23.2.2.2.6 Recognize Text, Read Text from Signs in General Scenes

Chapter Contents (Back)
Document Analysis. Signs. See also Find Text in Video Scenes. For traffic sign issues: See also Road Signs, Traffic Signs.

Word Lens,
2010. Quest Visual. Text recognition
WWW Link. Vendor, OCR. Vendor, Sign Detection. More than OCR. Recognize, then translate the text, e.g. from a sign in the image. iPhone app store.

Lienhart, R., Wernicke, A.,
Localizing and segmenting text in images and videos,
CirSysVideo(12), No. 4, April 2002, pp. 256-268.
IEEE Top Reference. 0205
BibRef

Lienhart, R.,
Video OCR: A Survey and Practitioner's Guide,
VideoMining03(Chapter 6). Survey, OCR. BibRef 0300

Clark, P.[Paul], Mirmehdi, M.[Majid],
Recognising Text in Real Scenes,
IJDAR(4), No. 4, 2002, pp. 243-257.
Springer DOI 0208
Find page boundaries or use neural net based texture. BibRef
Earlier:
Combining Statistical Measures to Find Image Text Regions,
ICPR00(Vol I: 450-453).
IEEE DOI 0009
BibRef
And:
Finding Text Regions using Localised Statistical Measures,
BMVC00(xx-yy).
PDF File. 0009
See also Rectifying Perspective Views of Text in 3D Scenes Using Vanishing Points. BibRef

Merino-Gracia, C.[Carlos], Lenc, K.[Karel], Mirmehdi, M.[Majid],
A Head-Mounted Device for Recognizing Text in Natural Scenes,
CBDAR11(29-41).
Springer DOI 1204
BibRef

Jung, K.C.[Kee-Chul], Kim, K.I.[Kwang In], Jain, A.K.[Anil K.],
Text information extraction in images and video: a survey,
PR(37), No. 5, May 2004, pp. 977-997.
WWW Link. 0405
Survey, Text Extraction. BibRef

Chen, X.L.[Xi-Lin], Yang, J.[Jie], Zhang, J.[Jing], Waibel, A.,
Automatic Detection and Recognition of Signs From Natural Scenes,
IP(13), No. 1, January 2004, pp. 87-99.
IEEE DOI 0402
BibRef
Earlier:
Automatic detection of signs with affine transformation,
WACV02(32-36).
WWW Link. 0303
BibRef

Wu, W.[Wen], Chen, X.L.[Xi-Lin], Yang, J.[Jie],
Incremental Detection of Text on Road Signs,
CMU-CS-TR-04-116.
HTML Version. 0501
BibRef

Chen, X.L.[Xi-Lin], Yang, J.[Jie], Waibel, A.,
Calibration of a hybrid camera network,
ICCV03(150-155).
IEEE DOI 0311
BibRef

Gao, J.[Jiang], Yang, J.[Jie], Zhang, Y.[Ying], Waibel, A.[Alex],
Text Detection and Translation from Natural Scenes,
CMU-CS-TR-01-139, June 2001.
HTML Version. 0205
BibRef

Gao, J.[Jiang], Yang, J.[Jie],
An Adaptive Algorithm for Text Detection from Natural Scenes,
CVPR01(II:84-89).
IEEE DOI 0110
Character Recognition. Find text in video, then translate the text (i.e. Chinese character signs). BibRef

Zhang, J.[Jing], Chen, X.L.[Xi-Lin], Hannernan, A., Yang, J.[Jie], Waibel, A.,
A robust approach for recognition of text embedded in natural scenes,
ICPR02(III: 204-207).
IEEE DOI 0211
BibRef

Zeng, C.[Chao], Jia, W.J.[Wen-Jing], He, X.J.[Xiang-Jian],
An Algorithm for Colour-Based Natural Scene Text Segmentation,
CBDAR11(58-68).
Springer DOI 1204
BibRef

Zeng, C.[Chao], Jia, W.J.[Wen-Jing], He, X.J.[Xiang-Jian], Yang, J.[Jie],
Graph-Based Text Segmentation Using a Selected Channel Image,
DICTA10(535-539).
IEEE DOI 1012
BibRef

Wu, W.[Wen], Chen, X.L.[Xi-Lin], Yang, J.[Jie],
Detection of text on road signs from video,
ITS(6), No. 4, December 2005, pp. 378-390.
IEEE DOI 0601
BibRef

Park, J.[Jonghyun], Lee, G.S.[Guee-Sang], Kim, E.[Euichul], Lim, J.[Junsik], Kim, S.[Soohyung], Yang, H.J.[Hyung-Jeong], Lee, M.[Myunghun], Hwang, S.[Seongtaek],
Automatic detection and recognition of Korean text in outdoor signboard images,
PRL(31), No. 12, 1 September 2010, pp. 1728-1739.
Elsevier DOI 1008
Text detection; Text extraction; Text recognition; Text translation; Signboard image BibRef

Bouman, K.L., Abdollahian, G., Boutin, M., Delp, E.J.,
A Low Complexity Sign Detection and Text Localization Method for Mobile Applications,
MultMed(13), No. 5, 2011, pp. 922-934.
IEEE DOI 1110
BibRef

González, Á.[Álvaro], Bergasa, L.M.[Luis Miguel],
A text reading algorithm for natural images,
IVC(31), No. 3, March 2013, pp. 255-274.
Elsevier DOI 1303
Text detection; Text recognition; Character recognition; Character segmentation; Natural images; Scene text detection BibRef

Gonzalez, A.[Alvaro], Bergasa, L.M.[Luis M.], Yebes, J.J.[J. Javier], Bronte, S.[Sebastian],
A character recognition method in natural scene images,
ICPR12(621-624).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Elagouni, K.[Khaoula], Garcia, C.[Christophe], Mamalet, F.[Franck], Sebillot, P.[Pascale],
Text recognition in multimedia documents: A study of two neural-based OCRs using and avoiding character segmentation,
IJDAR(17), No. 1, March 2014, pp. 19-31.
Springer DOI 1403
BibRef

Tsai, T.H.[Tsung-Hung], Cheng, W.H.[Wen-Huang], You, C.W.[Chuang-Wen], Hu, M.C.[Min-Chun], Tsui, A.W., Chi, H.Y.[Heng-Yu],
Learning and Recognition of On-Premise Signs From Weakly Labeled Street View Images,
IP(23), No. 3, March 2014, pp. 1047-1059.
IEEE DOI 1403
learning (artificial intelligence) BibRef

Gonzalez, A., Bergasa, L.M., Yebes, J.J.,
Text Detection and Recognition on Traffic Panels From Street-Level Imagery Using Visual Appearance,
ITS(15), No. 1, February 2014, pp. 228-238.
IEEE DOI 1403
Bayes methods BibRef

Tu, K.W.[Ke-Wei], Meng, M.[Meng], Lee, M.W.[Mun Wai], Choe, T.E.[Tae Eun], Zhu, S.C.[Song-Chun],
Joint Video and Text Parsing for Understanding Events and Answering Queries,
MultMedMag(21), No. 2, April 2014, pp. 42-70.
IEEE DOI 1407
Computational modeling BibRef

Zhang, J.[Jing], Kasturi, R.[Rangachar],
A Novel Text Detection System Based on Character and Link Energies,
IP(23), No. 9, September 2014, pp. 4187-4198.
IEEE DOI 1410
BibRef
Earlier:
Sign Detection Based Text Localization in Mobile Device Captured Scene Images,
CBDAR13(71-82).
Springer DOI 1404
BibRef
Earlier:
Text Detection Using Edge Gradient and Graph Spectrum,
ICPR10(3979-3982).
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef
And:
Character Energy and Link Energy-Based Text Extraction in Scene Images,
ACCV10(II: 308-320).
Springer DOI 1011
character recognition BibRef

Milyaev, S.[Sergey], Barinova, O.[Olga], Novikova, T.[Tatiana], Kohli, P.[Pushmeet], Lempitsky, V.[Victor],
Fast and accurate scene text understanding with image binarization and off-the-shelf OCR,
IJDAR(18), No. 2, June 2015, pp. 169-182.
Springer DOI 1506
BibRef

Seok, J.H.[Jae-Hyun], Kim, J.H.[Jin Hyung],
Scene text recognition using a Hough forest implicit shape model and semi-Markov conditional random fields,
PR(48), No. 11, 2015, pp. 3584-3599.
Elsevier DOI 1506
BibRef
Earlier:
Scene Text Recognition with a Hough Forest Implicit Shape Model,
ICDAR13(599-603)
IEEE DOI 1312
dynamic programming. Scene text recognition BibRef

Blekhman, A., Wachs, J.P., Dori, D.,
Model-Based System Specification With Tesperanto: Readable Text From Formal Graphics,
SMCS(45), No. 11, November 2015, pp. 1448-1458.
IEEE DOI 1511
Analytical models BibRef

Zhong, G.Q.[Guo-Qiang], Cheriet, M.[Mohamed],
Tensor representation learning based image patch analysis for text identification and recognition,
PR(48), No. 4, 2015, pp. 1211-1224.
Elsevier DOI 1502
Tensor representation learning BibRef

Fraz, M.[Muhammad], Sarfraz, M.S.[Muhammad Saquib], Edirisinghe, E.A.[Eran A.],
Exploiting colour information for better scene text detection and recognition,
IJDAR(18), No. 2, June 2015, pp. 153-167.
Springer DOI 1506
BibRef
Earlier:
Exploiting Color Information for Better Scene Text Recognition,
BMVC14(xx-yy).
HTML Version. 1410
BibRef

Ye, Q.X.[Qi-Xiang], Doermann, D.S.[David S.],
Text Detection and Recognition in Imagery: A Survey,
PAMI(37), No. 7, July 2015, pp. 1480-1500.
IEEE DOI 1506
Survey, Text Detection. Character recognition BibRef

Rodriguez-Serrano, J.A.[Jose A.], Gordo, A.[Albert], Perronnin, F.[Florent],
Label Embedding: A Frugal Baseline for Text Recognition,
IJCV(113), No. 3, July 2015, pp. 193-207.
Springer DOI 1506
Word level based. BibRef

Yu, C.[Chong], Song, Y.H.[Yong-Hong], Meng, Q.[Quan], Zhang, Y.L.[Yuan-Lin], Liu, Y.[Yang],
Text detection and recognition in natural scene with edge analysis,
IET-CV(9), No. 4, 2015, pp. 603-613.
DOI Link 1509
BibRef
Earlier: A3, A2, A4, A5, Only:
Text detection in natural scene with edge analysis,
ICIP13(4151-4155)
IEEE DOI 1402
edge detection. Text detection; edge analysis; edge combination. BibRef

Wang, X.B.[Xiao-Bing], Song, Y.H.[Yong-Hong], Zhang, Y.L.[Yuan-Lin], Xin, J.M.[Jing-Min],
Natural scene text detection with multi-layer segmentation and higher order conditional random field based analysis,
PRL(60-61), No. 1, 2015, pp. 41-47.
Elsevier DOI 1506
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, A3, Only:
Natural Scene Text Detection with Multi-channel Connected Component Segmentation,
ICDAR13(1375-1379)
IEEE DOI 1312
Scene text detection. Markov processes BibRef

Chen, Q.[Qi], Song, Y.H.[Yong-Hong], Zhang, Y.L.[Yuan-Lin],
Scene text extraction with local symmetry transform,
MVA17(246-249)
DOI Link 1708
Adaptation models, Color, Feature extraction, Image color analysis, Image edge detection, Image segmentation, Transforms BibRef

Feng, Y.Y.[Yuan-Yuan], Song, Y.H.[Yong-Hong], Zhang, Y.L.[Yuan-Lin],
Scene text detection based on multi-scale SWT and edge filtering,
ICPR16(645-650)
IEEE DOI 1705
Feature extraction, Filtering, Image color analysis, Image edge detection, Joining processes, Reflection, Transforms, edge density of a connected component, multi-scale, stroke pair ratio, stroke width transform, text, detection BibRef

Mishra, A.[Anand], Alahari, K.[Karteek], Jawahar, C.V.,
Enhancing energy minimization framework for scene text recognition with top-down cues,
CVIU(145), No. 1, 2016, pp. 30-42.
Elsevier DOI 1604
BibRef
Earlier:
Scene Text Recognition using Higher Order Language Priors,
BMVC12(127).
DOI Link 1301
BibRef
Earlier:
Top-down and bottom-up cues for scene text recognition,
CVPR12(2687-2694).
IEEE DOI 1208
BibRef
And:
An MRF Model for Binarization of Natural Scene Text,
ICDAR11(11-16).
IEEE DOI 1111
Scene text understanding BibRef

Roy, U.[Udit], Mishra, A.[Anand], Alahari, K.[Karteek], Jawahar, C.V.,
Scene Text Recognition and Retrieval for Large Lexicons,
ACCV14(I: 494-508).
Springer DOI 1504
BibRef

Goel, V., Mishra, A., Alahari, K., Jawahar, C.V.,
Whole is Greater than Sum of Parts: Recognizing Scene Text Words,
ICDAR13(398-402)
IEEE DOI 1312
character recognition BibRef

Hinami, R.[Ryota], Liu, X.[Xinhao], Chiba, N.[Naoki], Satoh, S.[Shin'ichi],
Bidirectional extraction and recognition of scene text with layout consistency,
IJDAR(19), No. 2, June 2016, pp. 83-98.
Springer DOI 1605
BibRef

Neumann, L.[Lukas], Matas, J.[Jiri],
Real-Time Lexicon-Free Scene Text Localization and Recognition,
PAMI(38), No. 9, September 2016, pp. 1872-1885.
IEEE DOI 1609
BibRef
Earlier:
Real-time scene text localization and recognition,
CVPR12(3538-3545).
IEEE DOI 1208
image classification BibRef

Tian, S.X.[Shang-Xuan], Bhattacharya, U.[Ujjwal], Lu, S.J.[Shi-Jian], Su, B.L.[Bo-Lan], Wang, Q.Q.[Qing-Qing], Wei, X.H.[Xiao-Hua], Lu, Y.[Yue], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Multilingual scene character recognition with co-occurrence of histogram of oriented gradients,
PR(51), No. 1, 2016, pp. 125-134.
Elsevier DOI 1601
Multilingual Scene Text BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, A4, A8, Only:
Scene Text Segmentation with Multi-level Maximally Stable Extremal Regions,
ICPR14(2703-2708)
IEEE DOI 1412
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, A4, A8, Only:
Scene Text Recognition Using Co-occurrence of Histogram of Oriented Gradients,
ICDAR13(912-916)
IEEE DOI 1312
Feature extraction. gradient methods BibRef

Su, B.L.[Bo-Lan], Lu, S.J.[Shi-Jian], Tian, S.X.[Shang-Xuan], Lim, J.H.[Joo Hwee], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Character Recognition in Natural Scenes Using Convolutional Co-occurrence HOG,
ICPR14(2926-2931)
IEEE DOI 1412
Accuracy BibRef

Tan, Z.R.[Zhi Rong], Tian, S.X.[Shang-Xuan], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Using pyramid of histogram of oriented gradients on natural scene text recognition,
ICIP14(2629-2633)
IEEE DOI 1502
Character recognition BibRef

Su, B.L.[Bo-Lan], Lu, S.J.[Shi-Jian],
Accurate Scene Text Recognition Based on Recurrent Neural Network,
ACCV14(I: 35-48).
Springer DOI 1504
BibRef

Zhang, M.M.[Meng-Meng], Zhu, A.[Ang], Liu, Z.[Zhi],
Fast Coding-Mode Selection and CU-Depth Prediction Algorithm Based on Text-Block Recognition for Screen Content Coding,
IEICE(E99-D), No. 10, October 2016, pp. 2651-2655.
WWW Link. 1610
BibRef

Jaderberg, M.[Max], Simonyan, K.[Karen], Vedaldi, A.[Andrea], Zisserman, A.[Andrew],
Reading Text in the Wild with Convolutional Neural Networks,
IJCV(116), No. 1, January 2016, pp. 1-20.
Springer DOI 1601
BibRef
Earlier:
Speeding up Convolutional Neural Networks with Low Rank Expansions,
BMVC14(xx-yy).
HTML Version. 1410
BibRef

Gupta, A., Vedaldi, A.[Andrea], Zisserman, A.[Andrew],
Synthetic Data for Text Localisation in Natural Images,
CVPR16(2315-2324)
IEEE DOI 1612
BibRef

Shivakumara, P.[Palaiahnakote], Raghavendra, R., Qin, L.F.[Long-Fei], Raja, K.B.[Kiran B.], Lu, T.[Tong], Pal, U.[Umapada],
A new multi-modal approach to bib number/text detection and recognition in Marathon images,
PR(61), No. 1, 2017, pp. 479-491.
Elsevier DOI 1705
Upper body detection BibRef

Gerke, S.[Sebastian], Linnemann, A.[Antje], Müller, K.[Karsten],
Soccer player recognition using spatial constellation features and jersey number recognition,
CVIU(159), No. 1, 2017, pp. 105-115.
Elsevier DOI 1706
BibRef

Gerke, S.[Sebastian], Müller, K.[Karsten], Schafer, R.,
Soccer Jersey Number Recognition Using Convolutional Neural Networks,
CVSports15(734-741)
IEEE DOI 1602
Cameras BibRef

Titijaroonroj, T.[Taravichet], Woraratpanya, K.[Kuntpong],
Iteration-Free Bi-Dimensional Empirical Mode Decomposition and Its Application,
IEICE(E100-D), No. 9, September 2017, pp. 2183-2196.
WWW Link. 1709
Decomposing non-linear and non-stationary signals without a prior function. BibRef

Yang, C.S.[Chu-Sing], Yang, Y.H.[Yung-Hsuan],
Improved local binary pattern for real scene optical character recognition,
PRL(100), No. 1, 2017, pp. 14-21.
Elsevier DOI 1712
Local binary pattern BibRef


Rong, X.J.[Xue-Jian], Yi, C.[Chucai], Tian, Y.[Yingli],
Unambiguous Text Localization and Retrieval for Cluttered Scenes,
CVPR17(3279-3287)
IEEE DOI 1711
Context modeling, Convolutional codes, Data mining, Decoding, Natural languages, Text recognition BibRef

Rong, X.J.[Xue-Jian], Yi, C.[Chucai], Tian, Y.[Yingli],
Recognizing Text-Based Traffic Guide Panels with Cascaded Localization Network,
CVRoads16(I: 109-121).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef

Tonioni, A.[Alessio], di Stefano, L.[Luigi],
Product Recognition in Store Shelves as a Sub-Graph Isomorphism Problem,
CIAP17(I:682-693).
Springer DOI 1711
BibRef

Song, J.S.[Jia-Sheng], Chen, D.[Dan], Wang, Y.J.[Yong-Jian],
Review on on-line visual ferrographic analysis system for marine diesel engine,
ICIVC17(351-355)
IEEE DOI 1708
Character recognition, Gravity, Image color analysis, Image segmentation, Inspection, Monitoring, control of debris depositing, debris image segmentaiond, ferrographical analysis, on-line, system BibRef

Tounsi, M., Moalla, I., Alimi, A.M.,
Supervised dictionary learning in BoF framework for Scene Character recognition,
ICPR16(3987-3992)
IEEE DOI 1705
Character recognition, Dictionaries, Image recognition, Neural networks, Text recognition, Training, Visualization, Auto-encoder, Dictionary Learning, Scene Character Recognition, Sparse, Neural, Networks BibRef

Khare, V., Shivakumara, P., Kumar, A., Chan, C.S., Lu, T., Blumenstien, M.,
A quad tree based method for blurred and non-blurred video text frames classification through quality metrics,
ICPR16(4023-4028)
IEEE DOI 1705
Computational modeling, Distortion, Feature extraction, Measurement, Silicon, Standards, Text recognition, Blur estimation, Blurred frame classification, Quality measurement, Sharpness estimation, non-blurred, frame, classification BibRef

Rong, X.J.[Xue-Jian], Li, B.[Bing], Muñoz, J.P.[J. Pablo], Xiao, J.Z.[Ji-Zhong], Arditi, A.[Aries], Tian, Y.[Yingli],
Guided Text Spotting for Assistive Blind Navigation in Unfamiliar Indoor Environments,
ISVC16(II: 11-22).
Springer DOI 1701
BibRef

Lee, C.Y.[Chen-Yu], Osindero, S.[Simon],
Recursive Recurrent Nets with Attention Modeling for OCR in the Wild,
CVPR16(2231-2239)
IEEE DOI 1612
BibRef

Smith, R.[Raymond], Gu, C.H.[Chun-Hui], Lee, D.S.[Dar-Shyang], Hu, H.[Huiyi], Unnikrishnan, R.[Ranjith], Ibarz, J.[Julian], Arnoud, S.[Sacha], Lin, S.[Sophia],
End-to-End Interpretation of the French Street Name Signs Dataset,
IWRR16(I: 411-426).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef

Iwamura, M.[Masakazu], Matsuda, T.[Takahiro], Morimoto, N.[Naoyuki], Sato, H.[Hitomi], Ikeda, Y.[Yuki], Kise, K.[Koichi],
Downtown Osaka Scene Text Dataset,
IWRR16(I: 440-455).
Springer DOI 1611
BibRef

Ali, M., Foroosh, H.,
Character recognition in natural scene images using rank-1 tensor decomposition,
ICIP16(2891-2895)
IEEE DOI 1610
Computer vision BibRef

Stehr, L., Meusel, R., Kopf, S.,
A real-time visual card reader for mobile devices,
WACV16(1-7)
IEEE DOI 1606
Character recognition BibRef

Zhang, Y.[Yuqi], Wang, W.[Wei], Wang, L.[Liang], Wang, L.[Liuan],
Scene text recognition with deeper convolutional neural networks,
ICIP15(2384-2388)
IEEE DOI 1511
convolutional neural networks; receptive field; scene text recognition BibRef

Zhu, A.[Anna], Dong, Y.[Yangbo], Wang, G.[Guoyou],
Recognizing perspective scene text with context feature,
ICDAR15(526-530)
IEEE DOI 1511
BibRef

Li, Q.[Qisu], Lu, T.[Tong], Shivakumara, P.[Palaiahnakote], Pal, U.[Umapada], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
A new method based on bag of filters for character recognition in scene images by learning,
ICDAR15(391-395)
IEEE DOI 1511
Bag of filters BibRef

Liu, X.L.[Xiao-Long], Lu, T.[Tong],
Natural Scene character recognition using Markov Random Field,
ICDAR15(396-400)
IEEE DOI 1511
MRF;character recognition;exemplar matching BibRef

Stiehl, D., Addams, L., Oliveira, L.S., Guimaraes, C., Britto, A.S.,
Towards a SignWriting recognition system,
ICDAR15(26-30)
IEEE DOI 1511
BibRef

Gallo, I.[Ignazio], Noce, L.[Lucia], Zamberletti, A.[Alessandro], Calefati, A.[Alessandro],
Deep Neural Networks for Page Stream Segmentation and Classification,
DICTA16(1-7)
IEEE DOI 1701
Computational modeling BibRef

Gallo, I.[Ignazio], Zamberletti, A.[Alessandro], Noce, L.[Lucia],
Content Extraction from Marketing Flyers,
CAIP15(I:325-336).
Springer DOI 1511
BibRef

Bulan, O.[Orhan], Wshah, S.[Safwan], Palghat, R.[Ramesh], Kozitsky, V.[Vladimir], Burry, A.[Aaron],
USDOT number localization and recognition from vehicle side-view NIR images,
PBVS15(91-96)
IEEE DOI 1510
Cameras BibRef

Guo, Q.A.[Qi-Ang], Tu, D.[Dan], Lei, J.[Jun], Li, G.[Guohui],
Hybrid CNN-HMM Model for Street View House Number Recognition,
DeepLearnV14(303-315).
Springer DOI 1504
BibRef

Zhang, D.[Dong], Wang, D.H.[Da-Han], Wang, H.Z.[Han-Zi],
Scene text recognition using sparse coding based features,
ICIP14(1066-1070)
IEEE DOI 1502
Dictionaries BibRef

Iwanowski, M.[Marcin], Zielinski, B.[Bartlomiej], Sarwas, G.[Grzegorz], Stygar, S.[Sebastian],
Identification of Products on Shop-Racks by Morphological Preprocessing and Feature-Based Detection,
ICCVG14(286-293).
Springer DOI 1410
BibRef

Lee, C.Y.[Chen-Yu], Bhardwaj, A.[Anurag], Di, W.[Wei], Jagadeesh, V.[Vignesh], Piramuthu, R.[Robinson],
Region-Based Discriminative Feature Pooling for Scene Text Recognition,
CVPR14(4050-4057)
IEEE DOI 1409
computer vision BibRef

George, M.[Marian], Floerkemeier, C.[Christian],
Recognizing Products: A Per-exemplar Multi-Label Image Classification Approach,
ECCV14(II: 440-455).
Springer DOI 1408
one image per product label. BibRef

Libovický, J.[Jindrich], Neumann, L.[Lukáš], Pecina, P.[Pavel], Matas, J.[Jirí],
A Machine Learning Approach to Hypothesis Decoding in Scene Text Recognition,
IWRR14(169-180).
Springer DOI 1504
BibRef

Zhou, Y.[Yu], Liu, S.A.[Shu-Ang], Zhang, Y.Z.[Yong-Zheng], Wang, Y.P.[Yi-Peng], Lin, W.Y.[Wei-Yao],
Perspective Scene Text Recognition with Feature Compression and Ranking,
IWRR14(181-195).
Springer DOI 1504
BibRef

Feild, J.L., Learned-Miller, E.G., Smith, D.A.,
Using a Probabilistic Syllable Model to Improve Scene Text Recognition,
ICDAR13(897-901)
IEEE DOI 1312
context-free grammars BibRef

Gómez, L.[Lluís], Karatzas, D.[Dimosthenis],
Scene Text Recognition: No Country for Old Men?,
IWRR14(157-168).
Springer DOI 1504
BibRef
Earlier:
Multi-script Text Extraction from Natural Scenes,
ICDAR13(467-471)
IEEE DOI 1312
character recognition BibRef

Roy, S., Roy, P.P., Shivakumara, P., Pal, U.,
Word recognition in natural scene and video images using Hidden Markov Model,
NCVPRIPG13(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1408
document image processing BibRef

Chakraborty, D., Roy, P.P., Alvarez, J.M., Pal, U.,
Duplicate open page removal from video stream of book flipping,
NCVPRIPG13(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1408
BibRef
And:
OCR from Video Stream of Book Flipping,
ACPR13(130-134)
IEEE DOI 1408
document image processing BibRef

Diez, H.V.[Helen V.], Barbadillo, J.[Javier], García, S.[Sara], del Puy Carretero, M.[Maria], Álvarez, A.[Aitor], Sánchez, J.R.[Jairo R.], Oyarzun, D.[David],
Interactive Multimodal Platform for Digital Signage,
AMDO14(128-137).
Springer DOI 1407
BibRef

Bissacco, A.[Alessandro], Cummins, M.[Mark], Netzer, Y.[Yuval], Neven, H.[Hartmut],
PhotoOCR: Reading Text in Uncontrolled Conditions,
ICCV13(785-792)
IEEE DOI 1403
OCR; deep learning; scene text; text recognition BibRef

Phan, T.Q.[Trung Quy], Shivakumara, P.[Palaiahnakote], Tian, S.X.[Shang-Xuan], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Recognizing Text with Perspective Distortion in Natural Scenes,
ICCV13(569-576)
IEEE DOI 1403
BibRef

Higa, K., Hotta, S.,
Local Subspace Classifier with Transformation Invariance for Appearance-Based Character Recognition in Natural Images,
ICDAR13(533-537)
IEEE DOI 1312
character recognition BibRef

Feild, J.L., Learned-Miller, E.G.,
Improving Open-Vocabulary Scene Text Recognition,
ICDAR13(604-608)
IEEE DOI 1312
Internet BibRef

Iwamura, M., Tsukada, M., Kise, K.,
Automatic Labeling for Scene Text Database,
ICDAR13(1365-1369)
IEEE DOI 1312
character recognition BibRef

Su, B.[Bolan], Lu, S.[Shijian], Phan, T.Q.[Trung Quy], Tan, C.L.[Chew Lim],
Character extraction in web image for text recognition,
ICPR12(3042-3045).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Saabni, R.[Raid], Zwilling, M.[Moti],
Text Detection and Recognition in Real World Images,
FHR12(443-448).
IEEE DOI 1302
BibRef

Novikova, T.[Tatiana], Barinova, O.[Olga], Kohli, P.[Pushmeet], Lempitsky, V.[Victor],
Large-Lexicon Attribute-Consistent Text Recognition in Natural Images,
ECCV12(VI: 752-765).
Springer DOI 1210
BibRef

Karaoglu, S.[Sezer], van Gemert, J.C.[Jan C.], Gevers, T.[Theo],
Object Reading: Text Recognition for Object Recognition,
Concept12(III: 456-465).
Springer DOI 1210
BibRef

Wang, T.[Tao], Wu, D.J.[David J.], Coates, A.[Adam], Ng, A.Y.[Andrew Y.],
End-to-end text recognition with convolutional neural networks,
ICPR12(3304-3308).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Yamazoe, T.[Takafumi], Etoh, M.[Minoru], Yoshimura, T.[Takeshi], Tsujino, K.[Kousuke],
Hypothesis Preservation Approach to Scene Text Recognition with Weighted Finite-State Transducer,
ICDAR11(359-363).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef

Zheng, Q.[Qi], Chen, K.[Kai], Zhou, Y.[Yi], Gu, C.C.[Cong-Cong], Guan, H.B.[Hai-Bing],
Text Localization and Recognition in Complex Scenes Using Local Features,
ACCV10(III: 121-132).
Springer DOI 1011
BibRef

Wang, K.[Kai], Babenko, B.[Boris], Belongie, S.J.[Serge J.],
End-to-end scene text recognition,
ICCV11(1457-1464).
IEEE DOI 1201
BibRef

Wang, K.[Kai], Belongie, S.J.[Serge J.],
Word Spotting in the Wild,
ECCV10(I: 591-604).
Springer DOI 1009
BibRef

Oosterman, J., Green, R.,
Geolocation on the iPhone by automatic street sign reading,
IVCNZ10(1-6).
IEEE DOI 1203
BibRef

Cambra, A.B., Murillo, A.C.,
Towards robust and efficient text sign reading from a mobile phone,
IWMV11(64-71).
IEEE DOI 1201
BibRef

Morimitsu, H.[Henrique], Hashimoto, M.[Marcelo], Pimentel, R.B.[Rodrigo B.], Cesar, R.M.[Roberto M.], Hirata, R.[Roberto],
Keygraphs for Sign Detection in Indoor Environments by Mobile Phones,
GbRPR11(315-324).
Springer DOI 1105
BibRef

Einsele, F.[Farshideh], Ingold, R.[Rolf], Hennebert, J.[Jean],
A HMM-Based Approach to Recognize Ultra Low Resolution Anti-Aliased Words,
PReMI07(511-518).
Springer DOI 0712
Low resolution text, e.g. web images. BibRef

Ichimura, N.[Naoyuki],
Recognizing Multiple Billboard Advertisements in Videos,
PSIVT06(463-473).
Springer DOI 0612
BibRef

Chen, X.R.[Xiang-Rong], Yuille, A.L.,
Detecting and reading text in natural scenes,
CVPR04(II: 366-373).
IEEE DOI 0408
BibRef

Haritaoglu, E.D., Haritaoglu, I.,
Real time image enhancement and segmentation for sign/text detection,
ICIP03(III: 993-996).
IEEE Abstract. 0312
BibRef

Haritaoglu, I.[Ismail],
Scene Text Extraction and Translation for Handheld Devices,
CVPR01(II:408-413).
IEEE DOI 0110
Character Recognition. Find text in video, then translate the text (i.e. Chinese character signs). BibRef

Wu, V.[Victor], Manmatha, R., Riseman, E.M.[Edward M.],
Automatic Text Detection and Recognition,
DARPA97(707-712). BibRef 9700

Wu, V.[Victor], Manmatha, R.,
Text Image Clean-Up and Thresholding: A Comparative Study,
DARPA98(1271-1276). BibRef 9800

Chapter on OCR, Document Analysis and Character Recognition Systems continues in
Find Text in Video Scenes .


Last update:Dec 28, 2017 at 17:11:31