23.2.2.2.4 Text Detection, Find Text in General Scenes, Scene Text

Chapter Contents (Back)
Document Analysis. Scene Text. Text Detection. Extract text from images. More than just segmentation of documents, find the text strings. Recogniton focused: See also Recognize Text, Read Text from Signs in General Scenes. Stroke based: See also Text in Scenes, Stroke Based, Curve Based. For more, expecially video and captions: See also Video Analysis -- Captions, Text, Video Text.

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2011. A public annotated image database of text in natural scenes
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Hasan, Y.M.Y., Karam, L.J.,
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IEEE DOI 0011
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Character string extraction from color documents,
PR(34), No. 7, July 2001, pp. 1349-1365.
Elsevier DOI 0105
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Hase, H., Shinokawa, T., Yoneda, M., Sakai, M., Maruyama, H.,
Character String Extraction by Multi-Stage Relaxation,
ICDAR97(298-302).
IEEE DOI 9708
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Hase, H.[Hiroyuki], Yoneda, M.[Masaaki], Tokai, S.[Shogo], Kato, J.[Jien], Suen, C.Y.[Ching Y.],
Color segmentation for text extraction,
IJDAR(6), No. 4, April 2004, pp. 271-284.
Springer DOI The character color is not constant. 0406
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Pan, W.M.[Wu-Mo], Bui, T.D., Suen, C.Y.,
Text detection from natural scene images using topographic maps and sparse representations,
ICIP09(2021-2024).
IEEE DOI 0911
BibRef
Earlier:
Text detection from scene images using sparse representation,
ICPR08(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0812
BibRef
And:
Isolated Handwritten Farsi Numerals Recognition Using Sparse and Over-Complete Representations,
ICDAR09(586-590).
IEEE DOI 0907
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Earlier:
Text Segmentation from Complex Background Using Sparse Representations,
ICDAR07(412-416).
IEEE DOI 0709
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Strouthopoulos, C., Papamarkos, N., Atsalakis, A.E.,
Text extraction in complex color documents,
PR(35), No. 8, August 2002, pp. 1743-1758.
WWW Link. 0206
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Wang, K.Q.[Kong-Qiao], Kangas, J.A.[Jari A.],
Character location in scene images from digital camera,
PR(36No. 10, October 2003, pp. 2287-2299.
WWW Link. 0308
See also 1d Bar Code Reading On Camera Phones. BibRef

Wang, K.Q.[Kong-Qiao], Kangas, J.A.[Jari A.], Li, W.W.[Wen-Wen],
Character segmentation of color images from digital camera,
ICDAR01(210-214).
IEEE DOI 0109
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Agnihotri, L.[Lalitha], Dimitrova, N.[Nevenka],
Symbol Classification with shape features applied to neural network,
US_Patent6,731,788, May 4, 2004
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di Federico, R.[Riccardo], Carrai, P.[Paola],
Text discrimination method and related apparatus,
US_Patent6,999,621, Feb 14, 2006
WWW Link. BibRef 0602

Mehrotra, S.[Sanjeev],
Text detection in continuous tone image segments,
US_Patent7,085,420, Aug 1, 2006
WWW Link. BibRef 0608

Karatzs, D.[Dimosthenis], Antonacopoulos, A.[Apostolos],
Colour text segmentation in web images based on human perception,
IVC(25), No. 5, 1 May 2007, pp. 564-577.
WWW Link. 0703
BibRef
Earlier:
Text extraction from web images based on a split-and-merge segmentation method using colour perception,
ICPR04(II: 634-637).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef
Earlier:
Two approaches for text segmentation in web images,
ICDAR03(131-137).
IEEE DOI 0311
BibRef
Earlier: A2, A1:
Fuzzy Segmentation of Characters in Web Images Based on Human Colour Perception,
DAS02(295 ff.).
Springer DOI 0303
Web document image analysis; Colour document analysis; Character segmentation; Text segmentation; Colour images BibRef

Lim, J.[Jaeguyn], Park, J.[Jonghyun], Medioni, G.G.[Gerard G.],
Text segmentation in color images using tensor voting,
IVC(25), No. 5, 1 May 2007, pp. 671-685.
WWW Link. 0703
Tensor voting; Text segmentation; Mean shift-based density estimation; Adaptive median filter; Color component analysis BibRef

Park, J.[Jonghyun], Park, S.[Soonyoung],
Detection of Text Region and Segmentation from Natural Scene Images,
ISVC05(666-671).
Springer DOI 0512
BibRef

Mancas-Thillou, C.[Celine], Gosselin, B.[Bernard],
Color text extraction with selective metric-based clustering,
CVIU(107), No. 1-2, July-August 2007, pp. 97-107.
WWW Link. 0706
BibRef
Earlier:
Character Segmentation-by-Recognition Using Log-Gabor Filters,
ICPR06(II: 901-904).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef
Earlier:
Color text extraction from camera-based images: The impact of the choice of the clustering distance,
ICDAR05(I: 312-316).
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef
Earlier:
Color Binarization for Complex Camera-based Images,
SPIE(NNNN), 2005. Electronic Imaging, pp. 301-308.
WWW Link. Clustering; Cosine-based similarity; Diffuse and specular surfaces; Natural scene; Text understanding BibRef

Liu, X.B.[Xia-Bi], Fu, H.[Hui], Jia, Y.D.[Yun-De],
Gaussian mixture modeling and learning of neighboring characters for multilingual text extraction in images,
PR(41), No. 2, February 2008, pp. 484-493.
WWW Link. 0711
Text extraction; Document analysis; Character recognition; Image retrieval; Gaussian mixture models; Discriminative training; EM algorithm BibRef

Fu, H.[Hui], Liu, X.B.[Xia-Bi], Jia, Y.D.[Yun-De], Deng, H.B.[Hong-Bin],
Gaussian Mixture Modeling of Neighbor Characters for Multilingual Text Extraction in Images,
ICIP06(3321-3324).
IEEE DOI 0610
BibRef

Ye, Q.X.[Qi-Xiang], Jiao, J.B.[Jian-Bin], Huang, J.[Jun], Yu, H.[Hua],
Text detection and restoration in natural scene images,
JVCIR(18), No. 6, December 2007, pp. 504-513.
WWW Link. 0711
Text detection; Text recognition; Text restoration BibRef

Goto, H.[Hideaki],
Redefining the DCT-based feature for scene text detection: Analysis and comparison of spatial frequency-based features,
IJDAR(11), No. 1, October 2008, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0810
BibRef

Tanaka, M., Goto, H.,
Autonomous Text Capturing Robot Using Improved DCT Feature and Text Tracking,
ICDAR07(1178-1182).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Shiratori, H.[Hiroki], Goto, H.[Hideaki], Kobayashi, H.[Hiroaki],
An Efficient Text Capture Method for Moving Robots Using DCT Feature and Text Tracking,
ICPR06(II: 1050-1053).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Saoi, T., Goto, H., Kobayashi, H.,
Text detection in color scene images based on unsupervised clustering of multi-channel wavelet features,
ICDAR05(II: 690-694).
IEEE DOI 0508
BibRef

Baba, Y.[Yoichiro], Hirose, A.[Akira],
Spectral Fluctuation Method: A Texture-Based Method to Extract Text Regions in General Scene Images,
IEICE(E92-D), No. 9, September 2009, pp. 1702-1715.
WWW Link. 0910
BibRef
Earlier:
Proposal of the hybrid spectral gradient method to extract character-text regions from general scene images,
ICIP04(I: 211-214).
IEEE DOI 0505
BibRef

Zhang, Y.[Yi], Tan, K.K.[Kok Kiong],
Text extraction from images captured via mobile and digital devices,
IJCVR(1), No. 1, 2009, pp. 34-58.
DOI Link 0911
BibRef

Nguyen, T.D., Park, J., Lee, G.,
Tensor Voting Based Text Localization in Natural Scene Images,
SPLetters(17), No. 7, July 2010, pp. 639-642.
IEEE DOI 1006
BibRef

Li, M.[Minhua], Bai, M.[Meng], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua],
Conditional random field for text segmentation from images with complex background,
PRL(31), No. 14, 15 October 2010, pp. 2295-2308.
Elsevier DOI 1003
Conditional random field (CRF); Text segmentation; Complex background; Local information; Contextual label information BibRef

Pan, Y.F.[Yi-Feng], Hou, X.W.[Xin-Wen], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
A Hybrid Approach to Detect and Localize Texts in Natural Scene Images,
IP(20), No. 3, March 2011, pp. 800-813.
IEEE DOI 1103
BibRef
Earlier:
Text Localization in Natural Scene Images Based on Conditional Random Field,
ICDAR09(6-10).
IEEE DOI 0907
BibRef

Gopalan, C.[Chitrakala], Manjula, D.,
Statistical modeling for the detection, localization and extraction of text from heterogeneous textual images using combined feature scheme,
SIViP(5), No. 2, June 2011, pp. 165-183.
WWW Link. 1101
BibRef

Chen, M., Wu, W., Yang, X., He, X.,
Hidden-Markov-Model-Based Segmentation Confidence Applied to Container Code Character Extraction,
ITS(12), No. 4, December 2011, pp. 1147-1156.
IEEE DOI 1112
BibRef

Nirmala, S., Nagabhushan, P.,
Foreground text segmentation in complex color document images using Gabor filters,
SIViP(6), No. 4, November 2012, pp. 669-678.
WWW Link. 1210
BibRef

Minetto, R.[Rodrigo], Thome, N.[Nicolas], Cord, M.[Matthieu], Leite, N.J.[Neucimar J.], Stolfi, J.[Jorge],
T-HOG: An effective gradient-based descriptor for single line text regions,
PR(46), No. 3, March 2013, pp. 1078-1090.
Elsevier DOI 1212
Text detection; Text classification; Histogram of oriented gradients for text; Text descriptor BibRef

Shi, C.Z.[Cun-Zhao], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Zhang, Y.[Yang], Gao, S.[Song],
Scene text detection using graph model built upon maximally stable extremal regions,
PRL(34), No. 2, 15 January 2013, pp. 107-116.
Elsevier DOI 1212
Scene text detection; MSER; Graph model; Cost function; Graph cut BibRef

Yang, S.B.[Shiueng-Bien], Wu, C.F.[Chi-Feng],
Locating Text in Images Based on the Smooth Gray-Level Detection,
IJIG(12), No. 4, October 2012, pp. 1250027.
DOI Link 1305
BibRef

Moradi, M., Mozaffari, S.,
Hybrid approach for Farsi/Arabic text detection and localisation in video frames,
IET-PR(7), No. 2, 2013, pp. -.
DOI Link 1307
BibRef

Koo, H.I.[Hyung Il], Kim, D.H.[Duck Hoon],
Scene Text Detection via Connected Component Clustering and Nontext Filtering,
IP(22), No. 6, 2013, pp. 2296-2305.
IEEE DOI 1307
multilayer perceptrons; text detection BibRef

Merino-Gracia, C.[Carlos], Mirmehdi, M.[Majid], Sigut, J.[José], González-Mora, J.L.[José L.],
Fast perspective recovery of text in natural scenes,
IVC(31), No. 10, 2013, pp. 714-724.
Elsevier DOI 1310
Scene text extraction BibRef

Merino-Gracia, C.[Carlos], Mirmehdi, M.[Majid],
Real-time text tracking in natural scenes,
IET-CV(8), No. 6, 2014, pp. 670-681.
DOI Link 1502
Kalman filters BibRef

Lee, S.[Seong_Hun], Kim, J.H.[Jin Hyung],
Integrating multiple character proposals for robust scene text extraction,
IVC(31), No. 11, 2013, pp. 823-840.
Elsevier DOI 1311
Scene text extraction BibRef

Cho, M.S.[Min Su], Seok, J.H.[Jae-Hyun], Lee, S.H.[Seong-Hun], Kim, J.H.[Jin Hyung],
Scene Text Extraction by Superpixel CRFs Combining Multiple Character Features,
ICDAR11(1034-1038).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef

Lee, S.H.[Seong-Hun], Cho, M.S.[Min Su], Jung, K.[Kyomin], Kim, J.H.[Jin Hyung],
Scene Text Extraction with Edge Constraint and Text Collinearity,
ICPR10(3983-3986).
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef

Wei, X.Y.[Xiao-Yong], Yang, Z.Q.[Zhen-Qun], Ngo, C.W.[Chong-Wah], Zhang, W.[Wei],
Visual Typo Correction by Collocative Optimization: A Case Study on Merchandize Images,
IP(23), No. 2, February 2014, pp. 527-540.
IEEE DOI 1402
Web sites BibRef

Yin, X.W.[Xu-Wang], Yin, X.C.[Xu-Cheng], Huang, K., Hao, H.W.[Hong-Wei],
Robust Text Detection in Natural Scene Images,
PAMI(36), No. 5, May 2014, pp. 970-983.
IEEE DOI 1405
Algorithm design and analysis BibRef

Yin, X.W.[Xu-Wang], Yin, X.C.[Xu-Cheng], Hao, H.W.[Hong-Wei], Iqbal, K.[Khalid],
Effective text localization in natural scene images with MSER, geometry-based grouping and AdaBoost,
ICPR12(725-728).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Yin, X., Pei, W., Zhang, J., Hao, H.W.[Hong-Wei],
Multi-Orientation Scene Text Detection with Adaptive Clustering,
PAMI(37), No. 9, September 2015, pp. 1930-1937.
IEEE DOI 1508
Clustering algorithms BibRef

Kumar, D.[Deepak], Ramakrishnan, A.G.,
Methods for text segmentation from scene images,
ELCVIA(13), No. 2, 2014, pp. xx-yy.
WWW Link. 1407
Ph.D.. Thesis. BibRef

Ikica, A.[Andrej],
SWT voting-based color reduction method for detecting text in natural scene images,
ELCVIA(13), No. 2, 2014, pp. xx-yy.
WWW Link. 1407
Ph.D.. Thesis. BibRef

Wang, R., Sang, N., Gao, C.,
Scene Text Identification by Leveraging Mid-level Patches and Context Information,
SPLetters(22), No. 7, July 2015, pp. 963-967.
IEEE DOI 1402
Character recognition BibRef

Sharma, N.[Nabin], Shivakumara, P.[Palaiahnakote], Pal, U.[Umapada], Blumenstein, M.[Michael], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Piece-wise linearity based method for text frame classification in video,
PR(48), No. 3, 2015, pp. 862-881.
Elsevier DOI 1412
Video document processing BibRef

Yang, H., Wu, S., Deng, C., Lin, W.,
Scale and Orientation Invariant Text Segmentation for Born-Digital Compound Images,
Cyber(45), No. 3, March 2015, pp. 533-547.
IEEE DOI 1502
Algorithm design and analysis BibRef

Singh, B.M.[Brij Mohan], Sharma, R.[Rahul], Ghosh, D.[Debashis], Mittal, A.[Ankush],
Multi-Oriented Text Extraction in Stylistic Documents,
IJIG(15), No. 01, 2015, pp. 1550002.
DOI Link 1503
BibRef

Sun, L.[Lei], Huo, Q.[Qiang], Jia, W.[Wei], Chen, K.[Kai],
A robust approach for text detection from natural scene images,
PR(48), No. 9, 2015, pp. 2906-2920.
Elsevier DOI 1506
Text detection BibRef

Sun, L.[Lei], Huo, Q.[Qiang],
An Improved Component Tree Based Approach to User-Intention Guided Text Extraction from Natural Scene Images,
ICDAR13(383-387)
IEEE DOI 1312
geometry BibRef

Lu, S.J.[Shi-Jian], Chen, T.[Tao], Tian, S.X.[Shang-Xuan], Lim, J.H.[Joo-Hwee], Tan, C.L.[Chew-Lim],
Scene text extraction based on edges and support vector regression,
IJDAR(18), No. 2, June 2015, pp. 125-135.
Springer DOI 1506
BibRef

Zhou, G.[Gang], Liu, Y.H.[Yue-Hu], Xu, L.[Liang], Jia, Z.H.[Zhen-Hong],
Scene text detection method based on the hierarchical model,
IET-CV(9), No. 4, 2015, pp. 500-510.
DOI Link 1509
image classification BibRef

Zhou, G.[Gang], Liu, Y.H.[Yue-Hu], Tian, Z.Q.[Zhi-Qiang],
Scene text detection with superpixels and hierarchical model,
ICIP12(1001-1004).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Xu, J.M.[Jia-Min], Shivakumara, P.[Palaiahnakote], Lu, T.[Tong], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim], Uchida, S.[Seiichi],
A new method for multi-oriented graphics-scene-3D text classification in video,
PR(49), No. 1, 2016, pp. 19-42.
Elsevier DOI 1511
Text detection BibRef

Ghanei, S.[Shaho], Faez, K.[Karim],
Localizing scene texts by fuzzy inference systems and low rank matrix recovery model,
CVIU(142), No. 1, 2016, pp. 94-110.
Elsevier DOI 1512
Low rank matrix recovery BibRef

Zhu, A.[Anna], Wang, G.[Guoyou], Dong, Y.[Yangbo],
Detecting natural scenes text via auto image partition, two-stage grouping and two-layer classification,
PRL(67, Part 2), No. 1, 2015, pp. 153-162.
Elsevier DOI 1512
Text detection BibRef

Shi, B.G.[Bao-Guang], Bai, X.[Xiang], Yao, C.[Cong],
Script identification in the wild via discriminative convolutional neural network,
PR(52), No. 1, 2016, pp. 448-458.
Elsevier DOI 1601
Script identification See also Text/Non-Text Image Classification in the Wild with Convolutional Neural Networks. BibRef

Mei, J.[Jieru], Dai, L.[Luo], Shi, B.G.[Bao-Guang], Bai, X.[Xiang],
Scene Text Script Identification with Convolutional Recurrent Neural Networks,
ICPR16(4053-4058)
IEEE DOI 1705
Convolution, Feature extraction, Hidden Markov models, Image representation, Logic gates, Recurrent, neural, networks BibRef

Shi, B.G.[Bao-Guang], Yao, C.[Cong], Zhang, C.Q.[Cheng-Quan], Guo, X.W.[Xiao-Wei], Huang, F.Y.[Fei-Yue], Bai, X.[Xiang],
Automatic script identification in the wild,
ICDAR15(531-535)
IEEE DOI 1511
BibRef

He, T., Huang, W.L.[Wei-Lin], Qiao, Y.[Yu], Yao, J.,
Text-Attentional Convolutional Neural Network for Scene Text Detection,
IP(25), No. 6, June 2016, pp. 2529-2541.
IEEE DOI 1605
image enhancement BibRef

Huang, W.L.[Wei-Lin], Qiao, Y.[Yu], Tang, X.[Xiaoou],
Robust Scene Text Detection with Convolution Neural Network Induced MSER Trees,
ECCV14(IV: 497-511).
Springer DOI 1408
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Fabrizio, J.[Jonathan], Robert-Seidowsky, M.[Myriam], Dubuisson, S.[Séverine], Calarasanu, S.[Stefania], Boissel, R.[Raphaël],
TextCatcher: a method to detect curved and challenging text in natural scenes,
IJDAR(19), No. 2, June 2016, pp. 99-117.
Springer DOI 1605
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Zhu, A.[Anna], Gao, R.[Renwu], Uchida, S.[Seiichi],
Could scene context be beneficial for scene text detection?,
PR(58), No. 1, 2016, pp. 204-215.
Elsevier DOI 1606
Scene text detection BibRef

Bhardwaj, D., Pankajakshan, V.,
Image Overlay Text Detection Based on JPEG Truncation Error Analysis,
SPLetters(23), No. 8, August 2016, pp. 1027-1031.
IEEE DOI 1608
data compression BibRef

Angadi, S.A., Kodabagi, M.M.,
A Robust Segmentation Technique for Line, Word and Character Extraction from Kannada Text in Low Resolution Display Board Images,
IJIG(14), No. 1-2, 2014, pp. 1450003.
DOI Link 1406
BibRef

Angadi, S.A., Kodabagi, M.M.,
A Light Weight Text Extraction Technique for Hand-Held Device,
IJIG(15), No. 04, 2015, pp. 1550017.
DOI Link 1509
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Chen, Y.L.[Yui-Lang], Yu, P.T.[Pao-Ta],
An evidence-based model of saliency feature extraction for scene text analysis,
IJDAR(19), No. 3, September 2016, pp. 269-287.
Springer DOI 1609
BibRef

Zini, L., Odone, F.,
Portable and fast text detection,
MVA(27), No. 5, August 2016, pp. 845-859.
WWW Link. 1609
BibRef

Gomez, L.[Lluis], Karatzas, D.[Dimosthenis],
A fast hierarchical method for multi-script and arbitrary oriented scene text extraction,
IJDAR(19), No. 4, December 2016, pp. 335-349.
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef
Earlier:
Object proposals for text extraction in the wild,
ICDAR15(206-210)
IEEE DOI 1511
BibRef

Wei, Y.W.[Yuan-Wang], Zhang, Z.J.[Zhi-Jiang], Shen, W.[Wei], Zeng, D.[Dan], Fang, M.[Mei], Zhou, S.F.[Shi-Fu],
Text detection in scene images based on exhaustive segmentation,
SP:IC(50), No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-8.
Elsevier DOI 1612
Segmentation BibRef

Wu, H.[Hui], Zou, B.[Beiji], Zhao, Y.Q.[Yu-Qian], Guo, J.J.[Jian-Jing],
Scene text detection using adaptive color reduction, adjacent character model and hybrid verification strategy,
VC(33), No. 1, January 2017, pp. 113-126.
WWW Link. 1702
BibRef

Gomez, L.[Lluis], Nicolaou, A.[Anguelos], Karatzas, D.[Dimosthenis],
Improving patch-based scene text script identification with ensembles of conjoined networks,
PR(67), No. 1, 2017, pp. 85-96.
Elsevier DOI 1704
Script identification BibRef

Tang, Y., Wu, X.,
Scene Text Detection and Segmentation Based on Cascaded Convolution Neural Networks,
IP(26), No. 3, March 2017, pp. 1509-1520.
IEEE DOI 1704
Convolution BibRef

Karaoglu, S., Tao, R., Gevers, T., Smeulders, A.W.M.,
Words Matter: Scene Text for Image Classification and Retrieval,
MultMed(19), No. 5, May 2017, pp. 1063-1076.
IEEE DOI 1704
Birds BibRef

Karaoglu, S., Tao, R., van Gemert, J.C., Gevers, T.,
Con-Text: Text Detection for Fine-Grained Object Classification,
IP(26), No. 8, August 2017, pp. 3965-3980.
IEEE DOI 1707
image classification, image retrieval, object detection, optical character recognition, text analysis, ABBYY commercial OCR engine, Con-Text, Flickr-logo, ICDAR03, ICDAR13, bigrams, con-text, end-to-end character recognition, fine-grained classification, fine-grained object classification, logo retrieval, natural images, recognized scene text, spatial pairwise constraints, state-of-the-art character recognition algorithm, state-of-the-art text detection methods, text regions, textual cue encoding, textual cue extraction, textual cues, trigrams, visual cues, Character recognition, Computer vision, Feature extraction, Image coding, Text recognition, Visualization, Multimodal fusion, fine-grained classification, logo-retrieval, text detection, text, saliency BibRef

Gómez, L.[Lluís], Karatzas, D.[Dimosthenis],
TextProposals: A text-specific selective search algorithm for word spotting in the wild,
PR(70), No. 1, 2017, pp. 60-74.
Elsevier DOI 1706
Object, proposals BibRef

Yang, C., Yin, X.C., Pei, W.Y., Tian, S., Zuo, Z.Y., Zhu, C., Yan, J.,
Tracking Based Multi-Orientation Scene Text Detection: A Unified Framework With Dynamic Programming,
IP(26), No. 7, July 2017, pp. 3235-3248.
IEEE DOI 1706
Distortion, Dynamic programming, Feature extraction, Robustness, Text recognition, Tracking, Videos, Scene text detection, dynamic programming, multi-orientation scene text, tracking-based, text, detection BibRef

Zhu, Y.P.[Yuan-Ping], Zhang, K.[Kuang],
Text segmentation using superpixel clustering,
IET-IPR(11), No. 7, July 2017, pp. 455-464.
DOI Link 1707
BibRef

Kaur, A.[Amandeep], Dhir, R.[Renu], Lehal, G.S.[Gurpreet Singh],
A survey on camera-captured scene text detection and extraction: towards Gurmukhi script,
MultInfoRetr(6), No. 2, June 2017, pp. 115-142.
Springer DOI 1708
Survey, Scene Text. BibRef

Intaratat, S., Patanukhom, K.,
Self-learning structure for text localization,
MVA17(370-373)
DOI Link 1708
Couplings, Feature extraction, Image color analysis, Organizations, Robustness, Support vector machines, Training BibRef

Wang, F.L.[Feng-Lei], Guo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Lei, J.[Jun], Zhang, J.[Jun],
Convolutional recurrent neural networks with hidden Markov model bootstrap for scene text recognition,
IET-CV(11), No. 6, September 2017, pp. 497-504.
DOI Link 1709
BibRef

Li, S.H.[Shuo-Hao], Tang, M.[Min], Guo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Lei, J.[Jun], Zhang, J.[Jun],
Deep neural network with attention model for scene text recognition,
IET-CV(11), No. 7, October 2017, pp. 605-612.
DOI Link 1709
BibRef

Chen, X., Guo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Li, S.H.[Shuo-Hao], Zhang, J.[Jun],
Holistic Vertical Regional Proposal Network for scene text detection,
ICIVC17(72-77)
IEEE DOI 1708
Computational modeling, Feature extraction, Image edge detection, Machine learning, Neural networks, Object detection, Proposals, regional proposal network, scene text detection, side-outputs, vertical, anchors BibRef

Liu, Z.D.[Zhan-Dong], Li, Y.[Yong], Qi, X.W.[Xiang-Wei], Yang, Y.[Yong], Nian, M.[Mei], Zhang, H.J.[Hai-Jun], Xiamixiding, R.[Reziwanguli],
Method for unconstrained text detection in natural scene image,
IET-CV(11), No. 7, October 2017, pp. 596-604.
DOI Link 1709
BibRef


Liu, Y., Jin, L.,
Deep Matching Prior Network: Toward Tighter Multi-oriented Text Detection,
CVPR17(3454-3461)
IEEE DOI 1711
Distortion, Monte Carlo methods, Noise measurement, Protocols, Robustness, Shape BibRef

Shi, B., Bai, X., Belongie, S.,
Detecting Oriented Text in Natural Images by Linking Segments,
CVPR17(3482-3490)
IEEE DOI 1711
Feature extraction, Image segmentation, Indexes, Neural networks, Object detection, Proposals, Robustness BibRef

Zhou, X., Yao, C., Wen, H., Wang, Y., Zhou, S., He, W., Liang, J.,
EAST: An Efficient and Accurate Scene Text Detector,
CVPR17(2642-2651)
IEEE DOI 1711
Feature extraction, Geometry, Merging, Neural networks, Pipelines, Proposals, Shape BibRef

Endo, R., Kawai, Y., Sumiyoshi, H., Sano, M.,
Scene-Text-Detection Method Robust Against Orientation and Discontiguous Components of Characters,
Odometry17(941-949)
IEEE DOI 1709
Compounds, Feature extraction, Image color analysis, Robustness, Search methods, Text recognition, Training, data BibRef

Peuwnuan, K., Woraratpanya, K., Pasupa, K., Kuroki, Y.,
Local variance image-based for scene text binarization under illumination effects,
ICIVC17(798-802)
IEEE DOI 1708
Gray-scale, Ice, Image segmentation, Random access memory, Standards, adaptive thresholding, edge enhancement, illumination effect, image segmentation, local variance image, scene, text, binarization BibRef

Guan, L.B.[Lei-Bin], Chu, J.Z.[Ji-Zheng],
Natural scene text detection based on SWT, MSER and candidate classification,
ICIVC17(26-30)
IEEE DOI 1708
Computational efficiency, Feature extraction, Filtering theory, Image edge detection, Merging, Maximally Extremal Regions (MSER), Stroke Width Transform (SWT), candidate classification, connected component, text, detection BibRef

Nguyen, D., Shijian, L., Ouarti, N., Mokhtari, M.,
Text-Edge-Box: An Object Proposal Approach for Scene Texts Localization,
WACV17(1296-1305)
IEEE DOI 1609
Correlation, Distortion, Feature extraction, Image edge detection, Proposals, Text recognition, Transforms BibRef

Zhang, X.L.[Xue-Lei], Zhang, Z., Zhang, C.Q.[Cheng-Quan], Bai, X.,
Symmetry-based object proposal for text detection,
ICPR16(709-714)
IEEE DOI 1705
Brightness, Clustering algorithms, Feature extraction, Image color analysis, Object detection, Proposals, Text, recognition BibRef

Ray, A., Shah, A., Chaudhury, S.,
Recognition based text localization from natural scene images,
ICPR16(1177-1182)
IEEE DOI 1705
Character recognition, Feature extraction, Image color analysis, Image recognition, Support vector machines, Text, recognition BibRef

Liu, X., Kawanishi, T., Wu, X., Kashino, K.,
Scene text recognition with CNN classifier and WFST-based word labeling,
ICPR16(3999-4004)
IEEE DOI 1705
Character recognition, Image recognition, Labeling, Optical character recognition software, Text recognition, Training BibRef

Uchida, S., Shinahara, Y.,
What does scene text tell us?,
ICPR16(4047-4052)
IEEE DOI 1705
Context, Neural networks, Semantics, Text recognition, Training, Vocabulary BibRef

Pei, W.Y., Yang, C.[Chun], Kau, L.J.[Lih-Jen], Yin, X.C.,
Multi-orientation scene text detection with multi-information fusion,
ICPR16(657-662)
IEEE DOI 1705
Bayes methods, Convolution, Feature extraction, Image color analysis, Neural networks, Robustness, Windows BibRef

He, D.F.[Da-Fang], Yang, X.[Xiao], Huang, W.[Wenyi], Zhou, Z.[Zihan], Kifer, D.[Daniel], Giles, C.L.[C. Lee],
Aggregating Local Context for Accurate Scene Text Detection,
ACCV16(V: 280-296).
Springer DOI 1704
BibRef

Jiang, X., Lian, J., Xia, Z., Feng, X., Hadid, A.,
Fast Chinese character detection from complex scenes,
IPTA16(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1703
character recognition BibRef

Ibrahim, A.[Ahmed], Abbott, A.L.[A. Lynn], Hussein, M.E.[Mohamed E.],
An Image Dataset of Text Patches in Everyday Scenes,
ISVC16(II: 291-300).
Springer DOI 1701
Dataset, Scene Text. BibRef

Liu, R.Z.[Ruo-Ze], Sun, X.[Xin], Xu, H.L.[Hai-Liang], Shivakumara, P.[Palaiahnakote], Su, F.[Feng], Lu, T.[Tong], Yang, R.[Ruoyu],
Robust Scene Text Detection for Multi-script Languages Using Deep Learning,
MMMod17(I: 329-340).
Springer DOI 1701
BibRef

Liu, S.[Shun], Xie, H.T.[Hong-Tao], Zhou, C.[Chuan], Mao, Z.D.[Zhen-Dong],
Uyghur Language Text Detection in Complex Background Images Using Enhanced MSERs,
MMMod17(I: 490-500).
Springer DOI 1701
BibRef

Cho, H., Sung, M., Jun, B.,
Canny Text Detector: Fast and Robust Scene Text Localization Algorithm,
CVPR16(3566-3573)
IEEE DOI 1612
BibRef

Rohrbach, A.[Anna], Rohrbach, M.[Marcus], Hu, R.[Ronghang], Darrell, T.J.[Trevor J.], Schiele, B.[Bernt],
Grounding of Textual Phrases in Images by Reconstruction,
ECCV16(I: 817-834).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef

Tian, Z.[Zhi], Huang, W.[Weilin], He, T.[Tong], He, P.[Pan], Qiao, Y.[Yu],
Detecting Text in Natural Image with Connectionist Text Proposal Network,
ECCV16(VIII: 56-72).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef

Anderson, P.[Peter], Fernando, B.[Basura], Johnson, M.[Mark], Gould, S.[Stephen],
SPICE: Semantic Propositional Image Caption Evaluation,
ECCV16(V: 382-398).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef

Patel, Y.[Yash], Gomez, L.[Lluis], Rusiñol, M.[Marçal], Karatzas, D.[Dimosthenis],
Dynamic Lexicon Generation for Natural Scene Images,
IWRR16(I: 395-410).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef

Yalniz, I.Z.[Ismet Zeki], Gray, D.[Douglas], Manmatha, R.,
Efficient Exploration of Text Regions in Natural Scene Images Using Adaptive Image Sampling,
IWRR16(I: 427-439).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef

Zhang, L., Fang, B., Zhao, X., Zhang, H.S.,
Pointer-type meter automatic reading from complex environment based on visual saliency,
ICWAPR16(264-269)
IEEE DOI 1611
Detectors BibRef

Li, G., Liu, J., Zhang, S., Zheng, Y.,
Scene text detection with extremal region based cascaded filtering,
ICIP16(2896-2900)
IEEE DOI 1610
Entropy BibRef

Aramaki, Y., Matsui, Y., Yamasaki, T., Aizawa, K.,
Text detection in manga by combining connected-component-based and region-based classifications,
ICIP16(2901-2905)
IEEE DOI 1610
Feature extraction BibRef

Ito, K., Matsui, Y., Yamasaki, T., Aizawa, K.,
Interactive region segmentation for manga,
ICPR16(2386-2391)
IEEE DOI 1705
Image color analysis, Image edge detection, Image segmentation, Pattern recognition, Protocols, Software BibRef

Hofmann, S., Gropp, M., Bernecker, D., Pollin, C., Maier, A., Christlein, V.,
Vesselness for text detection in historical document images,
ICIP16(3259-3263)
IEEE DOI 1610
Encoding BibRef

Zhu, R., Mao, X.J., Zhu, Q.H., Li, N., Yang, Y.B.,
Text detection based on convolutional neural networks with spatial pyramid pooling,
ICIP16(1032-1036)
IEEE DOI 1610
Feature extraction BibRef

Diaz-Escobar, J.[Julia], Kober, V.[Vitaly],
Text Detection in Digital Images Captured with Low Resolution Under Nonuniform Illumination Conditions,
MCPR16(3-12).
Springer DOI 1608
BibRef

Baig, A.[Asim], Al-Maadeed, S.[Somaya], Bouridane, A.[Ahmed], Cheriet, M.[Mohamed],
Direct Unsupervised Text Line Extraction from Colored Historical Manuscript Images Using DCT,
ICIAR16(753-762).
Springer DOI 1608
BibRef

Qin, S., Manduchi, R.,
A fast and robust text spotter,
WACV16(1-8)
IEEE DOI 1606
Benchmark testing BibRef

Xiong, B., Grauman, K.,
Text detection in stores using a repetition prior,
WACV16(1-9)
IEEE DOI 1606
Cameras BibRef

Tian, S., Pan, Y., Huang, C., Lu, S., Yu, K., Tan, C.L.,
Text Flow: A Unified Text Detection System in Natural Scene Images,
ICCV15(4651-4659)
IEEE DOI 1602
Boosting BibRef

Buta, M., Neumann, L., Matas, J.,
FASText: Efficient Unconstrained Scene Text Detector,
ICCV15(1206-1214)
IEEE DOI 1602
Detectors BibRef

Mehta, R.[Rakesh], Chum, O.[Ondrej], Matas, J.[Jiri],
Towards visual words to words,
ICDAR15(641-645)
IEEE DOI 1511
BibRef

Kachouri, R.[Rostom], Armas, C.M.[Christian Medina], Akil, M.[Mohamed],
Gamma correction acceleration for real-time text extraction from complex colored images,
ICIP15(527-531)
IEEE DOI 1511
Complex Images BibRef

Chen, K.[Kai], Yin, F.[Fei], Hussain, A.[Amir], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Efficient text localization in born-digital images by local contrast-based segmentation,
ICDAR15(291-295)
IEEE DOI 1511
Text localization BibRef

Hedjam, R.[Rachid], Nafchi, H.Z.[Hossein Ziaei], Moghaddam, R.F.[Reza Farrahi], Kalacska, M.[Margaret], Cheriet, M.[Mohamed],
ICDAR 2015 contest on MultiSpectral Text Extraction (MS-TEx 2015),
ICDAR15(1181-1185)
IEEE DOI 1511
Document Image Binarization BibRef

Sung, M.C.[Myung-Chul], Jun, B.J.[Bong-Jin], Cho, H.[Hojin], Kim, D.J.[Dai-Jin],
Scene text detection with robust character candidate extraction method,
ICDAR15(426-430)
IEEE DOI 1511
BibRef

Gao, R.[Renwu], Eguchi, S.[Shoma], Uchida, S.[Seiichi],
True color distributions of scene text and background,
ICDAR15(506-510)
IEEE DOI 1511
BibRef

Zuo, Z.Y.[Ze-Yu], Tian, S.[Shu], Pei, W.Y.[Wei-Yi], Yin, X.C.[Xu-Cheng],
Multi-strategy tracking based text detection in scene videos,
ICDAR15(66-70)
IEEE DOI 1511
BibRef

Wang, Q.Q.[Qing-Qing], Lu, Y.[Yue], Wen, Y.[Ying],
Scene text detection using sequential nontext filtering,
ICIP15(1742-1746)
IEEE DOI 1511
MSER BibRef

Wang, Q.Q.[Qing-Qing], Lu, Y.[Yue], Sun, S.L.[Shi-Liang],
Text detection in nature scene images using two-stage nontext filtering,
ICDAR15(106-110)
IEEE DOI 1511
CRF; MSERs; edge-cut; nontext filtering; random forests; text detection BibRef

Sharma, N.[Nabin], Mandal, R.[Ranju], Sharma, R.[Rabi], Pal, U.[Umapada], Blumenstein, M.[Michael],
ICDAR2015 Competition on Video Script Identification (CVSI 2015),
ICDAR15(1196-1200)
IEEE DOI 1511
Video scripts identification BibRef

Jomaa, H.S.[Hadi S.], Awad, M.[Mariette], Ghaibeh, L.[Lina],
Panel Tracking for the Extraction and the Classification of Speech Balloons,
CIAP15(II:394-405).
Springer DOI 1511
BibRef

Zhang, C.Q.[Cheng-Quan], Yao, C.[Cong], Shi, B.G.[Bao-Guang], Bai, X.[Xiang],
Automatic discrimination of text and non-text natural images,
ICDAR15(886-890)
IEEE DOI 1511
BibRef

Zhang, Z.[Zheng], Shen, W.[Wei], Yao, C.[Cong], Bai, X.[Xiang],
Symmetry-based text line detection in natural scenes,
CVPR15(2558-2567)
IEEE DOI 1510
BibRef

Chiba, N.[Naoki], Liu, X.[Xinhao],
Character extraction by integrating color into edge-based methods,
MVA15(73-76)
IEEE DOI 1507
Brightness BibRef

Aswatha, S.M.[Shashaank M.], Talla, A.N.[Ananth Nath], Mukhopadhyay, J.[Jayanta], Bhowmick, P.[Partha],
A Method for Extracting Text from Stone Inscriptions Using Character Spotting,
eHeritage14(598-611).
Springer DOI 1504
BibRef

Tonouchi, Y.[Yojiro], Suzuki, K.[Kaoru], Osada, K.[Kunio],
A Hybrid Approach to Detect Texts in Natural Scenes by Integration of a Connected-Component Method and a Sliding-Window Method,
IWRR14(106-118).
Springer DOI 1504
BibRef

Gallo, I.[Ignazio], Zamberletti, A.[Alessandro], Noce, L.[Lucia],
Robust Angle Invariant GAS Meter Reading,
DICTA15(1-7)
IEEE DOI 1603
BibRef
And: A2, A3, A1:
Text Localization Based on Fast Feature Pyramids and Multi-Resolution Maximally Stable Extremal Regions,
IWRR14(91-105).
Springer DOI 1504
automatic meter reading BibRef

Cormier, M.[Michael], Cohen, R.[Robin], Mann, R.[Richard], Rahim, K.[Kamal], Wang, D.L.[Dong-Lin],
A Robust Vision-Based Framework for Screen Readers,
ACVR14(555-569).
Springer DOI 1504
Not just web source reading. BibRef

Shivakuamra, P.[Palaiahnakote], Lubani, M.[Mohamed], Wong, K.[KokSheik], Lu, T.[Tong],
Optical flow based dynamic curved video text detection,
ICIP14(1668-1672)
IEEE DOI 1502
Adaptive optics BibRef

Ye, Q.X.[Qi-Xiang], Doermann, D.S.[David S.],
Robust scene text detection using integrated feature discrimination,
ICIP14(1678-1682)
IEEE DOI 1502
Clustering algorithms BibRef

Inai, K.[Kohei], Palsson, M.[Marten], Frinken, V.[Volkmar], Feng, Y.[Yaokai], Uchida, S.[Seiichi],
Selective Concealment of Characters for Privacy Protection,
ICPR14(333-338)
IEEE DOI 1412
Degrade legibility of textual info in images. Feature extraction BibRef

Gomez, L.[Llifs], Karatzas, D.[Dimosthenis],
MSER-Based Real-Time Text Detection and Tracking,
ICPR14(3110-3115)
IEEE DOI 1412
Cameras BibRef

Sun, L.[Lei], Huo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Jia, W.[Wei], Chen, K.[Kai],
Robust Text Detection in Natural Scene Images by Generalized Color-Enhanced Contrasting Extremal Region and Neural Networks,
ICPR14(2715-2720)
IEEE DOI 1412
Accuracy BibRef

Zhang, Z.[Zhike], Wang, W.Q.[Wei-Qiang], Lu, K.[Ke],
Video Text Extraction Using the Fusion of Color Gradient and Log-Gabor Filter,
ICPR14(2938-2943)
IEEE DOI 1412
Accuracy BibRef

Jaderberg, M.[Max], Vedaldi, A.[Andrea], Zisserman, A.[Andrew],
Deep Features for Text Spotting,
ECCV14(IV: 512-528).
Springer DOI 1408
BibRef

Wang, L.[Liwei], Li, Y., Lazebnik, S.[Svetlana],
Learning Deep Structure-Preserving Image-Text Embeddings,
CVPR16(5005-5013)
IEEE DOI 1612
BibRef

Gong, Y.[Yunchao], Wang, L.[Liwei], Hodosh, M.[Micah], Hockenmaier, J.[Julia], Lazebnik, S.[Svetlana],
Improving Image-Sentence Embeddings Using Large Weakly Annotated Photo Collections,
ECCV14(IV: 529-545).
Springer DOI 1408
BibRef

Chiba, N.,
Text Image Classifier Using Image-Wise Annotation,
ACPR13(877-881)
IEEE DOI 1408
document image processing BibRef

Liu, X.H.[Xin-Hao], Chiba, N.,
Transparent Text Detection and Background Recovery,
ACPR13(642-646)
IEEE DOI 1408
edge detection BibRef

Wang, H.C.[Hsueh-Cheng], Landa, Y.[Yafim], Fallon, M.[Maurice], Teller, S.[Seth],
Spatially Prioritized and Persistent Text Detection and Decoding,
CBDAR13(3-17).
Springer DOI 1404
BibRef

Ye, Q.X.[Qi-Xiang], Doermann, D.S.[David S.],
Scene Text Detection via Integrated Discrimination of Component Appearance and Consensus,
CBDAR13(47-59).
Springer DOI 1404
BibRef

Wang, L.[Liuan], Fan, W.[Wei], He, Y.[Yuan], Sun, J.[Jun], Katsuyama, Y.[Yutaka], Hotta, Y.[Yoshinobu],
Fast and Accurate Text Detection in Natural Scene Images with User-Intention,
ICPR14(2920-2925)
IEEE DOI 1412
Classification algorithms BibRef

Wang, L.[Liuan], Katsuyama, Y.[Yutaka], Fan, W.[Wei], He, Y.[Yuan], Sun, J.[Jun], Hotta, Y.[Yoshinobu],
Text detection in natural scene images with user-intention,
ICIP13(2256-2259)
IEEE DOI 1402
double edge symmetry BibRef

Li, L.[Liang], Panichkriangkrai, C., Hachimura, K.,
Ukiyo-e Rakkan Retrieval System,
ICDAR13(150-154)
IEEE DOI 1312
Rakkan: signature of the artist for a completed painting. BibRef

Roy, A., Parui, S.K., Roy, U.,
A Pair-Copula Based Scheme for Text Extraction from Digital Images,
ICDAR13(892-896)
IEEE DOI 1312
feature extraction BibRef

Raza, A., Siddiqi, I., Djeddi, C., Ennaji, A.,
Multilingual Artificial Text Detection Using a Cascade of Transforms,
ICDAR13(309-313)
IEEE DOI 1312
feature extraction BibRef

Zhou, Y.[Yahan], Feild, J.L., Learned-Miller, E.G., Wang, R.[Rui],
Scene Text Segmentation via Inverse Rendering,
ICDAR13(457-461)
IEEE DOI 1312
image colour analysis BibRef

Huang, R.[Rong], Shivakumara, P., Uchida, S.,
Scene Character Detection by an Edge-Ray Filter,
ICDAR13(462-466)
IEEE DOI 1312
edge detection BibRef

Terada, Y., Huang, R.[Rong], Feng, Y.[Yaokai], Uchida, S.,
On the Possibility of Structure Learning-Based Scene Character Detector,
ICDAR13(472-476)
IEEE DOI 1312
character recognition BibRef

Gao, S.[Song], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Shi, C.Z.[Cun-Zhao], Zhang, Y.[Yang], Lv, Z.J.[Zhi-Jian], Shi, Y.Q.[Yan-Qin],
Adaptive Scene Text Detection Based on Transferring Adaboost,
ICDAR13(388-392)
IEEE DOI 1312
image classification BibRef

Tian, S.X.[Shang-Xuan], Shivakumara, P., Phan, T.Q.[Trung Quy], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Scene Character Reconstruction through Medial Axis,
ICDAR13(1360-1364)
IEEE DOI 1312
character recognition BibRef

Zagoris, K., Pratikakis, I.,
Text Detection in Natural Images Using Bio-inspired Models,
ICDAR13(1370-1374)
IEEE DOI 1312
text detection BibRef

Bai, B.[Bo], Yin, F.[Fei], Liu, C.L.[Cheng Lin],
Scene Text Localization Using Gradient Local Correlation,
ICDAR13(1380-1384)
IEEE DOI 1312
image classification BibRef

Fidler, S.[Sanja], Sharma, A.[Abhishek], Urtasun, R.[Raquel],
A Sentence Is Worth a Thousand Pixels,
CVPR13(1995-2002)
IEEE DOI 1309
Holistic scene models; Images and text; Scene understanding BibRef

Clavelli, A.[Antonio], Karatzas, D.[Dimosthenis], Lladós, J.[Josep], Ferraro, M.[Mario],
Towards Modelling an Attention-Based Text Localization Process,
IbPRIA13(296-303).
Springer DOI 1307
BibRef

Liu, X.Q.[Xiao-Qian], Lu, K.[Ke], Wang, W.Q.[Wei-Qiang],
Effectively localize text in natural scene images,
ICPR12(1197-1200).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Sun, L.[Lei], Huo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang],
A component-tree based method for user-intention guided text extraction,
ICPR12(633-636).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Gonzalez, A.[Alvaro], Bergasa, L.M.[Luis M.], Yebes, J.J.[J. Javier], Bronte, S.[Sebastian],
Text location in complex images,
ICPR12(617-620).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Phan, T.Q.[Trung Quy], Shivakumara, P.[Palaiahnakote], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Text detection in natural scenes using Gradient Vector Flow-Guided symmetry,
ICPR12(3296-3299).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Zhang, Y.[Yong], Lai, J.H.[Jian-Huang],
Arbitrarily oriented text detection using geodesic distances between corners and skeletons,
ICPR12(1896-1899).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Felhi, M.[Mehdi], Bonnier, N.[Nicolas], Tabbone, S.A.[Salvatore A.],
A skeleton based descriptor for detecting text in real scene images,
ICPR12(282-285).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Banerjee, S.[Sudipto], Mullick, K.[Koustav], Bhattacharya, U.[Ujjwal],
A Robust Approach to Extraction of Texts from Camera Captured Images,
CBDAR13(30-46).
Springer DOI 1404
BibRef

Du, Y.N.[Yu-Ning], Duan, G.Q.[Gen-Quan], Ai, H.Z.[Hai-Zhou],
Context-based text detection in natural scenes,
ICIP12(1857-1860).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Zhang, Y.[Yang], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Xiao, B.H.[Bai-Hua], Shi, C.Z.[Cun-Zhao],
A New Text Extraction Method Incorporating Local Information,
FHR12(252-255).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Kumar, G.[Gaurav], Shi, Z.[Zhixin], Setlur, S.[Srirangaraj], Govindaraju, V.[Venu], Ramachandrula, S.[Sitaram],
Keyword Spotting Framework Using Dynamic Background Model,
FHR12(582-587).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Ben-Ami, I.[Idan], Basha, T.[Tali], Avidan, S.[Shai],
Racing Bib Numbers Recognition,
BMVC12(19).
DOI Link 1301
BibRef

Yang, C.L.[Chun-Lei], Wong, P.C.[Pak Chung], Ribarsky, W.[William], Fan, J.P.[Jian-Ping],
Efficient graffiti image retrieval,
ICMR12(36).
DOI Link 1301
graffiti character recognition and retrieval BibRef

Sheshadri, K.[Karthik], Divvala, S.K.[Santosh K.],
Exemplar Driven Character Recognition in the Wild,
BMVC12(13).
DOI Link 1301
BibRef

Yao, C.[Cong], Bai, X.[Xiang], Liu, W.Y.[Wen-Yu], Ma, Y.[Yi], Tu, Z.W.[Zhuo-Wen],
Detecting texts of arbitrary orientations in natural images,
CVPR12(1083-1090).
IEEE DOI 1208
BibRef

Zhou, G.[Gang], Liu, Y.H.[Yue-Hu], Tian, Z.Q.[Zhi-Qiang], Su, Y.Q.[Yuan-Qi],
A new hybrid method to detect text in natural scene,
ICIP11(2605-2608).
IEEE DOI 1201
BibRef

Tsai, S.S.[Sam S.], Chen, H.Z.[Hui-Zhong], Chen, D.[David], Schroth, G.[Georg], Grzeszczuk, R.[Radek], Girod, B.[Bernd],
Mobile visual search on printed documents using text and low bit-rate features,
ICIP11(2601-2604).
IEEE DOI 1201
BibRef

Chen, H.Z.[Hui-Zhong], Tsai, S.S.[Sam S.], Schroth, G.[Georg], Chen, D.M.[David M.], Grzeszczuk, R.[Radek], Girod, B.[Bernd],
Robust text detection in natural images with edge-enhanced Maximally Stable Extremal Regions,
ICIP11(2609-2612).
IEEE DOI 1201
BibRef

Rais, M.[Martin], Goussies, N.A.[Norberto A.], Mejail, M.E.[Marta E.],
Using Adaptive Run Length Smoothing Algorithm for Accurate Text Localization in Images,
CIARP11(149-156).
Springer DOI 1111
BibRef

Du, J.[Jun], Huo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Sun, L.[Lei], Sun, J.[Jian],
Snap and Translate Using Windows Phone,
ICDAR11(809-813).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef

Du, Y.[Yuning], Ai, H.Z.[Hai-Zhou], Lao, S.H.[Shi-Hong],
Dot Text Detection Based on FAST Points,
ICDAR11(435-439).
IEEE DOI 1111
Not strokes, but dots. BibRef

Gleichman, S.[Sivan], Ophir, B.[Boaz], Geva, A.B.[Amir B.], Marder, M.[Mattias], Barkan, E.[Ella], Packer, E.[Eli],
Detection and Segmentation of Antialiased Text in Screen Images,
ICDAR11(424-428).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef

Coates, A.[Adam], Carpenter, B.[Blake], Case, C.[Carl], Satheesh, S.[Sanjeev], Suresh, B.[Bipin], Wang, T.[Tao], Wu, D.J.[David J.], Ng, A.Y.[Andrew Y.],
Text Detection and Character Recognition in Scene Images with Unsupervised Feature Learning,
ICDAR11(440-445).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef

Pan, Y.F.[Yi-Feng], Zhu, Y.P.[Yuan-Ping], Sun, J.[Jun], Naoi, S.[Satoshi],
Improving Scene Text Detection by Scale-Adaptive Segmentation and Weighted CRF Verification,
ICDAR11(759-763).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef

Zhu, Y.P.[Yuan-Ping], Sun, J.[Jun], Naoi, S.[Satoshi],
Recognizing Natural Scene Characters by Convolutional Neural Network and Bimodal Image Enhancement,
CBDAR11(69-82).
Springer DOI 1204
BibRef

Pan, P.[Pan], Zhu, Y.P.[Yuan-Ping], Sun, J.[Jun], Naoi, S.[Satoshi],
Recognizing Characters with Severe Perspective Distortion Using Hash Tables and Perspective Invariants,
ICDAR11(548-552).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef

Sun, J., Huang, K., Hotta, Y., Fujimoto, K., Naoi, S.,
Degraded Character Recognition by Complementary Classifiers Combination,
ICDAR07(579-583).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Uchida, S.[Seiichi], Shigeyoshi, Y.[Yuki], Kunishige, Y.[Yasuhiro], Yaokai, F.[Feng],
A Keypoint-Based Approach toward Scenery Character Detection,
ICDAR11(819-823).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef

Kunishige, Y.[Yasuhiro], Yaokai, F.[Feng], Uchida, S.[Seiichi],
Scenery Character Detection with Environmental Context,
ICDAR11(1049-1053).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef

Lee, J.J.[Jung-Jin], Lee, P.H.[Pyoung-Hean], Lee, S.W.[Seong-Whan], Yuille, A.L.[Alan L.], Koch, C.[Christof],
AdaBoost for Text Detection in Natural Scene,
ICDAR11(429-434).
IEEE DOI 1111
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Liu, J.[Jie], Li, H.P.[He-Ping], Zhang, S.[Shuwu], Liang, W.[Wei],
A Novel Italic Detection and Rectification Method for Chinese Advertising Images,
ICDAR11(698-702).
IEEE DOI 1111
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Zhang, H.W.[Hong-Wei], Liu, C.S.[Chang-Song], Yang, C.[Cheng], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Wang, K.Q.[Kong-Qiao],
An Improved Scene Text Extraction Method Using Conditional Random Field and Optical Character Recognition,
ICDAR11(708-712).
IEEE DOI 1111
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Iwamura, M.[Masakazu], Kobayashi, T.[Takuya], Matsuda, T., Kise, K.[Koichi],
Recognition of Layout-Free Characters on Complex Background,
ACPR13(740-741)
IEEE DOI 1408
character recognition BibRef

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Recognition of Multiple Characters in a Scene Image Using Arrangement of Local Features,
ICDAR11(1409-1413).
IEEE DOI 1111
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Situ, L.J.[Liang-Ji], Liu, R.[Ruizhe], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Text Localization in Web Images Using Probabilistic Candidate Selection Model,
ICDAR11(1359-1363).
IEEE DOI 1111
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A Hierarchical Visual Saliency Model for Character Detection in Natural Scenes,
CBDAR13(18-29).
Springer DOI 1404
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Shahab, A.[Asif], Shafait, F.[Faisal], Dengel, A.R.[Andreas R.],
Bayesian Approach to Photo Time-Stamp Recognition,
ICDAR11(1039-1043).
IEEE DOI 1111
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Karatzas, D.[Dimosthenis], Gomez-Bigorda, L.[Lluis], Nicolaou, A.[Anguelos], Ghosh, S.[Suman], Bagdanov, A.[Andrew], Iwamura, M.[Masakazu], Matas, J.[Jiri], Neumann, L.[Lukas], Chandrasekhar, V.R.[Vijay Ramaseshan], Lu, S.[Shijian], Shafait, F.[Faisal], Uchida, S.[Seiichi], Valveny, E.[Ernest],
ICDAR 2015 competition on Robust Reading,
ICDAR15(1156-1160)
IEEE DOI 1511
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Karatzas, D., Shafait, F., Uchida, S., Iwamura, M., Gomez i Bigorda, L., Robles Mestre, S., Mas, J., Fernandez Mota, D., Almazan Almazan, J., de las Heras, L.P.,
ICDAR 2013 Robust Reading Competition,
ICDAR13(1484-1493)
IEEE DOI 1312
feature extraction BibRef

Shahab, A.[Asif], Shafait, F.[Faisal], Dengel, A.R.[Andreas R.],
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IEEE DOI 1111
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Jaber, T., Amira, A., Milligan, P.,
Textual noise analysis and removal for effective search engines,
EUVIP10(129-133).
IEEE DOI 1110
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Makridis, M.[Michael], Mitrakis, N.E.[Nikolaos E.], Nikolaou, N.[Nikolaos], Papamarkos, N.[Nikolaos],
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Springer DOI 1105
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Trémeau, A.[Alain], Godau, C.[Christoph], Karaoglu, S.[Sezer], Muselet, D.[Damien],
Detecting Text in Natural Scenes Based on a Reduction of Photometric Effects: Problem of Color Invariance,
CCIW11(214-229).
Springer DOI 1104
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Trémeau, A.[Alain], Fernando, B.[Basura], Karaoglu, S.[Sezer], Muselet, D.[Damien],
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CCIW11(230-244).
Springer DOI 1104
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Karaoglu, S.[Sezer], Fernando, B.[Basura], Tremeau, A.[Alain],
A Novel Algorithm for Text Detection and Localization in Natural Scene Images,
DICTA10(635-642).
IEEE DOI 1012
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Petter, M.[Marc], Fragoso, V.[Victor], Turk, M.[Matthew], Baur, C.[Charles],
Automatic text detection for mobile augmented reality translation,
IWMV11(48-55).
IEEE DOI 1201
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Fragoso, V.[Victor], Gauglitz, S.[Steffen], Zamora, S.[Shane], Kleban, J.[Jim], Turk, M.A.[Matthew A.],
TranslatAR: A mobile augmented reality translator,
WACV11(497-502).
IEEE DOI 1101
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Sanketi, P.[Pannag], Shen, H.Y.[Hui-Ying], Coughlan, J.M.[James M.],
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WACV11(503-510).
IEEE DOI 1101
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Fernando, B.[Basura], Fromont, E., Muselet, D.[Damien], Sebban, M.,
Accurate visual word construction using a supervised approach,
IVCNZ10(1-7).
IEEE DOI 1203
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Pan, Y.F.[Yi-Feng], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin], Hou, X.W.[Xin-Wen],
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ICIP10(2269-2272).
IEEE DOI 1009
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Mavaddat, N.[Navid], Kim, T.K.[Tae-Kyun], Cipolla, R.[Roberto],
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MVA09(94-).
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Sun, Q.Y.[Qiao-Yu], Lu, Y.[Yue], Sun, S.L.[Shi-Liang],
A Visual Attention Based Approach to Text Extraction,
ICPR10(3991-3995).
IEEE DOI 1008
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Jung, I.[Insook], Oh, I.S.[Il-Seok],
Local Binary Pattern-Based Features for Text Identification of Web Images,
ICPR10(4320-4323).
IEEE DOI 1008
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Anthimopoulos, M.[Marios], Vlissidis, N.[Nikolaos], Gatos, B.[Basilis],
A Pixel-Based Evaluation Method for Text Detection in Color Images,
ICPR10(3264-3267).
IEEE DOI 1008
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Anoual, H.[Hinde], El Fkihi, S.[Sanaa], Jilbab, A.[Abdelilah], Aboutajdine, D.[Driss],
New Approach Based on Texture and Geometric Features for Text Detection,
ICISP10(157-164).
Springer DOI 1006
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Choi, S.H.[Sung-Hoo], Yun, J.P.[Jong Pil], Sim, S.B.[Seung-Bo], Kim, S.W.[Sang Woo],
Edge-based text localization and character segmentation algorithms for automatic slab information recognition,
IASP10(387-392).
IEEE DOI 1004
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dos Santos Cardoso, J.[Jaime],
Stable text line detection,
WACV09(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0912
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Halidan, A., Maitimusha, K., Yan, Z.[Zhou],
Uygur Words Localization in Single Frame Image of Complex Background,
CISP09(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0910
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O'Grady, R., Cohen, C.J., Beach, G., Moody, G.,
NaviGaze: enabling access to digital media for the profoundly disabled,
AIPR04(211-216).
IEEE DOI 0410
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Clavelli, A.[Antonio], Karatzas, D.[Dimosthenis],
Text Segmentation in Colour Posters from the Spanish Civil War Era,
ICDAR09(181-185).
IEEE DOI 0907
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Lettner, M.[Martin], Sablatnig, R.[Robert],
Combining Spectral and Spatial Features for Robust Foreground-Background Separation,
ICPR10(1969-1972).
IEEE DOI 1008
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Earlier:
Spatial and Spectral Based Segmentation of Text in Multispectral Images of Ancient Documents,
ICDAR09(813-817).
IEEE DOI 0907
BibRef
Earlier:
Texture and Profile Features for Drawing Media Recognition in Underdrawings,
ICPR06(II: 308-311).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Chowdhury, S.P.[Shyama Prosad], Dhar, S.[Soumyadeep], Das, A.K.[Amit Kumar], Chanda, B.[Bhabatosh], McMenemy, K.[Karen],
Robust Extraction of Text from Camera Images,
ICDAR09(1280-1284).
IEEE DOI 0907
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Zini, L.[Luca], Destrero, A.[Augusto], Odone, F.[Francesca],
A Classification Architecture Based on Connected Components for Text Detection in Unconstrained Environments,
AVSBS09(176-181).
IEEE DOI 0909
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Hanif, S.M.[Shehzad Muhammad], Prevost, L.[Lionel],
Text Detection and Localization in Complex Scene Images using Constrained AdaBoost Algorithm,
ICDAR09(1-5).
IEEE DOI 0907
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Emmanouilidis, C.[Christos], Batsalas, C.[Costas], Papamarkos, N.[Nikos],
Development and Evaluation of Text Localization Techniques Based on Structural Texture Features and Neural Classifiers,
ICDAR09(1270-1274).
IEEE DOI 0907
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Zhou, H.N.[Han-Ning], Liu, Z.Y.[Zong-Yi],
Page frame segmentation for contextual advertising in print on demand books,
InterNet09(17-22).
IEEE DOI 0906
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Liu, Z.Y.[Zong-Yi], Sarkar, S.[Sudeep],
Robust outdoor text detection using text intensity and shape features,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
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Hanif, S.M.[Shehzad Muhammad], Prevost, L.[Lionel], Negri, P.A.[Pablo Augusto],
A cascade detector for text detection in natural scene images,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
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Liu, F.[Fang], Peng, X.[Xiang], Wang, T.[Tianjiang], Lu, S.F.[Song-Feng],
A density-based approach for text extraction in images,
ICPR08(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0812
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Jafri, S.A.R.[Syed Ali Raza], Boutin, M.[Mireille], Delp, E.J.[Edward J.],
Automatic text area segmentation in natural images,
ICIP08(3196-3199).
IEEE DOI 0810
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Bernard, J.B.[Jean-Baptiste], Tlapale, E.[Emilien], Faure, G.[Geraldine], Castet, E.[Eric], Kornprobst, P.[Pierre],
Navisio: Towards an integrated reading aid system for low vision patients,
CVAVI08(xx-yy). 0810
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Graffiti Detection Using Two Views,
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Tombari, F.[Federico], di Stefano, L.[Luigi], Mattoccia, S.[Stefano], Zanetti, A.[Andrea],
Graffiti Detection Using a Time-Of-Flight Camera,
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Xu, P.F.[Peng-Fei], Ji, R.R.[Rong-Rong], Yao, H.X.[Hong-Xun], Sun, X.S.[Xiao-Shuai], Liu, T.Q.[Tian-Qiang], Liu, X.M.[Xian-Ming],
Text Particles Multi-band Fusion for Robust Text Detection,
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Kandan, R., Reddy, N.K.[Nirup Kumar], Arvind, K.R., Ramakrishnan, A.G.,
A Robust Two Level Classification Algorithm for Text Localization in Documents,
ISVC07(II: 96-105).
Springer DOI 0711
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Beaufort, R., Mancas-Thillou, C.,
A Weighted Finite-State Framework for Correcting Errors in Natural Scene OCR,
ICDAR07(889-893).
IEEE DOI 0709
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Ma, Y., Wang, C., Xiao, B., Dai, R.,
Usage-Oriented Performance Evaluation for Text Localization Algorithms,
ICDAR07(1033-1037).
IEEE DOI 0709
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Mancas-Thillou, C., Gosselin, B.,
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ICIP06(985-988).
IEEE DOI 0610
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Farooq, F.[Faisal], Sridharan, K.[Karthik], Govindaraju, V.[Venu],
Identifying Handwritten Text in Mixed Documents,
ICPR06(II: 1142-1145).
IEEE DOI 0609
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Shen, H.Y.[Hui-Ying], Coughlan, J.L.[James L.],
Grouping Using Factor Graphs: An Approach for Finding Text with a Camera Phone,
GbRPR07(394-403).
Springer DOI 0706
BibRef
Earlier:
Finding Text in Natural Scenes by Figure-Ground Segmentation,
ICPR06(IV: 113-118).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef
And:
Reading LCD/LED Displays with a Camera Cell Phone,
EmbedCV06(119).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Claudino, L.M.B.[Leonardo M. B.], Braga, A.P.[Antônio P.], Araújo, A.A.[Arnaldo A.], Oliveira, A.F.[André F.],
Unsupervised Segmentation of Text Fragments in Real Scenes,
CIAP05(399-406).
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Liu, C.M.[Chun-Mei], Wang, C.H.[Chun-Heng], Dai, R.W.[Ru-Wei],
Text detection in images based on unsupervised classification of edge-based features,
ICDAR05(II: 610-614).
IEEE DOI 0508
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Bargeron, D., Viola, P., Simard, P.Y.,
Boosting-based transductive learning for text detection,
ICDAR05(II: 1166-1171).
IEEE DOI 0508
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Li, C.[Chuang], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Wu, Y.S.[You-Shou],
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ICDAR01(1069-1073).
IEEE DOI 0109
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Nourbakhsh, F.[Farshad], Pati, P.B.[Peeta Basa], Ramakrishnan, A.G.,
Text Localization and Extraction from Complex Gray Images,
ICCVGIP06(776-785).
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Raju, S.S.[S. Sabari], Pati, P.B., Ramakrishnan, A.G.,
Text Localization and Extraction from Complex Color Images,
ISVC05(486-493).
Springer DOI 0512
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Kim, J.S.[Ji-Soo], Park, S.C.[Sang-Cheol], Kim, S.H.[Soo-Hyung],
Text locating from natural scene images using image intensities,
ICDAR05(II: 655-659).
IEEE DOI 0508
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Zhang, D.Q.[Dong-Qing], Chang, S.F.[Shih-Fu],
Learning to Detect Scene Text Using a Higher-Order MRF with Belief Propagation,
LCV04(101).
IEEE DOI 0406
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Yamaguchi, T., Maruyama, M.,
Character extraction from natural scene images by hierarchical classifiers,
ICPR04(II: 687-690).
IEEE DOI 0409
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Song, Y.J., Kim, K.C., Choi, Y.W., Byun, H.R., Kim, S.H., Chi, S.Y., Jang, D.K., Chung, Y.K.,
Text region extraction and text segmentation on camera-captured document style images,
ICDAR05(I: 172-176).
IEEE DOI 0508
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Kim, K.C., Byun, H.R., Song, Y.J., Choi, Y.W., Chi, S.Y., Kim, K.K., Chung, Y.K.,
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ICPR04(II: 679-682).
IEEE DOI 0409
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Iso, T., Kurakake, S., Sugimura, T.,
Visual-tag reader: image capture by cell phone camera,
ICIP03(III: 557-560).
IEEE Abstract. 0312
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Scene Text Extraction in Complex Images,
DAS02(329 ff.).
Springer DOI 0303
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Kise, K.[Koichi], Tsujino, M.[Masaaki], Matsumoto, K.[Keinosuke],
Spotting Where to Read on Pages: Retrieval of Relevant Parts from Page Images,
DAS02(388 ff.).
Springer DOI 0303
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Yamaguchi, T., Nakano, Y.,
Extraction of place-name from natural scenes,
FHR02(239-243).
IEEE Top Reference. 0209
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Wang, H.[Hao],
Automatic character location and segmentation in color scene images,
CIAP01(2-7).
WWW Link. 0210
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Text selection by structured light marking for hand-held cameras,
ICDAR03(555-559).
IEEE DOI 0311
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Pilu, M., Pollard, S.,
A light-weight text image processing method for handheld embedded cameras,
BMVC02(Poster Session). 0208
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Perroud, T., Sobottka, K., Bunke, H.,
Text extraction from color documents-clustering approaches in three and four dimensions,
ICDAR01(937-941).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Wang, H.[Hao], Kangas, J.,
Character-like region verification for extracting text in scene images,
ICDAR01(957-962).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Jin, N.[Ning], Tang, Y.Y.,
Text area localization under complex-background using wavelet decomposition,
ICDAR01(1126-1130).
IEEE DOI 0109
BibRef

Wang, X.W.[Xue-Wen], Ding, X.Q.[Xiao-Qing], Liu, C.S.[Chang-Song],
Character extraction and recognition in natural scene images,
ICDAR01(1084-1088).
IEEE DOI 0109
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Shiku, O.[Osamu], Kawasue, K.[Kikuhito], Nakamura, A.[Akira],
A Method for Character String Extraction Using Local and Global Segment Crowdedness,
ICPR98(Vol II: 1077-1080).
IEEE DOI 9808
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Baumann, S., Ben Hadj Ali, M., Dengel, A.R., Jaeger, T., Malburg, M., Weigel, A., Wenzel, C.,
Message Extraction from Printed Documents: A Complete Solution,
ICDAR97(1055-1059).
IEEE DOI 9708
BibRef

Chutatape, O.[Opas], Li, L.[Li],
Character extraction from scene image using fuzzy entropy and rule-based technique,
CAIP97(597-604).
Springer DOI 9709
BibRef

Chapter on OCR, Document Analysis and Character Recognition Systems continues in
Scene Text, Assistance for Visually Imapired .


Last update:Nov 18, 2017 at 20:56:18