21.2.8.4 Finding Facial Features

Chapter Contents (Back)
Face Recognition. Application, Face Recognition. Facial Features. See also Face Analysis, Facial Landmarks. See also Finding Three-Dimensional Facial Features, 3-D Face Features.

Huang, C.L.[Chung-Lin], Chen, C.W.[Ching-Wen],
Human Facial Feature Extraction for Face Interpretation and Recognition,
PR(25), No. 12, December 1992, pp. 1435-1444.
Elsevier DOI BibRef 9212
Earlier: ICPR92(II:204-207).
IEEE DOI 9208
BibRef

Chen, C.W., Huang, C.L.,
Human Face Recognition from a Single Front View,
PRAI(6), No. 4, 1992, pp. 571-593. BibRef 9200

Chow, G., Li, X.B.,
Towards a System for Automatic Facial Feature Detection,
PR(26), No. 12, December 1993, pp. 1739-1755. BibRef 9312

Yacoob, Y., Davis, L.S.,
Labeling of Human Face Components from Range Data,
CVGIP(60), No. 2, September 1994, pp. 168-178.
DOI Link BibRef 9409
Earlier: CVPR93(592-593).
IEEE DOI Find the features in the face given a basic model of the face. BibRef

Craw, I., Ellis, H., and Lishman, J.R.,
Automatic Extraction of Face Features,
PRL(5), February 1987, pp. 183-187. BibRef 8702

Craw, I., Tock, D., Bennett, A.,
Finding Face Features,
ECCV92(92-96).
Springer DOI Models of the head, define templates. BibRef 9200

Tock, D., Craw, I., Lishman, R.,
A knowledge based system for measuring faces,
BMVC90(xx-yy).
PDF File. 9009
BibRef

Aitchison, A.C.[Andrew C.], Craw, I.[Ian],
Synthetic Images of Faces: An Approach to Model-Based Face Recognition,
BMVC91(xx-yy).
PDF File. 9109
BibRef

Bennett, A.[Alan], Craw, I.[Ian],
Finding Image Features Using Deformable Templates and Detailed Prior Statistical Knowledge,
BMVC91(xx-yy).
PDF File. 9109
BibRef

Hong, Z.Q.[Zi-Quan],
Algebraic Feature Extraction of Image for Recognition,
PR(24), No. 3, 1991, pp. 211-219.
Elsevier DOI Faces BibRef 9100

Roeder, N.[Nicholas], Li, X.B.[Xiao-Bo],
Accuracy Analysis For Facial Feature Detection,
PR(29), No. 1, January 1996, pp. 143-157.
Elsevier DOI BibRef 9601

Lin, C.C.[Cheng-Chung], Lin, W.C.[Wei-Chung],
Extracting Facial Features by an Inhibitory Mechanism-Based on Gradient Distributions,
PR(29), No. 12, December 1996, pp. 2079-2101.
Elsevier DOI 9701
BibRef

Jeng, S.H.[Shi-Hong], Liao, H.Y.M.[Hong Yuan Mark], Han, C.C.[Chin Chuan], Chern, M.Y.[Ming Yang], Liu, Y.T.[Yao Tsorng],
Facial Feature Detection Using Geometrical Face Model: An Efficient Approach,
PR(31), No. 3, March 1998, pp. 273-282.
Elsevier DOI 9802
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, A4, A5 only:
An Efficient Approach for Facial Feature Detection Using Geometrical Face Model,
ICPR96(III: 426-430).
IEEE DOI 9608
(Academia Sinica, ROC) BibRef

Reisfeld, D.[Daniel], Yeshurun, Y.[Yehezkel],
Preprocessing of Face Images: Detection of Features and Pose Normalization,
CVIU(71), No. 3, September 1998, pp. 413-430.
DOI Link BibRef 9809
Earlier:
Robust Detection Of Facial Features By Generalized Symmetry,
ICPR92(I:117-120).
IEEE DOI BibRef

Reisfeld, D.[Daniel], Wolfson, H.[Haim], and Yeshurun, Y.[Yehezkel],
Context-Free Attentional Operators: The Generalized Symmetry Transform,
IJCV(14), No. 2, March 1995, pp. 119-130.
Springer DOI BibRef 9503
Earlier:
Detection of Interest Points Using Symmetry,
ICCV90(62-65).
IEEE DOI BibRef
Earlier: Tel Aviv UniversityComputer Science Department, 177/90 1990. BibRef

Herpers, R., Sommer, G.,
Discrimination of Facial Regions Based on Dynamic Grids of Point Representations,
PRAI(12), No. 4, June 1998, pp. 381-405. 9808
BibRef

Shah, D., Marshall, S.,
Statistical Coding Method for Facial Features,
VISP(145), No. 3, June 1998, pp. 187-192. 9808
BibRef

Sobottka, K.[Karin], Pitas, I.[Ioannis],
A novel method for automatic face segmentation, facial feature extraction and tracking,
SP:IC(12), No. 3, June 1998, pp. 263-281.
Elsevier DOI BibRef 9806
Earlier:
Segmentation and tracking of faces in color images,
AFGR96(236-241).
IEEE DOI 9610
BibRef
And:
Extraction of Facial Regions and Features Using Color and Shape Information,
ICPR96(III: 421-425).
IEEE DOI 9608
BibRef
And:
Face Localization and Facial Feature Extraction Based on Shape and Color Information,
ICIP96(III: 483-486).
IEEE DOI (Univ. of Thessaloniki, GR) BibRef

Asteriadis, S.[Stylianos], Nikolaidis, N.[Nikos], Pitas, I.[Ioannis],
Facial feature detection using distance vector fields,
PR(42), No. 7, July 2009, pp. 1388-1398.
Elsevier DOI 0903
Facial features detection; Distance map; Distance vector field (DVF) BibRef

Mu, F.H.[Feng-Hao], Li, H.B.[Hai-Bo], Forchheimer, R.[Robert],
Automatic extraction of human facial features,
SP:IC(8), No. 4, May 1996, pp. 309-326.
Elsevier DOI BibRef 9605

Lin, C.H., Wu, J.L.,
Automatic Facial Feature Extraction by Genetic Algorithms,
IP(8), No. 6, June 1999, pp. 834-845.
IEEE DOI BibRef 9906

Hamada, T.[Takashi], Kato, K.[Kazunori], Kawakami, K.[Kowichiro],
Extracting facial features as in infants,
PRL(21), No. 5, May 2000, pp. 407-412. 0005
BibRef

Guo, Y.F.[Yue-Fei], Shu, T.T.[Ting-Ting], Yang, J.Y.[Jing-Yu], Li, S.J.[Shi-Jin],
Feature Extraction Method Based on the Generalised Fisher Discriminant Criterion and Facial Recognition,
PAA(4), No. 1, 2001, pp. 61-66.
Springer DOI 0105
BibRef

Xu, Y.[Yong], Yang, J.Y.[Jing-Yu], Lu, J.F.[Jian-Feng], Yu, D.J.[Dong-Jun],
An efficient renovation on kernel Fisher discriminant analysis and face recognition experiments,
PR(37), No. 10, October 2004, pp. 2091-2094.
Elsevier DOI 0409
BibRef

Baskan, S.[Selin], Bulut, M.M.[M. Mete], Atalay, V.[Volkan],
Projection based method for segmentation of human face and its evaluation,
PRL(23), No. 14, December 2002, pp. 1623-1629.
Elsevier DOI 0208
Bounding rectangle of facial features. BibRef

Votsis, G.N.[George N.], Drosopoulos, A.I.[Athanasios I.], Kollias, S.D.[Stefanos D.],
A modular approach to facial feature segmentation on real sequences,
SP:IC(18), No. 1, January 2003, pp. 67-89.
Elsevier DOI 0301
BibRef

Lucey, S.[Simon], Sridharan, S.[Sridha], Chandran, V.[Vinod],
Improved Facial-Feature Detection for AVSP via Unsupervised Clustering and Discriminant Analysis,
JASP(2003), No. 3, March 2003, pp. 264.
WWW Link. 0304
BibRef

Lucey, S.[Simon],
The Symbiotic Relationship of Parts and Monolithic Face Representations in Verification,
FaceVideo04(89).
IEEE DOI 0502
BibRef

Lucey, S.[Simon],
Using Overlapping Distributions to Deal with Face Pose Mismatch,
BMVC05(xx-yy).
HTML Version. 0509
BibRef

Lucey, S.[Simon], Chen, T.H.[Tsu-Han],
Integrating monolithic and free-parts representations for improved face verification in the presence of pose mismatch,
PRL(28), No. 8, 1 June 2007, pp. 895-903.
Elsevier DOI 0704
BibRef
Earlier:
Learning Patch Dependencies for Improved Pose Mismatched Face Verification,
CVPR06(I: 909-915).
IEEE DOI
HTML Version. 0606
BibRef
Earlier:
Face recognition through mismatch driven representations of the face,
PETS05(193-199).
IEEE DOI
HTML Version. 0602
BibRef
Earlier:
A GMM parts based face representation for improved verification through relevance adaptation,
CVPR04(II: 855-861).
IEEE DOI 0408
Face recognition; Pose mismatch; Gaussian mixture models; Monolithic representation; Parts representation BibRef

Lucey, S.[Simon], Chen, T.H.[Tsu-Han],
A Viewpoint Invariant, Sparsely Registered, Patch Based, Face Verifier,
IJCV(80), No. 1, October 2008, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0809
BibRef
Earlier: CMU-RI-TR-07-17, February, 2007.
WWW Link. BibRef

Ashraf, A.B.[Ahmed Bilal], Lucey, S.[Simon], Chen, T.H.[Tsu-Han],
Learning patch correspondences for improved viewpoint invariant face recognition,
CVPR08(1-8).
IEEE DOI 0806
BibRef

Mamic, G.[George], Fookes, C.[Clinton], Sridharan, S.[Sridha],
What Is the Average Human Face?,
PSIVT06(692-701).
Springer DOI 0612
BibRef
And:
Human Face Reconstruction Using Bayesian Deformable Models,
AVSBS06(59-59).
IEEE DOI 0611
BibRef

Lin, F.[Frank], Fookes, C.[Clinton], Chandran, V.[Vinod], Sridharan, S.[Sridha],
Super-Resolved Faces for Improved Face Recognition from Surveillance Video,
ICB07(1-10).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef
Earlier:
The Role of Motion Models in Super-Resolving Surveillance Video for Face Recognition,
AVSBS06(58-58).
IEEE DOI 0611
BibRef

Perlibakas, V.[Vytautas],
Automatical detection of face features and exact face contour,
PRL(24), No. 16, December 2003, pp. 2977-2985.
Elsevier DOI 0310
BibRef

Shih, F.Y.[Frank Y.], Chuang, C.F.[Chao-Fa],
Automatic extraction of head and face boundaries and facial features,
IS(158), No. 1, January 2004, pp. 117-130. 0905
BibRef

Shih, F.Y.[Frank Y.], Fu, C.Y.[Camel Y.], Zhang, K.[Kai],
Multi-view face identification and pose estimation using B-spline interpolation,
IS(169), No. 3-4, 1 February 2005, pp. 189-204.
Elsevier DOI 0905
BibRef

Grudin, M.A.[Maxim A.], Lisboa, P.J.G., Harvey, D.M.[David M.],
Selection of localised salient features from a single facial image,
VISP(153), No. 4, August 2006, pp. 461-467.
DOI Link 0705
BibRef

Li, S.[Sheng], Jing, X.Y.[Xiao-Yuan], Bian, L.S.[Lu-Sha], Gao, S.Q.[Shi-Qiang], Liu, Q.[Qian], Yao, Y.F.[Yong-Fang],
Facial Image Recognition Based on a Statistical Uncorrelated Near Class Discriminant Approach,
IEICE(E93-D), No. 4, April 2010, pp. 934-937.
WWW Link. 1003
BibRef

Levine, M.D.[Martin David], Yu, Y.F.[Ying-Feng],
Face recognition subject to variations in facial expression, illumination and pose using correlation filters,
CVIU(104), No. 1, October 2006, pp. 1-15.
Elsevier DOI 0609
Correlation filter; Verification; Energy peak; Face recognition; Phase-only Selection of correlation filters. BibRef

Forczmanski, P.[Pawel], Kukharev, G.[Georgy],
Comparative analysis of simple facial features extractors,
RealTimeIP(1), No. 4, July 2007, pp. 239-255.
Springer DOI 0707
BibRef

Forczmanski, P.[Pawel], Kukharev, G.[Georgy],
Simple and Robust Facial Portraits Recognition under Variable Lighting Conditions Based on Two-Dimensional Orthogonal Transformations,
CIAP13(I:602-611).
Springer DOI 1311
BibRef

Ohyama, W.[Wataru], Nakao, N.[Nozomi], Wakabayashi, T.[Tetsushi], Kimura, F.[Fumitaka],
Automatic Detection of Facial Midline And Its Contributions to Facial Feature Extraction,
ELCVIA(6), No. 3, 2007, pp. 55-65.
DOI Link 0803
BibRef

Ito, M., Ohyama, W., Wakabayashi, T., Kimura, F.,
Rotated face recognition by manifold learning with auto-associative neural network,
FCV15(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1506
face recognition See also Mirror image learning for autoassociative neural networks. BibRef

Zuo, F.[Fei], de With, P.H.N.[Peter H.N.],
Facial feature extraction by a cascade of model-based algorithms,
SP:IC(23), No. 3, March 2008, pp. 194-211.
Elsevier DOI 0804
BibRef
Earlier:
Facial feature extraction using a cascade of model-based algorithms,
AVSBS05(348-353).
IEEE DOI 0602
BibRef
Earlier:
Real-Time Facial Feature Extraction by Cascaded Parameter Prediction and Image Optimization,
ICIAR04(II: 651-659).
Springer DOI 0409
Feature extraction; Face recognition BibRef

Hanif, S.M.[Shehzad Muhammad], Prevost, L.[Lionel], Belaroussi, R.[Rachid], Milgram, M.[Maurice],
Real-time facial feature localization by combining space displacement neural networks,
PRL(29), No. 8, 1 June 2008, pp. 1094-1104.
Elsevier DOI 0804
Face analysis; Facial feature localization; Space displacement neural network; Gating network BibRef

Liu, Z.Q.[Zhi-Qiang],
Adaptive Subspace Self-organizing Map And Its Applications In Face Recognition,
IJIG(2), No. 4, October 2002, pp. 519-540. 0210
BibRef

Zheng, Z.L.[Zhong-Long], Jiong, J.[Jia], Chunjiang, D.[Duanmu], Liu, X.H.[Xin-Hong], Yang, J.[Jie],
Facial feature localization based on an improved active shape model,
IS(178), No. 9, May, 2008, pp. 2215-2223.
Elsevier DOI 0905
BibRef

Du, C.H.[Chun-Hua], Yang, J.[Jie], Wu, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Zhang, T.H.[Tian-Hao], Wang, H.H.[Hua-Hua], Chen, L.[Lu], Wu, Z.[Zheng],
Extended Fitting Methods of Active Shape Model for the Location of Facial Feature Points,
ICCVGIP06(610-618).
Springer DOI 0612
BibRef

Tu, J.L.[Ji-Lin], Fu, Y., Huang, T.S.[Thomas S.],
Locating Nose-Tips and Estimating Head Poses in Images by Tensorposes,
CirSysVideo(19), No. 1, January 2009, pp. 90-102.
IEEE DOI 0902
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, Only:
Locating Nosetips and Estimating Head Pose in Images by Tensorposes,
ICIP07(IV: 513-516).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Yang, W.H., Dai, D.Q.,
Two-Dimensional Maximum Margin Feature Extraction for Face Recognition,
SMC-B(39), No. 4, August 2009, pp. 1002-1012.
IEEE DOI 0906
BibRef

Pavani, S.K.[Sri-Kaushik], Delgado-Gomez, D.[David], Frangi, A.F.[Alejandro F.],
Haar-like features with optimally weighted rectangles for rapid object detection,
PR(43), No. 1, January 2010, pp. 160-172.
Elsevier DOI 0909
BibRef
And:
Gaussian Weak Classifiers Based on Haar-Like Features with Four Rectangles for Real-time Face Detection,
CAIP09(91-98).
Springer DOI 0909
Haar-like features; Object detection; Pattern rejection; Cascaded classifiers; Genetic algorithms BibRef

Pavani, S.K.[Sri-Kaushik], Delgado-Gomez, D.[David], Frangi, A.F.[Alejandro F.],
A Rapidly Trainable and Global Illumination Invariant Object Detection System,
CIARP09(877-884).
Springer DOI 0911
Address issue of Viola-Jones detector (training time) See also Robust Real-Time Face Detection. BibRef

Dabbaghchian, S.[Saeed], Ghaemmaghami, M.P.[Masoumeh P.], Aghagolzadeh, A.[Ali],
Feature extraction using discrete cosine transform and discrimination power analysis with a face recognition technology,
PR(43), No. 4, April 2010, pp. 1431-1440.
Elsevier DOI 1002
Discrimination power analysis (DPA); Discrete cosine transform (DCT); Coefficient selection (CS); Face recognition; Pattern recognition BibRef

Kozakaya, T.[Tatsuo], Shibata, T.[Tomoyuki], Yuasa, M.[Mayumi], Yamaguchi, O.[Osamu],
Facial feature localization using weighted vector concentration approach,
IVC(28), No. 5, May 2010, pp. 772-780.
Elsevier DOI 1003
BibRef
Earlier: FG08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0809
Facial feature localization; Weighted vector concentration BibRef

Mayer, C.[Christoph], Wimmer, M.[Matthias], Radig, B.[Bernd],
Adjusted pixel features for robust facial component classification,
IVC(28), No. 5, May 2010, pp. 762-771.
Elsevier DOI 1003
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1, A3:
Robustly classifying facial components using a set of adjusted pixel features,
FG08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0809
Image segmentation; Facial components; Feature extraction BibRef

Tu, C.T.[Ching-Ting], Lien, J.J.J.[Jenn-Jier James],
Automatic Location of Facial Feature Points and Synthesis of Facial Sketches Using Direct Combined Model,
SMC-B(40), No. 4, August 2010, pp. 1158-1169.
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef

Tu, C.T.[Ching-Ting], Chan, Y.H., Chen, Y.C.,
Facial Sketch Synthesis Using 2D Direct Combined Model-Based Face-Specific Markov Network,
IP(25), No. 8, August 2016, pp. 3546-3561.
IEEE DOI 1608
Markov processes BibRef

Peng, X.M.[Xiao-Ming], Bennamoun, M.[Mohammed], Mian, A.S.[Ajmal S.],
A training-free nose tip detection method from face range images,
PR(44), No. 3, March 2011, pp. 544-558.
Elsevier DOI 1011
Nose tip detection; Range images; Biometrics BibRef

Nabatchian, A.[Amirhosein], Abdel-Raheem, E.[Esam], Ahmadi, M.[Majid],
Illumination invariant feature extraction and mutual-information-based local matching for face recognition under illumination variation and occlusion,
PR(44), No. 10-11, October-November 2011, pp. 2576-2587.
Elsevier DOI 1101
BibRef
Earlier:
A weighted voting scheme for recognition of faces with illumination variation,
ICARCV10(896-899).
IEEE DOI 1109
Face recognition; Reflectance illumination model; Variant illumination; Local matching; Partial occlusion BibRef

Zhou, L.[Lubing], Wang, H.[Han],
Local features by intensity increasing tendency for face recognition,
IJCVR(2), No. 2, 2011, pp. 127-140.
DOI Link 1109
BibRef

Jing, X.Y.[Xiao-Yuan], Lan, C.[Chao], Zhang, D.[David], Yang, J.Y.[Jing-Yu], Li, M.[Min], Li, S.[Sheng], Zhu, S.H.[Song-Hao],
Face Feature Extraction and Recognition Based on Discriminant Subclass-Center Manifold Preserving Projection,
PRL(33), No. 6, 15 April 2012, pp. 709-717.
Elsevier DOI 1203
Face recognition; Manifold learning; Subclass-center manifold preserving projection (SMPP); Subclass discriminant analysis; Dual-objective optimization; Discriminant SMPP (DSMPP) See also Face Recognition Based on Discriminant Fractional Fourier Feature Extraction. See also Face recognition based on local uncorrelated and weighted global uncorrelated discriminant transforms. BibRef

Lan, C.[Chao], Jing, X.Y.[Xiao-Yuan], Zhang, D.[David], Gao, S.Q.[Shi-Qiang], Yang, J.Y.[Jing-Yu],
Discriminant subclass-center manifold preserving projection for face feature extraction,
ICIP11(3013-3016).
IEEE DOI 1201
BibRef

Huang, Z.W.[Zhi-Wu], Shan, S.G.[Shi-Guang], Wang, R.P.[Rui-Ping], Zhang, H.H.[Hai-Hong], Lao, S.H.[Shi-Hong], Kuerban, A.[Alifu], Chen, X.L.[Xi-Lin],
A Benchmark and Comparative Study of Video-Based Face Recognition on COX Face Database,
IP(24), No. 12, December 2015, pp. 5967-5981.
IEEE DOI 1512
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, A4, A5, A6, A7, Only:
Benchmarking Still-to-Video Face Recognition via Partial and Local Linear Discriminant Analysis on COX-S2V Dataset,
ACCV12(II:589-600).
Springer DOI 1304
face recognition BibRef

Huang, Z.W.[Zhi-Wu], Zhao, X.W.[Xiao-Wei], Shan, S.G.[Shi-Guang], Wang, R.P.[Rui-Ping], Chen, X.L.[Xi-Lin],
Coupling Alignments with Recognition for Still-to-Video Face Recognition,
ICCV13(3296-3303)
IEEE DOI 1403
coupling alignments with recognition; still-to-video face recognition BibRef

Zhou, W.[Wei], Ahrary, A.[Alireza], Kamata, S.I.[Sei-Ichiro],
Image Description with Local Patterns: An Application to Face Recognition,
IEICE(E95-D), No. 5, May 2012, pp. 1494-1505.
WWW Link. 1202
BibRef
Earlier:
Image description with 1D local patterns by multi-scans: An application to face recognition,
ICIP10(4553-4556).
IEEE DOI 1009
BibRef

Zhou, W.[Wei], Ahrary, A.[Alireza], Kamata, S.I.[Sei-Ichiro],
Face Representation and Recognition with Local Curvelet Patterns,
IEICE(E95-D), No. 12, December 2012, pp. 3078-3087.
WWW Link. 1212
BibRef

Zhou, W.[Wei], Kamata, S.I.[Sei-Ichiro],
L1-Norm Based Linear Discriminant Analysis: An Application to Face Recognition,
IEICE(E96-D), No. 3, March 2013, pp. 550-558.
WWW Link. 1303
BibRef
Earlier:
Linear Discriminant Analysis with Maximum Correntropy Criterion,
ACCV12(I:500-511).
Springer DOI 1304
BibRef
And:
Face Recognition with Learned Local Curvelet Patterns and 2-Directional L1-Norm Based 2DPCA,
CVLBP12(I:109-120).
Springer DOI 1304
BibRef

Hao, P.Y.[Peng-Yi], Kamata, S.I.[Sei-Ichiro],
Maximum correntropy criterion for discriminative dictionary learning,
ICIP13(4325-4329)
IEEE DOI 1402
Dictionary learning; Face verification; Maximum correntropy criterion BibRef

Yilmaz, M.B.[Mustafa Berkay], Erdogan, H.[Hakan], Unel, M.[Mustafa],
Facial feature extraction using a probabilistic approach,
SP:IC(27), No. 6, July 2012, pp. 678-693.
Elsevier DOI 1205
BibRef
Earlier:
Probabilistic Facial Feature Extraction Using Joint Distribution of Location and Texture Information,
ISVC09(II: 1171-1180).
Springer DOI 0911
Facial feature extraction; Probabilistic method; Gradient-based optimization; Search methods; Gaussian mixture models; Principal component analysis BibRef

Lian, Z.C.[Zhi-Chao], Er, M.J.[Meng Joo], Liang, Y.C.[Yan-Chun],
A novel efficient local illumination compensation method based on DCT in logarithm domain,
PRL(33), No. 13, 1 October 2012, pp. 1725-1733.
Elsevier DOI 1208
Face recognition; Illumination compensation; DCT; Logarithm domain; Mean estimation BibRef

Lian, Z.C.[Zhi-Chao], Er, M.J.[Meng Joo], Li, J.K.[Jue-Kun],
A Novel Face Recognition Approach under Illumination Variations Based on Local Binary Pattern,
CAIP11(II: 89-96).
Springer DOI 1109
BibRef

Sajid, I.A., Ziavras, S.G., Ahmed, M.M.,
Efficient face recognition using frequency distribution curve matching,
IET-IPR(6), No. 8, 2012, pp. 1161-1169.
DOI Link 1302
BibRef

Le, T.H.N.[T. Hoang Ngan], Luu, K.[Khoa], Savvides, M.[Marios],
SparCLeS: Dynamic L_1 Sparse Classifiers With Level Sets for Robust Beard/Moustache Detection and Segmentation,
IP(22), No. 8, 2013, pp. 3097-3107.
IEEE DOI 1307
face recognition; robust beard/moustache detection; active contour model BibRef

Le, T.H.N.[T. Hoang Ngan], Luu, K.[Khoa], Zhu, C.[Chenchen], Savvides, M.[Marios],
Semi self-training beard/moustache detection and segmentation simultaneously,
IVC(58), No. 1, 2017, pp. 214-223.
Elsevier DOI 1703
Beard/moustache BibRef

Singh, K.[Karanhaar], Luu, K.[Khoa], Le, T.H.N.[T. Hoang Ngan], Savvides, M.[Marios],
A robust contour sampling and tensor-based approach to facial beard and mustache shape segmentation and matching,
ICIP15(1399-1403)
IEEE DOI 1512
Contour Sampling BibRef

Luu, K.[Khoa], Le, T.H.N.[T. Hoang Ngan], Seshadri, K.[Keshav], Savvides, M.[Marios],
Facecut: a robust approach for facial feature segmentation,
ICIP12(1841-1844).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef
And: A2, A1, A3, A4:
Beard and mustache segmentation using sparse classifiers on self-quotient images,
ICIP12(165-168).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Yang, Y., Liu, Y., Liu, J.,
Automatic face image annotation based on a single template with constrained warping deformation,
IET-CV(7), No. 1, 2013, pp. 20-28.
DOI Link 1307
BibRef

Chen, Y.Y., Hsu, W.H., Liao, H.Y.M.,
Automatic Training Image Acquisition and Effective Feature Selection From Community-Contributed Photos for Facial Attribute Detection,
MultMed(15), No. 6, 2013, pp. 1388-1399.
IEEE DOI 1309
Context BibRef

Belhumeur, P.N.[Peter N.], Jacobs, D.W.[David W.], Kriegman, D.J.[David J.], Kumar, N.[Neeraj],
Localizing Parts of Faces Using a Consensus of Exemplars,
PAMI(35), No. 12, 2013, pp. 2930-2940.
IEEE DOI 1311
BibRef
Earlier: CVPR11(545-552).
IEEE DOI 1106
Biometrics BibRef

Mehta, R.[Rakesh], Yuan, J.[Jirui], Egiazarian, K.[Karen],
Face recognition using scale-adaptive directional and textural features,
PR(47), No. 5, 2014, pp. 1846-1858.
Elsevier DOI 1402
Face classification BibRef

Liu, H.D.[Hui-Dong], Yang, M.[Ming], Gao, Y.[Yang], Cui, C.Y.[Chun-Yan],
Local histogram specification for face recognition under varying lighting conditions,
IVC(32), No. 5, 2014, pp. 335-347.
Elsevier DOI 1404
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, Only:
Local histogram specification using learned histograms for face recognition,
ICIP12(597-600).
IEEE DOI 1302
Local histogram specification BibRef

Liu, H.D.[Hui-Dong], Yang, M.[Ming], Gao, Y.[Yang], Cao, L.B.[Long-Bing],
Fast Local Histogram Specification,
CirSysVideo(24), No. 11, November 2014, pp. 1833-1843.
IEEE DOI 1411
computational complexity BibRef

Wang, J.G.[Jian-Gang], Yau, W.Y.[Wei-Yun],
Real-time moustache detection by combining image decolorization and texture detection with applications to facial gender recognition,
MVA(25), No. 4, May 2014, pp. 1089-1099.
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Facial Components Segmentation for Extracting Facial Features,
AVBPA99(xx-yy). BibRef 9900

Senior, A.W.[Andrew W.],
Face and Feature Finding for a Face Recognition System,
AVBPA99(xx-yy). BibRef 9900

Katahara, S.J.[Shun-Ji], Aoki, M.[Masayoshi],
Face Parts Extraction Windows Based on Bilateral Symmetry of Gradient Direction,
CAIP99(489-497).
Springer DOI 9909
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Gorodnichy, D.O., Armstrong, W.W., Li, X.,
Adaptive logic networks for facial feature detection,
CIAP97(II: 332-339).
Springer DOI 9709
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Pinto-Elias, R.[Raul], Sossa-Azuela, J.,
Automatic Facial Feature Detection and Location,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1360-1364).
IEEE DOI 9808
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Li, Y.Z.[Yuan-Zhong], Kobatake, H.,
Extraction of Facial Sketch Image Based on Morphological Processing,
ICIP97(III: 316-319).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9700
Earlier:
Extraction of facial sketch images and expression transformation based on FACS,
ICIP95(III: 520-523).
IEEE DOI 9510
BibRef

Low, B., and Ibrahim, M.,
A Fast and Accurate Algorithm for Facial Feature Segmentation,
ICIP97(II: 518-521).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9700

Funayama, R., Yokoya, N., Iwasa, H., Takemura, H.,
Facial Component Extraction by Cooperative Active Nets with Global Constraints,
ICPR96(II: 300-304).
IEEE DOI 9608
(Nara Institute of Science and Technology, J) BibRef

Shakunaga, T., Ogawa, K., Oki, S.,
Integration of Eigentemplate and Structure Matching for Automatic Facial Feature Detection,
AFGR98(94-99).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9800

Nguyen, T., Huang, T.S.,
Towards Automated Structural Analysis of Difficult Face Images,
ARPA96(765-770). BibRef 9600
Earlier:
New robust image operators and applications in automatic facial feature analysis,
ICIP95(III: 524-527).
IEEE DOI 9510
BibRef
Earlier:
Segmentation, Grouping and Feature Detection for Face Image Analysis,
SCV95(593-598).
IEEE DOI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. BibRef

Chang, T.C., Huang, T.S., Novak, C.,
Facial Feature Extraction from Color Images,
ICPR94(B:39-43).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9400

Herpers, R., Michaelis, M., Lichtenauer, K.H., Sommer, G.,
Edge and keypoint detection in facial regions,
AFGR96(212-217).
IEEE DOI 9610
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Demirel, H., Clarke, T.J., Cheung, P.Y.K.,
Adaptive automatic facial feature segmentation,
AFGR96(277-282).
IEEE DOI 9610
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Galicia, G., Zakhor, A.,
Depth based recovery of human facial features from video sequences,
ICIP95(II: 603-606).
IEEE DOI 9510
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Chibelushi, C.C., Deravi, F., Mason, J.S.,
Face segmentation using fuzzy reasoning,
ICIP94(III: 518-522).
IEEE DOI 9411
BibRef

Chapter on Face Recognition, Detection, Tracking, Gesture Recognition, Fingerprints, Biometrics continues in
Finding Three-Dimensional Facial Features, 3-D Face Features .


Last update:Aug 16, 2018 at 18:22:30