23.4.6.4 On-Line Signatures, Online Signatures

Chapter Contents (Back)
Signatures. Signature Recognition.

Signature ID,
2007.
WWW Link. Vendor, Signatures. See also Signature verification apparatus and method utilizing relative angle measurements.

Neuro Script,
1997.
WWW Link. Vendor, Signatures. Record, analyze, evaluate signatures and handwriting movements.

Herbst, N.M., Liu, C.N.,
Automatic Signature Verification Based on Accelerometry,
IBMRD(21), 1977, pp. 245-253. BibRef 7700
And:
Automatic Verification of Signatures by Means of Acceleration,
PRIP77(332-337). BibRef

Lew, J.S.,
An Improved Regional Correlation Algorithm for Signature Verification which Permits Small Speed Changes Between Handwriting Segments,
IBMRD(27), No. 2, March 1983, pp. 181-185. BibRef 8303

Ullmann, J.R.,
Relational Consistency in On-Line Signature Validation,
PRL(1), 1983, pp. 469-473. BibRef 8300

Crane, H.D., and Ostrem, J.S.,
Automatic Signature Verification Using a Three-Axis-Force-Sensitive Pen,
SMC(13), 1983, pp. 329-337. BibRef 8300

Scott, W.C.[Warner C.],
Signature verification,
US_Patent4,701,960, 10/20/1987.
HTML Version. BibRef 0010

Gundersen, S.C.[Steven C.], Worthington, T.K.[Thomas K.],
Signature verification algorithm,
US_Patent4,789,934, December 6, 1988.
WWW Link. Pen pressure, acceleration. Pressue sensitive verification was the common attempt. BibRef 8812

Dohle, L.[Lothar], Rudolph, V.[Volker], Ruppert, W.[Werner],
Automatic signature verification,
US_Patent5,251,265, October 5, 1993.
WWW Link. BibRef 9310

Plamondon, R.,
The Design of an On-Line Signature Verification System: From Theory to Practice,
PRAI(8), No. 3, 1994, pp. 795-811. BibRef 9400

Nelson, W.L., Turin, W.L., and Hastie, T.,
Statistical Methods for On-Line Signature Verification,
PRAI(8), No. 3, 1994, pp. 749-770. BibRef 9400

Huang, K., Yan, H.,
Online Signature Verification Based on Dynamic Segmentation and Global and Local Matching,
OptEng(34), No. 12, December 1995, pp. 3480-3487. BibRef 9512

Han, K., Sethi, I.K.,
Handwritten Signature Retrieval and Identification,
PRL(17), No. 1, January 10 1996, pp. 83-90. BibRef 9601
And:
Local Structural Association for Retrieval and Recognition of Signature Images,
SPIE(2420), 1995, pp. 125-136. BibRef

Lee, L.L.[Luan L.], Berger, T.[Toby], Aviczer, E.[Erez],
Reliable Online Human Signature Verification Systems,
PAMI(18), No. 6, June 1996, pp. 643-647.
IEEE DOI 9607
BibRef

Lee, L.L., Berger, T.,
Reliable on-line human signature verification system for point-of-sales applications,
ICPR94(B:19-23).
IEEE DOI 9410
BibRef
Earlier:
Optimization of a Signature Verification System Using a Neural Network,
ICANN93(xx), Amsterdam. BibRef

Lee, L.L.[Luan L.], Berger, T.[Toby],
Adaptive Method and System for Real Time Verification of Dynamic Human Signatures,
US_Patent5,559,895, September 24, 1996.
WWW Link. BibRef 9609

Lee, L.L.,
On-Line Systems for Human Signature Verification,
CornellJanuary 1992, BibRef 9201 Ph.D.Thesis. BibRef

Lee, M.E.[Michael E.],
Signature verification apparatus and method utilizing relative angle measurements,
US_Patent6,236,740, May 22, 2001.
WWW Link. BibRef 0105
Earlier: US_Patent5,422,959, June 6, 1995.
WWW Link. BibRef

Wu, Q.Z., Jou, I.C., Lee, S.Y.,
Online Signature Verification Using LPC Cepstrum and Neural Networks,
SMC-B(27), No. 1, February 1997, pp. 148-153.
IEEE Top Reference. 9702
BibRef

Wu, Q.Z., Lee, S.Y., Jou, I.C.,
Online Signature Verification Based on Split and Merge Matching Mechanism,
PRL(18), No. 7, July 1997, pp. 665-673. 9711
BibRef

Wu, Q.Z.[Quen-Zong], Lee, S.Y.[Suh-Yin], Jou, I.C.[I-Chang],
On-line signature verification based on logarithmic spectrum,
PR(31), No. 12, December 1998, pp. 1865-1871.
WWW Link. BibRef 9812

Kashi, R.S., Hu, J.Y., Nelson, W.L., Turin, W.L.,
Hidden Markov Model approach to on-line handwritten signature verification,
IJDAR(1), No. 2, 1998, pp. 319-330. BibRef 9800
Earlier: A1, A2, A4, A3:
On-Line Handwritten Signature Verification Using Hidden Markov Model Features,
ICDAR97(253-257).
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef

Martens, R., Claesen, L.,
Incorporating Local Consistency Information into the On-line Signature Verification Process,
IJDAR(1), No. 2, 1998, pp. 319-330. BibRef 9800

Pavlidis, I., Papanikolopoulos, N.P., Mavuduru, R.,
Signature identification through the use of deformable structures,
SP(71), No. 2, 15 December 1998, pp. 187-201. See also On-line handwriting recognition using physics-based shape metamorphosis. BibRef 9812

Fadhel, E.A., Bhattacharyya, P.,
Application of a Steerable Wavelet Transform using Neural Network for Signature Verification,
PAA(2), No. 2, 1999, pp. 184-195. BibRef 9900

Munich, M.E.[Mario E.], Perona, P.,
Visual Input for Pen-Based Computers,
PAMI(24), No. 3, March 2002, pp. 313-328.
IEEE DOI 0202
BibRef
Earlier: ICIP96(II: 173-176).
IEEE DOI BibRef
And: ICPR96(III: 33-37).
IEEE DOI 9608
(California Institute of Technology, USA) BibRef

Munich, M.E.[Mario E.], Perona, P.[Pietro],
Visual Signature Verification Using Affine Arc-length,
CVPR99(II: 180-186).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9900

Munich, M.E.[Mario E.], Perona, P.[Pietro],
Visual identification by signature tracking,
PAMI(25), No. 2, February 2003, pp. 200-217.
IEEE DOI 0301
BibRef
Earlier:
Continuous Dynamic Time Warping for Translation-Invariant Curve Alignment with Applications to Signature Verification,
ICCV99(108-115).
IEEE DOI BibRef
Earlier:
Visual-Based ID Verification by Signature Tracking,
AVBPA99(xx-yy). BibRef
Earlier:
Camera-Based ID Verification by Signature Tracking,
ECCV98(I: 782).
Springer DOI Camera follows the signature process. BibRef

Zhang, K., Pratikakis, I.E., Cornelis, J., Nyssen, E.,
Using Landmarks to Establish a Point-to-Point Correspondence between Signatures,
PAA(3), No. 1, 2000, pp. 69-75.
Springer DOI 0005
BibRef

Sansone, C.[Carlo], Vento, M.[Mario],
Signature Verification: Increasing Performance by a Multi-Stage System,
PAA(3), No. 2, 2000, pp. 169-181. 0010
BibRef

Chang, S.J.[Sheng-Jiang], Wong, K.W.[Kwok-Wo], Leung, C.S.[Chi-Sing],
Combining DEKF algorithm and trace rule for fast on-line invariance extraction and recognition,
PRL(21), No. 6-7, June 2000, pp. 493-501. 0006
BibRef

Jain, A.K.[Anil K.], Griess, F.D.[Friederike D.], Connell, S.D.[Scott D.],
On-line signature verification,
PR(35), No. 12, December 2002, pp. 2963-2972.
WWW Link. 0209
BibRef

Huang, K.[Kai], Yan, H.[Hong],
Stability and style-variation modeling for on-line signature verification,
PR(36No. 10, October 2003, pp. 2253-2270.
WWW Link. 0308
BibRef

Feng, H.[Hao], Wah, C.C.[Chan Choong],
Online signature verification using a new extreme points warping technique,
PRL(24), No. 16, December 2003, pp. 2943-2951.
WWW Link. 0310
BibRef

Lee, J.Y.[Jae-Yeon], Yoon, H.S.[Ho-Sub], Soh, J.[Jung], Chun, B.T.[Byung Tae], Chung, Y.K.[Yun Koo],
Using geometric extrema for segment-to-segment characteristics comparison in online signature verification,
PR(37), No. 1, January 2004, pp. 93-103.
WWW Link. 0311
BibRef

Yoon, H.S., Lee, J.Y., Yang, H.S.,
An on-line signature verification system using hidden markov model in polar space,
FHR02(329-333).
IEEE Top Reference. 0209
BibRef

Fairhurst, M.C., Kaplani, E.,
Perceptual analysis of handwritten signatures for biometric authentication,
VISP(150), No. 6, December 2003, pp. 389-394.
IEEE Abstract. 0402
BibRef

Lau, K.K., Yuen, P.C.[Pong C.], Tang, Y.Y.[Yuan Y.],
Directed connection measurement for evaluating reconstructed stroke sequence in handwriting images,
PR(38), No. 3, March 2005, pp. 323-339.
WWW Link. 0412
BibRef
Earlier:
Stroke extraction and stroke sequence estimation on signatures,
ICPR02(III: 119-122).
IEEE DOI 0211
BibRef

Kholmatov, A.[Alisher], Yanikoglu, B.A.[Berrin A.],
Identity authentication using improved online signature verification method,
PRL(26), No. 15, November 2005, pp. 2400-2408.
WWW Link. 0510
BibRef

Nel, E.M.[Emil-Mari], du Preez, J.A.[Johan A.], Herbst, B.M.,
Estimating the Pen Trajectories of Static Signatures Using Hidden Markov Models,
PAMI(27), No. 11, November 2005, pp. 1733-1746.
IEEE DOI 0510
BibRef
Earlier:
Estimating the pen trajectories of multi-path static scripts using hidden Markov models,
ICDAR05(I: 41-45).
IEEE DOI 0508
Estimate the dynamic properties of the static signature to use in recognition. Use prior dynamic signature date. BibRef

Nel, E.M.[Emli-Mari], du Preez, J.A., Herbst, B.M.,
Verification of dynamic curves extracted from static handwritten scripts,
PR(41), No. 12, December 2008, pp. 3773-3785.
WWW Link. 0810
Pattern recognition; Document and text processing; Document analysis; Handwriting analysis; Estimating pen trajectories of static scripts; Automatic assessment; Stroke recovery BibRef

Engelbrecht, H.A., du Preez, J.A.,
Efficient backward decoding of high-order hidden Markov models,
PR(43), No. 1, January 2010, pp. 99-112.
Elsevier DOI 0909
Hidden Markov model; Decoding; High-order; Search BibRef

Nel, E.M.[Emli-Mari], du Preez, J.A., Herbst, B.M.,
A pseudo-skeletonization algorithm for static handwritten scripts,
IJDAR(12), No. 1, May 2009, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0905
BibRef

Lei, H.S.[Han-Sheng], Govindaraju, V.[Venu],
A comparative study on the consistency of features in on-line signature verification,
PRL(26), No. 15, November 2005, pp. 2483-2489.
WWW Link. 0510
BibRef
Earlier:
Similarity-driven sequence classification based on support vector machines,
ICDAR05(I: 252-256).
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef

Guest, R.[Richard],
Age dependency in handwritten dynamic signature verification systems,
PRL(27), No. 10, 15 July 2006, pp. 1098-1104.
WWW Link. Signatures; Handwriting; Age; Features; Biometric systems 0606
BibRef

Fierrez Aguilar, J., Ortega Garcia, J., Gonzalez Rodriguez, J.,
Target Dependent Score Normalization Techniques and Their Application to Signature Verification,
SMC-C(35), No. 3, August 2005, pp. 418-425.
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef
Earlier: ICBA04(498-504).
Springer DOI 0505
BibRef

Fierrez Aguilar, J.[Julian], Ortega-Garcia, J.[Javier], Ramos, D.[Daniel], Gonzalez-Rodriguez, J.[Joaquin],
HMM-based on-line signature verification: Feature extraction and signature modeling,
PRL(28), No. 16, December 2007, pp. 2325-2334.
WWW Link. 0711
Biometrics; On-line signature; Feature extraction; Hidden Markov Model; Recognition; Verification BibRef

Alonso-Fernandez, F., Fierrez, J., Martinez-Diaz, M., Ortega-Garcia, J.,
Fusion of static image and dynamic information for signature verification,
ICIP09(2725-2728).
IEEE DOI 0911
BibRef

Maiorana, E.[Emanuele], Campisi, P.[Patrizio], Fierrez Aguilar, J., Ortega-Garcia, J.[Javier], Neri, A.[Alessandro],
Cancelable Templates for Sequence-Based Biometrics with Application to On-line Signature Recognition,
SMC-A(40), No. 3, May 2010, pp. 525-538.
IEEE DOI 1003
BibRef

Maiorana, E.[Emanuele], Martinez-Diaz, M., Campisi, P.[Patrizio], Ortega-Garcia, J.[Javier], Neri, A.[Alessandro],
Template protection for HMM-based on-line signature authentication,
Biometrics08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0806
BibRef

Maiorana, E.[Emanuele], Campisi, P.[Patrizio], Ortega-Garcia, J.[Javier], Neri, A.[Alessandro],
Cancelable Biometrics for HMM-based Signature Recognition,
BTAS08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0809
BibRef

Ortega Garcia, J., Fierrez Aguilar, J., Martin Rello, J., Gonzalez Rodriguez, J.,
Complete Signal Modeling and Score Normalization for Function-Based Dynamic Signature Verification,
AVBPA03(658-667).
Springer DOI 0310
BibRef

Maiorana, E.[Emanuele], Campisi, P.[Patrizio], Neri, A.[Alessandro],
Feature Selection and Binarization for On-Line Signature Recognition,
ICB09(1219-1229).
Springer DOI 0906
BibRef

Maiorana, E.[Emanuele], Campisi, P.[Patrizio],
Fuzzy Commitment for Function Based Signature Template Protection,
SPLetters(17), No. 1, January 2010, pp. 249-252.
IEEE DOI 1001
BibRef

Nanni, L.[Loris], Lumini, A.[Alessandra],
A novel local on-line signature verification system,
PRL(29), No. 5, 1 April 2008, pp. 559-568.
WWW Link. 0802
On-line signature; Local information; 1-D wavelet transform; One-class classifier; Biometric fusion BibRef

Fierrez Aguilar, J.[Julian], Nanni, L.[Loris], Lopez Peñalba, J.[Jaime], Ortega Garcia, J.[Javier], Maltoni, D.[Davide],
An On-Line Signature Verification System Based on Fusion of Local and Global Information,
AVBPA05(523).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

Fierrez Aguilar, J., Alonso Hermira, N., Moreno Marquez, G., Ortega Garcia, J.,
An Off-line Signature Verification System Based on Fusion of Local and Global Information,
BioAW04(295-306).
Springer DOI 0505
BibRef

Alonso-Fernandez, F.[Fernando], Veldhuis, R.N.J., Bazen, A.M., Fierrez-Aguilar, J.[Julian], Ortega-Garcia, J.[Javier],
Sensor Interoperability and Fusion in Fingerprint Verification: A Case Study using Minutiae-and Ridge-Based Matchers,
ICARCV06(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0612
Fingerprint Recognition. BibRef

Alonso-Fernandez, F.[Fernando], Fierrez-Aguilar, J.[Julian], Ortega-Garcia, J.[Javier],
Sensor Interoperability and Fusion in Signature Verification: A Case Study Using Tablet PC,
IWBRS05(180).
Springer DOI 0601
BibRef

Fierrez-Aguilar, J.[Julian], Krawczyk, S.[Stephen], Ortega-Garcia, J.[Javier], Jain, A.K.[Anil K.],
Fusion of Local and Regional Approaches for On-Line Signature Verification,
IWBRS05(188).
Springer DOI 0601
BibRef

Namboodiri, A.M.[Anoop M.], Saini, S.[Shailesh], Lu, X.G.[Xiao-Guang], Jain, A.K.[Anil K.],
Skilled Forgery Detection in On-Line Signatures: A Multimodal Approach,
ICBA04(505-511).
Springer DOI 0505
BibRef

Khan, M.A.U., Niazi, M.K.K., Khan, M.A.,
Velocity-Image Model for Online Signature Verification,
IP(15), No. 11, November 2006, pp. 3540-3549.
IEEE DOI 0610
BibRef

Khan, M.K.[M. Khalid], Khan, M.A.[M. Aurangzeb], Khan, M.A.U.[Mohammad A. U.], Ahmad, I.[Imran],
On-Line Signature Verification by Exploiting Inter-Feature Dependencies,
ICPR06(II: 796-799).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Faundez-Zanuy, M.[Marcos],
On-line signature recognition based on VQ-DTW,
PR(40), No. 3, March 2007, pp. 981-992.
WWW Link. 0611
Biometric recognition; Template matching; Vector quantization; Dynamic time warping BibRef

Fabregas, J.[Joan], Faundez-Zanuy, M.[Marcos],
On-line signature verification system with failure to enrol management,
PR(42), No. 9, September 2009, pp. 2117-2126.
Elsevier DOI 0905
On-line signatures; Biometric authentication; Feature extraction; Individual threshold; Failure to acquire; Failure to enrol See also Biometric dispersion matcher versus LDA. BibRef

Vivaracho-Pascual, C.E.[Carlos E.], Faundez-Zanuy, M.[Marcos], Pascual, J.M.[Juan M.],
An efficient low cost approach for on-line signature recognition based on length normalization and fractional distances,
PR(42), No. 1, January 2009, pp. 183-193.
WWW Link. 0809
On-line signature recognition; Signature normalization; Fractional distances; Dynamic time warping BibRef

Vivaracho-Pascual, C.E., Pascual-Gaspar, J.M., Cardeñoso-Payo, V.,
Feature Selection in a Low Cost Signature Recognition System Based on Normalized Signatures and Fractional Distances,
ICB09(1209-1218).
Springer DOI 0906
BibRef

Pascual-Gaspar, J.M., Cardeñoso-Payo, V., Vivaracho-Pascual, C.E.,
Practical On-Line Signature Verification,
ICB09(1180-1189).
Springer DOI 0906
BibRef

Pascual-Gaspar, J.M., Cardeñoso-Payo, V.,
Automatic Online Signature Verification Using HMMs with User-Dependent Structure,
ICB07(1057-1066).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Gupta, G.K., Joyce, R.C.,
Using position extrema points to capture shape in on-line handwritten signature verification,
PR(40), No. 10, October 2007, pp. 2811-2817.
WWW Link. 0707
Handwritten signature verification; Biometrics; Authentication BibRef

Van, B.L.[B. Ly], Garcia-Salicetti, S.[Sonia], Dorizzi, B.[Bernadette],
On Using the Viterbi Path Along With HMM Likelihood Information for Online Signature Verification,
SMC-B(37), No. 5, October 2007, pp. 1237-1247.
IEEE DOI 0711
BibRef
Earlier:
Fusion of HMM's Likelihood and Viterbi Path for On-line Signature Verification,
BioAW04(318-331).
Springer DOI 0505
BibRef

Fuentes, M., Garcia-Salicetti, S., Dorizzi, B.,
On line signature verification: fusion of a hidden markov model and a neural network via a support vector machine,
FHR02(253-258).
IEEE Top Reference. 0209
BibRef

Houmani, N.[Nesma], Garcia-Salicetti, S.[Sonia], Dorizzi, B.[Bernadette],
A Novel Personal Entropy Measure confronted with Online Signature Verification Systems' Performance,
BTAS08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0809
BibRef

Canuto, J.[Jânio], Dorizzi, B.[Bernadette], Montalvão, J.[Jugurta],
Two Bioinspired Methods for Dynamic Signatures Analysis,
EAHSP13(60-68).
Springer DOI 1309
BibRef

Barbuzzi, D.[Donato],
Learning Strategies for Knowledge-Base Updating in Online Signature Verification Systems,
EAHSP13(86-94).
Springer DOI 1309
BibRef

Kamel, N.S.[Nidal S.], Sayeed, S.[Shohel], Ellis, G.A.[Grant A.],
Glove-Based Approach to Online Signature Verification,
PAMI(30), No. 6, June 2008, pp. 1109-1113.
IEEE DOI 0804
Dataglove, using finger positions. BibRef

Li, B.[Bin], Zhang, D.[David], Wang, K.Q.[Kuan-Quan],
Online Signature Verification By Combining Shape Contexts And Local Features,
IJIG(6), No. 3, July 2006, pp. 407-420. 0607
BibRef

Impedovo, D.[Donato], Pirlo, G.[Giuseppe],
Automatic Signature Verification: The State of the Art,
SMC-C(38), No. 5, September 2008, pp. 609-635.
IEEE DOI 0810
Survey, Signatures. BibRef
Earlier:
Verification of Handwritten Signatures: an Overview,
CIAP07(191-196).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Pirlo, G.[Giuseppe], Impedovo, D.[Donato],
Verification of Static Signatures by Optical Flow Analysis,
HMS(43), No. 5, 2013, pp. 499-505.
IEEE DOI 1311
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1:
Stability Analysis of Static Signatures for Automatic Signature Verification,
CIAP11(II: 241-247).
Springer DOI 1109
BibRef
And: A2, A1:
On-line Signature Verification by Stroke-Dependent Representation Domains,
FHR10(623-627).
IEEE DOI 1011
Databases BibRef

Impedovo, D., Pirlo, G., Plamondon, R.,
Handwritten Signature Verification: New Advancements and Open Issues,
FHR12(367-372).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Pirlo, G.[Giuseppe], Impedovo, D.[Donato], Plamondon, R.[Rejean], O'Reilly, C.[Christian], Cozzolongo, A.,
Stability of Dynamic Signatures: From the Representation to the Generation Domain,
EAHSP13(122-130).
Springer DOI 1309
BibRef

Pirlo, G.[Giuseppe], Impedovo, D.[Donato],
Cosine similarity for analysis and verification of static signatures,
IET-Bio(2), No. 4, December 2013, pp. 151-158.
DOI Link 1406
feature extraction BibRef

Impedovo, D.[Donato], Pirlo, G.[Giuseppe], Sarcinella, L., Stasolla, E., Trullo, C.A.,
Analysis of Stability in Static Signatures Using Cosine Similarity,
FHR12(231-235).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Dimauro, G., Impedovo, S., and Pirlo, G.,
Component-Oriented Algorithms for Signature Verification,
PRAI(8), No. 3, 1994, pp. 771-793. BibRef 9400
Earlier:
From Character to Cursive Script Recognition: Future Trends in Scientific Research,
ICPR92(II:516-519).
IEEE DOI BibRef
And:
Classification of ambiguous patterns,
ICPR92(II:520-524).
IEEE DOI 9208
BibRef

Bovino, L., Impedovo, S., Pirlo, G., Sarcinella, L.,
Multi-expert verification of hand-written signatures,
ICDAR03(932-936).
IEEE DOI 0311
See also Numeral recognition by weighting local decisions. BibRef

Dimauro, G., Impedovo, S., Modugno, R., Pirlo, G., Sarcinella, L.,
Analysis of stability in hand-written dynamic signatures,
FHR02(259-263).
IEEE Top Reference. 0209
BibRef

Congedo, G., Dimauro, G., Forte, A.M., Impedovo, S., Pirlo, G.,
Selecting reference signatures for on-line signature verification,
CIAP95(521-526).
Springer DOI 9509
BibRef

Scheidat, T.[Tobias], Vielhauer, C.[Claus], Dittmann, J.[Jana],
Handwriting verification: Comparison of a multi-algorithmic and a multi-semantic approach,
IVC(27), No. 3, February 2009, pp. 269-278.
Elsevier DOI 0804
BibRef
Earlier:
Single-Semantic Multi-Instance Fusion of Handwriting Based Biometric Authentication Systems,
ICIP07(II: 393-396).
IEEE DOI 0709
Biometrics; Distance measures; Multi-algorithmic fusion; Multi-semantic fusion; Online handwriting BibRef

Schimke, S., Vielhauer, C.[Claus], Dittmann, J.[Jana],
Using adapted Levenshtein distance for on-line signature authentication,
ICPR04(II: 931-934).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Humm, A.[Andreas], Hennebert, J.[Jean], Ingold, R.[Rolf],
Combined Handwriting and Speech Modalities for User Authentication,
SMC-A(39), No. 1, January 2009, pp. 25-35.
IEEE DOI 0901
BibRef
Earlier:
Hidden Markov Models for Spoken Signature Verification,
BTAS07(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef
And:
Modelling Combined Handwriting and Speech Modalities,
ICB07(1025-1034).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef
And: A1, A3, A2:
Spoken Handwriting Verification Using Statistical Models,
ICDAR07(999-1003).
IEEE DOI 0709
Combined speech and handwriting. BibRef

Hennebert, J.[Jean], Loeffel, R.[Renato], Humm, A.[Andreas], Ingold, R.[Rolf],
A New Forgery Scenario Based on Regaining Dynamics of Signature,
ICB07(366-375).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Guru, D.S., Prakash, H.N.,
Online Signature Verification and Recognition: An Approach Based on Symbolic Representation,
PAMI(31), No. 6, June 2009, pp. 1059-1073.
IEEE DOI 0904
interval valued symbolic features, global features. BibRef

Prakash, H.N., Guru, D.S.,
Geometric Centroids and their Relative Distances for Off-line Signature Verification,
ICDAR09(121-125).
IEEE DOI 0907
BibRef

O'Reilly, C.[Christian], Plamondon, R.[Rejean],
Development of a Sigma-Lognormal representation for on-line signatures,
PR(42), No. 12, December 2009, pp. 3324-3337.
Elsevier DOI 0909
Signature representation; Sigma-Lognormal; Parameter extraction; Handwriting processing BibRef

O'Reilly, C.[Christian], Plamondon, R.[Rejean],
Prototype-Based Methodology for the Statistical Analysis of Local Features in Stereotypical Handwriting Tasks,
ICPR10(1864-1867).
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef

Ibrahim, M.T.[Muhammad Talal], Khan, M.A.[M. Aurangzeb], Alimgeer, K.S.[Khurram Saleem], Khan, M.K.[M. Khalid], Taj, I.A.[Imtiaz A.], Guan, L.[Ling],
Velocity and pressure-based partitions of horizontal and vertical trajectories for on-line signature verification,
PR(43), No. 8, August 2010, pp. 2817-2832.
Elsevier DOI 1006
Signature verification; Horizontal and vertical trajectories; Velocity profile; Pressure profile; Partitions; Discriminating features BibRef

Ibrahim, M.T.[Muhammad Talal], Kyan, M.[Matthew], Khan, M.A.[M. Aurangzeb], Guan, L.[Ling],
On-Line Signature Verification Using 1-D Velocity-Based Directional Analysis,
ICPR10(3830-3833).
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef

Ibrahim, M.T.[Muhammad Talal], Kyan, M.[Matthew], Khan, M.A.[M. Aurangzeb], Alimgeer, K.S.[Khurram Saleem], Guan, L.[Ling],
On-Line Signature Verification: Directional Analysis of a Signature Using Weighted Relative Angle Partitions for Exploitation of Inter-Feature Dependencies,
ICDAR09(41-45).
IEEE DOI 0907
BibRef

Ibrahim, M.T.[Muhammad Talal], Guan, L.[Ling],
On-line signature verification by using most discriminating points,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Ibrahim, M.T.[Muhammad Talal], Alimgeer, K.S.[Khurram Saleem], Khan, M.A.[M. Aurangzeb], Taj, I.A.[Imtiaz A.],
Creation and selection of most stable discriminating features for on-line signature verification,
ICMV07(97-101).
IEEE DOI 0712
BibRef

Gruber, C.[Christian], Gruber, T.[Thiemo], Krinninger, S., Sick, B.[Bernhard],
Online Signature Verification With Support Vector Machines Based on LCSS Kernel Functions,
SMC-B(40), No. 4, August 2010, pp. 1088-1100.
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, A4, Only:
Online Signature Verification with New Time Series Kernels for Support Vector Machines,
ICB06(500-508).
Springer DOI 0601
See also On-line motif detection in time series with SwiftMotif. BibRef

Fuchs, E.[Erich], Gruber, T.[Thiemo], Nitschke, J.[Jiri], Sick, B.[Bernhard],
Online Segmentation of Time Series Based on Polynomial Least-Squares Approximations,
PAMI(32), No. 12, December 2010, pp. 2232-2245.
IEEE DOI 1011
See also On-line motif detection in time series with SwiftMotif. BibRef

Radhika, K.R., Venkatesha, M.K., Sekhar, G.N.,
An approach for on-line signature authentication using Zernike moments,
PRL(32), No. 5, 1 April 2011, pp. 749-760.
Elsevier DOI 1103
BibRef
Earlier:
On-line signature authentication using Zernike moments,
BTAS09(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0909
On-line signature authentication; Zernike moments; Polynomial order selection BibRef

Bailador, G.[Gonzalo], Sanchez-Avila, C.[Carmen], Guerra-Casanova, J.[Javier], de Santos Sierra, A.[Alberto],
Analysis of pattern recognition techniques for in-air signature biometrics,
PR(44), No. 10-11, October-November 2011, pp. 2468-2478.
Elsevier DOI 1101
Biometrics; Signature; Accelerometer; Hidden Markov models; Bayes; Dynamic time warping BibRef

Houmani, N., Mayoue, A., Garcia-Salicetti, S., Dorizzi, B., Khalil, M.I.[Mostafa I.], Moustafa, M.N.[Mohamed N.], Abbas, H.M.[Hazem M.], Muramatsu, D., Yanikoglu, B., Kholmatov, A., Martinez-Diaz, M., Fierrez, J., Ortega-Garcia, J., Alcobé, J.R.[J. Roure], Fabregas, J., Faundez-Zanuy, M., Pascual-Gaspar, J.M., Cardeñoso-Payo, V., Vivaracho-Pascual, C.,
BioSecure signature evaluation campaign (BSEC'2009): Evaluating online signature algorithms depending on the quality of signatures,
PR(45), No. 3, March 2012, pp. 993-1003.
Elsevier DOI 1111
On-line signature verification; Evaluations; Signature Categorization; Quality; Entropy BibRef

Houmani, N.[Nesma], Garcia-Salicetti, S.[Sonia], Dorizzi, B.[Bernadette],
On measuring forgery quality in online signatures,
PR(45), No. 3, March 2012, pp. 1004-1018.
Elsevier DOI 1111
BibRef
Earlier:
On assessing the robustness of pen coordinates, pen pressure and pen inclination to time variability with personal entropy,
BTAS09(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0909
Entropy; Skilled forgeries; Forgery quality measure; Online signature; Dynamic forgeries; Static forgeries; Professional forgeries BibRef

Galbally, J.[Javier], Plamondon, R.[Réjean], Fierrez, J.[Julian], Ortega-Garcia, J.[Javier],
Synthetic on-line signature generation. Part I: Methodology and algorithms,
PR(45), No. 7, July 2012, pp. 2610-2621.
Elsevier DOI 1203
On-line signature; Synthetic generation; Spectral analysis; Kinematic Theory of rapid human movements; Sigma-Lognormal model; Biometric recognition BibRef

Galbally, J.[Javier], Fierrez, J.[Julian], Ortega-Garcia, J.[Javier], Plamondon, R.[Réjean],
Synthetic on-line signature generation. Part II: Experimental validation,
PR(45), No. 7, July 2012, pp. 2622-2632.
Elsevier DOI 1203
On-line signature; Synthetic generation; Spectral analysis; Kinematic theory of rapid human movements; Sigma-lognormal model; Biometric recognition BibRef

Martinez-Diaz, M.[Marcos], Fierrez, J.[Julian], Krish, R.P., Galbally, J.[Javier],
Mobile signature verification: feature robustness and performance comparison,
IET-Bio(3), No. 4, 2014, pp. 267-277.
DOI Link 1504
feature selection BibRef

Galbally, J.[Javier], Fierrez, J.[Julian], Martinez-Diaz, M.[Marcos], Plamondon, R.[Rejean],
Quality Analysis of Dynamic Signature Based on the Sigma-Lognormal Model,
ICDAR11(633-637).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef

Galbally, J.[Javier], Fierrez, J.[Julian], Martinez-Diaz, M.[Marcos], Ortega-Garcia, J.[Javier], Plamondon, R.[Rejean], O'Reilly, C.[Christian],
Kinematical Analysis of Synthetic Dynamic Signatures Using the Sigma-Lognormal Model,
FHR10(113-118).
IEEE DOI 1011
See also evaluation of indirect attacks and countermeasures in fingerprint verification systems, An. BibRef

Galbally, J.[Javier], Fierrez, J.[Julian], Ortega-Garcia, J.[Javier],
Bayesian Hill-Climbing Attack and Its Application to Signature Verification,
ICB07(386-395).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Martinez-Diaz, M., Fierrez, J.[Julian], Freire, M.M., Ortega-Garcia, J.[Javier],
On The Effects of Sampling Rate and Interpolation in HMM-Based Dynamic Signature Verification,
ICDAR07(1113-1117).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef
And: A1, A2, A4, Only:
Universal Background Models for Dynamic Signature Verification,
BTAS07(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Argones Rua, E., Alba Castro, J.L.,
Online Signature Verification Based on Generative Models,
SMC-B(42), No. 4, August 2012, pp. 1231-1242.
IEEE DOI 1208
BibRef

Cheng, H.Y., Lin, C.L., Yu, C.C., Gau, V.,
Video-based signature verification and pen-grasping posture analysis for user-dependent identification authentication,
IET-CV(6), No. 5, 2012, pp. 388-396.
DOI Link 1210
BibRef

Barkoula, K., Economou, G., Fotopoulos, S.,
Online signature verification based on signatures turning angle representation using longest common subsequence matching,
IJDAR(16), No. 3, September 2013, pp. 261-272.
WWW Link. 1309
BibRef

Parodi, M.[Marianela], Gómez, J.C.[Juan Carlos],
Legendre polynomials based feature extraction for online signature verification. Consistency analysis of feature combinations,
PR(47), No. 1, 2014, pp. 128-140.
Elsevier DOI 1310
BibRef
Earlier:
Online Signature Verification: Improving Performance through Pre-classification Based on Global Features,
EAHSP13(69-76).
Springer DOI 1309
BibRef
Earlier:
Online Signature Verification Based on Legendre Series Representation. Consistency Analysis of Different Feature Combinations,
CIARP12(715-723).
Springer DOI 1209
See also Circular Grid-Based Rotation Invariant Feature Extraction Approach for Off-line Signature Verification, A. Online signature verificatio BibRef

Parodi, M.[Marianela], Gómez, J.C.[Juan Carlos],
Online Signature Verification: Is the Whole Greater Than the Sum of the Parts?,
CIARP15(151-159).
Springer DOI 1511
BibRef

Parodi, M.[Marianela], Gómez, J.C.[Juan Carlos], Liwicki, M.[Marcus],
Online Signature Verification Based on Legendre Series Representation: Robustness Assessment of Different Feature Combinations,
FHR12(379-384).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Shin, J.[Jungpil], Okuyama, T.[Toshiki],
Detection of alcohol intoxication via online handwritten signature verification,
PRL(35), No. 1, 2014, pp. 101-104.
Elsevier DOI 1312
Signature verification BibRef

Cpalka, K.[Krzysztof], Zalasinski, M.[Marcin], Rutkowski, L.[Leszek],
New method for the on-line signature verification based on horizontal partitioning,
PR(47), No. 8, 2014, pp. 2652-2661.
Elsevier DOI 1405
Biometrics BibRef

Parodi, M., Gomez, J.C., Liwicki, M., Alewijnse, L.,
Orthogonal function representation for online signature verification: which features should be looked at?,
IET-Bio(2), No. 4, December 2013, pp. 137-150.
DOI Link 1406
Legendre polynomials BibRef

Mendels, O., Stern, H., Berman, S.,
User Identification for Home Entertainment Based on Free-Air Hand Motion Signatures,
SMCS(44), No. 11, November 2014, pp. 1461-1473.
IEEE DOI 1411
Gesture recognition. entertainment BibRef

Ansari, A.Q., Hanmandlu, M., Kour, J.[Jaspreet], Singh, A.K.,
Online signature verification using segment-level fuzzy modelling,
IET-Bio(3), No. 3, September 2014, pp. 113-127.
DOI Link 1412
BibRef
Earlier: A3, A2, A1, Only:
Online signature verification using GA-SVM,
ICIIP11(1-4).
IEEE DOI 1112
feature extraction BibRef

Blanco-Gonzalo, R., Sanchez-Reillo, R.[Raul], Miguel-Hurtado, O., Liu-Jimenez, J.,
Performance evaluation of handwritten signature recognition in mobile environments,
IET-Bio(3), No. 3, September 2014, pp. 139-146.
DOI Link 1412
IEC standards BibRef

Sanchez-Reillo, R.[Raul],
Signature analysis in the context of mobile devices,
IVC(55, Part 1), No. 1, 2016, pp. 34-37.
Elsevier DOI 1612
Handwritten signature BibRef

Guest, R.M., Hurtado, O.M., Henniger, O.,
Assessment of methods for image recreation from signature time-series data,
IET-Bio(3), No. 3, September 2014, pp. 159-166.
DOI Link 1412
biometrics (access control) BibRef

Galbally, J.[Javier], Diaz-Cabrera, M.[Moises], Ferrer, M.A.[Miguel A.], Gomez-Barrero, M.[Marta], Morales, A.[Aythami], Fierrez, J.[Julian],
On-line signature recognition through the combination of real dynamic data and synthetically generated static data,
PR(48), No. 9, 2015, pp. 2921-2934.
Elsevier DOI 1506
On-line signature verification BibRef

Liu, Y., Yang, Z., Yang, L.,
Online Signature Verification Based on DCT and Sparse Representation,
Cyber(45), No. 11, November 2015, pp. 2498-2511.
IEEE DOI 1511
Azimuth BibRef

Pirlo, G., Cuccovillo, V., Diaz-Cabrera, M., Impedovo, D., Mignone, P.,
Multidomain Verification of Dynamic Signatures Using Local Stability Analysis,
HMS(45), No. 6, December 2015, pp. 805-810.
IEEE DOI 1512
Biometrics (access control) BibRef

Zareen, F.J., Jabin, S.,
Authentic mobile-biometric signature verification system,
IET-Bio(5), No. 1, 2016, pp. 13-19.
DOI Link 1603
digital signatures BibRef

Canuto, J.[Jânio], Dorizzi, B.[Bernadette], Montalvão, J.[Jugurta], Matos, L.[Leonardo],
On the infinite clipping of handwritten signatures,
PRL(79), No. 1, 2016, pp. 38-43.
Elsevier DOI 1608
Infinite clipping BibRef

Hafs, T., Bennacer, L., Boughazi, M., Nait-Ali, A.,
Empirical mode decomposition for online handwritten signature verification,
IET-Bio(5), No. 3, 2016, pp. 190-199.
DOI Link 1609
Hilbert transforms BibRef

Manjunatha, K.S., Manjunath, S., Guru, D.S., Somashekara, M.T.,
Online signature verification based on writer dependent features and classifiers,
PRL(80), No. 1, 2016, pp. 129-136.
Elsevier DOI 1609
Writer specific features BibRef

Sharma, A.[Abhishek], Sundaram, S.[Suresh],
An enhanced contextual DTW based system for online signature verification using Vector Quantization,
PRL(84), No. 1, 2016, pp. 22-28.
Elsevier DOI 1612
Online signature verification BibRef

Xia, X.[Xinghua], Chen, Z.[Zhili], Luan, F.[Fangjun], Song, X.[Xiaoyu],
Signature alignment based on GMM for on-line signature verification,
PR(65), No. 1, 2017, pp. 188-196.
Elsevier DOI 1702
On-line signature verification BibRef

Song, X.[Xiaoyu], Xia, X.[Xinghua], Luan, F.[Fangjun],
Online Signature Verification Based on Stable Features Extracted Dynamically,
SMCS(47), No. 10, October 2017, pp. 2663-2676.
IEEE DOI 1709
Data mining, Discrete wavelet transforms, Feature extraction, Forgery, Robustness, Stability analysis, Writing, Factorial experiment design (FED), online signature verification, optimal feature subspace, optimal mother wavelet, stable, spectral, features BibRef

Rosenblum, S., Dror, G.,
Identifying Developmental Dysgraphia Characteristics Utilizing Handwriting Classification Methods,
HMS(47), No. 2, April 2017, pp. 293-298.
IEEE DOI 1704
Feature extraction BibRef

Danna, J., Velay, J.L.,
Handwriting Movement Sonification: Why and How?,
HMS(47), No. 2, April 2017, pp. 299-303.
IEEE DOI 1704
Ear BibRef

Accardo, A., Costa, F., Perrone, I.,
The Influence of the Spatio-Temporal Terzi Treatment on the Kinematics of Cursive Writing of Dysgraphic Subjects,
HMS(47), No. 2, April 2017, pp. 249-258.
IEEE DOI 1704
Kinematics BibRef

Mekyska, J., Faundez-Zanuy, M., Mzourek, Z., Galaz, Z., Smekal, Z., Rosenblum, S.,
Identification and Rating of Developmental Dysgraphia by Handwriting Analysis,
HMS(47), No. 2, April 2017, pp. 235-248.
IEEE DOI 1704
Databases BibRef

Morales, A.[Aythami], Morocho, D.[Derlin], Fierrez, J.[Julian], Vera-Rodriguez, R.[Ruben],
Signature authentication based on human intervention: Performance and complementarity with automatic systems,
IET-Bio(6), No. 4, July 2017, pp. 307-315.
DOI Link 1707
BibRef


Hanmandlu, M.[Madasu], Sayeed, F.[Farrukh], Vasikarla, S.,
Online signature verification using the entropy function,
AIPR15(1-7)
IEEE DOI 1605
entropy BibRef

o Pirlo, G.[Giuseppe], Diaz, M.[Moises], Ferrer, M.A.[Miguel A.], Impedovo, D.[Donato], Rizzi, F.[Fabrizio],
Behaviour of dynamic and static feature dependences in constrained signatures,
ICDAR15(1278-1281)
IEEE DOI 1511
BibRef

Tencer, L.[Lukas], Reznakova, M.[Marta], Cheriet, M.[Mohamed],
Evaluation of techniques for signature classification from accelerometer and gyroscope data,
ICDAR15(1066-1070)
IEEE DOI 1511
Accelerometer BibRef

Fischer, A.[Andreas], Diaz, M.[Moises], Plamondon, R.[Rejean], Ferrer, M.A.[Miguel A.],
Robust score normalization for DTW-based on-line signature verification,
ICDAR15(241-245)
IEEE DOI 1511
dynamic time warping BibRef

Diaz, M.[Moises], Fischer, A.[Andreas], Plamondon, R.[Rejean], Ferrer, M.A.[Miguel A.],
Towards an automatic on-line signature verifier using only one reference per signer,
ICDAR15(631-635)
IEEE DOI 1511
BibRef

Viriri, S.[Serestina],
Handwritten Signature Verification Based on Enhanced Direction and Grid Features,
ISVC14(II: 820-829).
Springer DOI 1501
BibRef

Vajpai, J., Arun, J.B., Vajpai, I.,
Dynamic signature verification for secure retrieval of classified information,
NCVPRIPG13(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1408
Internet BibRef

Griechisch, E., Malk, M.I., Liwicki, M.,
Online Signature Analysis Based on Accelerometric and Gyroscopic Pens and Legendre Series,
ICDAR13(374-378)
IEEE DOI 1312
accelerometers BibRef

Ahmed, S.[Sheraz], Malik, M.I.[Muhammad Imran], Liwicki, M.[Marcus], Dengel, A.R.[Andreas R.],
Signature Segmentation from Document Images,
FHR12(425-429).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Malik, M.I.[Muhammad Imran], Liwicki, M.[Marcus], Dengel, A.R.[Andreas R.],
Local Features for Forensic Signature Verification,
EAHSP13(103-111).
Springer DOI 1309
BibRef

Malik, M.I.[Muhammad Imran], Liwicki, M.[Marcus],
From Terminology to Evaluation: Performance Assessment of Automatic Signature Verification Systems,
FHR12(613-618).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Islam, T.[Tasmina], Fairhurst, M.[Michael],
Natural Revocability in Handwritten Signatures to Enhance Biometric Security,
FHR12(791-796).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Foroozandeh, A.[Atefeh], Akbari, Y.[Younes], Jalili, M.J.[Mohammad J.], Sadri, J.[Javad],
Persian Signature Verification Based on Fractal Dimension Using Testing Hypothesis,
FHR12(313-318).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Bunke, H.[Horst], Csirik, J.[János], Gingl, Z.[Zoltán], Griechisch, E.[Erika],
Online Signature Verification Method Based on the Acceleration Signals of Handwriting Samples,
CIARP11(499-506).
Springer DOI 1111
BibRef

Schmidt, T.[Teodoro], Riffo, V.[Vladimir], Mery, D.[Domingo],
Dynamic Signature Recognition Based on Fisher Discriminant,
CIARP11(433-442).
Springer DOI 1111
BibRef

Wang, K.Y.[Kai-Yue], Wang, Y.H.[Yun-Hong], Zhang, Z.X.[Zhao-Xiang],
On-line Signature Verification Using Segment-to-Segment Graph Matching,
ICDAR11(804-808).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef
And:
On-line Signature Verification Using Graph Representation,
ICIG11(943-948).
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Nakanishi, I.[Isao], Nakatani, S.[Shingo], Koike, S.[Shota],
Simply Partitioned DP Matching and Threshold Equalizing in DWT Domain On-line Signature Verification,
FHR10(101-106).
IEEE DOI 1011
BibRef

Ito, T.[Takashi], Ohyama, W.[Wataru], Wakabayashi, T.[Tetsushi], Kimura, F.[Fumitaka],
Combination of Signature Verification Techniques by SVM,
FHR12(430-433).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Kawazoe, Y.[Yumiko], Ohyama, W.[Wataru], Wakabayashi, T.[Tetsushi], Kimura, F.[Fumitaka],
Improvement of On-line Signature Verification Based on Gradient Features,
FHR10(410-414).
IEEE DOI 1011
BibRef

Shamsuddin, M.R.[Mohammed Razif], Mohamed, A.[Azlinah],
Baseline Image Classification Approach Using Local Minima Selection,
IVIC09(727-737).
Springer DOI 0911
For signatures. BibRef

Khalil, M.I.[Mostafa I.], Moustafa, M.N.[Mohamed N.], Abbas, H.M.[Hazem M.],
Enhanced DTW based on-line signature verification,
ICIP09(2713-2716).
IEEE DOI 0911
BibRef

Shakil, A., Ahmad, S.M.S., Anwar, R.B.M., Balbed, M.A.M.,
Analysis of the Effect of Different Features' Performance on Hidden Markov Modeling Based Online and Offline Signature Verification Systems,
DICTA08(572-577).
IEEE DOI 0812
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Radhika, K.R., Venkatesha, M.K., Sekhar, G.N.,
An Application of Continuous Dynamic Programming,
CISP09(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0910
On-line signature recogntion. BibRef

Jiao, H.M.[Hui-Min], Wang, D.X.[Dang-Xiao], Zhang, Y.R.[Yu-Ru],
Different Role of Friction and Normal Force for Force-Based Signature Verification,
CISP09(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0910
BibRef

Luan, F.J.[Fang-Jun], Lin, L.[Lan], Cheng, H.[Hai],
The Algorithm of On-Line Handwritten Signature Verification Based on Hide Markov Model,
CISP09(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0910
BibRef

Muramatsu, D.[Daigo], Yasuda, K.[Kumiko], Matsumoto, T.[Takashi],
Biometric Person Authentication Method Using Camera-Based Online Signature Acquisition,
ICDAR09(46-50).
IEEE DOI 0907
BibRef

Muramatsu, D.[Daigo], Yasuda, K.[Kumiko], Shirato, S.[Satoshi], Matsumoto, T.[Takashi],
Camera-Based Online Signature Verification with Sequential Marginal Likelihood Change Detector,
CAIP09(229-236).
Springer DOI 0909
BibRef

Ahrary, A.[Alireza], Chiang, H.J.[Hui-Ju], Kamata, S.I.[Sei-Ichiro],
On-Line Signature Matching Based on Hilbert Scanning Patterns,
ICB09(1190-1199).
Springer DOI 0906
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Mottl, V.[Vadim], Lange, M.[Mikhail], Sulimova, V.[Valentina], Yermakov, A.[Alexey],
Signature verification based on fusion of on-line and off-line kernels,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Liu, N.[Ningning], Wang, Y.H.[Yun-Hong],
Template selection for on-line signature verification,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef

Abreu, M.[Marjory], Fairhurst, M.[Michael],
Analyzing the impact of non-biometric information on multiclassifier processing for signature recognition applications,
BTAS08(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0809
BibRef

Li, B.[Bin], Wang, K.Q.[Kuan-Quan], Zhang, D.[David],
Minimizing Spatial Deformation Method for Online Signature Matching,
ICB07(646-652).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Chang, W., Shin, J.,
Modified Dynamic Time Warping for Stroke-Based On-line Signature Verification,
ICDAR07(724-728).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Araujo, R., Cavalcanti, G., Filho, E.,
An Approach to Improve Accuracy Rate of On-line Signature Verification Systems of Different Sizes,
ICDAR07(332-336).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Mozaffari, S.[Saeed], Faez, K.[Karim], Faradji, F.[Farhad],
One Dimensional Fractal Coder for Online Signature Recognition,
ICPR06(II: 857-860).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Djioua, M.[Moussa], O'Reilly, C.[Christian], Plamondon, R.[Rejean],
An interactive trajectory synthesizer to study outlier patterns in handwriting recognition and signature verification,
ICPR06(I: 1124-1127).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Quan, Z.H.[Zhong-Hua], Huang, D.S.[De-Shuang], Xia, X.L.[Xiao-Lei], Lyu, M.R.[Michael R.], Lok, T.M.[Tat-Ming],
Spectrum Analysis Based on Windows with Variable Widths for Online Signature Verification,
ICPR06(II: 1122-1125).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Wu, Z.C.[Zhong-Cheng], Fang, P.[Ping], Shen, F.[Fei],
Online Signature Verification Based on Global Feature of Writing Forces,
ICB06(516-522).
Springer DOI 0601
BibRef

Henniger, O.[Olaf], Schneider, B.[Björn], Struif, B.[Bruno], Waldmann, U.[Ulrich],
Improving the Binding of Electronic Signatures to the Signer by Biometric Authentication,
ICB06(523-530).
Springer DOI 0601
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Low, C.Y.[Cheng-Yaw], Teoh, A.B.J.[Andrew Beng-Jin], Tee, C.[Connie],
Fusion of LSB and DWT Biometric Watermarking Using Offline Handwritten Signature for Copyright Protection,
ICB09(786-795).
Springer DOI 0906
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Yip, W.K., Goh, A., Ngo, D.C.L.[David Chek Ling], Teoh, A.B.J.[Andrew Beng Jin],
Generation of Replaceable Cryptographic Keys from Dynamic Handwritten Signatures,
ICB06(509-515).
Springer DOI 0601
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Russell, G.F., Hu, J.Y.[Jian-Ying], Biem, A., Heilper, A., Markman, D.,
Dynamic signature verification using discriminative training,
ICDAR05(II: 1260-1264).
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef

Richiardi, J.[Jonas], Kryszczuk, K.[Krzysztof], Drygajlo, A.[Andrzej],
Static Models of Derivative-Coordinates Phase Spaces for Multivariate Time Series Classification: An Application to Signature Verification,
ICB09(1200-1208).
Springer DOI 0906
BibRef

Richiardi, J., Ketabdar, H.[Hamed], Drygajlo, A.,
Local and global feature selection for on-line signature verification,
ICDAR05(II: 625-629).
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef

Wan, L.[Liang], Wan, B.[Bin], Lin, Z.C.,
On-line signature verification with two-stage statistical models,
ICDAR05(I: 282-286).
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef

Hongo, Y.[Yasunori], Muramatsu, D.[Daigo], Matsumoto, T.[Takashi],
Modification of Intersession Variability in On-Line Signature Verifier,
AVBPA05(455).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

Nakanishi, I.[Isao], Sakamoto, H.[Hiroyuki], Itoh, Y.[Yoshio], Fukui, Y.[Yutaka],
Optimal User Weighting Fusion in DWT Domain On-Line Signature Verification,
AVBPA05(758).
Springer DOI 0509
BibRef

Nakanishi, I.[Isao], Nishiguchi, N.[Naoto], Itoh, Y.[Yoshio], Fukui, Y.[Yutaka],
On-Line Signature Verification Based on Discrete Wavelet Domain Adaptive Signal Processing,
ICBA04(584-591).
Springer DOI 0505
BibRef

Li, B.[Bin], Wang, K.Q.[Kuan-Quan], Zhang, D.[David],
On-Line Signature Verification Based on PCA (Principal Component Analysis) and MCA (Minor Component Analysis),
ICBA04(540-546).
Springer DOI 0505
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Henniger, O.[Olaf], Franke, K.[Katrin],
Biometric User Authentication on Smart Cards by Means of Handwritten Signatures,
ICBA04(547-554).
Springer DOI 0505
BibRef

Zimmer, A.[Alessandro], Ling, L.L.[Lee Luan],
A Model-Based Signature Verification System,
BTAS07(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef
Earlier:
A Window-Based Hybrid Signature Verification System,
ICBA04(562-568).
Springer DOI 0505
BibRef
Earlier:
A hybrid on/off line handwritten signature verification system,
ICDAR03(424-428).
IEEE DOI 0311
BibRef

Sternby, J.[Jakob],
Structurally Based Template Matching of On-line Handwritten Characters,
BMVC05(xx-yy).
HTML Version. 0509
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Earlier:
On-Line Signature Verification by Explicit Solution to the Point Correspondence Problem,
ICBA04(569-576).
Springer DOI 0505
BibRef

Sternby, J.[Jakob], Friberg, C.,
The recognition graph: Language independent adaptable on-line cursive script recognition,
ICDAR05(I: 14-18).
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef

Wirotius, M., Ramel, J.Y., Vincent, N.,
Improving DTW for Online Handwritten Signature Verification,
ICIAR04(II: 786-793).
Springer DOI 0409
BibRef
And:
New Features for Authentication by On-Line Handwritten Signatures,
ICBA04(577-584).
Springer DOI 0505
BibRef

Vincent, N., Freche, T.,
Gray level use in a handwriting fractal approach and morphological properties quantification,
ICDAR01(307-311).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Igarza, J.J.[Juan J.], Gómez, L.[Lorea], Hernáez, I.[Inma], Goirizelaia, I.[Inaki],
Searching for an Optimal Reference System for On-Line Signature Verification Based on (x, y) Alignment,
ICBA04(519-525).
Springer DOI 0505
BibRef

Igarza, J.J., Goirizelaia, I., Espinosa, K., Hernaez, I., Mendez, R., and Sanchez, J.,
Online Handwritten Signature Verification Using Hidden Markov Models,
CIARP03(391-399).
Springer DOI BibRef 0300

Zou, M.F.[Ming-Fu], Tong, J.J.[Jian-Jun], Liu, C.P.[Chang-Ping], Lou, Z.L.[Zheng-Liang],
On-line signature verification using local shape analysis,
ICDAR03(314-318).
IEEE DOI 0311
BibRef

Muramatsu, D.[Daigo], Matsumoto, T.[Takashi],
An HMM on-line signature verifier incorporating signature trajectories,
ICDAR03(438-442).
IEEE DOI 0311
BibRef
And:
An HMM On-line Signature Verification Algorithm,
AVBPA03(233-241).
Springer DOI 0310
See also Fast HMM Algorithm for On-Line Handwritten Character Recognition, A. BibRef

Kondo, M.[Mitsuru], Muramatsu, D.[Daigo], Sasaki, M.[Masahiro], Matsumoto, T.[Takashi],
A Bayesian MCMC On-line Signature Verification,
AVBPA03(540-548).
Springer DOI 0310
BibRef

Shafiei, M.M., Rabiee, H.R.,
A new on-line signature verification algorithm using variable length segmentation and hidden Markov models,
ICDAR03(443-446).
IEEE DOI 0311
BibRef

Vielhauer, C., Steinmetz, R., Mayerhofer, A.,
Biometric hash based on statistical features of online signatures,
ICPR02(I: 123-126).
IEEE DOI 0211
BibRef
Earlier:
Transitivity based enrollment strategy for signature verification systems,
ICDAR01(1263-1266).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Tanaka, M., Ishino, Y., Shimada, H., Inoue, T.,
DP matching using kalman filter as pre-processing in on-line signature verification,
FHR02(502-507).
IEEE Top Reference. 0209
BibRef

Parker, J.R.[Jim R.],
Simple Distances Between Handwritten Signatures,
VI02(218).
PDF File. 0208
BibRef

Hullender, G.N.,
An efficient method for tuning handwriting parameters,
ICDAR01(251-254).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Huang, K., Yan, H.,
Signature Verification Using Fractal Transformation,
ICPR00(Vol II: 851-854).
IEEE DOI
IEEE DOI 0009
BibRef

Morita, H., Sakamoto, D., Ohishi, T., Komiya, Y., Matsumoto, T.,
On-Line Signature Verifier Incorporating Pen Position, Pen Pressure, and Pen Inclination Trajectories,
AVBPA01(318).
Springer DOI 0310
BibRef

Lejtman, D.Z., George, S.E.,
On-line handwritten signature verification using wavelets and back-propagation neural networks,
ICDAR01(992-996).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Rhee, T.H., Cho, S.J., Kim, J.H.,
On-line signature verification using model-guided segmentation and discriminative feature selection for skilled forgeries,
ICDAR01(645-649).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Brakensiek, A., Kosmala, A., Rigoll, G.,
Evaluation of Confidence Measures for On-Line Handwriting Recognition,
DAGM02(507 ff.).
Springer DOI 0303
BibRef
And:
Comparing normalization and adaptation techniques for on-line handwriting recognition,
ICPR02(III: 73-76).
IEEE DOI 0211
BibRef
Earlier:
Comparing adaptation techniques for on-line handwriting recognition,
ICDAR01(486-490).
IEEE DOI 0109
See also Combining HMM-based two-pass classifiers for off-line word recognition. BibRef

Brakensiek, A., Rigoll, G.,
A comparison of character n-grams and dictionaries used for script recognition,
ICDAR01(241-245).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Kosmala, A.[Andreas], Rigoll, G.[Gerhard],
A New Hybrid Approach to Large Vocabulary Cursive Handwriting Recognition,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1512-1514).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef
And:
Tree-Based State Clustering Using Self-Organizing Principles for Large Vocabulary On-Line Handwriting Recognition,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1313-1315).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef

Kosmala, A.[Andreas], Rigoll, G.[Gerhard],
A Systematic Comparison Between On-Line and Off-Line Methods for Signature Verification with Hidden Markov Models,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1755-1757).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef

Rigoll, G., Kosmala, A., Rottland, J., Neukirchen, C.,
A Comparison Between Continuous and Discrete Density Hidden Markov Models for Cursive Handwriting Recognition,
ICPR96(II: 205-209).
IEEE DOI 9608
(Gerhard-Mercator-Univ., D) BibRef

Kosmala, A., Rottland, J., Rigoll, G.,
Improved On-Line Handwriting Recognition Using Context Dependent Hidden Markov Models,
ICDAR97(641-644).
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef

Muramatsu, D.[Daigo], Matsumoto, T.[Takashi],
Effectiveness of Pen Pressure, Azimuth, and Altitude Features for Online Signature Verification,
ICB07(503-512).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Ohishi, T., Komiya, Y., Matsumoto, T.,
On-line Signature Verification Using Pen-position, Pen-pressure and Pen-inclination Trajectories,
ICPR00(Vol IV: 547-550).
IEEE DOI 0009
BibRef

Zhang, B.L.[Bai-Ling], Fu, M.Y.[Min-Yue], Yan, H.[Hong],
Handwritten Signature Verification Based on Neural 'Gas' Based Vector Quantization,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1862-1864).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef

Bouletreau, V., Vincent, N.[Nicole], Sabourin, R.[Robert], Emptoz, H.,
Handwriting and Signature: One or Two Personality Identifiers?,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1758-1760).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef
Earlier:
Synthetic Parameters for Handwriting Classification,
ICDAR97(102-106).
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef

van Oosterhout, J.J., Dolfing, H.[Hans], Aarts, E.,
On-Line Signature Verification with Hidden Markov Models,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1309-1312).
IEEE DOI 9808
BibRef

He, Y., Chen, M.Y., and Kunda, A.,
Efficient Utilization of Variable Duration Information in HMM Based HWR Systems,
ICIP97(III: 304-307).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9700

Schmidt, C., Kraiss, K.F.,
Establishment of Personalized Templates for Automatic Signature Verification,
ICDAR97(263-267).
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef

Wirtz, B.,
Average Prototypes for Stroke-Based Signature Verification,
ICDAR97(268-272).
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef

Martens, R., Claesen, L.,
Dynamic Programming Optimisation for On-Line Signature Verification,
ICDAR97(653-656).
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef

Martens, R., Claesen, L.,
On-Line Signature Verification: Discrimination Emphasised,
ICDAR97(657-660).
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef
Earlier:
On-Line Signature Verification by Dynamic Time-Warping,
ICPR96(III: 38-42).
IEEE DOI 9608
(IMEC, B) BibRef

Nassery, P., Faez, K.[Karim],
Signature Pattern Recognition Using Pseudo Zernike Moments and a Fuzzy Logic Classifier,
ICIP96(II: 197-200).
IEEE DOI BibRef 9600

Kishon, E., Hastie, T., Clark, M., and Fan, J.,
A Statistical Model for Signature Verification,
SMC-C91(xx). BibRef 9100

Sato, Y., and Kogure, K.,
On-Line Signature Verification Based on Shape, Motion, and Writing Pressure,
ICPR82(823-826). BibRef 8200

Brault, J.J., Plamondon, R.,
Histogram Classifier for Characterization of Handwritten Signature Dynamic,
ICPR84(619-622). BibRef 8400

Lamarche, F., Plamondon, R.,
Segmentation and Feature Extraction of Handwritten Signature Patterns,
ICPR84(756-759). BibRef 8400

Chapter on OCR, Document Analysis and Character Recognition Systems continues in
Off Line Signature Analysis .


Last update:Sep 25, 2017 at 16:36:46