16.7.2.7 License Plate Recognition, Extraction, Analysis

Chapter Contents (Back)
License Plates. License Plate Recognition. OCR. A big business for access control, detecting stolen vehicles, parking monitoring, etc.

Automatic License Plate Recognition,
2008.
WWW Link. Vendor, License Plate Recognition. Includes general pointers to hardware and software, plus software toolkit.

Optasia License Plate Recognition System,
License plate recongintion systems.
WWW Link. Vendor, License Plate Recognition.

INEX/Zamir,
2006. License Plate Recognition System
WWW Link. Vendor, License Plate Recognition. License plate recongintion systems. Merger of INEX Technologies and Zamir Recognition Systems.

Zamir Recognition Systems Ltd.,
1993. License Plate Recognition System
HTML Version. Vendor, License Plate Recognition. InSignia system. Merged into INEX/Zamir in 2006. See also INEX/Zamir.

Appian Technology Plc,
1994. Talon License Plate system.
WWW Link. Vendor, License Plate Recognition. License plate recongintion systems.

Autovu Inc.,
1997.
WWW Link. Vendor, License Plate Recognition. License plate recongintion systems. See also Gentec.

PIPS Technology,
2001.
WWW Link. Vendor, License Plate Recognition. Infrared license plate recongintion systems. Part of Federal Signal

IRIDA Labs,
2008.
WWW Link. Vendor, License Plate Recognition. See also NIL. FPGA based embedded systems.

Gonzalez, R.C.[Rafael C.], Herrera, J.A.[Juan A.],
Apparatus for reading a license plate,
US_Patent4,817,166, March 28, 1989.
WWW Link. BibRef 8903

Postolache, A., Trecat, J.,
Pyramidal Approach to License Plate Segmentation,
JEI(5), No. 3, July 1996, pp. 402-409. 9703
BibRef

Cui, Y.T.[Yun-Tao], Huang, Q.[Qian],
Extracting Characters of License Plates from Video Sequences,
MVA(10), No. 5-6, April 1998, pp. 308-320.
HTML Version. 9805
BibRef
Earlier:
Character Extraction of License Plates from Video,
CVPR97(502-507).
IEEE DOI 9704
BibRef
Earlier:
Automatic License Extraction from Moving Vehicles,
ICIP97(III: 126-129).
IEEE DOI Siemens BibRef

Auty, G.W.[Glen William], Corke, P.I.[Peter Ian], Dunn, P.A.[Paul Alexander], MacIntyre, I.B.[Ian Barry], Mills, D.C.[Dennis Charles], Simons, B.F.[Benjamin Francis], Jensen, M.J.[Murray John], Knight, R.L.[Rodney Lavis], Pierce, D.S.[David Stuart], Balakumar, P.[Ponnampalam],
Vehicle monitoring system,
US_Patent5,809,161, Sep 15, 1998
WWW Link. Lots of pieces. Some image analysis. BibRef 9809

Auty, G.W., Corke, P.I., Dunn, P.A., Jensen, M.J., Macintyre, I.B., Mills, D.C., Nguyen, H., and Simons, B.F.,
An Image Acquisition System for Traffic Monitoring Applications,
SPIE(2416), Cameras and Systems for Electronic Photography and Scientific Imaging, 8-9 February 1995, San Jose, California, pp. 119-133. Numbers and letters on auto license plates. BibRef 9502

Kielland, P.J.[Peter J.],
Parking regulation enforcement system,
US_Patent6,081,206, Jun 27, 2000
WWW Link. Recognize license plate numbers and store. BibRef 0006

Chang, S.L.[Shyang-Lih], Chen, L.S.[Li-Shien], Chung, Y.C.[Yun-Chung], Chen, S.W.[Sei-Wan],
Automatic license plate recognition,
ITS(5), No. 1, March 2004, pp. 42-53.
IEEE Abstract. 0501
BibRef

Amit, Y., Geman, D., Fan, X.D.[Xiao-Dong],
A Coarse-to-Fine Strategy for Multiclass Shape Detection,
PAMI(26), No. 12, December 2004, pp. 1606-1621.
IEEE Abstract. 0411
By parts. Recognize and localize an instance from other shapes. Local indexing. Apply to license plates. BibRef

Broumandnia, A., Fathi, M.,
Application of Pattern Recognition for Farsi License Plate Recognition,
GVIP(05), No. V2, January 2005, pp. 25-31
HTML Version. BibRef 0501

Zheng, D.[Danian], Zhao, Y.[Yannan], Wang, J.X.[Jia-Xin],
An efficient method of license plate location,
PRL(26), No. 15, November 2005, pp. 2431-2438.
Elsevier DOI 0510
BibRef

Shapiro, V.[Vladimir], Gluhchev, G.[Georgi], Dimov, D.[Dimo],
Towards a Multinational Car License Plate Recognition System,
MVA(17), No. 3, August 2006, pp. 173-183.
Springer DOI 0606
BibRef

Shapiro, V., Gluhchev, G.,
Multinational License Plate Recognition System: Segmentation and Classification,
ICPR04(IV: 352-355).
IEEE DOI 0409
BibRef

Anagnostopoulos, C.N.E., Anagnostopoulos, I.E., Loumos, V., Kayafas, E.,
A License Plate-Recognition Algorithm for Intelligent Transportation System Applications,
ITS(7), No. 3, September 2006, pp. 377-392.
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef

Anagnostopoulos, C.N.E., Anagnostopoulos, I.E., Psoroulas, I.D., Loumos, V., Kayafas, E.,
License Plate Recognition From Still Images and Video Sequences: A Survey,
ITS(9), No. 3, September 2008, pp. 377-391.
IEEE DOI 0809
Survey, License Plates. BibRef

Alexandropoulos, T., Boutas, S., Loumos, V., Kayafas, E.,
Real-time change detection for surveillance in public transportation,
AVSBS05(58-63).
IEEE DOI 0602
BibRef

Anagnostopoulos, C.N.E., Alexandropoulos, T., Boutas, S., Loumos, V., Kayafas, E.,
A template-guided approach to vehicle surveillance and access control,
AVSBS05(534-539).
IEEE DOI 0602
BibRef

Suresh, K.V., Kumar, G.M., Rajagopalan, A.N.,
Superresolution of License Plates in Real Traffic Videos,
ITS(8), No. 2, April 2007, pp. 321-331.
IEEE DOI 0706
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A3, Only:
A Discontinuity Adaptive Method for Super-Resolution of License Plates,
ICCVGIP06(25-34).
Springer DOI 0612
BibRef

Wang, F.[Feng], Man, L.C.[Li-Chun], Wang, B.P.[Bang-Ping], Xiao, Y.J.[Yi-Jun], Pan, W.[Wei], Lu, X.C.[Xiao-Chun],
Fuzzy-based algorithm for color recognition of license plates,
PRL(29), No. 7, 1 May 2008, pp. 1007-1020.
Elsevier DOI 0804
Color recognition; Fuzzy logic; HSV color space; License plate recognition (LPR) BibRef

Jiao, J.B.[Jian-Bin], Ye, Q.X.[Qi-Xiang], Huang, Q.M.[Qing-Ming],
A configurable method for multi-style license plate recognition,
PR(42), No. 3, March 2009, pp. 358-369.
Elsevier DOI 0811
License plate recognition; Multi-style license plate; Configurable method; Character segmentation; Character recognition BibRef

Arth, C.[Clemens], Bischof, H.[Horst],
Real-time object recognition using local features on a DSP-based embedded system,
RealTimeIP(3), No. 4, December 2008, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0811
BibRef

Donoser, M.[Michael], Arth, C.[Clemens], Bischof, H.[Horst],
Detecting, Tracking and Recognizing License Plates,
ACCV07(II: 447-456).
Springer DOI 0711
BibRef

Arth, C.[Clemens], Limberger, F.[Florian], Bischof, H.[Horst],
Real-Time License Plate Recognition on an Embedded DSP-Platform,
EmbedCV07(1-8).
IEEE DOI 0706
BibRef

Fan, X.[Xin], Fan, G.L.[Guo-Liang],
Graphical Models for Joint Segmentation and Recognition of License Plate Characters,
SPLetters(16), No. 1, January 2009, pp. 10-13.
IEEE DOI 0901
BibRef

Fan, X.[Xin], Fan, G.L.[Guo-Liang], Liang, D.Q.[De-Qun],
Joint Segmentation and Recognition of License Plate Characters,
ICIP07(IV: 353-356).
IEEE DOI 0709
BibRef

Wu, B.F., Lin, S.P., Chiu, C.C.,
Extracting characters from real vehicle licence plates out-of-doors,
IET-CV(1), No. 1, March 2007, pp. 2-10.
DOI Link 0905
BibRef

Abolghasemi, V.[Vahid], Ahmadyfard, A.[Alireza],
An edge-based color-aided method for license plate detection,
IVC(27), No. 8, 2 July 2009, pp. 1134-1142.
Elsevier DOI 0906
License plate recognition; Edge analysis; Morphological processing; Color analysis BibRef

Al-Hmouz, R.[Rami], Challa, S.[Subhash],
License plate localization based on a probabilistic model,
MVA(21), No. 3, April 2010, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 1003
BibRef

Giannoukos, I.[Ioannis], Anagnostopoulos, C.N.E.[Christos-Nikolaos E.], Loumos, V.[Vassili], Kayafas, E.[Eleftherios],
Operator context scanning to support high segmentation rates for real time license plate recognition,
PR(43), No. 11, November 2010, pp. 3866-3878.
Elsevier DOI 1008
Operator Context Scanning algorithm; Sliding windows analysis; License Plate Recognition; High resolution image processing BibRef

Castillo, E., Gallego, I., Menendez, J.M., Rivas, A.,
Optimal Use of Plate-Scanning Resources for Route Flow Estimation in Traffic Networks,
ITS(11), No. 2, June 2010, pp. 380-391.
IEEE DOI 1007
BibRef

Thome, N.[Nicolas], Vacavant, A.[Antoine], Robinault, L.[Lionel], Miguet, S.[Serge],
A cognitive and video-based approach for multinational License Plate Recognition,
MVA(22), No. 2, March 2011, pp. 389-407.
WWW Link. 1103
BibRef

Wen, Y., Lu, Y., Yan, J., Zhou, Z., von Deneen, K.M., Shi, P.,
An Algorithm for License Plate Recognition Applied to Intelligent Transportation System,
ITS(12), No. 3, September 2011, pp. 830-845.
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

License plate recognition software targets embedded systems,
VisSys(17), No. 1, January 2012.
HTML Version. 1201
Development of embedded systems. See also NIL. BibRef

Gazcón, N.F.[Nicolás Fernando], Chesńevar, C.I.[Carlos Iván], Castro, S.M.[Silvia Mabel],
Automatic vehicle identification for Argentinean license plates using intelligent template matching,
PRL(33), No. 9, 1 July 2012, pp. 1066-1074.
Elsevier DOI 1202
License plate recognition; Template recognition; Image processing BibRef

Zeng, W.[Weili], Lu, X.B.[Xiao-Bo],
A Generalized DAMRF Image Modeling for Superresolution of License Plates,
ITS(13), No. 2, June 2012, pp. 828-837.
IEEE DOI 1206
BibRef

Zhou, W., Li, H., Lu, Y., Tian, Q.,
Principal Visual Word Discovery for Automatic License Plate Detection,
IP(21), No. 9, September 2012, pp. 4269-4279.
IEEE DOI 1208
BibRef

Du, S., Ibrahim, M., Shehata, M., Badawy, W.,
Automatic License Plate Recognition (ALPR): A State-of-the-Art Review,
CirSysVideo(23), No. 2, February 2013, pp. 311-325.
IEEE DOI 1301
BibRef

Rahman, C.A., Badawy, W., Radmanesh, A.,
A real time vehicle's license plate recognition system,
AVSBS03(163-166).
WWW Link. 0310
BibRef

Sarfraz, M.S., Shahzad, A., Elahi, M.A.[Muhammad A.], Fraz, M., Zafar, I., Edirisinghe, E.A.,
Real-time automatic license plate recognition for CCTV forensic applications,
RealTimeIP(8), No. 3, September 2013, pp. 285-295.
Springer DOI 1309
BibRef

Oliveira-Neto, F.M., Han, L.D., Jeong, M.K.,
An Online Self-Learning Algorithm for License Plate Matching,
ITS(14), No. 4, 2013, pp. 1806-1816.
IEEE DOI 1312
Accuracy BibRef

Li, B., Tian, B., Li, Y., Wen, D.,
Component-Based License Plate Detection Using Conditional Random Field Model,
ITS(14), No. 4, 2013, pp. 1690-1699.
IEEE DOI 1312
Computer vision BibRef

Ashtari, A.H., Nordin, M.J., Fathy, M.,
An Iranian License Plate Recognition System Based on Color Features,
ITS(15), No. 4, August 2014, pp. 1690-1705.
IEEE DOI 1410
character recognition BibRef

Yu, S.Y.[Shou-Yuan], Li, B.[Baopu], Zhang, Q.[Qi], Liu, C.C.[Chang-Chun], Meng, M.Q.H.[Max Q.H.],
A novel license plate location method based on wavelet transform and EMD analysis,
PR(48), No. 1, 2015, pp. 114-125.
Elsevier DOI 1410
License plate location BibRef

Zhai, X.J.[Xiao-Jun], Bensaali, F.[Faycal],
Improved number plate character segmentation algorithm and its efficient FPGA implementation,
RealTimeIP(10), No. 1, March 2015, pp. 91-103.
WWW Link. 1503
BibRef

Rajput, H., Som, T., Kar, S.,
An Automated Vehicle License Plate Recognition System,
Computer(48), No. 8, August 2015, pp. 56-61.
IEEE DOI 1509
computer vision BibRef

Singh, B.[Birmohan], Kaur, M.[Manpreet], Singh, D.[Dalwinder], Singh, G.[Gurwinder],
Automatic number plate recognition system by character position method,
IJCVR(6), No. 1-2, 2016, pp. 94-112.
DOI Link 1601
BibRef

Rajput, H.[Hitesh], Som, T.[Tanmoy], Kar, S.[Soumitra],
Using Radon Transform to Recognize Skewed Images of Vehicular License Plates,
Computer(49), No. 1, January 2016, pp. 59-65.
IEEE DOI 1601
Algorithm design and analysis BibRef

Azam, S.[Samiul], Islam, M.M.[M. Monirul],
Automatic license plate detection in hazardous condition,
JVCIR(36), No. 1, 2016, pp. 172-186.
Elsevier DOI 1603
Automatic license plate detection BibRef

Gou, C., Wang, K., Yao, Y., Li, Z.,
Vehicle License Plate Recognition Based on Extremal Regions and Restricted Boltzmann Machines,
ITS(17), No. 4, April 2016, pp. 1096-1107.
IEEE DOI 1604
Character recognition BibRef

Lu, Q., Zhou, W., Fang, L., Li, H.,
Robust Blur Kernel Estimation for License Plate Images From Fast Moving Vehicles,
IP(25), No. 5, May 2016, pp. 2311-2323.
IEEE DOI 1604
Cameras BibRef

Wafy, M., Madbouly, A.M.M.[A. M. M.],
Efficient method for vehicle license plate identification based on learning a morphological feature,
IET-ITS(10), No. 6, 2016, pp. 389-395.
DOI Link 1608
feature extraction BibRef

Asif, M.R., Chun, Q., Hussain, S., Fareed, M.S.,
Multiple licence plate detection for Chinese vehicles in dense traffic scenarios,
IET-ITS(10), No. 8, 2016, pp. 535-544.
DOI Link 1610
image colour analysis BibRef


Svoboda, P., Hradiš, M., Maršík, L., Zemcík, P.,
CNN for license plate motion deblurring,
ICIP16(3832-3836)
IEEE DOI 1610
Cameras BibRef

Hsu, G.S.J., Chiu, C.W.,
A comparison study on real-time tracking motorcycle license plates,
IVMSP16(1-5)
IEEE DOI 1608
Computed tomography BibRef

Wang, D., Liu, D., Chen, F.,
Image semantic quality assessment for compression of car-plate images,
VCIP15(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1605
Image coding BibRef

Baharlou, S.M., Hemayat, S., Saberkari, A., Yaghoobi, S.,
Fast and adaptive license plate recognition algorithm for Persian plates,
IPRIA15(1-6)
IEEE DOI 1603
image denoising BibRef

Weber, H.[Henrique], Jung, C.R.[Claudio Rosito],
Low-cost license plate detection using a calibrated camera,
ICIP15(4763-4767)
IEEE DOI 1512
automatic license plate detection; camera calibration; computer vision BibRef

Fahn, C.S.[Chin-Shyurng], Su, B.Y.[Bo-Yuan], Wu, M.L.[Meng-Luen],
Vision-based identification extraction for freight containers,
ICWAPR15(51-57)
IEEE DOI 1511
computer vision From the varied labels, harder than license plates. BibRef

Abtahi, F.[Farnaz], Zhu, Z.G.[Zhi-Gang], Burry, A.M.[Aaron M.],
A deep reinforcement learning approach to character segmentation of license plate images,
MVA15(539-542)
IEEE DOI 1507
Character recognition BibRef

Al-Audah, Y.K., Al-Juraifani, A.K., Deriche, M.A.,
A real-time license plate recognition system for Saudi Arabia using LabVIEW,
IPTA12(160-164)
IEEE DOI 1503
automated highways BibRef

Pawlik, A.,
High performance automatic number plate recognition in video streams,
IPTA12(68-73)
IEEE DOI 1503
object detection BibRef

You, J.[Junyong], Bolstad, H.C.[Hans Christian], Perkis, A.[Andrew],
Quality of dirty: A decision making assessment methodology for automatic license plate recognition under dirtied conditions,
ICIP14(5906-5910)
IEEE DOI 1502
Cameras BibRef

Prates, R.C.[Raphael C.], Cámara-Chávez, G.[Guillermo], Schwartz, W.R.[William Robson], Menotti, D.[David],
An Adaptive Vehicle License Plate Detection at Higher Matching Degree,
CIARP14(454-461).
Springer DOI 1411
BibRef

Chuang, C.H.[Chi-Hung], Tsai, L.W.[Luo-Wei], Deng, M.S.[Ming-Shan], Hsieh, J.W.[Jun-Wei], Fan, K.C.[Kuo-Chin],
Vehicle licence plate recognition using super-resolution technique,
AVSS14(411-416)
IEEE DOI 1411
Character recognition BibRef

Feng, B.Y.[Bo-Yuan], Ren, M.W.[Ming-Wu], Zhang, X.Y.[Xu-Yao], Liu, C.L.[Cheng-Lin],
Effective license plate detection using fast candidate region selection and covariance feature based filtering,
AVSS14(1-6)
IEEE DOI 1411
Accuracy BibRef

Jobin, K.V., Jiji, C.V., Anurenjan, P.R.,
Automatic number plate recognition system using modified stroke width transform,
NCVPRIPG13(1-4)
IEEE DOI 1408
edge detection BibRef

Min, H.S.[Hyun-Seok], Lee, S.H.[Seung Ho], de Neve, W.[Wesley], Ro, Y.M.[Yong Man],
Improved License Plate Recognition for Low-Resolution CCTV Forensics by Integrating Sparse Representation-Based Super-Resolution,
IWDW13(452-462).
Springer DOI 1407
BibRef

Rabee, A.[Ayman], Barhumi, I.[Imad],
License plate detection and recognition in complex scenes using mathematical morphology and support vector machines,
WSSIP14(59-62) 1406
Morphology BibRef

Tan, J.L.[Jinn-Li], Abu-Bakar, S.A.R.[Syed A.R], Mokji, M.M.[Musa M.],
License plate localization based on edge-geometrical features using morphological approach,
ICIP13(4549-4553)
IEEE DOI 1402
Difference of Gaussian BibRef

Grande, J.[Jorge], Guardiola, J.L.[Jose-Luis], Perez-Jimenez, A.[Alberto], Perez-Cortes, J.C.[Juan-Carlos],
License Plate Recognition Using Weighted Finite-State Transducers and Different Evidence Combination Methods,
IbPRIA13(229-236).
Springer DOI 1307
See also Using Field Interdependence to Improve Correction Performance in a Transducer-Based OCR Post-Processing System. BibRef

Frejlichowski, D.[Dariusz],
An Algorithm for the Automatic Analysis of Characters Located on Car License Plates,
ICIAR13(774-781).
Springer DOI 1307
BibRef

Rashid, A.E.[Amr E.],
A fast algorithm for license plate detection,
ICSIPR13(44-48).
IEEE DOI 1304
BibRef

Taniyama, K.[Kazuhiko], Hayashi, K.[Kentaro],
Robust car License Plate Recognition system verified with 163, 574 images captured in fields,
ICPR12(1273-1276).
WWW Link. 1302
BibRef

Yoon, J.M.[Jong-Min], Kang, B.N.[Bong-Nam], Kim, D.J.[Dai-Jin],
Car License Plate Detection under Large Variations Using Covariance and Hog Descriptors,
ISVC12(II: 636-647).
Springer DOI 1209
BibRef

Sampathkumar, J.[Jamini], Rajamani, K.[Kumar],
An elegant approach for automatic license plate recognition,
ICIIP11(1-6).
IEEE DOI 1112
BibRef

Yan, J.Y.[Jun-Yi], Huang, Y.W.[Ying-Wei], Fu, B.[Bo], Yi, N.[Nan], Yuan, X.X.[Xin-Xing],
An error filtration method based on local similarity of the character to identify soiled vehicle license plate,
IASP11(196-198).
IEEE DOI 1112
BibRef

Liu, Y.C.[Yi-Chuan], Zheng, C.H.[Chun-Hong],
Vehicle license plate location based on mathematical morphology and variance projection,
IASP11(360-363).
IEEE DOI 1112
BibRef

Du, L.[Liang], Ling, H.B.[Hai-Bin],
Preservative License Plate De-identification for Privacy Protection,
ICDAR11(468-472).
IEEE DOI 1111
BibRef

Kahina, K.[Kamel], Abdelaziz, O.[Ouamri], Mokhtar, K.[Keche],
A new method for license plate validation using the orientations algorithm,
EUVIP11(88-92).
IEEE DOI 1110
BibRef

Zheng, L.[Lihong], Gao, J.B.[Jun-Bin], He, X.J.[Xiang-Jian],
Efficient character segmentation on car license plates,
ICARCV10(1139-1144).
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Musoromy, Z., Ramalingam, S., Bekooy, N.,
Edge detection comparison for license plate detection,
ICARCV10(1133-1138).
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Zhai, X.J.[Xiao-Jun], Benssali, F., Ramalingam, S.,
License plate localisation based on morphological operations,
ICARCV10(1128-1132).
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Johnson, M.,
A unified architecture for the detection and classification of license plates,
ICARCV08(781-784).
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Yang, Q.W.[Qun-Wei], Yang, C.H.[Chen-Hui], Li, C.H.[Cui-Hua], Wang, H.Z.[Han-Zi],
Research on License Plate Detection Based on Salient Feature under Complex Background,
ICIG11(609-615).
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Peng, Y.[Yu], Xu, M.[Min], Jin, J.S.[Jesse S.], Luo, S.H.[Su-Huai], Zhao, G.[Gang],
Cascade-Based License Plate Localization with Line Segment Features and Haar-Like Features,
ICIG11(1023-1028).
IEEE DOI 1109
BibRef

Zhai, X., Bensaali, F., Ramalingam, S.,
Real-time license plate localisation on FPGA,
ECVW11(14-19).
IEEE DOI 1106
BibRef

Jia, W.J.[Wen-Jing], He, X.J.[Xiang-Jian], Wu, Q.A.[Qi-Ang],
Segmenting Characters from License Plate Images with Little Prior Knowledge,
DICTA10(220-226).
IEEE DOI 1012
BibRef

Luo, J.[Jian], Yang, S.[Su], Guan, R.M.[Rui-Min], Niu, H.J.[Hai-Jun],
A Robust Method for License Plate Detection,
PSIVT10(133-138).
IEEE DOI 1011
BibRef

Lin, K.H.[Kai-Hsiang], Tang, H.[Hao], Huang, T.S.[Thomas S.],
Robust license plate detection using image saliency,
ICIP10(3945-3948).
IEEE DOI 1009
BibRef

Yang, X.[Xiaoli], Su, G.D.[Guang-Da], Chen, J.S.[Jian-Sheng], Moon, Y.S.[Yiu-Sang],
Restoration of low resolution car plate images using PCA based image super-resolution,
ICIP10(2789-2792).
IEEE DOI 1009
BibRef

Roth, P.M., Kostinger, M., Wohlhart, P., Bischof, H., Birchbauer, J.A.,
Automatic Detection and Reading of Dangerous Goods Plates,
AVSS10(580-585).
IEEE DOI 1009
Hazardous goods markers are a standard set. BibRef

Lee, Y.H.[Young-Hyun], Song, T.[Taeyup], Ku, B.[Bonhwa], Jeon, S.S.[Seoung-Seon], Han, D.K., Ko, H.S.[Han-Seok],
License Plate Detection Using Local Structure Patterns,
AVSS10(574-579).
IEEE DOI 1009
BibRef

Fernández, F.G.[Francisco Gómez], Negri, P.[Pablo], Mejail, M.[Marta], Jacobo, J.[Julio],
A Multi-style License Plate Recognition System Based on Tree of Shapes for Character Segmentation,
CIARP11(443-450).
Springer DOI 1111
BibRef

Negri, P.[Pablo], Tepper, M.[Mariano], Acevedo, D.[Daniel], Jacobo, J.[Julio], Mejail, M.[Marta],
Multiple Clues for License Plate Detection and Recognition,
CIARP10(269-276).
Springer DOI 1011
BibRef

Chan, K.Y.[Kin-Yip], Ordys, A.[Andrzej], Duran, O.[Olga],
A System to Measure Gap Distance between Two Vehicles Using License Plate Character Height,
ICCVG10(I: 249-256).
Springer DOI 1009
BibRef

Mello, C.A.B., Costa, D.C.,
A Complete System for Vehicle License Plate Recognition,
WSSIP09(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0906
BibRef

Zweng, A.[Andreas], Kampel, M.[Martin],
High Performance Implementation of License Plate Recognition in Image Sequences,
ISVC09(II: 598-607).
Springer DOI 0911
BibRef

Wei, S.[Shuang], Bai, Y.P.[Yan-Ping],
A Chinese License Plate Recognition System,
CISP09(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0910
BibRef

Luo, Z.W.[Zi-Wen], Cao, J.[Jing],
Vehicle License Plate Location Algorithm Based on Gray Level Variation and Color Features,
CISP09(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0910
BibRef

Jin, Q.[Quan], Quan, S.H.[Shu-Hai], Shi, Y.[Ying], Xue, Z.[Zhihua],
A Fast License Plate Segmentation and Recognition Method Based on the Modified Template Matching,
CISP09(1-6).
IEEE DOI 0910
BibRef

Ko, M.A.[Mi-Ae], Kim, Y.M.[Young-Mo],
License plate surveillance system using weighted template matching,
AIPR03(269-274).
IEEE DOI 0310
BibRef

Nguyen, C.D.[Chu Duc], Ardabilian, M.[Mohsen], Chen, L.M.[Li-Ming],
Unifying Approach for Fast License Plate Localization and Super-Resolution,
ICPR10(376-379).
IEEE DOI 1008
BibRef
Earlier:
Robust Car License Plate Localization Using a Novel Texture Descriptor,
AVSBS09(523-528).
IEEE DOI 0909
BibRef

Vargas, M.[Manuel], Toral, S.L.[Sergio L.], Barrero, F.[Federico], Cortés, F.[Francisco],
A License Plate Extraction Algorithm Based on Edge Statistics and Region Growing,
CIAP09(317-326).
Springer DOI 0909
BibRef

Caccia, F.[Fabio], Marmo, R.[Roberto], Lombardi, L.[Luca],
License Plate Detection and Character Recognition,
CIAP09(471-480).
Springer DOI 0909
BibRef

Yuan, J.[Jie], Du, S.D.[Si-Dan], Zhu, X.[Xiang],
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ICPR02(III: 176-179).
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See also Automatic Traffic Surveillance System for Vehicle Tracking and Classification. BibRef

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VF01(749 ff.).
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Fernández Hermida, X.[Xulio], Martín Rodríguez, F.[Fernando], Lijó, J.L.[José Luis_Fernández], Pita Sande, F.[Fidel], Pérez Iglesias, M.[Miguel],
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Kim, S.K.[Sang Kyoon], Kim, D.W., Kim, H.J.,
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ICIP96(II: 661-664).
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Lee, E.R.[Eun Ryung], Kim, P.K.[Pyeoung Kee], Kim, H.J.[Hang Joon],
Automatic recognition of a car license plate using color image processing,
ICIP94(II: 301-305).
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Dai, Y., Zheng, N., Zhang, X., Xuan, G.,
Automatic Recognition of Province Name on the License Plate of Moving Vehicle,
ICPR88(II: 927-929).
IEEE DOI BibRef 8800

Chapter on Motion -- Feature-Based, Long Range, Motion and Structure Estimates, Tracking, Surveillance, Activities continues in
Event Descriptions, Understanding Motion and Events .


Last update:Jan 22, 2017 at 18:17:25