22.5.9 Trees, Individual Trees, Tree Crowns

Chapter Contents (Back)
Trees. Tree Crowns. Often this is range based. See also Urban Trees, Individual Trees, Street Trees. Related, but more larger areas: See also Trees, Forest Canopy Analysis. See also Trees, Forest, Stem Volume, Biomass Measurements. See also Inspection -- Lumber, Logs, Wood.

Kraus, K., Pfeifer, N.,
Determination of terrain models in wooded areas with airborne laser scanner data,
PandRS(53), No. 4, 01 August 1998, pp. 193-203. BibRef 9808

Larsen, M.[Morten], and Rudemo, M.[Mats],
Optimizing templates for finding trees in aerial photographs,
PRL(19), No. 12, 30 October 1998, pp. 1153-1162. BibRef 9810
Earlier:
Using Ray-Traced Templates to Find Individual Trees in Aerial Photographs,
SCIA97(xx-yy)
HTML Version. 9705
BibRef

Larsen, M.[Morten], Rudemo, M.[Mats],
Approximate Bayesian estimation of a 3D point pattern from multiple views,
PRL(25), No. 12, September 2004, pp. 1359-1368.
Elsevier DOI 0409
Combine data from multiple views. Use for tree models. BibRef

Larsen, M.,
Jittered Match Windows Voting for Tree Top Positions in Aerial Photographs,
SCIA99(Remote Sensing). BibRef 9900

Larsen, M., Rudemo, M.,
Estimation of Tree Positions from Aerial Photos,
SSAB97(Photogrammetry) 9703
BibRef

Haering, N.C.[Niels C.], da Vitoria Lobo, N.[Niels],
Features and Classification Methods to Locate Deciduous Trees in Images,
CVIU(75), No. 1/2, July-August 1999, pp. 133-149.
DOI Link Indexing application BibRef 9907

Haering, N.C.[Niels C.], Myles, Z.[Zarina], da Vitoria Lobo, N.[Niels],
Locating Deciduous Trees,
CBAIVL97(18).
IEEE DOI 9706
BibRef

Evans, D.L.[David L.], Roberts, S.D.[Scott D.], McCombs, J.W.[John W.], Harrington, R.L.[Richard L.],
Detection of Regularly Spaced Targets in Small-Footprint LIDAR Data: Research Issues for Consideration,
PhEngRS(67), No. 10, October 2001, pp. 1133-1136. Small-footprint LIDAR systems do not adequately sample tree tops under typical LIDAR mission conditions.
WWW Link. 0201
BibRef

Gong, P., Sheng, Y., Biging, G.S.,
3D Model-Based Tree Measurement from High-Resolution Aerial Imagery,
PhEngRS(68), No. 11, November 2002, pp. 1203-1212. An interactive 3D model-based tree interpreter is proposed to extract 3D tree parameters such as tree location, tree height, crown depth, crown radius, and crown surface curvature from multi-ocular high-resolution aerial images.
WWW Link. 0304
BibRef

Persson, A., Holmgren, J., and Söderman, U.,
Detecting and Measuring Individual Trees Using an Airborne Laser Scanner,
PhEngRS(68), No. 9, September 2002, pp. 925-932. Watershed segmentation of trees. BibRef 0209

Pouliot, D.A., King, D.J., Bell, F.W., Pitt, D.G.,
Automated tree crown detection and delineation in high-resolution digital camera imagery of coniferous forest regeneration,
RSE(82), No. 2-3, October 2002, pp. 322-334.
HTML Version. 0210
BibRef

Raber, G.T.[George T.], Jensen, J.R.[John R.], Schill, S.R.[Steven R.], Schuckman, K.[Karen],
Creation of Digital Terrain Models Using an Adaptive Lidar Vegetation Point Removal Process,
PhEngRS(68), No. 12, December 2002, pp. 1307-1316. A method for the automatic extraction of land-cover thematic information directly from lidar data and the use of this information in an adaptive point removal process to extract more accurate bald-earth digital elevation models from lidar data is presented.
WWW Link. 0304
BibRef

Lévesque, J.[Josée], King, D.J.[Douglas J.],
Spatial analysis of radiometric fractions from high-resolution multispectral imagery for modelling individual tree crown and forest canopy structure and health,
RSE(84), No. 4, 10 April 2003, pp. 589-602.
Elsevier DOI 0309
BibRef

Brandtberg, T.[Tomas], Warner, T.A.[Timothy A.], Landenberger, R.E.[Rick E.], McGraw, J.B.[James B.],
Detection and analysis of individual leaf-off tree crowns in small footprint, high sampling density lidar data from the eastern deciduous forest in North America,
RSE(85), No. 3, 30 May 2003, pp. 290-303.
Elsevier DOI 0309
BibRef

Brandtberg, T.[Tomas],
Classifying individual tree species under leaf-off and leaf-on conditions using airborne lidar,
PandRS(61), No. 5, January 2007, pp. 325-340.
Elsevier DOI 0703
Calibration; Forestry; Lidar; Segmentation; Species classification BibRef

Carleer, A., Wolff, E.,
Exploitation of Very High Resolution Satellite Data for Tree Species Identification,
PhEngRS(70), No. 1, January 2004, pp. 135-140. The potential of very high resolution multispectral satellite images for vegetation mapping, primarily deciduous tree species in "monoculture stands," with conventional hard classification processes is presented.
WWW Link. 0403
BibRef

Wang, L.[Le], Gong, P.[Peng], Biging, G.S.[Gregory S.],
Individual Tree-Crown Delineation and Treetop Detection in High-Spatial-Resolution Aerial Imagery,
PhEngRS(70), No. 3, March 2004, pp. 351-358. A promising agreement between automatic methods and manual delineation results was achieved in counting the number of trees as well as in delineating tree crowns.
WWW Link. 0403
BibRef

Moffiet, T., Mengersen, K., Witte, C., King, R., Denham, R.,
Airborne laser scanning: Exploratory data analysis indicates potential variables for classification of individual trees or forest stands according to species,
PandRS(59), No. 5, August 2005, pp. 289-309.
Elsevier DOI 0509
BibRef

Hallberg, B., Smith-Jonforsen, G., Ulander, L.M.H.,
Measurements on individual trees using multiple VHF SAR images,
GeoRS(43), No. 10, October 2005, pp. 2261-2269.
IEEE DOI 0510
BibRef

Erikson, M.[Mats], Olofsson, K.[Kenneth],
Comparison of three individual tree crown detection methods,
MVA(16), No. 4, September 2005, pp. 258-265.
Springer DOI 0512
BibRef

Erikson, M.[Mats],
Structure-Preserving Segmentation of Individual Tree Crowns by Brownian Motion,
SCIA03(283-289).
Springer DOI 0310
BibRef
Earlier:
Structure-keeping Colour Segmentation of Tree Crowns in Aerial Images,
SCIA01(O-Tu1). 0206
BibRef

Bortolot, Z.J.[Zachary J.], Wynne, R.H.[Randolph H.],
Estimating forest biomass using small footprint LiDAR data: An individual tree-based approach that incorporates training data,
PandRS(59), No. 6, November 2005, pp. 342-360.
Elsevier DOI 0602
BibRef

Bortolot, Z.J.[Zachary J.],
Using Tree Clusters to Derive Forest Properties from Small Footprint Lidar Data,
PhEngRS(72), No. 12, December 2006, pp. 1389-1398.
WWW Link. 0704
An object-oriented small footprint lidar algorithm that uses properties of tree clusters to predict forest properties. BibRef

Koch, B.[Barbara], Heyder, U.[Ursula], Weinacker, H.[Holger],
Detection of Individual Tree Crowns in Airborne Lidar Data,
PhEngRS(72), No. 4, April 2006, pp. 357-364.
WWW Link. 0610
An approach to delineate tree crowns in mixed and deciduous temperate forests. BibRef

Gupta, S., Weinacker, H.[Holger], Koch, B.[Barbara],
Comparative Analysis of Clustering-Based Approaches for 3-D Single Tree Detection Using Airborne Fullwave Lidar Data,
RS(2), No. 4, April 2010, pp. 968-989.
DOI Link 1203
BibRef

Wang, Y., Weinacker, H.[Holger], Koch, B.[Barbara],
Development of a Procedure for Vertical Structure Analysis and 3D Single Tree Extraction within Forests Based on Lidar Point Cloud,
Laser07(419).
PDF File. 0709
BibRef

Koch, B.[Barbara],
Status and future of laser scanning, synthetic aperture radar and hyperspectral remote sensing data for forest biomass assessment,
PandRS(65), No. 6, November 2010, pp. 581-590.
Elsevier DOI 1101
Forest biomass mapping; Fullwave laser; Polarimetric SAR interferometry; Hyperspectral data; Multi-sensoral data BibRef

Chen, Q.[Qi], Baldocchi, D.[Dennis], Gong, P.[Peng], Kelly, M.[Maggi],
Isolating Individual Trees in a Savanna Woodland Using Small Footprint Lidar Data,
PhEngRS(72), No. 8, August 2006, pp. 923-392.
WWW Link. 0610
A new method for detecting treetops from lidar data and applying marked-controlled watershed segmentation to the isolation of individual trees. See also Estimating Basal Area and Stem Volume for Individual Trees from Lidar Data. BibRef

Hosoi, F.[Fumiki], Omasa, K.[Kenji],
Voxel-Based 3-D Modeling of Individual Trees for Estimating Leaf Area Density Using High-Resolution Portable Scanning Lidar,
GeoRS(44), No. 12, December 2006, pp. 3610-3618.
IEEE DOI 0701
BibRef

Shrivastava, R.J.[Rahul J.], Gebelein, J.L.[Jennifer L.],
Land cover classification and economic assessment of citrus groves using remote sensing,
PandRS(61), No. 5, January 2007, pp. 341-353.
Elsevier DOI 0703
Agriculture; Economy; Citrus Grove Area Estimation; Landsat BibRef

Gougeon, F.A.[François A.], Leckie, D.G.[Donald G.],
The Individual Tree Crown Approach Applied to Ikonos Images of a Coniferous Plantation Area,
PhEngRS(72), No. 11, November 2006, pp. 1287-1297.
WWW Link. 0704
An assessment of the effects of 1m and 4m resolution on the detection, delineation, and classification of individual tree crowns. BibRef

Solberg, S.[Svein], Naesset, E.[Erik], Bollandsas, O.M.[Ole Martin],
Single Tree Segmentation Using Airborne Laser Scanner Data in a Structurally Heterogeneous Spruce Forest,
PhEngRS(72), No. 12, December 2006, pp. 1369-1378.
WWW Link. 0704
A new method for single tree segmentation and algorithms for estimating crown base height are presented and tested. BibRef

Ørka, H.O., Naesset, E.[Erik], Bollandsås, O.M.[Ole Martin],
Utilizing Airborne Laser Intensity for Tree Species Classification,
Laser07(300).
PDF File. 0709
BibRef

Wolf, B.M.[Bernd-Michael], Heipke, C.[Christian],
Automatic extraction and delineation of single trees from remote sensing data,
MVA(18), No. 5, October 2007, pp. 317-330.
Springer DOI 0711
BibRef

Straub, B.M., Heipke, C.,
Automatic Extraction of Trees for 3D City Models from Images and Height Data,
Ascona01(267-277). Color infrared and DSM. Hypothesize tree and building regions, local analysis of tree regions. 0201
BibRef

Straub, B.M.[Bernd-M.],
Automatic Extraction of Trees from Aerial Images and Surface Models,
PIA05(xx-yy).
PDF File. 0509
BibRef
Earlier:
Investigation of the MPEG-7 Homogeneuos Texture Descriptor for the Automatic Extraction of Trees,
PCV02(A: 351). 0305
BibRef

Heipke, C.[Christian], Straub, B.M.[Bernd M.],
Automatic Extraction and Updating of Vegetation Areas in GIS from Satellite Imagery,
ISPRSGIS99(167-174). BibRef 9900

Palenichka, R.M.[Roman M.], Zaremba, M.B.[Marek B.],
Multiscale Isotropic Matched Filtering for Individual Tree Detection in LiDAR Images,
GeoRS(45), No. 12, December 2007, pp. 3944-3956.
IEEE DOI 0711
BibRef
Earlier:
Scale-Adaptive Segmentation and Recognition of Individual Trees Based on LiDAR Data,
ICIAR07(1082-1092).
Springer DOI 0708
See also Automatic Extraction of Control Points for the Registration of Optical Satellite and LiDAR Images. BibRef

Kononov, A.A., Ka, M.H.,
Model-Associated Forest Parameter Retrieval Using VHF SAR Data at the Individual Tree Level,
GeoRS(46), No. 1, January 2008, pp. 69-84.
IEEE DOI 0712
BibRef

Teng, C.H.[Chin-Hung], Chen, Y.S.[Yung-Sheng], Hsu, W.H.[Wen-Hsing],
An Approach to Extracting Trunk from an Image,
IEICE(E89-D), No. 4, April 2006, pp. 1596-1600.
DOI Link 0604
Tree trunks. Not for aerial images though. BibRef

Teng, C.H.[Chin-Hung], Chen, Y.S.[Yung-Sheng],
Image-based tree modeling from a few images with very narrow viewing range,
VC(25), No. 4, April 2009, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0903
BibRef

Horváth, P.[Péter], Jermyn, I.H.[Ian H.], Kato, Z.[Zoltan], Zerubia, J.B.[Josiane B.],
A Higher-Order Active Contour Model of a 'Gas of Circles' and its Application to Tree Crown Extraction,
PR(42), No. 5, May 2009, pp. 699-709.
Elsevier DOI 0902
BibRef
Earlier:
An Improved 'Gas of Circles' Higher-Order Active Contour Model and Its Application to Tree Crown Extraction,
ICCVGIP06(152-161).
Springer DOI 0612
BibRef
Earlier: A1, A2, A4, A3:
A Higher-Order Active Contour Model for Tree Detection,
ICPR06(II: 130-133).
IEEE DOI 0609
See also Higher Order Active Contours. Tree; Crown; Extraction; Aerial image; Higher-order; Active contour; Gas of circles; Prior; Shape BibRef

Horváth, P.[Péter],
A Multispectral Data Model for Higher-Order Active Contours and Its Application to Tree Crown Extraction,
ACIVS07(200-211).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Horváth, P.[Peter], Jermyn, I.H.[Ian H.],
A New Phase Field Model of a 'Gas of Circles' for Tree Crown Extraction from Aerial Images,
CAIP07(702-709).
Springer DOI 0708
BibRef

Perrin, G.[Guillaume], Descombes, X.[Xavier], Zerubia, J.B.[Josiane B.],
2D and 3D Vegetation Resource Parameters Assessment using Marked Point Processes,
ICPR06(I: 1-4).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef
And:
A Non-Bayesian Model for Tree Crown Extraction using Marked Point Processes,
INRIARR-5846, 2006.
HTML Version. BibRef
Earlier:
A Marked Point Process Model for Tree Crown Extraction in Plantations,
ICIP05(I: 661-664).
IEEE DOI 0512
BibRef
Earlier:
Point processes in forestry: an application to tree crown detection,
INRIARR-5544, 2005.
HTML Version. BibRef

Descombes, X.[Xavier], Minlos, R.[Robert], Zhizhina, E.[Elena],
Object Extraction Using a Stochastic Birth-and-Death Dynamics in Continuum,
JMIV(33), No. 3, March 2009, pp. xx-yy.
Springer DOI 0903
Tree crown extraction. BibRef

Arslan, F.[Fatih], Descombes, X.[Xavier], Zerubia, J.B.[Josiane B.],
Object extraction from high resolution SAR images using a birth and death dynamics,
ICIP09(561-564).
IEEE DOI 0911
BibRef

Hill, R.A., Broughton, R.K.,
Mapping the understorey of deciduous woodland from leaf-on and leaf-off airborne LiDAR data: A case study in lowland Britain,
PandRS(64), No. 2, March 2009, pp. 223-233.
Elsevier DOI 0903
LIDAR; Laser scanning; Forestry; Model; Mapping BibRef

Lu, W.L.[Wei-Lwun], Murphy, K.P., Little, J.J.[James J.], Sheffer, A.[Alla], Fu, H.B.[Hong-Bo],
A Hybrid Conditional Random Field for Estimating the Underlying Ground Surface From Airborne LiDAR Data,
GeoRS(47), No. 8, August 2009, pp. 2913-2922.
IEEE DOI 0907
BibRef

Lu, W.L.[Wei-Lwun], Little, J.J.[James J.], Sheffer, A.[Alla], Fu, H.B.[Hong-Bo],
Deforestation: Extracting 3D Bare-Earth Surface from Airborne LiDAR Data,
CRV08(203-210).
IEEE DOI 0805
BibRef

Daliakopoulos, I.N.[Ioannis N.], Grillakis, E.G.[Emmanouil G.], Koutroulis, A.G.[Aristeidis G.], Tsanis, I.K.[Ioannis K.],
Tree Crown Detection on Multispectral VHR Satellite Imagery,
PhEngRS(75), No. 10, October 2009, pp. 1201-1212.
WWW Link. 0910
A new method called Arbor Crown Enumerator was developed for tree crown detection from multispectral Very High Resolution satellite imagery. BibRef

Reitberger, J., Schnorr, C., Krzystek, P., Stilla, U.,
3D segmentation of single trees exploiting full waveform LIDAR data,
PandRS(64), No. 6, November 2009, pp. 561-574.
Elsevier DOI 1001
BibRef
Earlier:
3D Segmentation of Full Waveform LIDAR Data for Single Tree Detection Using Normalized Cut,
ISPRS08(B3a: 77 ff).
PDF File. 0807
LIDAR; Segmentation; Aerial survey; Clustering; Forestry BibRef

Rentsch, M.[Matthias], Krismann, A.[Alfons], Krzystek, P.[Peter],
Extraction of Non-forest Trees for Biomass Assessment Based on Airborne and Terrestrial LiDAR Data,
PIA11(121-132).
Springer DOI 1110
BibRef

Yao, W., Krzystek, P., Heurich, M.,
Identifying Standing Dead Trees In Forest Areas Based On 3d Single Tree Detection From Full Waveform Lidar Data,
AnnalsPRS(I-7), No. 2012, pp. 359-364.
HTML Version. 1209
BibRef

Reitberger, J.[Josef], Heurich, M., Krzystek, P.[Peter], Stilla, U.[Uwe],
Single Tree Detection in Forest Areas with High-Density LIDAR Data,
PIA07(139).
PDF File. 0711
BibRef

Reitberger, J.[Josef], Krzystek, P.[Peter], Stilla, U.[Uwe],
Combined Tree Segmentation and Stem Detection Using Full Waveform Lidar Data,
Laser07(332).
PDF File. 0709
BibRef
Earlier:
Analysis of Full Waveform Lidar Data for Tree Species Classification,
PCV06(xx-yy).
PDF File. 0609
BibRef

Suratno, A.[Agus], Seielstad, C.[Carl], Queen, L.[Lloyd],
Tree species identification in mixed coniferous forest using airborne laser scanning,
PandRS(64), No. 6, November 2009, pp. 683-693.
Elsevier DOI 1001
North America; Conifer; Laser scanning; Intensity; Tree species BibRef

Aksoy, S., Akcay, H.G., Wassenaar, T.,
Automatic Mapping of Linear Woody Vegetation Features in Agricultural Landscapes Using Very High Resolution Imagery,
GeoRS(48), No. 1, January 2010, pp. 511-522.
IEEE DOI 1001
BibRef

Ceylan, N.[Nihal], Unal, E.[Ediz], Masson, J.[Josiane],
A Case Study of Developing An Olive Tree Database For Turkey,
PhEngRS(75), No. 12, December 2009, pp. 1397-1406.
WWW Link. 1001
An implementation of OLICOUNT software for counting olive trees over satellite imagery to test its practicability and to develop an olive database in Burhaniye County, Balkesir, Turkey. BibRef

Heikkinen, V., Tokola, T., Parkkinen, J., Korpela, I., Jaaskelainen, T.,
Simulated Multispectral Imagery for Tree Species Classification Using Support Vector Machines,
GeoRS(48), No. 3, March 2010, pp. 1355-1364.
IEEE DOI 1003
BibRef

Heikkinen, V., Korpela, I., Tokola, T., Honkavaara, E., Parkkinen, J.,
An SVM Classification of Tree Species Radiometric Signatures Based on the Leica ADS40 Sensor,
GeoRS(49), No. 11, November 2011, pp. 4539-4551.
IEEE DOI 1112
BibRef

Dufva, T., Praks, J., Jarvenpaa, S., Sarvas, J.,
Scattering Model for a Pine Tree Employing VIE With a Broadband MLFMA and Comparison to ICA,
GeoRS(48), No. 3, March 2010, pp. 1119-1127.
IEEE DOI 1003
BibRef

Jaakkola, A.[Anttoni], Hyyppa, J.[Juha], Kukko, A.[Antero], Yu, X.W.[Xiao-Wei], Kaartinen, H.[Harri], Lehtomaki, M.[Matti], Lin, Y.[Yi],
A low-cost multi-sensoral mobile mapping system and its feasibility for tree measurements,
PandRS(65), No. 6, November 2010, pp. 514-522.
Elsevier DOI 1101
Laser scanning; Mobile; Unmanned aerial vehicle; Multi-sensor; Multitemporal BibRef

Amoros Lopez, J., Izquierdo Verdiguier, E., Gomez Chova, L., Munoz Mari, J., Rodriguez Barreiro, J.Z., Camps Valls, G., Calpe Maravilla, J.,
Land cover classification of VHR airborne images for citrus grove identification,
PandRS(66), No. 1, January 2011, pp. 115-123.
Elsevier DOI 1101
Tree identification; Feature extraction/selection; Classification tree; Support vector machine; Artificial neural networks BibRef

Yu, X.W.[Xiao-Wei], Hyyppa, J.[Juha], Vastaranta, M.[Mikko], Holopainen, M.[Markus], Viitala, R.[Risto],
Predicting individual tree attributes from airborne laser point clouds based on the random forests technique,
PandRS(66), No. 1, January 2011, pp. 28-37.
Elsevier DOI 1101
Laser scanning; Forestry; Prediction; Feature; Detection BibRef

Kononov, A.A., Wyholt, A., Sandberg, G., Ulander, L.M.H.,
Statistical Analysis of VHF-Band Tree Backscattering Using Forest Ground Truth Data and PO Scattering Model,
GeoRS(49), No. 8, August 2011, pp. 3035-3046.
IEEE DOI 1108
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Soja, M.J., Sandberg, G., Ulander, L.M.H.,
Regression-Based Retrieval of Boreal Forest Biomass in Sloping Terrain Using P-Band SAR Backscatter Intensity Data,
GeoRS(51), No. 5, May 2013, pp. 2646-2665.
IEEE DOI 1305
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Reis, S.[Selçuk], Tasdemir, K.[Kadim],
Identification of hazelnut fields using spectral and Gabor textural features,
PandRS(66), No. 5, September 2011, pp. 652-661.
Elsevier DOI 1110
Orchard detection; Hazel orchards; Texture analysis; Multi-scale Gabor features; Self-organizing maps; Maximum likelihood classifier BibRef

Puttonen, E.[Eetu], Litkey, P.[Paula], Hyyppä, J.[Juha],
Individual Tree Species Classification by Illuminated: Shaded Area Separation,
RS(2), No. 1, January 2010, pp. 19-35.
DOI Link 1203
BibRef
Earlier:
Usability of Sunlit-Shaded Area Separation in Individual Tree Species Classification,
Laser09(311). 0909
BibRef

Jung, S., Kwak, D., Park, T., Lee, W., Yoo, S.,
Estimating Crown Variables of Individual Trees Using Airborne and Terrestrial Laser Scanners,
RS(3), No. 11, November 2011, pp. 2346-2363.
DOI Link 1203
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Vaughn, N., Moskal, L.M., Turnblom, E.,
Tree Species Detection Accuracies Using Discrete Point Lidar and Airborne Waveform Lidar,
RS(4), No. 2, February 2012, pp. 377-403.
DOI Link 1203
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Blanchard, S., Jakubowski, M., Kelly, M.,
Object-Based Image Analysis of Downed Logs in Disturbed Forested Landscapes Using Lidar,
RS(3), No. 11, November 2011, pp. 2420-2439.
DOI Link 1203
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Delalieux, S., Auwerkerken, A., Verstraeten, W., Somers, B., Valcke, R., Lhermitte, S., Keulemans, J., Coppin, P.,
Hyperspectral Reflectance and Fluorescence Imaging to Detect Scab Induced Stress in Apple Leaves,
RS(1), No. 4, December 2009, pp. 858-874.
DOI Link 1203
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Seielstad, C., Stonesifer, C., Rowell, E., Queen, L.,
Deriving Fuel Mass by Size Class in Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) Using Terrestrial Laser Scanning,
RS(3), No. 8, August 2011, pp. 1691-1709.
DOI Link 1203
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Hung, C.[Calvin], Bryson, M.[Mitch], Sukkarieh, S.[Salah],
Multi-class predictive template for tree crown detection,
PandRS(68), No. 1, March 2012, pp. 170-183.
Elsevier DOI 1204
Agriculture; Forestry; Vision; Mapping; Engineering; Robotics BibRef

Recio, J.A., Hermosilla, T., Ruiz, L.A.,
Automated extraction of agronomic parameters in orchard Plots from high-resolution imagery,
Other2012, pp. 161-174 In: The use of remote sensing and geographic information systems for irrigation amangement in Southwest Europe. CIHEAM.
PDF File. 1204
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Jiménez-Bello, M.A., Ruiz, L.A., Hermosilla, T., Recio, J.A., Intrigliolo, D.S.,
Use of remote sensing and geographic information tools for irrigation management of citrus trees,
Other2012, pp. 147-159. In: The use of remote sensing and geographic information systems for irrigation amangement in Southwest Europe. CIHEAM.
PDF File. BibRef 1200

Wang, Y., Hyyppä, J., Liang, X., Kaartinen, H., Yu, X., Lindberg, E., Holmgren, J., Qin, Y., Mallet, C., Ferraz, A., Torabzadeh, H., Morsdorf, F., Zhu, L., Liu, J., Alho, P.,
International Benchmarking of the Individual Tree Detection Methods for Modeling 3-D Canopy Structure for Silviculture and Forest Ecology Using Airborne Laser Scanning,
GeoRS(54), No. 9, September 2016, pp. 5011-5027.
IEEE DOI 1609
ecology BibRef

Kaartinen, H., Hyyppä, J., Yu, X., Vastaranta, M., Hyyppä, H., Kukko, A., Holopainen, M., Heipke, C., Hirschmugl, M., Morsdorf, F., Naesset, E., Pitkänen, J., Popescu, S., Solberg, S., Wolf, B., Wu, J.,
An International Comparison of Individual Tree Detection and Extraction Using Airborne Laser Scanning,
RS(4), No. 4, April 2012, pp. 950-974.
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Katoh, M., Gougeon, F.,
Improving the Precision of Tree Counting by Combining Tree Detection with Crown Delineation and Classification on Homogeneity Guided Smoothed High Resolution (50 cm) Multispectral Airborne Digital Data,
RS(4), No. 5, May 2012, pp. 1411-1424.
DOI Link 1205
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Jing, L.[Linhai], Hu, B.X.[Bao-Xin], Noland, T.[Thomas], Li, J.[Jili],
An individual tree crown delineation method based on multi-scale segmentation of imagery,
PandRS(70), No. 1, June 2012, pp. 88-98.
Elsevier DOI 1206
Remote sensing; Forestry; Extraction; Imagery; Segmentation; Multiresolution BibRef

Clark, M., Roberts, D.,
Species-Level Differences in Hyperspectral Metrics among Tropical Rainforest Trees as Determined by a Tree-Based Classifier,
RS(4), No. 6, June 2012, pp. 1820-1855.
DOI Link 1208
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Aksoy, S., Yalniz, I.Z., Tasdemir, K.,
Automatic Detection and Segmentation of Orchards Using Very High Resolution Imagery,
GeoRS(50), No. 8, August 2012, pp. 3117-3131.
IEEE DOI 1208
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Féret, J., Asner, G.,
Semi-Supervised Methods to Identify Individual Crowns of Lowland Tropical Canopy Species Using Imaging Spectroscopy and LiDAR,
RS(4), No. 8, August 2012, pp. 2457-2476.
DOI Link 1209
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Feret, J.B., Asner, G.P.,
Tree Species Discrimination in Tropical Forests Using Airborne Imaging Spectroscopy,
GeoRS(51), No. 1, January 2013, pp. 73-84.
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IEEE DOI 1606
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Dash, J.P.[Jonathan P.], Pearse, G.D.[Grant D.], Watt, M.S.[Michael S.], Paul, T.[Thomas],
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IEEE DOI 1706
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Elsevier DOI 1708
Destructive, sample BibRef

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Waser, L.T.[Lars T.], Ginzler, C.[Christian], Rehush, N.[Nataliia],
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forestry BibRef

Guldogan, O., Rotola-Pukkila, J., Balasundaram, U., Le, T.H., Mannar, K., Chrisna, T.M., Gabbouj, M.[Moncef],
Automated tree detection and density calculation using unmanned aerial vehicles,
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Li, F., Chattopadhyay, S., Akbar, S.A., Elfiky, N.M., Kak, A.,
A Novel Visualization Tool for Evaluating the Accuracy of 3D Sensing and Reconstruction Algorithms for Automatic Dormant Pruning Applications,
PBVS16(338-346)
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Akbar, S.A., Chattopadhyay, S., Elfiky, N.M., Kak, A.,
A Novel Benchmark RGBD Dataset for Dormant Apple Trees and Its Application to Automatic Pruning,
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Alves, H.M.R., Vieira, T.G.C., Volpato, M.M.L., Lacerda, M.P.C., Borém, F.M.,
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Alves, H.M.R., Volpato, M.M.L., Vieira, T.G.C., Maciel, D.A., Gonçalves, T.G., Dantas, M.F.,
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Olokeogun, O.S., Akintola, O.O., Abodunrin, E.K.,
The Potential of GIS as a Management Tool for Avenue Trees Population In Small Communities; A Case Study Of Idi-shin Community, Ibadan, Nigeria,
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Bulatov, D.[Dimitri], Wayand, I.[Isabell], Schilling, H.[Hendrik],
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Argamosa, R.J.L., Paringit, E.C., Quinton, K.R., Tandoc, F.A.M., Faelga, R.A.G., Ibañez, C.A.G., Posilero, M.A.V., Zaragosa, G.P.,
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Chang, K.T., Lin, C., Lin, Y.C., Liu, J.K.,
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Idbraim, S.[Soufiane], Mammass, D.[Driss], Bouzalim, L.[Lahoucine], Oudra, M.[Moulid], Labrador-Garca, M.[Mauricio], Arbelo, M.[Manuel],
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Chattopadhyay, S.[Somrita], Akbar, S.A.[Shayan A.], Elfiky, N.M.[Noha M.], Medeiros, H.[Henry], Kak, A.C.[Avinash C.],
Measuring and modeling apple trees using time-of-flight data for automation of dormant pruning applications,
WACV16(1-9)
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Distortion BibRef

Ferreira, M.P., Zortea, M., Zanotta, D.C., Féret, J.B., Shimabukuro, Y.E., Souza Filho, C.R.,
On the Use of Shortwave Infrared for Tree Species Discrimination in Tropical Semideciduous Forest,
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Sheeren, D., Fauvel, M., Planque, C., Willm, J., Dejoux, J.F.,
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MultiTemp15(1-4)
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geophysical image processing BibRef

Shahzad, M., Schmitt, M., Zhu, X.X.,
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Chmielewski, L.J.[Leszek J.], Bator, M.[Marcin], Olejniczak, M.[Marcin],
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See also Heuristic Assessment of Parameters of the Local Ground Approximation from Terrestrial LIDAR Data. BibRef

Erfanifard, Y., Behnia, N., Moosavi, V.,
Tree Crown Delineation on VHR Aerial Imagery with SVM Classification Technique Optimized by Taguchi Method: A Case Study in Zagros Woodlands,
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Talebi, S., Zarea, A., Sadeghian, S., Arefi, H.,
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SMPR13(415-420).
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Steren'czak, K., Mis'cicki, S.,
Crown Delineation Influence On Standing Volume Calculations In Protected Area,
ISPRS12(XXXIX-B8:441-445).
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Zdunic, K., Behn, G., van Dongen, R.,
Investigating The Dynamics of Wandoo Crown Decline With Time Series Landsat Imagery,
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DOI Link 1209
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Gini, R., Passoni, D., Pinto, L., Sona, G.,
Aerial Images from an UAV System: 3D Modeling and Tree Species Classification in a Park Area,
ISPRS12(XXXIX-B1:361-366).
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Silván-Cárdenas, J.L.[José Luis],
A Segmentation Method for Tree Crown Detection and Modelling from LiDAR Measurements,
MCPR12(65-74).
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Lu, Y.[Yan], Rasmussen, C.[Christopher],
Tree trunk detection using contrast templates,
ICIP11(1253-1256).
IEEE DOI 1201
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Xu, J.[Jie], Qi, D.[Dawei],
The research of tree growth based on image vision theory,
IASP11(244-247).
IEEE DOI 1112
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Han, D.Y.[Dian-Yuan], Dong, H.[Hui],
The study on standing tree measurement based on image processing embedded in a smartphone,
IASP11(252-256).
IEEE DOI 1112
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Li, J.[Jili], Hu, B.X.[Bao-Xin], Noland, T.L.[Thomas L.],
Forest Species Classification Based On Statistical Point Pattern Analysis Using Airborne Lidar Data,
Laser11(xx-yy).
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Schilling, A.[Anita], Schmidt, A.[Anja], Maas, H.G.[Hans-Gerd], Wagner, S.[Sven],
Topology Extraction Using Depth First Search On Voxel Representations Of Tree Point Clouds,
Laser11(xx-yy).
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Korpela, I.S., Hovi, A., Morsdorf, F.,
Mapping understory trees using airborne discrete-return LiDAR data,
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Chmielewski, L.J.[Leszek J.], Bator, M.[Marcin], Zasada, M.[Michal], Sterenczak, K.[Krzysztof], Strzelinski, P.[Pawel],
Fuzzy Hough Transform-Based Methods for Extraction and Measurements of Single Trees in Large-Volume 3D Terrestrial LIDAR Data,
ICCVG10(I: 265-274).
Springer DOI 0109
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Whiteside, T.[Tim], Taplin, P.[Pascale],
Semi-Automated Identification and Extraction of Callitris Intratropica from Eucalypt Dominant Savanna,
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Delaplace, K.L.W., van Coillie, F.M.B., de Wulf, R.R., Gabriels, D., de Smet, K., Ouessar, M., Belgacem, A.O.[A. Ouled], Houcine, T.,
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Rafieyan, O., Darvishsefat, A.A., Babaii, S., Mataji, A.,
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Zhang, J.J.[Jun-Jie], Sohn, G.H.[Gun-Ho],
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Hussnain, Z.[Zille], Oude Elberink, S.[Sander], Vosselman, G.[George],
Automatic Feature Detection, Description And Matching From Mobile Laser Scanning Data And Aerial Imagery,
ISPRS16(B1: 609-616).
DOI Link 1610
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Rutzinger, M., Pratihast, A.K., Oude Elberink, S.[Sander], Vosselman, G.[George],
Detection and Modelling of 3D Trees from Mobile Laser Scanning Data,
CloseRange10(xx-yy).
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Li, Z.R.[Zheng-Rong], Hayward, R.[Ross], Zhang, J.L.[Jing-Lan], Liu, Y.[Yuee], Walker, R.[Rodney],
Towards automatic tree crown detection and delineation in spectral feature space using PCNN and morphological reconstruction,
ICIP09(1705-1708).
IEEE DOI 0911
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Petri, S., Immerkaer, J.,
Towards Automatic Trunk Classification on Young Conifers,
IMVIP09(134-138).
IEEE DOI 0909
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Guo, J.[Jun], Niu, Z.[Zheng],
Single Tree Modeling and Forest Scene Rendering with SRTM and TM Data,
CISP09(1-4).
IEEE DOI 0910
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Riyahi, R., Kleinn, C., Fuchs, H.,
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Korpela, I., Tokola, T., Ørka, H.O., Koskinen, M.,
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Korpela, I., Dahlin, B., Schäfer, H., Bruun, E., Haapaniemi, F., Honkasalo, J., Ilvesniemi, S., Kuutti, V., Linkosalmi, M., Mustonen, J., Salo, M., Suomi, O., Virtanen, H.,
Single-Tree Forest Inventory Using Lidar and Aerial Images for 3D Treetop Positioning, Species Recognition, Height and Crown Width Estimation,
Laser07(227).
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Korpela, I.[Ilkka],
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PCV06(xx-yy).
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Ko, C.[Connie], Sohn, G.[Gunho], Remmel, T.[Tarmo],
A Deciduous-Coniferous Classification and Internal Structure Derivation Using Airborne Lidar Data,
Laser09(158). 0909
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Abd Rahman, M.Z.[Muhammad Zulkarnain], Gorte, B.G.H.[Ben G.H.],
Tree Crown Delineation from High Resolution Airborne Lidar Based on Densities of High Points,
Laser09(123). 0909
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Abd Rahman, M.Z.[Muhammad Zulkarnain], Gorte, B.G.H.[Ben G.H.], Bucksch, A.[Alexander],
A New Method for Individual Tree Delineation and Undergrowth Removal from High Resolution Airborne Lidar,
Laser09(283). 0909
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Örmeci, C., Cesur, S.,
Comparison of Tree Extraction from Intensity Drop and From Multiple Returns in ALS Data,
ISPRS08(B1: 427 ff).
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Wu, L.L., Feng, Z.K., luo, X., Deng, X.R.,
Study on Application of Three-Dimensional Laser Scanning Imaging System in Tree Measuring,
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Yao, C.J.[Chun-Jing], Ma, H.C.[Hong-Chao],
An Automatic Method Based on Gridding Segmentation for Trees' Classification in Forested Area,
ISPRS08(B3b: 273 ff).
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Barilotti, A.[Andrea], Sepic, F.[Francesco], Barilotti, A.[Andrea], Crosilla, F.[Fabio], Sepic, F.[Francesco],
Curvature Analysis of Lidar Data for Single Tree Species Classification in alpine Latitude Forests,
Laser09(129). 0909
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Abramo, E., Crosilla, F.[Fabio],
Assessing the 3D Structure of the Single Crowns in Mixed Alpine Forests,
PIA07(129).
PDF File. 0711
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And:
Improving the Morphological Analysis for Tree Extraction: A Dynamic Approach to Lidar Data,
Laser07(26).
PDF File. 0709
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Barnea, S., Filin, S., Alchanatis, V.,
A Supervised Approach for Object Extraction from Terrestrial Laser Point Clouds Demonstrated on Trees,
PIA07(135).
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Bienert, A., Scheller, S., Keane, E., Mohan, F., Nugent, C.,
Tree Detection and Diameter Estimations by Analysis of Forest Terrestrial Laserscanner Point Clouds,
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Bienert, A., Scheller, S., Keane, E., Mullooly, G., Mohan, F.,
Application of terrestrial laserscanners for the determination of forest inventory parameters,
IEVM06(xx-yy).
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Király, G., Brolly, G.,
Tree Height Estimation Methods for Terrestrial Laser Scanning in a Forest Reserve,
Laser07(211).
PDF File. 0709
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Rossmann, J., Schluse, M., Bücken, A., Krahwinkler, P.,
Using Airborne Laser-Scanner-Data in Forestry Management: A Novel Approach to Single Tree Delineation,
Laser07(350).
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Litkey, P., Rönnholm, P., Lumme, J., Liang, X.,
Waveform Features for Tree Identification,
Laser07(258).
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Takahashi, T., Awaya, Y., Hirata, Y., Furuya, N., Sakai, T., Sakai, A.,
Assessment of LiDAR-Derived Tree Heights Estimated from Different Flight Altitude Data in Mountainous Forests with Poor Laser Penetration Rates,
Laser07(401).
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Tiede, D., Hochleitner, G., Blaschke, T.,
A Full GIS-Based Workflow for Tree Identification and Tree Crown Delineation using Laser Scanning,
CMRT05(xx-yy).
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González, J., Galindo, C., Arevalo, V., Ambrosio, G.,
Applying Image Analysis and Probabilistic Techniques for Counting Olive Trees in High-Resolution Satellite Images,
ACIVS07(920-931).
Springer DOI 0708
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da Silva, D., Boudon, F., Godin, C., Puech, O., Smith, C., Sinoquet, H.,
A Critical Appraisal of the Box Counting Method to Assess the Fractal Dimension of Tree Crowns,
ISVC06(I: 751-760).
Springer DOI 0611
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Chen, L.C.[Liang-Chien], Teo, T.A.[Tee-Ann], Chiang, T.W.[Tsai-Wei],
The Generation of 3D Tree Models by the Integration of Multi-sensor Data,
PSIVT06(34-43).
Springer DOI 0612
BibRef

Shi, X.Z.[Xiao-Zhe], Zakhor, A.[Avideh],
Fast approximation for geometric classification of LiDAR returns,
ICIP11(2925-2928).
IEEE DOI 1201
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Radoux, J., Defourny, P.,
GIS-Driven Classification of Satellite Imagery,
GEOBIA10(xx-yy).
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Radoux, J., Defourny, P.,
Influence of image segmentation parameters on positional and spectral quality of the derived objects,
OBIA06(xx-yy).
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Stach, N., Barnerias, C., Dommanget, A.,
Hedges and tree rows detection with E-Cognition for the use of the French national forest inventory,
OBIA06(xx-yy).
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Pina, P.[Pedro], Barata, T.[Teresa], Bandeira, L.[Lourenco],
Morphological recognition of the spatial patterns of olive trees,
ICPR06(IV: 845-848).
IEEE DOI 0609
Structural Texture. BibRef

Asmar, D.C.[Daniel C.], Zelek, J.S.[John S.], Abdallah, S.M.[Samer M.],
Tree Trunks as Landmarks for Outdoor Vision SLAM,
PercOrg06(196).
IEEE DOI 0609
BibRef
Earlier:
Seeing the Trees before the Forest,
CRV05(587-593).
IEEE DOI 0505
BibRef

Mayer, S.,
Extraction of Tree Groups from High-resolution Digital Surface Models,
ICIP00(Vol II: 712-715).
IEEE DOI 0008
BibRef

Pinz, A.J., Bischof, H.,
Constructing a neural network for the interpretation of the species of trees in aerial photographs,
ICPR90(I: 755-757).
IEEE DOI 9006
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Chapter on Cartography, Aerial Images, Remote Sensing, Buildings, Roads, Terrain, ATR continues in
Urban Trees, Individual Trees, Street Trees .


Last update:Sep 18, 2017 at 11:34:11