21.2.7.3 Finding Facial Features

Chapter Contents (Back)
Face Recognition. Application, Face Recognition. Facial Features. Facial Landmarks. See also Finding Three-Dimensional Facial Features, 3-D Face Features.

Huang, C.L.[Chung-Lin], Chen, C.W.[Ching-Wen],
Human Facial Feature Extraction for Face Interpretation and Recognition,
PR(25), No. 12, December 1992, pp. 1435-1444.
WWW Link. BibRef 9212
Earlier: ICPR92(II:204-207).
IEEE DOI 9208
BibRef

Chen, C.W., Huang, C.L.,
Human Face Recognition from a Single Front View,
PRAI(6), No. 4, 1992, pp. 571-593. BibRef 9200

Chow, G., Li, X.B.,
Towards a System for Automatic Facial Feature Detection,
PR(26), No. 12, December 1993, pp. 1739-1755. BibRef 9312

Yacoob, Y., Davis, L.S.,
Labeling of Human Face Components from Range Data,
CVGIP(60), No. 2, September 1994, pp. 168-178.
WWW Link. BibRef 9409
Earlier: CVPR93(592-593).
IEEE DOI Find the features in the face given a basic model of the face. BibRef

Craw, I., Ellis, H., and Lishman, J.R.,
Automatic Extraction of Face Features,
PRL(5), February 1987, pp. 183-187. BibRef 8702

Craw, I., Tock, D., Bennett, A.,
Finding Face Features,
ECCV92(92-96).
Springer DOI Models of the head, define templates. BibRef 9200

Tock, D., Craw, I., Lishman, R.,
A knowledge based system for measuring faces,
BMVC90(xx-yy).
PDF File. 9009
BibRef

Aitchison, A.C.[Andrew C.], Craw, I.[Ian],
Synthetic Images of Faces: An Approach to Model-Based Face Recognition,
BMVC91(xx-yy).
PDF File. 9109
BibRef

Bennett, A.[Alan], Craw, I.[Ian],
Finding Image Features Using Deformable Templates and Detailed Prior Statistical Knowledge,
BMVC91(xx-yy).
PDF File. 9109
BibRef

Hong, Z.Q.[Zi-Quan],
Algebraic Feature Extraction of Image for Recognition,
PR(24), No. 3, 1991, pp. 211-219.
WWW Link. Faces BibRef 9100

Roeder, N.[Nicholas], Li, X.B.[Xiao-Bo],
Accuracy Analysis For Facial Feature Detection,
PR(29), No. 1, January 1996, pp. 143-157.
WWW Link. BibRef 9601

Lin, C.C.[Cheng-Chung], Lin, W.C.[Wei-Chung],
Extracting Facial Features by an Inhibitory Mechanism-Based on Gradient Distributions,
PR(29), No. 12, December 1996, pp. 2079-2101.
WWW Link. 9701
BibRef

Jeng, S.H.[Shi-Hong], Liao, H.Y.M.[Hong Yuan Mark], Han, C.C.[Chin Chuan], Chern, M.Y.[Ming Yang], Liu, Y.T.[Yao Tsorng],
Facial Feature Detection Using Geometrical Face Model: An Efficient Approach,
PR(31), No. 3, March 1998, pp. 273-282.
WWW Link. 9802
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, A4, A5 only:
An Efficient Approach for Facial Feature Detection Using Geometrical Face Model,
ICPR96(III: 426-430).
IEEE DOI 9608
(Academia Sinica, ROC) BibRef

Reisfeld, D.[Daniel], Yeshurun, Y.[Yehezkel],
Preprocessing of Face Images: Detection of Features and Pose Normalization,
CVIU(71), No. 3, September 1998, pp. 413-430.
DOI Link BibRef 9809
Earlier:
Robust Detection Of Facial Features By Generalized Symmetry,
ICPR92(I:117-120).
IEEE DOI BibRef

Reisfeld, D.[Daniel], Wolfson, H.[Haim], and Yeshurun, Y.[Yehezkel],
Context-Free Attentional Operators: The Generalized Symmetry Transform,
IJCV(14), No. 2, March 1995, pp. 119-130.
Springer DOI BibRef 9503
Earlier:
Detection of Interest Points Using Symmetry,
ICCV90(62-65).
IEEE DOI BibRef
Earlier: Tel Aviv UniversityComputer Science Department, 177/90 1990. BibRef

Herpers, R., Sommer, G.,
Discrimination of Facial Regions Based on Dynamic Grids of Point Representations,
PRAI(12), No. 4, June 1998, pp. 381-405. 9808
BibRef

Shah, D., Marshall, S.,
Statistical Coding Method for Facial Features,
VISP(145), No. 3, June 1998, pp. 187-192. 9808
BibRef

Takacs, B.[Barnabas], Wechsler, H.[Harry],
A Dynamic and Multiresolution Model of Visual Attention and Its Application to Facial Landmark Detection,
CVIU(70), No. 1, April 1998, pp. 63-73.
DOI Link BibRef 9804
Earlier:
Visual filters for face recognition,
AFGR96(218-223).
IEEE DOI 9610
BibRef
Earlier:
Locating Facial Features Using SOFM,
ICPR94(B:55-60).
IEEE DOI BibRef

Takács, B.[Barnabás], Wechsler, H.[Harry],
Detection of Faces and Facial Landmarks Using Iconic Filter Banks,
PR(30), No. 10, October 1997, pp. 1623-1636.
WWW Link. 9712
BibRef
And:
Fast Searching of Digital Face Libraries Using Binary Image Metrics,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1235-1237).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef
And:
Face Recognition Using Binary Image Metrics,
AFGR98(294-299).
IEEE DOI BibRef

Sobottka, K.[Karin], Pitas, I.[Ioannis],
A novel method for automatic face segmentation, facial feature extraction and tracking,
SP:IC(12), No. 3, June 1998, pp. 263-281.
WWW Link. BibRef 9806
Earlier:
Segmentation and tracking of faces in color images,
AFGR96(236-241).
IEEE DOI 9610
BibRef
And:
Extraction of Facial Regions and Features Using Color and Shape Information,
ICPR96(III: 421-425).
IEEE DOI 9608
BibRef
And:
Face Localization and Facial Feature Extraction Based on Shape and Color Information,
ICIP96(III: 483-486).
IEEE DOI (Univ. of Thessaloniki, GR) BibRef

Asteriadis, S.[Stylianos], Nikolaidis, N.[Nikos], Pitas, I.[Ioannis],
Facial feature detection using distance vector fields,
PR(42), No. 7, July 2009, pp. 1388-1398.
Elsevier DOI 0903
Facial features detection; Distance map; Distance vector field (DVF) BibRef

Mu, F.H.[Feng-Hao], Li, H.B.[Hai-Bo], Forchheimer, R.[Robert],
Automatic extraction of human facial features,
SP:IC(8), No. 4, May 1996, pp. 309-326.
WWW Link. BibRef 9605

Lin, C.H., Wu, J.L.,
Automatic Facial Feature Extraction by Genetic Algorithms,
IP(8), No. 6, June 1999, pp. 834-845.
IEEE DOI BibRef 9906

Hamada, T.[Takashi], Kato, K.[Kazunori], Kawakami, K.[Kowichiro],
Extracting facial features as in infants,
PRL(21), No. 5, May 2000, pp. 407-412. 0005
BibRef

Guo, Y.F.[Yue-Fei], Shu, T.T.[Ting-Ting], Yang, J.Y.[Jing-Yu], Li, S.J.[Shi-Jin],
Feature Extraction Method Based on the Generalised Fisher Discriminant Criterion and Facial Recognition,
PAA(4), No. 1, 2001, pp. 61-66.
Springer DOI 0105
BibRef

Xu, Y.[Yong], Yang, J.Y.[Jing-Yu], Lu, J.F.[Jian-Feng], Yu, D.J.[Dong-Jun],
An efficient renovation on kernel Fisher discriminant analysis and face recognition experiments,
PR(37), No. 10, October 2004, pp. 2091-2094.
WWW Link. 0409
BibRef

Baskan, S.[Selin], Bulut, M.M.[M. Mete], Atalay, V.[Volkan],
Projection based method for segmentation of human face and its evaluation,
PRL(23), No. 14, December 2002, pp. 1623-1629.
Elsevier DOI 0208
Bounding rectangle of facial features. BibRef

Votsis, G.N.[George N.], Drosopoulos, A.I.[Athanasios I.], Kollias, S.D.[Stefanos D.],
A modular approach to facial feature segmentation on real sequences,
SP:IC(18), No. 1, January 2003, pp. 67-89.
WWW Link. 0301
BibRef

Lucey, S.[Simon], Sridharan, S.[Sridha], Chandran, V.[Vinod],
Improved Facial-Feature Detection for AVSP via Unsupervised Clustering and Discriminant Analysis,
JASP(2003), No. 3, March 2003, pp. 264.
WWW Link. 0304
BibRef

Lucey, S.[Simon],
The Symbiotic Relationship of Parts and Monolithic Face Representations in Verification,
FaceVideo04(89).
IEEE DOI 0502
BibRef

Lucey, S.[Simon],
Using Overlapping Distributions to Deal with Face Pose Mismatch,
BMVC05(xx-yy).
HTML Version. 0509
BibRef

Lucey, S.[Simon], Chen, T.H.[Tsu-Han],
Integrating monolithic and free-parts representations for improved face verification in the presence of pose mismatch,
PRL(28), No. 8, 1 June 2007, pp. 895-903.
WWW Link. 0704
BibRef
Earlier:
Learning Patch Dependencies for Improved Pose Mismatched Face Verification,
CVPR06(I: 909-915).
IEEE DOI
HTML Version. 0606
BibRef
Earlier:
Face recognition through mismatch driven representations of the face,
PETS05(193-199).
IEEE DOI
HTML Version. 0602
BibRef
Earlier:
A GMM parts based face representation for improved verification through relevance adaptation,
CVPR04(II: 855-861).
IEEE DOI 0408
Face recognition; Pose mismatch; Gaussian mixture models; Monolithic representation; Parts representation BibRef

Lucey, S.[Simon], Chen, T.H.[Tsu-Han],
A Viewpoint Invariant, Sparsely Registered, Patch Based, Face Verifier,
IJCV(80), No. 1, October 2008, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0809
BibRef
Earlier: CMU-RI-TR-07-17, February, 2007.
WWW Link. BibRef

Ashraf, A.B.[Ahmed Bilal], Lucey, S.[Simon], Chen, T.H.[Tsu-Han],
Learning patch correspondences for improved viewpoint invariant face recognition,
CVPR08(1-8).
IEEE DOI 0806
BibRef

Mamic, G.[George], Fookes, C.[Clinton], Sridharan, S.[Sridha],
What Is the Average Human Face?,
PSIVT06(692-701).
Springer DOI 0612
BibRef
And:
Human Face Reconstruction Using Bayesian Deformable Models,
AVSBS06(59-59).
IEEE DOI 0611
BibRef

Lin, F.[Frank], Fookes, C.[Clinton], Chandran, V.[Vinod], Sridharan, S.[Sridha],
Super-Resolved Faces for Improved Face Recognition from Surveillance Video,
ICB07(1-10).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef
Earlier:
The Role of Motion Models in Super-Resolving Surveillance Video for Face Recognition,
AVSBS06(58-58).
IEEE DOI 0611
BibRef

Perlibakas, V.[Vytautas],
Automatical detection of face features and exact face contour,
PRL(24), No. 16, December 2003, pp. 2977-2985.
WWW Link. 0310
BibRef

Shih, F.Y.[Frank Y.], Chuang, C.F.[Chao-Fa],
Automatic extraction of head and face boundaries and facial features,
IS(158), No. 1, January 2004, pp. 117-130. 0905
BibRef

Shih, F.Y.[Frank Y.], Fu, C.Y.[Camel Y.], Zhang, K.[Kai],
Multi-view face identification and pose estimation using B-spline interpolation,
IS(169), No. 3-4, 1 February 2005, pp. 189-204.
Elsevier DOI 0905
BibRef

Fasel, I.R.[Ian R.], Fortenberry, B.[Bret], Movellan, J.R.[Javier R.],
A generative framework for real time object detection and classification,
CVIU(98), No. 1, April 2005, pp. 182-210.
WWW Link. 0412
To find eyes and blinks. BibRef

Fasel, I.R., Bartlett, M.S., Movellan, J.R.,
A comparison of gabor filter methods for automatic detection of facial landmarks,
AFGR02(231-235).
IEEE DOI 0206
BibRef

Grudin, M.A.[Maxim A.], Lisboa, P.J.G., Harvey, D.M.[David M.],
Selection of localised salient features from a single facial image,
VISP(153), No. 4, August 2006, pp. 461-467.
WWW Link. 0705
BibRef

Li, S.[Sheng], Jing, X.Y.[Xiao-Yuan], Bian, L.S.[Lu-Sha], Gao, S.Q.[Shi-Qiang], Liu, Q.[Qian], Yao, Y.F.[Yong-Fang],
Facial Image Recognition Based on a Statistical Uncorrelated Near Class Discriminant Approach,
IEICE(E93-D), No. 4, April 2010, pp. 934-937.
WWW Link. 1003
BibRef

Levine, M.D.[Martin David], Yu, Y.F.[Ying-Feng],
Face recognition subject to variations in facial expression, illumination and pose using correlation filters,
CVIU(104), No. 1, October 2006, pp. 1-15.
WWW Link. 0609
Correlation filter; Verification; Energy peak; Face recognition; Phase-only Selection of correlation filters. BibRef

Forczmanski, P.[Pawel], Kukharev, G.[Georgy],
Comparative analysis of simple facial features extractors,
RealTimeIP(1), No. 4, July 2007, pp. 239-255.
Springer DOI 0707
BibRef

Forczmanski, P.[Pawel], Kukharev, G.[Georgy],
Simple and Robust Facial Portraits Recognition under Variable Lighting Conditions Based on Two-Dimensional Orthogonal Transformations,
CIAP13(I:602-611).
Springer DOI 1311
BibRef

Ohyama, W.[Wataru], Nakao, N.[Nozomi], Wakabayashi, T.[Tetsushi], Kimura, F.[Fumitaka],
Automatic Detection of Facial Midline And Its Contributions to Facial Feature Extraction,
ELCVIA(6), No. 3, 2007, pp. 55-65.
WWW Link. 0803
BibRef

Ito, M., Ohyama, W., Wakabayashi, T., Kimura, F.,
Rotated face recognition by manifold learning with auto-associative neural network,
FCV15(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1506
face recognition See also Mirror image learning for autoassociative neural networks. BibRef

Zuo, F.[Fei], de With, P.H.N.[Peter H.N.],
Facial feature extraction by a cascade of model-based algorithms,
SP:IC(23), No. 3, March 2008, pp. 194-211.
WWW Link. 0804
BibRef
Earlier:
Facial feature extraction using a cascade of model-based algorithms,
AVSBS05(348-353).
IEEE DOI 0602
BibRef
Earlier:
Real-Time Facial Feature Extraction by Cascaded Parameter Prediction and Image Optimization,
ICIAR04(II: 651-659).
Springer DOI 0409
Feature extraction; Face recognition BibRef

Hanif, S.M.[Shehzad Muhammad], Prevost, L.[Lionel], Belaroussi, R.[Rachid], Milgram, M.[Maurice],
Real-time facial feature localization by combining space displacement neural networks,
PRL(29), No. 8, 1 June 2008, pp. 1094-1104.
WWW Link. 0804
Face analysis; Facial feature localization; Space displacement neural network; Gating network BibRef

Liu, Z.Q.[Zhi-Qiang],
Adaptive Subspace Self-organizing Map And Its Applications In Face Recognition,
IJIG(2), No. 4, October 2002, pp. 519-540. 0210
BibRef

Zheng, Z.L.[Zhong-Long], Jiong, J.[Jia], Chunjiang, D.[Duanmu], Liu, X.H.[Xin-Hong], Yang, J.[Jie],
Facial feature localization based on an improved active shape model,
IS(178), No. 9, May, 2008, pp. 2215-2223.
Elsevier DOI 0905
BibRef

Du, C.H.[Chun-Hua], Yang, J.[Jie], Wu, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Zhang, T.H.[Tian-Hao], Wang, H.H.[Hua-Hua], Chen, L.[Lu], Wu, Z.[Zheng],
Extended Fitting Methods of Active Shape Model for the Location of Facial Feature Points,
ICCVGIP06(610-618).
Springer DOI 0612
BibRef

Tu, J.L.[Ji-Lin], Fu, Y., Huang, T.S.[Thomas S.],
Locating Nose-Tips and Estimating Head Poses in Images by Tensorposes,
CirSysVideo(19), No. 1, January 2009, pp. 90-102.
IEEE DOI 0902
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, Only:
Locating Nosetips and Estimating Head Pose in Images by Tensorposes,
ICIP07(IV: 513-516).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Yang, W.H., Dai, D.Q.,
Two-Dimensional Maximum Margin Feature Extraction for Face Recognition,
SMC-B(39), No. 4, August 2009, pp. 1002-1012.
IEEE DOI 0906
BibRef

Zhao, S.Q.[San-Qiang], Gao, Y.S.[Yong-Sheng], Zhang, B.C.[Bao-Chang],
Gabor feature constrained statistical model for efficient landmark localization and face recognition,
PRL(30), No. 10, 15 July 2009, pp. 922-930.
Elsevier DOI 0906
BibRef
Earlier:
Sobel-LBP,
ICIP08(2144-2147).
IEEE DOI 0810
Local binary pattern. Face recognition; Elastic Bunch Graph Matching; Flexible Shape Model; Constrained Profile Model; Gabor wavelet BibRef

Pavani, S.K.[Sri-Kaushik], Delgado-Gomez, D.[David], Frangi, A.F.[Alejandro F.],
Haar-like features with optimally weighted rectangles for rapid object detection,
PR(43), No. 1, January 2010, pp. 160-172.
Elsevier DOI 0909
BibRef
And:
Gaussian Weak Classifiers Based on Haar-Like Features with Four Rectangles for Real-time Face Detection,
CAIP09(91-98).
Springer DOI 0909
Haar-like features; Object detection; Pattern rejection; Cascaded classifiers; Genetic algorithms BibRef

Pavani, S.K.[Sri-Kaushik], Delgado-Gomez, D.[David], Frangi, A.F.[Alejandro F.],
A Rapidly Trainable and Global Illumination Invariant Object Detection System,
CIARP09(877-884).
Springer DOI 0911
Address issue of Viola-Jones detector (training time) See also Robust Real-Time Face Detection. BibRef

Dabbaghchian, S.[Saeed], Ghaemmaghami, M.P.[Masoumeh P.], Aghagolzadeh, A.[Ali],
Feature extraction using discrete cosine transform and discrimination power analysis with a face recognition technology,
PR(43), No. 4, April 2010, pp. 1431-1440.
Elsevier DOI 1002
Discrimination power analysis (DPA); Discrete cosine transform (DCT); Coefficient selection (CS); Face recognition; Pattern recognition BibRef

Kozakaya, T.[Tatsuo], Shibata, T.[Tomoyuki], Yuasa, M.[Mayumi], Yamaguchi, O.[Osamu],
Facial feature localization using weighted vector concentration approach,
IVC(28), No. 5, May 2010, pp. 772-780.
Elsevier DOI 1003
BibRef
Earlier: FG08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0809
Facial feature localization; Weighted vector concentration BibRef

Mayer, C.[Christoph], Wimmer, M.[Matthias], Radig, B.[Bernd],
Adjusted pixel features for robust facial component classification,
IVC(28), No. 5, May 2010, pp. 762-771.
Elsevier DOI 1003
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1, A3:
Robustly classifying facial components using a set of adjusted pixel features,
FG08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0809
Image segmentation; Facial components; Feature extraction BibRef

Tu, C.T.[Ching-Ting], Lien, J.J.J.[Jenn-Jier James],
Automatic Location of Facial Feature Points and Synthesis of Facial Sketches Using Direct Combined Model,
SMC-B(40), No. 4, August 2010, pp. 1158-1169.
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef

Tu, C.T.[Ching-Ting], Chan, Y.H., Chen, Y.C.,
Facial Sketch Synthesis Using 2D Direct Combined Model-Based Face-Specific Markov Network,
IP(25), No. 8, August 2016, pp. 3546-3561.
IEEE DOI 1608
Markov processes BibRef

Peng, X.M.[Xiao-Ming], Bennamoun, M.[Mohammed], Mian, A.S.[Ajmal S.],
A training-free nose tip detection method from face range images,
PR(44), No. 3, March 2011, pp. 544-558.
Elsevier DOI 1011
Nose tip detection; Range images; Biometrics BibRef

Nabatchian, A.[Amirhosein], Abdel-Raheem, E.[Esam], Ahmadi, M.[Majid],
Illumination invariant feature extraction and mutual-information-based local matching for face recognition under illumination variation and occlusion,
PR(44), No. 10-11, October-November 2011, pp. 2576-2587.
Elsevier DOI 1101
BibRef
Earlier:
A weighted voting scheme for recognition of faces with illumination variation,
ICARCV10(896-899).
IEEE DOI 1109
Face recognition; Reflectance illumination model; Variant illumination; Local matching; Partial occlusion BibRef

Zhou, L.[Lubing], Wang, H.[Han],
Local features by intensity increasing tendency for face recognition,
IJCVR(2), No. 2, 2011, pp. 127-140.
DOI Link 1109
BibRef

Jing, X.Y.[Xiao-Yuan], Lan, C.[Chao], Zhang, D.[David], Yang, J.Y.[Jing-Yu], Li, M.[Min], Li, S.[Sheng], Zhu, S.H.[Song-Hao],
Face Feature Extraction and Recognition Based on Discriminant Subclass-Center Manifold Preserving Projection,
PRL(33), No. 6, 15 April 2012, pp. 709-717.
Elsevier DOI 1203
Face recognition; Manifold learning; Subclass-center manifold preserving projection (SMPP); Subclass discriminant analysis; Dual-objective optimization; Discriminant SMPP (DSMPP) See also Face Recognition Based on Discriminant Fractional Fourier Feature Extraction. See also Face recognition based on local uncorrelated and weighted global uncorrelated discriminant transforms. BibRef

Lan, C.[Chao], Jing, X.Y.[Xiao-Yuan], Zhang, D.[David], Gao, S.Q.[Shi-Qiang], Yang, J.Y.[Jing-Yu],
Discriminant subclass-center manifold preserving projection for face feature extraction,
ICIP11(3013-3016).
IEEE DOI 1201
BibRef

Zhao, X.W.[Xiao-Wei], Chai, X.J.[Xiu-Juan], Niu, Z.H.[Zhi-Heng], Heng, C.[Cherkeng], Shan, S.G.[Shi-Guang],
Context modeling for facial landmark detection based on Non-Adjacent Rectangle (NAR) Haar-like feature,
IVC(30), No. 3, March 2012, pp. 136-146.
Elsevier DOI 1204
BibRef
Earlier:
Context constrained facial landmark localization based on discontinuous Haar-like feature,
FG11(673-678).
IEEE DOI 1103
Context modeling; Face detection; Facial landmark detection; NAR Haar-like feature; Co-occurrence BibRef

Zhao, X.W.[Xiao-Wei], Kim, T.K.[Tae-Kyun], Luo, W.H.[Wen-Han],
Unified Face Analysis by Iterative Multi-output Random Forests,
CVPR14(1765-1772)
IEEE DOI
WWW Link. 1409
BibRef

Zhao, X.W.[Xiao-Wei], Shan, S.G.[Shi-Guang], Chai, X.J.[Xiu-Juan], Chen, X.L.[Xi-Lin],
Cascaded Shape Space Pruning for Robust Facial Landmark Detection,
ICCV13(1033-1040)
IEEE DOI 1403
BibRef

Zhao, X.W.[Xiao-Wei], Chai, X.J.[Xiu-Juan], Shan, S.G.[Shi-Guang],
Joint Face Alignment: Rescue Bad Alignments with Good Ones by Regularized Re-fitting,
ECCV12(II: 616-630).
Springer DOI 1210
BibRef

Huang, Z.W.[Zhi-Wu], Shan, S.G.[Shi-Guang], Wang, R.P.[Rui-Ping], Zhang, H.H.[Hai-Hong], Lao, S.H.[Shi-Hong], Kuerban, A.[Alifu], Chen, X.L.[Xi-Lin],
A Benchmark and Comparative Study of Video-Based Face Recognition on COX Face Database,
IP(24), No. 12, December 2015, pp. 5967-5981.
IEEE DOI 1512
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, A4, A5, A6, A7, Only:
Benchmarking Still-to-Video Face Recognition via Partial and Local Linear Discriminant Analysis on COX-S2V Dataset,
ACCV12(II:589-600).
Springer DOI 1304
face recognition BibRef

Huang, Z.W.[Zhi-Wu], Zhao, X.W.[Xiao-Wei], Shan, S.G.[Shi-Guang], Wang, R.P.[Rui-Ping], Chen, X.L.[Xi-Lin],
Coupling Alignments with Recognition for Still-to-Video Face Recognition,
ICCV13(3296-3303)
IEEE DOI 1403
coupling alignments with recognition; still-to-video face recognition BibRef

Zhou, W.[Wei], Ahrary, A.[Alireza], Kamata, S.I.[Sei-Ichiro],
Image Description with Local Patterns: An Application to Face Recognition,
IEICE(E95-D), No. 5, May 2012, pp. 1494-1505.
WWW Link. 1202
BibRef
Earlier:
Image description with 1D local patterns by multi-scans: An application to face recognition,
ICIP10(4553-4556).
IEEE DOI 1009
BibRef

Zhou, W.[Wei], Ahrary, A.[Alireza], Kamata, S.I.[Sei-Ichiro],
Face Representation and Recognition with Local Curvelet Patterns,
IEICE(E95-D), No. 12, December 2012, pp. 3078-3087.
WWW Link. 1212
BibRef

Zhou, W.[Wei], Kamata, S.I.[Sei-Ichiro],
L1-Norm Based Linear Discriminant Analysis: An Application to Face Recognition,
IEICE(E96-D), No. 3, March 2013, pp. 550-558.
WWW Link. 1303
BibRef
Earlier:
Linear Discriminant Analysis with Maximum Correntropy Criterion,
ACCV12(I:500-511).
Springer DOI 1304
BibRef
And:
Face Recognition with Learned Local Curvelet Patterns and 2-Directional L1-Norm Based 2DPCA,
CVLBP12(I:109-120).
Springer DOI 1304
BibRef

Hao, P.Y.[Peng-Yi], Kamata, S.I.[Sei-Ichiro],
Maximum correntropy criterion for discriminative dictionary learning,
ICIP13(4325-4329)
IEEE DOI 1402
Dictionary learning; Face verification; Maximum correntropy criterion BibRef

Yilmaz, M.B.[Mustafa Berkay], Erdogan, H.[Hakan], Unel, M.[Mustafa],
Facial feature extraction using a probabilistic approach,
SP:IC(27), No. 6, July 2012, pp. 678-693.
Elsevier DOI 1205
BibRef
Earlier:
Probabilistic Facial Feature Extraction Using Joint Distribution of Location and Texture Information,
ISVC09(II: 1171-1180).
Springer DOI 0911
Facial feature extraction; Probabilistic method; Gradient-based optimization; Search methods; Gaussian mixture models; Principal component analysis BibRef

Lian, Z.C.[Zhi-Chao], Er, M.J.[Meng Joo], Liang, Y.C.[Yan-Chun],
A novel efficient local illumination compensation method based on DCT in logarithm domain,
PRL(33), No. 13, 1 October 2012, pp. 1725-1733.
Elsevier DOI 1208
Face recognition; Illumination compensation; DCT; Logarithm domain; Mean estimation BibRef

Lian, Z.C.[Zhi-Chao], Er, M.J.[Meng Joo], Li, J.K.[Jue-Kun],
A Novel Face Recognition Approach under Illumination Variations Based on Local Binary Pattern,
CAIP11(II: 89-96).
Springer DOI 1109
BibRef

Sajid, I.A., Ziavras, S.G., Ahmed, M.M.,
Efficient face recognition using frequency distribution curve matching,
IET-IPR(6), No. 8, 2012, pp. 1161-1169.
DOI Link 1302
BibRef

Le, T.H.N.[T. Hoang Ngan], Luu, K.[Khoa], Savvides, M.[Marios],
SparCLeS: Dynamic L_1 Sparse Classifiers With Level Sets for Robust Beard/Moustache Detection and Segmentation,
IP(22), No. 8, 2013, pp. 3097-3107.
IEEE DOI 1307
face recognition; robust beard/moustache detection; active contour model BibRef

Le, T.H.N.[T. Hoang Ngan], Luu, K.[Khoa], Zhu, C.[Chenchen], Savvides, M.[Marios],
Semi self-training beard/moustache detection and segmentation simultaneously,
IVC(58), No. 1, 2017, pp. 214-223.
Elsevier DOI 1703
Beard/moustache BibRef

Singh, K.[Karanhaar], Luu, K.[Khoa], Le, T.H.N.[T. Hoang Ngan], Savvides, M.[Marios],
A robust contour sampling and tensor-based approach to facial beard and mustache shape segmentation and matching,
ICIP15(1399-1403)
IEEE DOI 1512
Contour Sampling BibRef

Luu, K.[Khoa], Le, T.H.N.[T. Hoang Ngan], Seshadri, K.[Keshav], Savvides, M.[Marios],
Facecut: a robust approach for facial feature segmentation,
ICIP12(1841-1844).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef
And: A2, A1, A3, A4:
Beard and mustache segmentation using sparse classifiers on self-quotient images,
ICIP12(165-168).
IEEE DOI 1302
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Yang, Y., Liu, Y., Liu, J.,
Automatic face image annotation based on a single template with constrained warping deformation,
IET-CV(7), No. 1, 2013, pp. 20-28.
DOI Link 1307
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Chen, Y.Y., Hsu, W.H., Liao, H.Y.M.,
Automatic Training Image Acquisition and Effective Feature Selection From Community-Contributed Photos for Facial Attribute Detection,
MultMed(15), No. 6, 2013, pp. 1388-1399.
IEEE DOI 1309
Context BibRef

Belhumeur, P.N.[Peter N.], Jacobs, D.W.[David W.], Kriegman, D.J.[David J.], Kumar, N.[Neeraj],
Localizing Parts of Faces Using a Consensus of Exemplars,
PAMI(35), No. 12, 2013, pp. 2930-2940.
IEEE DOI 1311
BibRef
Earlier: CVPR11(545-552).
IEEE DOI 1106
Biometrics BibRef

Mehta, R.[Rakesh], Yuan, J.[Jirui], Egiazarian, K.[Karen],
Face recognition using scale-adaptive directional and textural features,
PR(47), No. 5, 2014, pp. 1846-1858.
Elsevier DOI 1402
Face classification BibRef

Liu, H.D.[Hui-Dong], Yang, M.[Ming], Gao, Y.[Yang], Cui, C.Y.[Chun-Yan],
Local histogram specification for face recognition under varying lighting conditions,
IVC(32), No. 5, 2014, pp. 335-347.
Elsevier DOI 1404
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, Only:
Local histogram specification using learned histograms for face recognition,
ICIP12(597-600).
IEEE DOI 1302
Local histogram specification BibRef

Liu, H.D.[Hui-Dong], Yang, M.[Ming], Gao, Y.[Yang], Cao, L.B.[Long-Bing],
Fast Local Histogram Specification,
CirSysVideo(24), No. 11, November 2014, pp. 1833-1843.
IEEE DOI 1411
computational complexity BibRef

Wang, J.G.[Jian-Gang], Yau, W.Y.[Wei-Yun],
Real-time moustache detection by combining image decolorization and texture detection with applications to facial gender recognition,
MVA(25), No. 4, May 2014, pp. 1089-1099.
WWW Link. 1404
BibRef

Shin, J.J.[Jong-Ju], Kim, D.J.[Dai-Jin],
Hybrid Approach for Facial Feature Detection and Tracking under Occlusion,
SPLetters(21), No. 12, December 2014, pp. 1486-1490.
IEEE DOI 1410
Hessian matrices BibRef

Li, D.[Dong], Lam, K.M.[Kin-Man],
Design and learn distinctive features from pore-scale facial keypoints,
PR(48), No. 3, 2015, pp. 732-745.
Elsevier DOI 1412
Pore-scale facial feature BibRef

Li, D.[Dong], Zhou, H., Lam, K.M.[Kin-Man],
High-resolution face verification using pore-scale facial features,
IP(24), No. 8, August 2015, pp. 2317-2327.
IEEE DOI 1505
Detectors BibRef

Pedersoli, M.[Marco], Timofte, R.[Radu], Tuytelaars, T.[Tinne], Van Gool, L.J.[Luc J.],
An Elastic Deformation Field Model for Object Detection and Tracking,
IJCV(111), No. 2, January 2015, pp. 137-152.
Springer DOI 1502
BibRef
Earlier:
Using a Deformation Field Model for Localizing Faces and Facial Points under Weak Supervision,
CVPR14(3694-3701)
IEEE DOI 1409
See also Is 2D Information Enough For Viewpoint Estimation?. BibRef

Pedersoli, M.[Marco], Tuytelaars, T.[Tinne],
A Scalable 3D HOG Model for Fast Object Detection and Viewpoint Estimation,
3DV14(163-170)
IEEE DOI 1503
Approximation methods BibRef

Su, C.Y.[Ching-Yao], Yang, J.F.[Jar-Ferr],
Histogram of gradient phases: A new local descriptor for face recognition,
IET-CV(8), No. 6, 2014, pp. 556-567.
DOI Link 1502
estimation theory BibRef

Su, C.Y.[Ching-Yao], Yang, J.F.[Jar-Ferr],
Using statistical characteristics of gradient phases for robust face recognition under illumination variations,
IET-CV(9), No. 3, 2015, pp. 408-418.
DOI Link 1507
face recognition BibRef

Su, C.Y.[Ching-Yao], Yang, J.F.[Jar-Ferr],
A robust two-stage face recognition system with localisation error compensation,
IET-CV(8), No. 6, 2014, pp. 690-700.
DOI Link 1502
error compensation BibRef

Wang, J.[Junnan], Xiong, R.[Rong], Chu, J.[Jian],
Facial feature points detecting based on Gaussian Mixture Models,
PRL(53), No. 1, 2015, pp. 62-68.
Elsevier DOI 1502
Facial feature points detecting BibRef

Deboeverie, F.[Francis], Veelaert, P.[Peter], Philips, W.[Wilfried],
Segmented face approximation with adaptive region growing based on low-degree polynomial fitting,
SIViP(9), No. 2, February 2015, pp. 347-363.
WWW Link. 1503
BibRef
Earlier:
Best view selection with geometric feature based face recognition,
ICIP12(1461-1464).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Martinez, B.[Brais], Pantic, M.[Maja],
Facial landmarking for in-the-wild images with local inference based on global appearance,
IVC(36), No. 1, 2015, pp. 40-50.
Elsevier DOI 1504
Facial landmarking BibRef

Li, Y.[Ye], Wang, Y.H.[Ying-Hui], Wang, B.B.[Bing-Bo], Sui, L.S.[Lian-Sheng],
Nose tip detection on three-dimensional faces using pose-invariant differential surface features,
IET-CV(9), No. 1, 2015, pp. 75-84.
DOI Link 1504
face recognition BibRef

Sharma, G.[Gaurav], Jurie, F.[Frédéric],
Local Higher-Order Statistics (LHS) describing images with statistics of local non-binarized pixel patterns,
CVIU(142), No. 1, 2016, pp. 13-22.
Elsevier DOI 1512
Local features BibRef

Sharma, G.[Gaurav], ul Hussain, S.[Sibt], Jurie, F.[Frédéric],
Local Higher-Order Statistics (LHS) for Texture Categorization and Facial Analysis,
ECCV12(VII: 1-12).
Springer DOI 1210
BibRef

ul Hussain, S.[Sibt], Napoléon, T.[Thibault], Jurie, F.[Frederic],
Face Recognition using Local Quantized Patterns,
BMVC12(99).
DOI Link 1301
BibRef

ul Hussain, S.[Sibt], Triggs, B.[Bill],
Visual Recognition Using Local Quantized Patterns,
ECCV12(II: 716-729).
Springer DOI 1210
BibRef

Luo, C.W.[Chang-Wei], Wang, Z.F.[Zeng-Fu], Wang, S.B.[Shao-Biao], Zhang, J.Y.[Ju-Yong], Yu, J.[Jun],
Locating Facial Landmarks Using Probabilistic Random Forest,
SPLetters(22), No. 12, December 2015, pp. 2324-2328.
IEEE DOI 1512
face recognition BibRef

Jammoussi, A.Y.[Ameni Yangui], Ghribi, S.F.[Sameh Fakhfakh], Sellami-Masmoudi, D.[Dorra],
Genetic algorithms-based dominant feature selection for face detection application,
IJCVR(6), No. 1-2, 2016, pp. 77-93.
DOI Link 1601
BibRef

Shen, F.[Fumin], Shen, C.H.[Chun-Hua], Zhou, X.[Xiang], Yang, Y.[Yang], Shen, H.T.[Heng Tao],
Face image classification by pooling raw features,
PR(54), No. 1, 2016, pp. 94-103.
Elsevier DOI 1603
Face recognition BibRef

Zhang, Z.P.[Zhan-Peng], Luo, P.[Ping], Loy, C.C.[Chen Change], Tang, X.[Xiaoou],
Learning Deep Representation for Face Alignment with Auxiliary Attributes,
PAMI(38), No. 5, May 2016, pp. 918-930.
IEEE DOI 1604
BibRef
And:
Joint Face Representation Adaptation and Clustering in Videos,
ECCV16(III: 236-251).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef
Earlier:
Learning Social Relation Traits from Face Images,
ICCV15(3631-3639)
IEEE DOI 1602
BibRef
Earlier:
Facial Landmark Detection by Deep Multi-task Learning,
ECCV14(VI: 94-108).
Springer DOI 1408
convergence. Cognition; Computer vision; Face; Face recognition; Psychology; Videos BibRef

Yang, S., Luo, P.[Ping], Loy, C.C.[Chen Change], Tang, X.[Xiaoou],
WIDER FACE: A Face Detection Benchmark,
CVPR16(5525-5533)
IEEE DOI 1612
Dataset, Face Detection. BibRef

Yang, S., Luo, P.[Ping], Loy, C.C.[Chen Change], Tang, X.[Xiaoou],
From Facial Parts Responses to Face Detection: A Deep Learning Approach,
ICCV15(3676-3684)
IEEE DOI 1602
Detectors; Face; Face detection; Hair; Mouth; Nose; Proposals BibRef

Sun, Y.[Yi], Wang, X.G.[Xiao-Gang], Tang, X.[Xiaoou],
Hybrid Deep Learning for Face Verification,
PAMI(38), No. 10, October 2016, pp. 1997-2009.
IEEE DOI 1609
BibRef
And:
Sparsifying Neural Network Connections for Face Recognition,
CVPR16(4856-4864)
IEEE DOI 1612
BibRef
Earlier: ICCV13(1489-1496)
IEEE DOI 1403
BibRef
And:
Deep Learning Face Representation from Predicting 10,000 Classes,
CVPR14(1891-1898)
IEEE DOI 1409
BibRef
And:
Deep Convolutional Network Cascade for Facial Point Detection,
CVPR13(3476-3483)
IEEE DOI 1309
Computational modeling. deep learning; face verification; relational visual features. Convolutional Network; Facial Point Detection BibRef

Zhu, Z.Y.[Zhen-Yao], Luo, P.[Ping], Wang, X.G.[Xiao-Gang], Tang, X.[Xiaoou],
Deep Learning Identity-Preserving Face Space,
ICCV13(113-120)
IEEE DOI 1403
deep learning; face recognition BibRef

Liu, Y., Zhou, X., Li, Y., Shao, X., Zhou, X.,
Robust facial landmark detection using mixture of discriminative visibility-aware models,
IET-IPR(10), No. 10, 2016, pp. 733-741.
DOI Link 1610
face recognition BibRef

Bhat, V.S.[Vandana S.], Pujari, J.D.[Jagadeesh D.],
Neuro-fuzzy fusion in a multimodal face recognition using PCA, ICA and SIFT,
IJCVR(6), No. 4, 2016, pp. 414-434.
DOI Link 1610
BibRef

Huang, K.K.[Ke-Kun], Dai, D.Q.[Dao-Qing], Ren, C.X.[Chuan-Xian], Yu, Y.F.[Yu-Feng], Lai, Z.R.[Zhao-Rong],
Fusing landmark-based features at kernel level for face recognition,
PR(63), No. 1, 2017, pp. 406-415.
Elsevier DOI 1612
Face recognition BibRef

Singh, G.[Geetika], Chhabra, I.[Indu],
Integrating Global Zernike and Local Discriminative HOG Features for Face Recognition,
IJIG(16), No. 04, 2016, pp. 1650021.
DOI Link 1612
BibRef

Karczmarek, P.[Pawel], Kiersztyn, A.[Adam], Pedrycz, W.[Witold], Dolecki, M.[Michal],
An application of chain code-based local descriptor and its extension to face recognition,
PR(65), No. 1, 2017, pp. 26-34.
Elsevier DOI 1702
Face recognition BibRef

Huang, W.L.[Wei-Lin], Yin, H.J.[Hu-Jun],
Robust face recognition with structural binary gradient patterns,
PR(68), No. 1, 2017, pp. 126-140.
Elsevier DOI 1704
BibRef
Earlier:
A dissimilarity kernel with local features for robust facial recognition,
ICIP10(3785-3788).
IEEE DOI 1009
Face representation See also On nonlinear dimensionality reduction for face recognition. BibRef


Saito, S.[Shunsuke], Li, T.[Tianye], Li, H.[Hao],
Real-Time Facial Segmentation and Performance Capture from RGB Input,
ECCV16(VIII: 244-261).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef

Xu, Y.[Yanyu], Gao, S.H.[Sheng-Hua],
Bi-Level Multi-column Convolutional Neural Networks for Facial Landmark Point Detection,
3DFAW16(II: 536-551).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef

Liu, J.[Jian], Zhang, Q.[Quan], Zhang, C.[Chen], Tang, C.J.[Chao-Jing],
Robust nose tip detection for face range images based on local features in scale-space,
IC3D15(1-8)
IEEE DOI 1603
face recognition BibRef

Xiao, S., Yan, S., Kassim, A.A.[Ashraf A.],
Facial Landmark Detection via Progressive Initialization,
FaceWild15(986-993)
IEEE DOI 1602
Face BibRef

Vogt, K.[Karsten], Müller, O.[Oliver], Ostermann, J.[Jörn],
Facial Landmark Localization Using Robust Relationship Priors and Approximative Gibbs Sampling,
ISVC15(II: 365-376).
Springer DOI 1601
BibRef

Hsu, G.S.[Gee-Sern], Chang, K.H.[Kai-Hsiang], Huang, S.C.[Shih-Chieh],
Regressive Tree Structured Model for Facial Landmark Localization,
ICCV15(3855-3861)
IEEE DOI 1602
Computational modeling BibRef

Hsu, G.S.[Gee-Sern], Chang, K.H.[Kai-Hsiang], Huang, S.C.[Shih-Chieh], Chung, S.L.[Sheng-Luen],
Face detection and landmark localization using Bilayer Tree Structured Model,
ICIP15(4303-4307)
IEEE DOI 1512
Deformable Part Model; Face Detection; Facial Landmark Localization BibRef

Zehngut, N.[Niv], Juefei-Xu, F.[Felix], Bardia, R.[Rishabh], Pal, D.K.[Dipan K.], Bhagavatula, C.[Chandrasekhar], Savvides, M.,
Investigating the feasibility of image-based nose biometrics,
ICIP15(522-526)
IEEE DOI 1512
Nose Biometrics BibRef

Guo, R.[Rui], Qi, H.R.[Hai-Rong],
Facial feature parsing and landmark detection via low-rank matrix decomposition,
ICIP15(3773-3777)
IEEE DOI 1512
Facial feature parsing BibRef

Yamashita, T.[Takayoshi], Watasue, T.[Taro], Yamauchi, Y.[Yuji], Fujiyoshi, H.[Hironobu],
Facial point detection using convolutional neural network transferred from a heterogeneous task,
ICIP15(2725-2729)
IEEE DOI 1512
convolutional neural network BibRef

Kimura, M.[Masatoshi], Yamashita, T.[Takayoshi], Yamauchi, Y.[Yuji], Fujiyoshi, H.[Hironobu],
Facial point detection based on a convolutional neural network with optimal mini-batch procedure,
ICIP15(2860-2864)
IEEE DOI 1512
convolutional neural network; facial points; mini-batch; random selection BibRef

Chen, Y.[Yu], Luo, W.[Wei], Yang, J.[Jian],
Facial landmark detection via pose-induced auto-encoder networks,
ICIP15(2115-2119)
IEEE DOI 1512
Deep Auto-encoder; Facial landmark; Pose-induced BibRef

Hou, Q.[Qiqi], Wang, J.[Jinjun], Cheng, L.[Lele], Gong, Y.H.[Yi-Hong],
Facial landmark detection via cascade multi-channel convolutional neural network,
ICIP15(1800-1804)
IEEE DOI 1512
CMC-CNN; Face Alignment; Global Feature; Local Feature BibRef

Batool, N.[Nazre], Zerubia, J.B.[Josiane B.],
Image-based evaluation of treatment responses of facial wrinkles using LDDMM registration and Gabor features,
ICIP15(1747-1751)
IEEE DOI 1512
Detection of wrinkles BibRef

Islam, M.T.[Mohammad T.], Workman, S.[Scott], Jacobs, N.[Nathan],
FACE2GPS: Estimating geographic location from facial features,
ICIP15(1608-1612)
IEEE DOI 1512
facial features; image localization BibRef

Dong, Y.C.[Yan-Chao], Wang, Y.M.[Yan-Ming], Yue, J.G.[Ji-Guang], Hu, Z.C.[Zhen-Cheng],
Robust facial landmark localization using multi partial features,
ICIP15(98-102)
IEEE DOI 1512
Facial Alignment BibRef

Di Mella, M.[Massimiliano], Isgrň, F.[Francesco],
Face Recognition from Robust SIFT Matching,
CIAP15(II:299-308).
Springer DOI 1511
BibRef

Shin, J.J.[Jong-Ju], Kim, J.[Jieun], Kim, D.J.[Dai-Jin],
Facial Point Localization Using Combination Method under Occlusion,
ISVC14(II: 259-268).
Springer DOI 1501
BibRef

Smith, B.M.[Brandon M.], Brandt, J.[Jonathan], Lin, Z.[Zhe], Zhang, L.[Li],
Nonparametric Context Modeling of Local Appearance for Pose- and Expression-Robust Facial Landmark Localization,
CVPR14(1741-1748)
DOI Link 1409
BibRef

Yu, X.[Xiang], Lin, Z.[Zhe], Brandt, J.[Jonathan], Metaxas, D.N.[Dimitris N.],
Consensus of Regression for Occlusion-Robust Facial Feature Localization,
ECCV14(IV: 105-118).
Springer DOI 1408
BibRef

Smith, B.M.[Brandon M.], Zhang, L.[Li],
Collaborative Facial Landmark Localization for Transferring Annotations Across Datasets,
ECCV14(VI: 78-93).
Springer DOI 1408
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Srivatsa, S., Shanthakumar, P., Manikantan, K., Ramachandran, S.,
Dual Objective Feature Selection and Scaled Euclidean Classification for face recognition,
NCVPRIPG13(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1408
discrete cosine transforms BibRef

Brown, D., Gao, Y.S.[Yong-Sheng], Zhou, J.[Jun],
Learning Discriminative Local Patterns with Unrestricted Structure for Face Recognition,
DICTA13(1-7)
IEEE DOI 1402
face recognition BibRef

Waranusast, R., Bundon, N., Timtong, V., Tangnoi, C., Pattanathaburt, P.,
Machine vision techniques for motorcycle safety helmet detection,
IVCNZ13(35-40)
IEEE DOI 1402
computer vision BibRef

Hasan, M.K., Pal, C., Moalem, S.,
Localizing Facial Keypoints with Global Descriptor Search, Neighbour Alignment and Locally Linear Models,
FaceWild13(362-369)
IEEE DOI 1403
face recognition BibRef

Burgos-Artizzu, X.P.[Xavier P.], Perona, P.[Pietro], Dollar, P.[Piotr],
Robust Face Landmark Estimation under Occlusion,
ICCV13(1513-1520)
IEEE DOI 1403
Face recognition; Face shape; Landmark estimation; Pose estimation BibRef

Zhou, F.[Feng], Brandt, J.[Jonathan], Lin, Z.[Zhe],
Exemplar-Based Graph Matching for Robust Facial Landmark Localization,
ICCV13(1025-1032)
IEEE DOI 1403
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Nasrollahi, K.[Kamal], Moeslund, T.B.[Thomas B.],
Haar-like features for robust real-time face recognition,
ICIP13(3073-3077)
IEEE DOI 1402
Haar-like rectangular features;face recognition;integral images BibRef

Zhou, L.B.[Lu-Bing], Wang, H.[Han],
Facial landmark localization via boosted and adaptive filters,
ICIP13(519-523)
IEEE DOI 1402
Adaptive filters BibRef

Tamersoy, B.[Birgi], Hu, C.B.[Chang-Bo], Aggarwal, J.K.,
Nonparametric Facial Feature Localization,
AMFG13(838-845)
IEEE DOI 1309
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Zheng, S.[Shuai], Sturgess, P., Torr, P.H.S.,
Approximate structured output learning for Constrained Local Models with application to real-time facial feature detection and tracking on low-power devices,
FG13(1-8)
IEEE DOI 1309
face recognition BibRef

Kong, S.[Shu], Wang, X.[Xikui], Wang, D.H.[Dong-Hui], Wu, F.[Fei],
Multiple feature fusion for face recognition,
FG13(1-7)
IEEE DOI 1309
face recognition BibRef

Song, F.X.[Feng-Xi], Guo, Z.W.[Zhong-Wei], Chen, Q.L.[Qing-Long],
An experimental framework for evaluation of facial feature extraction methods,
ICARCV12(1449-1453).
IEEE DOI 1304
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Chen, L.[Liang], Yan, L.[Ling],
Block LBP Displacement Based Local Matching Approach for Human Face Recognition,
CVLBP12(I:97-108).
Springer DOI 1304
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Madabusi, S.[Sudarshan], Gangashetty, S.V.[Suryakanth V.],
Edge detection for facial images under noisy conditions,
ICPR12(2689-2693).
WWW Link. 1302
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Galoogahi, H.K.[Hamed Kiani], Sim, T.[Terence],
Correlation filter cascade for facial landmark localization,
WACV16(1-8)
IEEE DOI 1606
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And:
Face sketch recognition by Local Radon Binary Pattern: LRBP,
ICIP12(1837-1840).
IEEE DOI 1302
Correlation; Face; Feature extraction; Robustness; Shape; Testing; Training BibRef

Galoogahi, H.K.[Hamed Kiani], Sim, T.[Terence], Lucey, S.[Simon],
Correlation filters with limited boundaries,
CVPR15(4630-4638)
IEEE DOI 1510
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Lian, Z.C.[Zhi-Chao], Er, M.J.[Meng Joo], Cong, Y.[Yang],
Local Line Derivative Pattern for face recognition,
ICIP12(1449-1452).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Wang, B.[Biao], Li, W.F.[Wei-Feng], Li, Z.M.[Zhi-Min], Liao, Q.M.[Qing-Min],
Patterns of weber magnitude and orientation for face recognition,
ICIP12(1441-1444).
IEEE DOI 1302
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Basaran, E.[Emrah], Gokmen, M.[Muhittin],
An Efficient Face Recognition Scheme Using Local Zernike Moments (LZM) Patterns,
RoLoD14(710-724).
Springer DOI 1504
BibRef

Sariyanidi, E.[Evangelos], Dagli, V.[Volkan], Tek, S.C.[Salih Cihan], Tunc, B.[Birkan], Gokmen, M.[Muhittin],
Local Zernike Moments: A new representation for face recognition,
ICIP12(585-588).
IEEE DOI 1302
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Nguyen, H.T.[Huu-Tuan], Caplier, A.[Alice],
Patch based local phase quantization of monogenic components for face recognition,
ICIP14(229-233)
IEEE DOI 1502
Databases BibRef

Vu, N.S.[Ngoc-Son], Nguyen, H.T.[Huu-Tuan], Caplier, A.[Alice],
Multiple patterns of gradient magnitudes for face recognition,
ICIP12(589-592).
IEEE DOI 1302
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Batool, N.[Nazre], Chellappa, R.[Rama],
A Markov Point Process model for wrinkles in human faces,
ICIP12(1809-1812).
IEEE DOI 1302
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Liu, A.[Ang], Du, Y.Z.[Yang-Zhou], Wang, T.[Tao], Li, J.G.[Jian-Guo], Li, E.Q.[Eric Q], Zhang, Y.M.[Yi-Min], Zhao, Y.[Yong],
Fast facial landmark detection using cascade classifiers and a simple 3D model,
ICIP11(845-848).
IEEE DOI 1201
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Patil, R.A.[Rajesh A.], Sahula, V.[Vineet], Mandal, A.S.,
Automatic detection of facial feature points in image sequences,
ICIIP11(1-5).
IEEE DOI 1112
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Yu, X.[Xiang], Yang, F.[Fei], Huang, J.Z.[Jun-Zhou], Metaxas, D.N.,
Explicit occlusion detection based deformable fitting for facial landmark localization,
FG13(1-6)
IEEE DOI 1309
Gaussian processes BibRef

Yu, Y.[Yang], Zhang, S.T.[Shao-Ting], Yang, F.[Fei], Metaxas, D.N.[Dimitris N.],
Localization of Multi-pose and Occluded Facial Features via Sparse Shape Representation,
ISVC13(I:486-495).
Springer DOI 1310
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Yang, F.[Fei], Huang, J.Z.[Jun-Zhou], Metaxas, D.N.[Dimitris N.],
Sparse shape registration for occluded facial feature localization,
FG11(272-277).
IEEE DOI 1103
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Efraty, B.A., Papadakis, M., Profitt, A., Shah, S., Kakadiaris, I.A.,
Pose invariant facial component-landmark detection,
ICIP11(569-572).
IEEE DOI 1201
BibRef
And:
Facial component-landmark detection,
FG11(278-285).
IEEE DOI 1103
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Ito, K.[Koichi], Aoki, T.[Takafumi], Hosoi, T.[Tomoki], Kobayashi, K.[Koji],
Face Recognition Using Phase-Based Correspondence Matching,
FG11(173-178).
IEEE DOI 1103
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Waldir, S., Araujo, G.M.[Gabriel M.], da Silva, E.A.B.[Eduardo A.B.], Goldenstein, S.K.[Siome K.],
Facial fiducial points detection using discriminative filtering on principal components,
ICIP10(2681-2684).
IEEE DOI 1009
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Hassaballah, M.[Mahmoud], Kanazawa, T.[Tomonori], Ido, S.[Shinobu], Ido, S.[Shun],
A Robust Method for Nose Detection under Various Conditions,
ICCVG10(I: 392-400).
Springer DOI 1009
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Zhang, W.[Wei], Wang, X.G.[Xiao-Gang], Tang, X.[Xiaoou],
Lighting and Pose Robust Face Sketch Synthesis,
ECCV10(VI: 420-433).
Springer DOI 1009
BibRef

Zhou, E.[Erjin], Fan, H.Q.[Hao-Qiang], Cao, Z.M.[Zhi-Min], Jiang, Y.N.[Yu-Ning], Yin, Q.[Qi],
Extensive Facial Landmark Localization with Coarse-to-Fine Convolutional Network Cascade,
FaceWild13(386-391)
IEEE DOI 1403
face recognition BibRef

Yin, Q.[Qi], Tang, X.[Xiaoou], Sun, J.[Jian],
An associate-predict model for face recognition,
CVPR11(497-504).
IEEE DOI 1106
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IEEE DOI 1006
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Križaj, J.[Janez], Štruc, V.[Vitomir], Pavešic, N.[Nikola],
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ICIAR10(I: 394-404).
Springer DOI 1006
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IASP10(123-126).
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ICIP09(2481-2484).
IEEE DOI 0911
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El Aroussi, M.[Mohamed], El Hassouni, M.[Mohammed], Ghouzali, S.[Sanaa], Rziza, M.[Mohammed], Aboutajdine, D.[Driss],
Novel face recognition approach based on steerable pyramid feature extraction,
ICIP09(4165-4168).
IEEE DOI 0911
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Abbas, A., Khalil, M.I., Abdel Hay, S., Fahmy, H.M.A.[Hossam M. A.],
Illumination invariant face recognition in logarithm Discrete Cosine Transform domain,
ICIP09(4157-4160).
IEEE DOI 0911
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Ding, X.H.[Xing Hao], Qian, K.[Kun], Xiao, Q.[Quan], Liao, Y.H.[Ying Hao], Guo, D.H.[Dong Hui], Wang, S.J.[Shou Jue],
Low Bit Rate Compression of Facial Images Based on Adaptive Over-Complete Sparse Representation,
CISP09(1-3).
IEEE DOI 0910
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Zhang, H.[Hua], Wang, Y.Q.[Yuan-Quan],
A Novel Two-Step-Deformation Active Contour with Application to Facial Features Extraction,
CISP09(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0910
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Wei, L.[Lei], Mo, R.[Rui], Gao, W.[Wei], Zhu, Y.[Yi], Peng, Z.Y.[Zhen-Yun], Zhang, Y.H.[Yao-Hui],
Application of Facial Feature Localization Using Constrained Local Models in Template-Based Caricature Synthesis,
CISP09(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0910
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Ma, X.P.[Xiao-Pu], Wang, X.[Xing],
A Feature Extraction Algorithm Using Data Fusion in Human Face Recognition System,
CISP09(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0910
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Ardizzone, E.[Edoardo], La Cascia, M.[Marco], Morana, M.[Marco],
Probabilistic Corner Detection for Facial Feature Extraction,
CIAP09(461-470).
Springer DOI 0909
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Wang, R.[Rui], Lei, Z.[Zhen], Ao, M.[Meng], Li, S.Z.[Stan Z.],
Bayesian Face Recognition Based on Markov Random Field Modeling,
ICB09(42-51).
Springer DOI 0906
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Wang, A.B.[An-Bing], Yu, B.[Bin], Liu, Z.J.[Zhi-Jing],
Mesh simplification based on facial features region partition,
IASP09(269-272).
IEEE DOI 0904
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Erukhimov, V.[Victor], Lee, K.C.[Kuang-Chih],
A bottom-up framework for robust facial feature detection,
FG08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0809
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Nguyen, M.H.[Minh Hoai], Perez, J.[Joan], de la Torre, F.[Fernando],
Facial feature detection with optimal pixel reduction SVM,
FG08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0809
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Celiktutan, O.[Oya], Akakin, H.C.[Hatice Cinar], Sankur, B.[Bulent],
Multi-attribute robust facial feature localization,
FG08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0809
See also Robust classification of face and head gestures in video. BibRef

Kim, D.H.[Dong-Hoon], Dahyot, R.,
Face Components Detection Using SURF Descriptors and SVMs,
IMVIP08(51-56).
IEEE DOI 0809
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Milborrow, S.[Stephen], Bishop, T.E., Nicolls, F.[Fred],
Multiview Active Shape Models with SIFT Descriptors for the 300-W Face Landmark Challenge,
FaceWild13(378-385)
IEEE DOI 1403
Fourier transforms BibRef

Milborrow, S.[Stephen], Nicolls, F.[Fred],
Locating Facial Features with an Extended Active Shape Model,
ECCV08(IV: 504-513).
Springer DOI 0810
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Vázquez, R.A.[Roberto A.], Sossa, H.[Humberto], Garro, B.A.[Beatriz A.],
Face Recognition Using Some Aspects of the Infant Vision System and Associative Memories,
CIARP07(437-446).
Springer DOI 0711
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And:
Low Frequency Response and Random Feature Selection Applied to Face Recognition,
ICIAR07(818-830).
Springer DOI 0708
See also Hetero-Associative Memories for Voice Signal and Image Processing. BibRef

Tang, F.[Feng], Wang, J.[Jin], Tao, H.[Hai], Peng, Q.[Qunsheng],
Probabilistic Hierarchical Face Model for Feature Localization,
WACV07(53-53).
IEEE DOI 0702
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Hillman, P., Kuo, P., Hannah, J.,
Hybrid Facial Model Fitting using Active Appearance Models and Contour-Based Facial Feature Location,
ICIP06(3125-3128).
IEEE DOI 0610
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Kuo, P., Hannah, J.,
Improved Chin Fitting Algorithm Based on An Adaptive Snake,
ICIP06(205-208).
IEEE DOI 0610
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Li, Y.[Ying], Lai, J.H., Yuen, P.C.,
Multi-template ASM Method for Feature Points Detection of Facial Image with Diverse Expressions,
FGR06(435-440).
IEEE DOI 0604
Active Shape Model BibRef

Wang, J.W.[Jing-Wein],
Precise Face Segmentation for Recognition,
ICIP06(2045-2048).
IEEE DOI 0610
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And:
Efficient Facial Component Extraction for Detection and Recognition,
ICPR06(II: 1208-1211).
IEEE DOI 0609
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Yang, H.D.[Hee-Deok], Lee, S.W.[Seong-Whan],
Automatic Physiognomic Analysis by Classifying Facial Component Feature,
ICPR06(II: 1212-1215).
IEEE DOI 0609
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Liu, N.[Nan], Wang, H.[Han], Yau, W.Y.[Wei-Yun],
Face Recognition with Weighted Kernel Principal Component Analysis,
ICARCV06(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0612
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And: A1, A2, Only:
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ICPR06(III: 461-464).
IEEE DOI 0609
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Zheng, Y.J.[Yu-Jie], Yang, J.Y.[Jing-Yu], Yang, J.[Jian], Wu, X.J.[Xiao-Jun], Yu, D.J.[Dong-Jun],
A Complete and Rapid Feature Extraction Method for Face Recognition,
ICPR06(III: 469-472).
IEEE DOI 0609
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Mittal, G., Sasi, S.,
Robust Preprocessing Algorithm for Face Recognition,
CRV06(57-57).
IEEE DOI 0607
Enhancement, segmentation, feature detection. Deal with beards (or without). BibRef

Oh, J.S.[Jeong-Su], Kim, D.W.[Dong-Wook], Kim, J.T.[Jin-Tae], Yoon, Y.I.[Yong-In], Choi, J.S.[Jong-Soo],
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ICIAR05(1125-1132).
Springer DOI 0509
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Gundimada, S., Asari, V.K.,
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IEEE DOI 0510
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Sankaran, P., Gundimada, S., Tompkins, R.C., Asari, V.K.,
Pose Angle Determination by Face, Eyes and Nose Localization,
FRGC05(III: 161-161).
IEEE DOI 0507
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Beumer, G.M., Tao, Q., Bazen, A.M., Veldhuis, R.N.J.,
A Landmark Paper in Face Recognition,
FGR06(73-78).
IEEE DOI 0604
Landmark based alignment depends on the landmarks. Most likely landmark locator ( See also Likelihood-Ratio-Based Biometric Verification. ) and Viola-Jones ( See also Robust Real-Time Face Detection. ) BibRef

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ICB07(958-967).
Springer DOI 0708
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Tao, Q., Veldhuis, R.N.J.,
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ICARCV06(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0612
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Wang, K.Q.[Kuan-Quan], Zuo, W.M.[Wang-Meng], Zhang, D.[David],
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AVBPA05(346).
Springer DOI 0509
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Gui, Z.H.[Zheng-Hui], Zhang, C.[Chao],
Robust Active Shape Model Construction and Fitting for Facial Feature Localization,
AVBPA05(1029).
Springer DOI 0509
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Lee, Y.J.[Yong-Jin], Lee, K.H.[Kyung-Hee], Pan, S.B.[Sung-Bum],
Local and Global Feature Extraction for Face Recognition,
AVBPA05(219).
Springer DOI 0509
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Dai, G.[Guang], Otan, Y.,
A robust feature extraction framework for face recognition,
ICIP04(II: 1393-1396).
IEEE DOI 0505
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Zuo, F.[Fei], de With, P.H.N.,
Fast facial feature extraction using a deformable shape model with haar-wavelet based local texture attributes,
ICIP04(III: 1425-1428).
IEEE DOI 0505
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Ng, J.[Johnny], Cheung, H.[Humphrey],
Dynamic Local Feature Analysis for Face Recognition,
ICBA04(234-240).
Springer DOI 0505
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Boehnen, C.[Chris], Russ, T.[Trina],
A Fast Multi-Modal Approach to Facial Feature Detection,
WACV05(I: 135-142).
IEEE DOI 0502
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Gunduz, A., Krim, H.,
Facial feature extraction using topological methods,
ICIP03(I: 673-676).
IEEE DOI 0312
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Lee, S.U., Cho, Y.S., Kee, S.C., and Kim, S.R.,
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Automatic Facial Feature Points Detection with SUSAN Operator,
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Pardŕs, M., Losada, M.,
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ICIP01(I: 1058-1061).
IEEE DOI 0108
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Chen, H.[Hong], Xu, Y.Q.[Ying-Qing], Shum, H.Y.[Heung-Yeung], Zhu, S.C.[Song-Chun], Zheng, N.N.[Nan-Ning],
Example-Based Facial Sketch Generation with Non-parametric Sampling,
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IEEE DOI 0106
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Golovan, A.[Alexander], Yoo, M.H.[Myung-Hyun], Lee, S.W.[Seong-Whan],
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ICPR00(Vol I: 1092-1095).
IEEE DOI 0009
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Burge, M., Burger, W.,
Ear Biometrics in Computer Vision,
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IEEE DOI 0009
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Earlier:
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Schubert, A.,
Detection and Tracking of Facial Features in Real Time Using a Synergistic Approach of Spatio-Temporal Models and Generalized Hough-Transform Techniques,
AFGR00(116-121).
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Zobel, M.[Matthias], Gebhard, A.[Arnd], Paulus, D.[Dietrich], Denzler, J.[Joachim], Niemann, H.[Heinrich],
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AFGR00(2-7).
IEEE DOI
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Murakami, K.[Kazuhito], Tominaga, M.[Masafumi], Koshimizu, H.[Hiroyasu],
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AFGR00(136-141).
IEEE DOI 0003
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And:
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ICPR00(Vol IV: 710-713).
IEEE DOI 0009
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Martiriggiano, T., Leo, M., Spagnolo, P., d'Orazio, T.,
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AVSBS05(270-275).
IEEE DOI 0602
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Senior, A.W.[Andrew W.],
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AVBPA99(xx-yy). BibRef 9900

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CAIP99(489-497).
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CIAP97(II: 332-339).
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Automatic Facial Feature Detection and Location,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1360-1364).
IEEE DOI 9808
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Li, Y.Z.[Yuan-Zhong], Kobatake, H.,
Extraction of Facial Sketch Image Based on Morphological Processing,
ICIP97(III: 316-319).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9700
Earlier:
Extraction of facial sketch images and expression transformation based on FACS,
ICIP95(III: 520-523).
IEEE DOI 9510
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Low, B., and Ibrahim, M.,
A Fast and Accurate Algorithm for Facial Feature Segmentation,
ICIP97(II: 518-521).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9700

Funayama, R., Yokoya, N., Iwasa, H., Takemura, H.,
Facial Component Extraction by Cooperative Active Nets with Global Constraints,
ICPR96(II: 300-304).
IEEE DOI 9608
(Nara Institute of Science and Technology, J) BibRef

Shakunaga, T., Ogawa, K., Oki, S.,
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AFGR98(94-99).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9800

Nguyen, T., Huang, T.S.,
Towards Automated Structural Analysis of Difficult Face Images,
ARPA96(765-770). BibRef 9600
Earlier:
New robust image operators and applications in automatic facial feature analysis,
ICIP95(III: 524-527).
IEEE DOI 9510
BibRef
Earlier:
Segmentation, Grouping and Feature Detection for Face Image Analysis,
SCV95(593-598).
IEEE DOI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. BibRef

Chang, T.C., Huang, T.S., Novak, C.,
Facial Feature Extraction from Color Images,
ICPR94(B:39-43).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9400

Herpers, R., Michaelis, M., Lichtenauer, K.H., Sommer, G.,
Edge and keypoint detection in facial regions,
AFGR96(212-217).
IEEE DOI 9610
BibRef

Demirel, H., Clarke, T.J., Cheung, P.Y.K.,
Adaptive automatic facial feature segmentation,
AFGR96(277-282).
IEEE DOI 9610
BibRef

Galicia, G., Zakhor, A.,
Depth based recovery of human facial features from video sequences,
ICIP95(II: 603-606).
IEEE DOI 9510
BibRef

Chibelushi, C.C., Deravi, F., Mason, J.S.,
Face segmentation using fuzzy reasoning,
ICIP94(III: 518-522).
IEEE DOI 9411
BibRef

Chapter on Face Recognition, Detection, Tracking, Gesture Recognition, Fingerprints, Biometrics continues in
Finding Three-Dimensional Facial Features, 3-D Face Features .


Last update:Sep 18, 2017 at 11:34:11