition Grand Challenge (FRGC); Feature level fusion; Multiple face encoding; Multiple imaging; YIQ color space BibRef

Liu, Z.M.[Zhi-Ming], Liu, C.J.[Cheng-Jun],
A Hybrid Color and Frequency Features Method for Face Recognition,
IP(17), No. 10, October 2008, pp. 1975-1980.
IEEE DOI 0809
BibRef
And:
Fusing Frequency, Spatial and Color Features for Face Recognition,
BTAS08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0809
BibRef

Liu, Z.M.[Zhi-Ming], Liu, C.J.[Cheng-Jun],
Fusion of color, local spatial and global frequency information for face recognition,
PR(43), No. 8, August 2010, pp. 2882-2890.
Elsevier DOI 1006
BibRef
Earlier:
Robust Face Recognition Using Color Information,
ICB09(122-131).
Springer DOI 0906
Face Recognition Grand Challenge (FRGC); Gabor image representation; Local binary patterns (LBP); The RCrQ hybrid color space; The YCbCr color space; The YIQ color space; The RGB color space BibRef

Gopalan, R.[Raghuraman], Jacobs, D.W.[David W.],
Comparing and combining lighting insensitive approaches for face recognition,
CVIU(114), No. 1, January 2010, pp. 135-145.
Elsevier DOI 1001
Face recognition; Gradient direction; Lighting; Classifier comparison and combination BibRef

Ho, H.T.[Huy Tho], Gopalan, R.[Raghuraman],
Model-Driven Domain Adaptation on Product Manifolds for Unconstrained Face Recognition,
IJCV(109), No. 1-2, August 2014, pp. 110-125.
WWW Link. 1407
BibRef

Chang, H., Koschan, A.F., Abidi, B.R., Abidi, M.A.,
Fusing continuous spectral images for face recognition under indoor and outdoor illuminants,
MVA(21), No. 2, February 2010, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 1002
Acquire continuous spectral images to study fusions. BibRef

Chang, H.[Hong], Koschan, A.F.[Andreas F.], Abidi, M.A.[Mongi A.], Kong, S.G.[Seong G.], Won, C.H.[Chang-Hee],
Multispectral visible and infrared imaging for face recognition,
OTCBVS08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0806
BibRef

Chang, H., Yao, Y., Koschan, A.F., Abidi, B.R., Abidi, M.A.,
Spectral range selection for face recognition under various illuminations,
ICIP08(2756-2759).
IEEE DOI 0810
BibRef

Yang, J.[Jian], Liu, C.J.[Cheng-Jun], Zhang, L.[Lei],
Color space normalization: Enhancing the discriminating power of color spaces for face recognition,
PR(43), No. 4, April 2010, pp. 1454-1466.
Elsevier DOI 1002
Color space; Color model; Face recognition; Face recognition grand challenge (FRGC); Fisher linear discriminant analysis (FLD or LDA); Biometrics; Pattern recognition BibRef

Kumar, R.[Ritwik], Barmpoutis, A.[Angelos], Banerjee, A.[Arunava], Vemuri, B.C.[Baba C.],
Non-Lambertian Reflectance Modeling and Shape Recovery of Faces Using Tensor Splines,
PAMI(33), No. 3, March 2011, pp. 533-567.
IEEE DOI 1102
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1, A4, A3:
Beyond the Lambertian assumption: A generative model for Apparent BRDF fields of faces using anti-symmetric tensor splines,
CVPR08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0806
Model the illumination effects. Estimate the reflection and account for shadows. BibRef

Kumar, R.[Ritwik], Vemuri, B.C.[Baba C.], Banerjee, A.[Arunava],
Eigenbubbles: An Enhanced Apparent BRDF Representation,
ICPR10(1686-1689).
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef

Boom, B.J.[Bas J.], Spreeuwers, L.J.[Luuk J.], Veldhuis, R.N.J.[Raymond N.J.],
Virtual illumination grid for correction of uncontrolled illumination in facial images,
PR(44), No. 9, September 2011, pp. 1980-1989.
Elsevier DOI 1106
BibRef
Earlier:
Model-Based Illumination Correction for Face Images in Uncontrolled Scenarios,
CAIP09(33-40).
Springer DOI 0909
BibRef
Earlier:
Model-based reconstruction for illumination variation in face images,
FG08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0809
Virtual illumination grid; Face recognition; Model-based face illumination correction BibRef

Boom, B.J.[Bas J.], Tao, Q.[Qian], Spreeuwers, L.J.[Luuk J.], Veldhuis, R.N.J.[Raymond N.J.],
Combining Illumination Normalization Methods for Better Face Recognition,
ICB09(404-413).
Springer DOI 0906
BibRef

Fan, C.N.[Chun-Nian], Zhang, F.Y.[Fu-Yan],
Homomorphic filtering based illumination normalization method for face recognition,
PRL(32), No. 10, 15 July 2011, pp. 1468-1479.
Elsevier DOI 1106
Face recognition; Illumination; Homomorphic filter BibRef

Xie, X.H.[Xiao-Hua], Zheng, W.S.[Wei-Shi], Lai, J.H.[Jian-Huang], Yuen, P.C.[Pong C.], Suen, C.Y.,
Normalization of Face Illumination Based on Large-and Small-Scale Features,
IP(20), No. 7, July 2011, pp. 1807-1821.
IEEE DOI 1107
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, A3, A4, Only:
Face illumination normalization on large and small scale features,
CVPR08(1-8).
IEEE DOI 0806
BibRef

Wang, B.[Biao], Li, W.F.[Wei-Feng], Yang, W.M.[Wen-Ming], Liao, Q.M.[Qing-Min],
Illumination Normalization Based on Weber's Law With Application to Face Recognition,
SPLetters(18), No. 8, August 2011, pp. 462-465.
IEEE DOI 1107
BibRef

Wang, B.[Biao], Yang, W.M.[Wen-Ming], Li, W.F.[Wei-Feng], Liao, Q.M.[Qing-Min],
Two-Stage Block-Based Whitened Principal Component Analysis with Application to Single Sample Face Recognition,
IEICE(E95-D), No. 3, March 2012, pp. 853-860.
WWW Link. 1203
BibRef

Wang, B.[Biao], Li, W.F.[Wei-Feng], Li, Z.M.[Zhi-Min], Liao, Q.M.[Qing-Min],
Spatially Adaptive Logarithmic Total Variation Model for Varying Light Face Recognition,
IEICE(E96-D), No. 1, January 2013, pp. 155-158.
WWW Link. 1301
BibRef

Wang, S.J.[Su-Jing], Yang, J.[Jian], Zhang, N.[Na], Zhou, C.G.[Chun-Guang],
Tensor Discriminant Color Space for Face Recognition,
IP(20), No. 9, September 2011, pp. 2490-2501.
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Wang, J.W., Lee, J.S., Chen, W.Y.,
Face Recognition Based on Projected Color Space With Lighting Compensation,
SPLetters(18), No. 10, October 2011, pp. 567-570.
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Liu, C.J.[Cheng-Jun],
Extracting discriminative color features for face recognition,
PRL(32), No. 14, 15 October 2011, pp. 1796-1804.
Elsevier DOI 1110
Discriminative color features (DCF) method; Discriminant analysis; Face Recognition Grand Challenge (FRGC); Novel similarity measure; Face recognition See also Capitalize on Dimensionality Increasing Techniques for Improving Face Recognition Grand Challenge Performance. BibRef

Hu, H.F.[Hai-Feng],
Multiscale illumination normalization for face recognition using dual-tree complex wavelet transform in logarithm domain,
CVIU(115), No. 10, October 2011, pp. 1384-1394.
Elsevier DOI 1108
Face recognition; Illumination normalization; Dual-tree complex wavelet transform; Logarithm transform See also Face Recognition With Image Sets Using Locally Grassmannian Discriminant Analysis. BibRef

Hu, H.F.[Hai-Feng],
Variable lighting face recognition using discrete wavelet transform,
PRL(32), No. 13, 1 October 2011, pp. 1526-1534.
Elsevier DOI 1109
Illumination invariant extraction; Discrete wavelet transform; Illumination compensation; Face recognition BibRef

Hu, H.F.[Hai-Feng],
Illumination invariant face recognition based on dual-tree complex wavelet transform,
IET-CV(9), No. 2, 2015, pp. 163-173.
DOI Link 1506
edge detection BibRef

Chen, C.P.[Chia-Ping], Chen, C.S.[Chu-Song],
Intrinsic Illumination Subspace for Lighting Insensitive Face Recognition,
SMC-B(42), No. 2, April 2012, pp. 422-433.
IEEE DOI 1204
BibRef
Earlier:
Lighting Normalization with Generic Intrinsic Illumination Subspace for Face Recognition,
ICCV05(II: 1089-1096).
IEEE DOI 0510
BibRef

Miranda-Hernandez, J., Castelan, M., Torres-Mendez, L.A.,
Face colour synthesis using partial least squares and the luminance-alpha-colour transform,
IET-CV(6), No. 4, 2012, pp. 263-272.
DOI Link 1209
BibRef

Rizo-Rodríguez, D.[Dayron], Méndez-Vázquez, H.[Heydi], García-Reyes, E.[Edel],
Illumination Invariant Face Recognition Using Quaternion-Based Correlation Filters,
JMIV(45), No. 2, February 2013, pp. 164-175.
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef
Earlier:
Illumination Invariant Face Image Representation Using Quaternions,
CIARP10(434-441).
Springer DOI 1011
BibRef
And:
An Illumination Quality Measure for Face Recognition,
ICPR10(1477-1480).
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef

Rizo-Rodriguez, D.[Dayron], Méndez-Vázquez, H.[Heydi], García-Reyes, E.[Edel], San Martín, C.[César], Meza, P.[Pablo],
Quaternion Correlation Filters for Illumination Invariant Face Recognition,
CIARP11(467-474).
Springer DOI 1111
BibRef

Wang, H.Y.[Hai-Yang], Ye, M.[Mao], Yang, S.M.[Shang-Ming],
Shadow compensation and illumination normalization of face image,
MVA(24), No. 6, August 2013, pp. 1121-1131.
WWW Link. 1307
BibRef

Chen, X., Wu, H., Jin, X., Zhao, Q.,
Face Illumination Manipulation Using a Single Reference Image by Adaptive Layer Decomposition,
IP(22), No. 11, 2013, pp. 4249-4259.
IEEE DOI 1310
Face illumination manipulation BibRef

Naderi, S., Nasiri, J.A., Charkari, N.M., Kabir, E.,
Visual illumination compensation for face images using light mapping matrix,
IET-PR(7), No. 5, 2013, pp. 514-522.
DOI Link 1310
BibRef

Banerjee, P.K.[Pradipta K.], Datta, A.K.[Asit K.],
Class specific subspace dependent nonlinear correlation filtering for illumination tolerant face recognition,
PRL(36), No. 1, 2014, pp. 177-185.
Elsevier DOI 1312
Correlation filter BibRef

Banerjee, P.K.[Pradipta K.], Datta, A.K.[Asit K.],
Band-pass correlation filter for illumination- and noise-tolerant face recognition,
SIViP(11), No. 1, January 2017, pp. 9-16.
WWW Link. 1702
BibRef

Almaddah, A.[Amr], Vural, S.[Sadi], Mae, Y.S.[Yasu-Shi], Ohara, K.[Kenichi], Arai, T.[Tatsuo],
Face relighting using discriminative 2D spherical spaces for face recognition,
MVA(25), No. 4, May 2014, pp. 845-857.
Springer DOI 1404
BibRef

Li, W.H.[Wei-Hong], Kuang, T.[Ting], Gong, W.G.[Wei-Guo],
Anisotropic diffusion algorithm based on weber local descriptor for illumination invariant face verification,
MVA(25), No. 4, May 2014, pp. 997-1006.
WWW Link. 1404
BibRef

Zhao, X.[Xi], Evangelopoulos, G., Chu, D.[Dat], Shah, S., Kakadiaris, I.A.,
Minimizing Illumination Differences for 3D to 2D Face Recognition Using Lighting Maps,
Cyber(44), No. 5, May 2014, pp. 725-736.
IEEE DOI 1405
face recognition BibRef

Guo, G., Wen, L., Yan, S.,
Face Authentication With Makeup Changes,
CirSysVideo(24), No. 5, May 2014, pp. 814-825.
IEEE DOI 1405
Correlation BibRef

Shahamat, H.[Hossein], Pouyan, A.A.[Ali A.],
Face recognition under large illumination variations using homomorphic filtering in spatial domain,
JVCIR(25), No. 5, 2014, pp. 970-977.
Elsevier DOI 1406
Frequency domain filtering BibRef

Yao, M.[Min], Nagahashi, H.[Hiroshi], Aoki, K.[Kota],
Illumination Normalization-Based Face Detection under Varying Illumination,
IEICE(E97-D), No. 6, June 2014, pp. 1590-1598.
WWW Link. 1407
BibRef

Hu, K.[Kexin], Liu, Y.L.[Yan-Li], Dong, Q.[Qi], Liu, H.[Hao], Xing, G.[Guanyu],
Color face image decomposition under complex lighting conditions,
VC(30), No. 6-8, June 2014, pp. 685-695.
WWW Link. 1407
BibRef
Earlier: Erratum: VC(30), No. 9, September 2014, pp. 1069.
WWW Link. 1410
BibRef

Liang, J.Z.[Jiu-Zhen], Wang, M.[Mei], Chai, Z.L.[Zhi-Lei], Wu, Q.[Qin],
Different lighting processing and feature extraction methods for efficient face recognition,
IET-IPR(8), No. 9, September 2014, pp. 528-538.
DOI Link 1410
discrete cosine transforms BibRef

Yao, M.[Min], Nagahashi, H.[Hiroshi],
Analysis of Noteworthy Issues in Illumination Processing for Face Recognition,
IEICE(E98-D), No. 3, March 2015, pp. 681-691.
WWW Link. 1504
BibRef

Ochoa-Villegas, M.A., Nolazco-Flores, J.A., Barron-Cano, O., Kakadiaris, I.A.,
Addressing the illumination challenge in two-dimensional face recognition: a survey,
IET-CV(9), No. 6, 2015, pp. 978-992.
DOI Link 1512
face recognition BibRef


Alrabiah, R.[Raqinah], Hussain, M.[Muhammad], Aboalsamh, H.A.[Hatim A.], Zuair, M.[Mansour], Bebis, G.N.[George N.],
PH-BRINT: Pooled Homomorphic Binary Rotation Invariant and Noise Tolerant Representation for Face Recognition Under Illumination Variations,
ISVC16(I: 779-789).
Springer DOI 1701
BibRef

Biadgligne, Y., Arandjelovic, O.,
Face filtering: Insights from real-world data,
WSSIP15(65-68)
IEEE DOI 1603
cameras BibRef

Conde, M.H., Shahlaei, D., Blanz, V., Loffeld, O.,
Efficient and Robust Inverse Lighting of a Single Face Image Using Compressive Sensing,
IR15(226-234)
IEEE DOI 1602
Compressed sensing BibRef

Liu, K.H.[Kuan-Hsien], Liu, T.J.[Tsung-Jung], Liu, H.H.[Hsin-Hua], Pei, S.C.[Soo-Chang],
Facial makeup detection via selected gradient orientation of entropy information,
ICIP15(4067-4071)
IEEE DOI 1512
Facial makeup detection BibRef

Shahlaei, D., Blanz, V.,
Realistic inverse lighting from a single 2D image of a face, taken under unknown and complex lighting,
FG15(1-8)
IEEE DOI 1508
face recognition BibRef

Rogge, L.[Lorenz], Bauszat, P.[Pablo], Magnor, M.[Marcus],
Monocular albedo reconstruction,
ICIP14(1046-1050)
IEEE DOI 1502
Face BibRef

Cheng, Y.[Yong], Jiao, L.B.[Liang-Bao], Li, Z.Y.[Zuo-Yong], Cao, X.H.[Xue-Hong],
An improved retinal modeling for illumination face recognition,
ICIP14(244-247)
IEEE DOI 1502
Adaptation models BibRef

Hansen, M.F.[Mark F.], Atkinson, G.A.[Gary A.],
BRDF Estimation for Faces from a Sparse Dataset Using a Neural Network,
CAIP13(212-220).
Springer DOI 1308
BibRef

Li, Y.L.[Yue-Long], Feng, J.F.[Ju-Fu], Liu, C.J.[Chong-Jin], Fu, X.[Xiang],
Face recognition with illumination distinction description,
ICPR12(809-812).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Matsukawa, T.[Tetsu], Okabe, T.[Takahiro], Sato, Y.[Yoichi],
Illumination normalization of face images with cast shadows,
ICPR12(1848-1851).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Galigekere, V.[Vishnukumar], Guerra-Filho, G.[Gutemberg],
An interpolation based approach for lighting variation in image recognition,
ICIP12(1901-1904).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef
And:
A Synthesis-and-analysis Approach to Image Based Lighting,
ISVC12(I: 292-304).
Springer DOI 1209
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Ishiyama, R.[Rui], Tsukada, M.[Masato],
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An Optimized Illumination Normalization Method for Face Recognition,
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IEEE DOI 0812
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And:
A New Combination of Local Appearance Based Methods for Face Recognition under Varying Lighting Conditions,
CIARP08(535-542).
Springer DOI 0809
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IEEE DOI 0505
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CRV04(195-200).
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And:
A proposal for a person/photograph distinction method with applications to security systems,
AFGR04(391-396).
WWW Link. 0411
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Wang, H.T.[Hai-Tao], Li, S.Z., Wang, Y.S.[Yang-Sheng], Zhang, J.J.[Jian-Jun],
Self quotient image for face recognition,
ICIP04(II: 1397-1400).
IEEE DOI 0505
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Wang, H.T.[Hai-Tao], Li, S.Z., Wang, Y.S.[Yang-Sheng],
Face Recognition under Varying Lighting Conditions Using Self Quotient Image,
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Is face recognition in pictures affected by the center of projection?,
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Chapter on Face Recognition, Detection, Tracking, Gesture Recognition, Fingerprints, Biometrics continues in
Skin Color Models, Skin Detection .


Last update:Mar 13, 2017 at 16:25:24